United States men's national ice hockey team

The United States men's national ice hockey team[2] is based in Colorado Springs, Colorado, with its U18 and U17 development program in Plymouth, Michigan. The team is controlled by USA Hockey, the governing body for organized ice hockey in the United States. As of May 26, 2019, the U.S. team is currently ranked 6th in the IIHF World Rankings.[3] The current head coach is Jeff Blashill.[4]

United States
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s)Team USA
AssociationUSA Hockey
General ManagerChris Drury
Head coachJeff Blashill
AssistantsDan Bylsma
John Hynes
CaptainPatrick Kane
Most gamesMark Johnson
Most pointsMark Johnson (146)
Team colors              
IIHF codeUSA
United States national ice hockey team jerseys 2018 IHWC.png
Ranking
Current IIHF6 Steady (24 April 2020)[1]
Highest IIHF4 (first in 2016)
Lowest IIHF7 (first in 2003)
First international
United States  29–0   Switzerland
(Antwerp, Belgium; April 24, 1920)
Biggest win
United States  31–1  Italy
(St. Moritz, Switzerland; February 1, 1948)
Biggest defeat
Sweden  17–2  United States
(Stockholm, Sweden; March 12, 1963)
Soviet Union  17–2  United States
(Stockholm, Sweden; March 15, 1969)
IIHF World Championships
Appearances72 (first in 1920)
Best resultGold medal world centered-2.svg Gold: (1933, 1960)
Canada Cup/World Cup
Appearances8 (first in 1976)
Best resultGold medal world centered-2.svg Gold: (1996)
Olympics
Appearances22 (first in 1920)
MedalsGold medal.svg Gold: (1960, 1980)
Silver medal.svg Silver: (1920, 1924, 1932, 1952, 1956, 1972, 2002, 2010)
Bronze medal.svg Bronze: (1936)
International record (W–L–T)
514–471–86
Medal record
Olympic Games
Gold medal – first place 1960 Squaw Valley Team
Gold medal – first place 1980 Lake Placid Team
Silver medal – second place 1920 Antwerp Team
Silver medal – second place 1924 Chamonix Team
Silver medal – second place 1932 Lake Placid Team
Silver medal – second place 1952 Oslo Team
Silver medal – second place 1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo Team
Silver medal – second place 1972 Sapporo Team
Silver medal – second place 2002 Salt Lake City Team
Silver medal – second place 2010 Vancouver Team
Bronze medal – third place 1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Team
World Championship
Gold medal – first place 1933 Czechoslovakia
Gold medal – first place 1960 United States Team
Silver medal – second place 1920 Belgium Team
Silver medal – second place 1924 France Team
Silver medal – second place 1931 Poland
Silver medal – second place 1932 United States Team
Silver medal – second place 1934 Italy
Silver medal – second place 1939 Switzerland
Silver medal – second place 1950 Great Britain
Silver medal – second place 1952 Norway Team
Silver medal – second place 1956 Italy Team
Bronze medal – third place 1936 Germany Team
Bronze medal – third place 1949 Sweden
Bronze medal – third place 1962 United States
Bronze medal – third place 1996 Austria
Bronze medal – third place 2004 Czech Republic
Bronze medal – third place 2013 Sweden/Finland
Bronze medal – third place 2015 Czech Republic
Bronze medal – third place 2018 Denmark
Canada Cup/World Cup
Gold medal – first place 1996 Montreal
Silver medal – second place 1991 Hamilton

The U.S. won gold medals at the 1960 and the 1980 Olympics and more recently, silver medals at the 2002 and 2010 Olympics. The U.S. also won the 1996 World Cup of Hockey, defeating Canada in the finals. The team's most recent medal at the World Championships came with a bronze in 2018. They won the tournament in 1933 and 1960. Unlike other nations, the U.S. doesn't typically use its best NHL players in the World Championships. Instead, it provides the younger players with an opportunity to gain international experience.[5] Overall, the team has collected eleven Olympic medals (two of them gold), nineteen World Championship medals (two of them gold), and it reached the semi-final round of the Canada Cup/World Cup five times, twice advancing to the finals and winning gold once.[6] The U.S. has never reached a World Championship gold medal game, having lost in the semifinal round nine times since the IIHF introduced a playoff system in 1992.

