IIHF World Ranking
The IIHF World Ranking is a ranking of the performance of the national ice hockey teams of member countries of the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF). It is based on a formula giving points for each team's placings at IIHF-sanctioned tournaments over the previous four years. The ranking is used to determine seedings and qualification requirements for future IIHF tournaments. The current leader in rankings is Canada in men's play and the United States in women's play.
The system was approved at the IIHF congress of September 2003. According to IIHF President René Fasel, the system was designed to be simple to understand and "reflect the long-term quality of all national hockey programs and their commitment to international hockey".
The ranking is used to determine the seeding of the teams for the next World Championship and to select the teams which can participate in Winter Olympics without playing in the qualifying round. For example, for the 2014 Winter Olympics, the first nine teams of the Men's World Ranking and the first six of the Women's World Ranking were pre-qualified. Qualification for the men's tournament at the 2014 Winter Olympics was structured around the 2012 ranking. Twelve spots were made available for teams. The top nine teams in the World Ranking after the 2012 Men's World Ice Hockey Championships received automatic berths into the Ice Hockey event. All IIHF teams had an opportunity to qualify for the event. Teams that wished to participate ranked below 29th played a preliminary qualification in September 2012. The winner of the preliminary and teams ranked 19–29th were divided in three groups to play in the pre-qualification round in November 2012. The winner of each pre-qualification group and teams ranked 10–18 were divided in three groups to play in the final qualification in February 2013. The winner of each group then joined the nine top-ranked teams in the Olympics in 2014.
The women's tournament uses a similar qualification format. The top six teams in the IIHF Women's World Ranking after the 2012 IIHF Women's World Championship received automatic berths into the ice hockey event. Lower ranked teams had an opportunity to qualify for the event. Teams ranked 19th and below were divided into two groups where they played in a preliminary qualification round in the autumn of 2012. The two winners and teams ranked 13–18 were divided into two groups where they played in the pre-qualification round in November 2012. The two group winners from the round advanced to the final qualification round, where the teams ranked seventh through twelfth joined them.
The world ranking is based on the final positions of the last four Men's or Women's IIHF World Championships and last Olympic ice hockey tournament. Points are assigned according to a team's final placement in the World Championship or the Olympic tournament. The world champion receives 1200 points and then a 20-point interval is used between teams. However, a 40-point interval is used between gold and silver, silver and bronze, fourth and fifth, and eighth and ninth. This is used as a bonus for the teams who reach the quarter-finals, the semi-finals, the final and for winning the gold medal.
Points awarded in the current year are valued at the full amount. Points award in the prior years decline linearly by 25% until the fifth year when they are dropped from the calculation. Under this formula, any year with a World Championship and an Olympics will be counted twice in the tables, for a maximum ranking (gold medal in all five events) of: 4200 points at the completion of an Olympic year, 3900 points at the completion of the following year, 3600 points the next year, and 3300 points in the year before the next Olympics. For example, if after the 2020 Championship a team had won the gold medal in the last four championships and the last Olympic tournament, their score would be 3600:
|2020 IIHF World Championship||100%||1200|
|2019 IIHF World Championship||75%||900|
|2018 IIHF World Championship||50%||600|
|2018 Winter Olympics||50%||600|
|2017 IIHF World Championship||25%||300|
|Counts Five Tournaments from Four Latest Years||3600|
|Starting April 2014, Women's rankings count Olympics points twice, to be on same formula|
as Men's rankings, as no Women's top division World Championship is held in Olympic years
For the 2018 Winter Olympics, Russia's Olympic Committee and many of its athletes were banned for illegal doping. The IIHF opposed an outright ban on all Russian players, concerned that the KHL would disallow its players from participating in the tournament, as the NHL had done. The ice hockey team from the Russian hockey federation played under the banner of the International Olympic Committee as "Olympic Athletes from Russia", along with other Russian athletes not banned for doping.
All tournaments in 2020 were cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result, teams were awarded points based on their seeding for their respective tournaments. The Championship division received points based on the 2019 World Ranking, while the remaining divisions received points based on the previous year's results.
