IIHF World Ranking

Top 20 rankings as of April 2020[1]
Men's
Rank Change* Team Points
1 Steady  Canada 3470
2 Steady  Russia 3400
3 Steady  Finland 3345
4 Steady  Sweden 3325
5 Steady  Czech Republic 3200
6 Steady  United States 3140
7 Steady  Germany 3090
8 Steady   Switzerland 3060
9 Steady  Slovakia 2835
10 Steady  Latvia 2810
11 Steady  Norway 2765
12 Steady  Denmark 2685
13 Increase 1  Belarus 2545
14 Decrease 1  France 2540
15 Increase 1  Italy 2480
16 Increase 3  Kazakhstan 2420
17 Decrease 2  Austria 2415
18 Decrease 1  South Korea 2385
19 Increase 2  Great Britain 2380
20 Decrease 2  Slovenia 2345
Women's
Rank Change* Team Points
1 Steady  United States 3600
2 Steady  Canada 3450
3 Steady  Finland 3390
4 Steady  Russia 3290
5 Steady   Switzerland 3170
6 Steady  Japan 3070
7 Increase 1  Czech Republic 3030
8 Increase 1  Germany 3000
9 Decrease 2  Sweden 2920
10 Steady  France 2760
11 Steady  Denmark 2750
12 Increase 2  Hungary 2720
13 Steady  Norway 2660
14 Decrease 2  Austria 2640
15 Steady  Slovakia 2510
16 Steady  South Korea 2455
17 Steady  Italy 2445
18 Increase 3  Netherlands 2315
19 Increase 1  China 2250
20 Increase 2  Poland 2235

The IIHF World Ranking is a ranking of the performance of the national ice hockey teams of member countries of the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF). It is based on a formula giving points for each team's placings at IIHF-sanctioned tournaments over the previous four years. The ranking is used to determine seedings and qualification requirements for future IIHF tournaments. The current leader in rankings is Canada in men's play and the United States in women's play.

DescriptionEdit

The system was approved at the IIHF congress of September 2003.[2] According to IIHF President René Fasel, the system was designed to be simple to understand and "reflect the long-term quality of all national hockey programs and their commitment to international hockey".[3]

The ranking is used to determine the seeding of the teams for the next World Championship and to select the teams which can participate in Winter Olympics without playing in the qualifying round. For example, for the 2014 Winter Olympics, the first nine teams of the Men's World Ranking and the first six of the Women's World Ranking were pre-qualified. Qualification for the men's tournament at the 2014 Winter Olympics was structured around the 2012 ranking. Twelve spots were made available for teams. The top nine teams in the World Ranking after the 2012 Men's World Ice Hockey Championships received automatic berths into the Ice Hockey event. All IIHF teams had an opportunity to qualify for the event. Teams that wished to participate ranked below 29th played a preliminary qualification in September 2012. The winner of the preliminary and teams ranked 19–29th were divided in three groups to play in the pre-qualification round in November 2012. The winner of each pre-qualification group and teams ranked 10–18 were divided in three groups to play in the final qualification in February 2013. The winner of each group then joined the nine top-ranked teams in the Olympics in 2014.

The women's tournament uses a similar qualification format. The top six teams in the IIHF Women's World Ranking after the 2012 IIHF Women's World Championship received automatic berths into the ice hockey event. Lower ranked teams had an opportunity to qualify for the event. Teams ranked 19th and below were divided into two groups where they played in a preliminary qualification round in the autumn of 2012. The two winners and teams ranked 13–18 were divided into two groups where they played in the pre-qualification round in November 2012. The two group winners from the round advanced to the final qualification round, where the teams ranked seventh through twelfth joined them.[4]

FormulaEdit

The world ranking is based on the final positions of the last four Men's or Women's IIHF World Championships and last Olympic ice hockey tournament. Points are assigned according to a team's final placement in the World Championship or the Olympic tournament. The world champion receives 1200 points and then a 20-point interval is used between teams. However, a 40-point interval is used between gold and silver, silver and bronze, fourth and fifth, and eighth and ninth. This is used as a bonus for the teams who reach the quarter-finals, the semi-finals, the final and for winning the gold medal.[1]

Place 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 ...
Points 1200 1160 1120 1100 1060 1040 1020 1000 960 940 920 900 880 860 840 820 800 780 760 740 ...