The U.S. is a member of the so-called "Big Six", the unofficial group of the six strongest men's ice hockey nations, along with Canada, the Czech Republic, Finland, Russia, and Sweden.[7][8][9]

HistoryEdit

The American ice hockey team's greatest success was the "Miracle on Ice" at the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York, when American college players defeated the heavily favored seasoned professionals from the Soviet Union on the way to a gold medal. Though ice hockey is not a major sport in most areas of the United States, the "Miracle" is often listed as one of the all-time greatest American sporting achievements. The U.S. also won the gold medal in the 1960 Games at Squaw Valley, California, defeating the Soviet Union, Canada, Czechoslovakia, and Sweden along the way. However, since this victory is not as well known as the 1980 win, it has come to be known as the "Forgotten Miracle".[10][11]

The United States hockey experienced a spike in talent in the 1980s and 1990s, with future NHL stars including Tony Amonte, Chris Chelios, Derian Hatcher, Brett Hull, Pat LaFontaine, John LeClair, Brian Leetch, Mike Modano, Mike Richter, Jeremy Roenick, Kevin Stevens, Keith Tkachuk, and Doug Weight. Although the U.S. finished no higher than fourth in any World or Olympic event from 1981 through 1994 (unlike other teams that used professionals, the U.S. team was limited to amateurs at these tournaments), the Americans reached the finals of the 1991 Canada Cup and won the 1996 World Cup. Six years later, after the International Olympic Committee and NHL arranged to accommodate an Olympic break in the NHL schedule, the U.S. earned a silver medal at the 2002 Winter Olympics with a roster that included NHL stars Adam Deadmarsh, Chris Drury, Brian Rafalski, and Brian Rolston. However, by 2006, many of these NHL players had retired or had declined with age. Though the 2006 Olympic team finished a disappointing 8th, it was more of a transitional team, featuring young NHL players like Rick DiPietro, John-Michael Liles, and Jordan Leopold.

The 2010 U.S. Olympic team was composed of much younger and faster players than teams of previous years, including David Backes, Dustin Brown, Jack Johnson, Patrick Kane, Phil Kessel, Zach Parise, Joe Pavelski, Bobby Ryan, Paul Stastny, and Ryan Suter. The team also had a solid group of veterans that included such stars as goalie Ryan Miller, defenseman Brian Rafalski, and team captain Jamie Langenbrunner. The U.S. team upset team Canada 5–3 in the round-robin phase of the tournament and went into the single elimination phase of the tournament as the number-one seeded team. After beating Finland 6–1, the U.S. advanced to the gold medal game, where they lost in overtime 3–2 to Canada to claim the silver medal. The gold medal game between Canada and the U.S. was watched by an estimated 27.6 million U.S. households. This was the most watched hockey game in America since the 1980 "Miracle on Ice" game, including any Stanley Cup final or NHL Winter Classic broadcast.[12]

The NHL pulled out of the Olympics for the 2018 competition in a dispute over insurance and the IOC's ambush marketing restrictions, prohibiting the national teams from inviting any player it held under contract. The American team was put at a particular disadvantage, as more than 31% of NHL players are Americans (in comparison, only 4.1% are Russians). As a result, the U.S. had to enter the tournament with a hastily assembled team of free agents, players from European leagues, AHLers on one-way contracts, and college players.[13] The team proved unsuccessful, losing to Slovenia and the Olympic Athletes from Russia in the preliminary round, and being eliminated by the Czechs in the quarterfinals.[14] The OAR team benefited most from NHL's absence and ultimately won the tournament with a team that was composed primarily of SKA Saint Petersburg and HC CSKA Moscow players from the Russia-based KHL and featured ex-NHL all-stars Pavel Datsyuk, Ilya Kovalchuk and Vyacheslav Voynov (all SKA).