The following table lists the full breakdown of ranking following the 2019 Men's Ice Hockey World Championships, and the ranking for the 2020 Men's Ice Hockey World Championships. All tournament's points have their full value displayed, while the ranking is calculated by adding the current year's tournament points to the depreciated previous three years' tournament points as explained above. The depreciated percentages are shown in the column headings, first for the current total, then for the new total. The "Total" columns are the sums of the current tournament points and the depreciated values for past tournaments. The "+/–" columns indicate the increase or decrease in ranking since the last tournament. A dash in a tournament column indicates that the country did not participate.
(as of 2020)
|14||13||France||Division I A||800||840||900||840||960||860||2540||1||2840|
|17||15||Austria||Division I A||780||820||860||780||800||740||2415||2||2635||2|
|18||17||South Korea||Division I A||760||760||820||900||780||720||2385||1||2620||1|
|20||18||Slovenia||Division I A||740||740||720||960||840||800||2345||2||2620||3|
|21||21||Hungary||Division I A||720||720||740||700||720||840||2160||2370||1|
|22||22||Poland||Division I B||660||660||700||740||740||760||2060||2300||1|
|23||24||Lithuania||Division I B||680||700||680||560||640||640||1985||1||2110||1|
|24||23||Japan||Division I B||640||640||660||720||660||700||1975||1||2180|
|25||27||Romania||Division I A||700||680||600||580||560||580||1940||2||1990||2|
|26||25||Ukraine||Division I B||600||600||620||680||700||680||1875||1||2095||1|
|27||26||Estonia||Division I B||620||620||640||600||620||600||1860||1||2010|
|28||28||Netherlands||Division II A||560||580||560||640||580||560||1740||1910|
|29||29||Croatia||Division II A||540||540||580||620||600||620||1695||1895||2|
|30||30||Serbia||Division I B||580||560||520||540||520||500||1660||1740|
|31||31||Spain||Division II A||500||500||440||520||460||540||1470||1585|
|32||32||China||Division II A||480||480||500||440||440||460||1420||1520||1|
|33||33||Iceland||Division II B||420||420||460||480||480||480||1325||1485||1|
|34||34||Israel||Division II A||460||440||400||460||400||400||1320||1385|
|35||35||Australia||Division II A||520||520||540||—||540||440||1315||1305||1|
|36||37||Belgium||Division II B||440||460||480||—||500||520||1150||1||1200|
|37||36||Mexico||Division II B||360||360||360||500||360||420||1150||1||1290||1|
|38||39||Georgia||Division II B||380||380||320||400||280||0||1095||1||1060||1|
|39||40||New Zealand||Division II B||400||400||420||—||420||380||1015||1||1020||1|
|40||38||Bulgaria||Division II B||340||320||300||420||300||340||1015||2||1095|
|41||41||North Korea||Division III A||320||340||380||—||380||360||860||905|
|42||42||Turkey||Division III A||300||300||280||—||340||320||750||760||1|
|43||43||Luxembourg||Division III A||260||260||340||—||320||280||705||745||1|
|44||45||Chinese Taipei||Division III A||240||240||260||—||220||—||605||1||545||1|
|45||47||Turkmenistan||Division III A||280||280||200||—||—||—||590||2||430||2|
|46||44||South Africa||Division III B||200||220||240||—||240||300||545||2||595|
|47||48||United Arab Emirates||Division III A||220||200||160||—||200||—||500||1||420||1|
|48||46||Hong Kong||Division III B||180||180||220||—||260||240||490||2||535||1|
|49||49||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Division III B||140||140||180||—||0||260||335||340||1|
|50||51||Thailand||Division III B||160||160||—||—||—||—||280||1||160||new|
For the 2018 Winter Olympics, Russia's Olympic Committee and many of its athletes were banned due to systemic illegal doping. The IIHF opposed an outright ban on all Russian players and the ice hockey team from the Russian hockey federation played under the banner of the International Olympic Committee as "Olympic Athletes from Russia", along with other Russian athletes not banned for doping.