Points awarded in the current year are valued at the full amount. Points award in the prior years decline linearly by 25% until the fifth year when they are dropped from the calculation. Under this formula, any year with a World Championship and an Olympics will be counted twice in the tables, for a maximum ranking (gold medal in all five events) of: 4200 points at the completion of an Olympic year, 3900 points at the completion of the following year, 3600 points the next year, and 3300 points in the year before the next Olympics. For example, if after the 2020 Championship a team had won the gold medal in the last four championships and the last Olympic tournament, their score would be 3600:

Competition Valuation
coefficient
Points
2020 IIHF World Championship 100% 1200
2019 IIHF World Championship 75% 900
2018 IIHF World Championship 50% 600
2018 Winter Olympics 50% 600
2017 IIHF World Championship 25% 300
2016 IIHF World Championship 0% 0
Counts Five Tournaments from Four Latest Years 3600
Starting April 2014, Women's rankings count Olympics points twice, to be on same formula
as Men's rankings, as no Women's top division World Championship is held in Olympic years

Men's rankingsEdit

The Men's 2020 ranking is based on the performance at the World Championships of 2020, 2019, 2018, and 2017, and at the 2018 Olympic Ice Hockey Tournament in Pyeongchang, South Korea.

For the 2018 Winter Olympics, Russia's Olympic Committee and many of its athletes were banned for illegal doping.[5] The IIHF opposed an outright ban on all Russian players[6], concerned that the KHL would disallow its players from participating in the tournament, as the NHL had done. The ice hockey team from the Russian hockey federation played under the banner of the International Olympic Committee as "Olympic Athletes from Russia", along with other Russian athletes not banned for doping.

All tournaments in 2020 were cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result, teams were awarded points based on their seeding for their respective tournaments. The Championship division received points based on the 2019 World Ranking, while the remaining divisions received points based on the previous year's results.

The following table lists the full breakdown of ranking following the 2019 Men's Ice Hockey World Championships, and the ranking for the 2020 Men's Ice Hockey World Championships. All tournament's points have their full value displayed, while the ranking is calculated by adding the current year's tournament points to the depreciated previous three years' tournament points as explained above. The depreciated percentages are shown in the column headings, first for the current total, then for the new total. The "Total" columns are the sums of the current tournament points and the depreciated values for past tournaments. The "+/–" columns indicate the increase or decrease in ranking since the last tournament. A dash in a tournament column indicates that the country did not participate.

2020
Rank
2019
Rank
Team WC division
(as of 2020)
WC2020
(—)
(100%)
WC2019
(100%)
(75%)
WC2018
(75%)
(50%)
OLY2018
(75%)
(50%)
WC2017
(50%)
(25%)
WC2016
(25%)
(0%)
2020
Total
+/− 2019
Total
+/−
1 1   Canada Championship 1200 1160 1100 1120 1160 1200 3470   3705  
2 2   Russia Championship 1160 1120 1040 1200 1120 1120 3400   3640   1
3 3   Finland Championship 1120 1200 1060 1040 1100 1160 3345   3615   2
4 4   Sweden Championship 1100 1060 1200 1060 1200 1040 3325   3615   2
5 5   Czech Republic Championship 1060 1100 1020 1100 1020 1060 3200   3465   1
6 6   United States Championship 1040 1020 1120 1020 1060 1100 3140   3430   2
7 7   Germany Championship 1020 1040 920 1160 1000 1020 3090   3355   1
8 8    Switzerland Championship 1000 1000 1160 940 1040 920 3060   3325   1
9 9   Slovakia Championship 960 960 960 920 860 960 2835   3040   1
10 10   Latvia Championship 940 940 1000 860 940 880 2810   3025   1
11 11   Norway Championship 920 900 880 1000 920 940 2765   3005   2
12 12   Denmark Championship 900 920 940 800 900 1000 2685   2925  
13 14   Belarus Championship 880 780 840 880 880 900 2545   1 2735  
14 13   France Division I A 800 840 900 840 960 860 2540   1 2840  
15 16   Italy Championship 860 860 780 760 820 780 2480   1 2620   3
16 19   Kazakhstan Championship 840 800 760 820 760 820 2420   3 2570   1
17 15   Austria Division I A 780 820 860 780 800 740 2415   2 2635   2
18 17   South Korea Division I A 760 760 820 900 780 720 2385   1 2620   1
19 20   Great Britain Championship 820 880 800 660 680 660 2380   1 2480   2
20 18   Slovenia Division I A 740 740 720 960 840 800 2345   2 2620   3
21 21   Hungary Division I A 720 720 740 700 720 840 2160   2370   1
22 22   Poland Division I B 660 660 700 740 740 760 2060   2300   1
23 24   Lithuania Division I B 680 700 680 560 640 640 1985   1 2110   1
24 23   Japan Division I B 640 640 660 720 660 700 1975   1 2180  
25 27   Romania Division I A 700 680 600 580 560 580 1940   2 1990   2
26 25   Ukraine Division I B 600 600 620 680 700 680 1875   1 2095   1
27 26   Estonia Division I B 620 620 640 600 620 600 1860   1 2010  
28 28   Netherlands Division II A 560 580 560 640 580 560 1740   1910  
29 29   Croatia Division II A 540 540 580 620 600 620 1695   1895   2
30 30   Serbia Division I B 580 560 520 540 520 500 1660   1740  
31 31   Spain Division II A 500 500 440 520 460 540 1470   1585  
32 32   China Division II A 480 480 500 440 440 460 1420   1520   1
33 33   Iceland Division II B 420 420 460 480 480 480 1325   1485   1
34 34   Israel Division II A 460 440 400 460 400 400 1320   1385  
35 35   Australia Division II A 520 520 540 540 440 1315   1305   1
36 37   Belgium Division II B 440 460 480 500 520 1150   1 1200  
37 36   Mexico Division II B 360 360 360 500 360 420 1150   1 1290   1
38 39   Georgia Division II B 380 380 320 400 280 0 1095   1 1060   1
39 40   New Zealand Division II B 400 400 420 420 380 1015   1 1020   1
40 38   Bulgaria Division II B 340 320 300 420 300 340 1015   2 1095  
41 41   North Korea Division III A 320 340 380 380 360 860   905  
42 42   Turkey Division III A 300 300 280 340 320 750   760   1
43 43   Luxembourg Division III A 260 260 340 320 280 705   745   1
44 45   Chinese Taipei Division III A 240 240 260 220 605   1 545   1
45 47   Turkmenistan Division III A 280 280 200 590   2 430   2
46 44   South Africa Division III B 200 220 240 240 300 545   2 595  
47 48   United Arab Emirates Division III A 220 200 160 200 500   1 420   1
48 46   Hong Kong Division III B 180 180 220 260 240 490   2 535   1
49 49   Bosnia and Herzegovina Division III B 140 140 180 0 260 335   340   1
50 51   Thailand Division III B 160 160 280   1 160 new
51 50   Kuwait Division IV 120 120 140 280   1 225  
52 52   Kyrgyzstan Division IV 100 100 175   100 new
53   Malaysia Division IV 80 80 new
54   Philippines Division IV 60 60 new

Women's rankingsEdit

The Women's 2019 ranking is based on the performance at the World Championships of 2019, 2018, 2017, and 2016, and at the 2018 Olympic Ice Hockey Tournament in Pyeongchang, South Korea.

For the 2018 Winter Olympics, Russia's Olympic Committee and many of its athletes were banned due to systemic illegal doping.[5] The IIHF opposed an outright ban on all Russian players[6] and the ice hockey team from the Russian hockey federation played under the banner of the International Olympic Committee as "Olympic Athletes from Russia", along with other Russian athletes not banned for doping.

Most of the tournaments in 2020 were cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result, teams were awarded points based on their seeding for their respective tournaments. The Championship division received points based on the 2019 World Ranking, while Divisions IA, IB, and IIA received points based on the previous year's results. Divisions IIB and III were completed and scored as scheduled.

The following table lists the ranking following the 2019 Women's Ice Hockey World Championships and the ranking for the 2020 Women's Ice Hockey World Championships. All tournament's points have their full value displayed, while the ranking is calculated by adding the current year's tournament points to the depreciated previous three years' tournament points as explained above. The depreciated percentages are shown in the column headings, first for the current total, then for the new total. The "Total" columns are the sums of the current tournament points and the depreciated values for past tournaments. The "+/–" columns indicate the increase or decrease in ranking since the last tournament. A dash in a tournament column indicates that the country did not participate.