Most of the tournaments in 2020 were cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result, teams were awarded points based on their seeding for their respective tournaments. The Championship division received points based on the 2019 World Ranking, while Divisions IA, IB, and IIA received points based on the previous year's results. Divisions IIB and III were completed and scored as scheduled.
The following table lists the ranking following the 2019 Women's Ice Hockey World Championships and the ranking for the 2020 Women's Ice Hockey World Championships. All tournament's points have their full value displayed, while the ranking is calculated by adding the current year's tournament points to the depreciated previous three years' tournament points as explained above. The depreciated percentages are shown in the column headings, first for the current total, then for the new total. The "Total" columns are the sums of the current tournament points and the depreciated values for past tournaments. The "+/–" columns indicate the increase or decrease in ranking since the last tournament. A dash in a tournament column indicates that the country did not participate.
(as of 2020)
|9||7||Sweden||Division I A||920||960||1020||1020||1040||1060||2920||2||3275||1|
|10||10||France||Division I A||900||940||960||920||860||940||2760||3015|
|13||13||Norway||Division I A||880||880||880||900||920||880||2660||2895|
|14||12||Austria||Division I A||860||860||940||860||940||920||2640||2||2910||1|
|15||15||Slovakia||Division I A||840||840||860||800||840||860||2510||2720|
|16||16||South Korea||Division I B||780||780||820||1000||720||700||2455||2680|
|17||17||Italy||Division I B||800||820||840||840||760||780||2445||2655|
|18||21||Netherlands||Division I A||820||800||720||720||700||740||2315||3||2415|
|19||20||China||Division I B||740||740||760||760||780||760||2250||1||2460|
|20||22||Poland||Division I B||760||760||740||700||740||720||2235||2||2390|
|21||19||Kazakhstan||Division I B||720||720||780||740||820||800||2225||2||2470|
|22||18||Latvia||Division II A||680||700||800||780||800||820||2195||4||2490|
|23||23||Great Britain||Division II A||660||660||700||660||680||680||2005||1||2190|
|24||24||Slovenia||Division I B||700||680||640||620||640||640||2000||1||2105|
|25||25||Spain||Division II A||640||640||600||680||580||580||1905||2035|
|26||26||Mexico||Division II A||620||620||620||640||600||540||1865||2000|
|27||27||Turkey||Division II B||500||500||520||600||520||500||1565||1725|
|28||28||North Korea||Division II A||600||600||680||—||660||660||1555||1605|
|29||29||Australia||Division II B||560||580||660||—||620||600||1480||1535||2|
|30||33||Chinese Taipei||Division II A||580||560||580||—||480||—||1410||3||1235||3|
|31||32||Iceland||Division II B||540||520||560||—||540||560||1345||1||1350||1|
|32||31||New Zealand||Division II B||520||540||540||—||560||520||1335||1||1355||1|
|33||30||Hong Kong||Division III||340||380||420||580||400||460||1225||3||1445||1|
|35||36||Croatia||Division II B||480||480||480||—||—||620||1080||1||995|
|37||35||South Africa||Division III||440||400||440||—||440||440||1070||2||1060||1|
|39||39||Ukraine||Division II B||460||440||—||—||—||—||790||440||new|
- "IIHF – World Ranking". iihf.com. IIHF. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
- Hockey Canada (30 September 2003). "IIHF Introduces World Ranking and Ranks Canada First in Men's and Women's Hockey". Retrieved 27 May 2019.
- Edvinsson, Jan-Ake, ed. (November 2003). "News release–Hockey fans are the best in the world" (PDF). Ice Times. International Ice Hockey Federation. 7 (5): 7. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
- "Olympic Winter Games". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
- Ruiz, Rebecca R.; Panja, Tariq (5 December 2017). "Russia Banned From Winter Olympics by I.O.C." The New York Times.
- Clinton, Jared (29 November 2017). "IIHF says complete ban of Russian Olympians would put 'health of hockey at risk'". The Hockey News.