2020
Rank
2019
Rank
Team WC division
(as of 2020)
WC2020
(—)
(100%)
WC2019
(100%)
(75%)
WC2018
(75%)
(50%)
OLY2018
(75%)
(50%)
WC2017
(50%)
(25%)
WC2016
(25%)
(—)
2020
Total
+/− 2019
Total
+/−
1 1   United States Championship 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 3600   3900  
2 2   Canada Championship 1160 1120 1160 1160 1160 1160 3450   3730  
3 3   Finland Championship 1120 1160 1120 1120 1120 1100 3390   3675  
4 4   Russia Championship 1100 1100 1100 1100 1060 1120 3290   3560  
5 5    Switzerland Championship 1060 1060 1060 1060 1020 1020 3170   3415  
6 6   Japan Championship 1040 1000 1040 1040 960 1000 3070   3290   1
7 8   Czech Republic Championship 1020 1040 1000 960 1000 1040 3030   1 3270   1
8 9   Germany Championship 1000 1020 980 940 1100 960 3000   1 3250   1
9 7   Sweden Division I A 920 960 1020 1020 1040 1060 2920   2 3275   1
10 10   France Division I A 900 940 960 920 860 940 2760   3015  
11 11   Denmark Championship 960 900 900 880 900 900 2750   2910   1
12 14   Hungary Championship 940 920 920 820 880 840 2720   2 2875  
13 13   Norway Division I A 880 880 880 900 920 880 2660   2895  
14 12   Austria Division I A 860 860 940 860 940 920 2640   2 2910   1
15 15   Slovakia Division I A 840 840 860 800 840 860 2510   2720  
16 16   South Korea Division I B 780 780 820 1000 720 700 2455   2680  
17 17   Italy Division I B 800 820 840 840 760 780 2445   2655  
18 21   Netherlands Division I A 820 800 720 720 700 740 2315   3 2415  
19 20   China Division I B 740 740 760 760 780 760 2250   1 2460  
20 22   Poland Division I B 760 760 740 700 740 720 2235   2 2390  
21 19   Kazakhstan Division I B 720 720 780 740 820 800 2225   2 2470  
22 18   Latvia Division II A 680 700 800 780 800 820 2195   4 2490  
23 23   Great Britain Division II A 660 660 700 660 680 680 2005   1 2190  
24 24   Slovenia Division I B 700 680 640 620 640 640 2000   1 2105  
25 25   Spain Division II A 640 640 600 680 580 580 1905   2035  
26 26   Mexico Division II A 620 620 620 640 600 540 1865   2000  
27 27   Turkey Division II B 500 500 520 600 520 500 1565   1725  
28 28   North Korea Division II A 600 600 680 660 660 1555   1605  
29 29   Australia Division II B 560 580 660 620 600 1480   1535   2
30 33   Chinese Taipei Division II A 580 560 580 480 1410   3 1235   3
31 32   Iceland Division II B 540 520 560 540 560 1345   1 1350   1
32 31   New Zealand Division II B 520 540 540 560 520 1335   1 1355   1
33 30   Hong Kong Division III 340 380 420 580 400 460 1225   3 1445   1
34 34   Romania Division III 400 460 500 500 480 1120   1205   1
35 36   Croatia Division II B 480 480 480 620 1080   1 995  
36 37   Belgium Division III 420 420 460 460 1080   1 995   1
37 35   South Africa Division III 440 400 440 440 440 1070   2 1060   1
38 38   Bulgaria Division III 380 360 400 420 420 955   975   3
39 39   Ukraine Division II B 460 440 790   440 new
40   Lithuania Division III 360 360 new

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "IIHF – World Ranking". iihf.com. IIHF. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  2. ^ Hockey Canada (30 September 2003). "IIHF Introduces World Ranking and Ranks Canada First in Men's and Women's Hockey". Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  3. ^ Edvinsson, Jan-Ake, ed. (November 2003). "News release–Hockey fans are the best in the world" (PDF). Ice Times. International Ice Hockey Federation. 7 (5): 7. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Olympic Winter Games". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  5. ^ a b Ruiz, Rebecca R.; Panja, Tariq (5 December 2017). "Russia Banned From Winter Olympics by I.O.C." The New York Times.
  6. ^ a b Clinton, Jared (29 November 2017). "IIHF says complete ban of Russian Olympians would put 'health of hockey at risk'". The Hockey News.

External linksEdit