Competitive recordEdit

Olympic GamesEdit

Games[6][15] GP W L T GF GA Coach Captain Round Position
1920 Antwerp 4 3 1 0 52 2 Cornelius Fellowes
Roy Schooley
Joe McCormick Silver medal round   Silver
1924 Chamonix 5 4 1 0 73 6 William Haddock Irving Small Final round   Silver
1928 St. Moritz Did not participate
1932 Lake Placid 6 4 1 1 27 5 Alfred Winsor John Chase Final round   Silver
1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen 8 5 2 1 10 4 Albert Prettyman John Garrison Final round   Bronze
1948 St. Moritz 8 5 3 0 86 33 John Garrison Goodwin Harding Round-robin 4th, DSQ
1952 Oslo 8 6 1 1 43 21 Connie Pleban Allen Van Round-robin   Silver
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo 7 5 2 0 33 16 John Mariucci Gene Campbell Final round   Silver
1960 Squaw Valley 7 7 0 0 48 17 Jack Riley Jack Kirrane Final round   Gold
1964 Innsbruck 7 2 5 0 29 33 Eddie Jeremiah Herb Brooks
Bill Reichart
Round-robin 5th
1968 Grenoble 7 2 4 1 23 28 Murray Williamson Lou Nanne Round-robin 6th
1972 Sapporo 6 4 2 0 23 18 Murray Williamson Tim Sheehy Round-robin   Silver
1976 Innsbruck 6 3 3 0 23 25 Bob Johnson John Taft Round-robin 5th
1980 Lake Placid 7 6 0 1 33 15 Herb Brooks Mike Eruzione Final round   Gold
1984 Sarajevo 6 2 2 2 23 21 Lou Vairo Phil Verchota 7th place game 7th
1988 Calgary 6 3 3 0 35 31 Dave Peterson Brian Leetch 7th place game 7th
1992 Albertville 8 5 2 1 25 19 Dave Peterson Clark Donatelli Bronze medal game 4th
1994 Lillehammer 8 1 4 3 28 32 Tim Taylor Peter Laviolette 7th place game 8th
1998 Nagano 4 1 3 0 9 14 Ron Wilson Chris Chelios Quarter-finals 6th
2002 Salt Lake City 6 4 1 1 26 10 Herb Brooks Chris Chelios Gold medal game   Silver
2006 Turin 6 1 4 1 16 17 Peter Laviolette Chris Chelios Quarter-finals 8th
2010 Vancouver 6 5 1 24 9 Ron Wilson Jamie Langenbrunner Gold medal game   Silver
2014 Sochi 6 4 2 20 12 Dan Bylsma Zach Parise Bronze medal game 4th
2018 Pyeongchang 5 2 3 11 12 Tony Granato Brian Gionta Quarter-finals 7th
2022 Beijing Qualified

Results by "Big Six" opponentEdit

Opponents Played Won Tied Lost Biggest victory Biggest defeat
  Canada 18 3 3 12 4:1 3:12
  Czechoslovakia/
  Czech Republic
21 10 0 11 16:0 1:7
  Finland 13 7 2 4 8:2, 6:0 1:6, 0:5
  Soviet Union/
  CIS/
  Russia
14 4 1 9 4:3, 3:2 (x3) 2:10
  Sweden 15 6 2 7 20:0 1:5
Total 81 30 8 43 20:0 3:12

World ChampionshipEdit

Note: Between 1920 and 1968, the Olympic ice hockey tournament was also considered the World Championship for that year.[16]
Note: World War II forced cancellation of all tournaments from 1940 to 1946.
Note: In 1972, a separate tournament was held both for the World Championships and the Winter Olympics for the first time.
Note: No World Championships were held during the Olympic years 1980, 1984, and 1988.
Note: 2020 tournament was cancelled due to the coronavirus pandemic.[17]
  • 1920  Silver
  • 1924  Silver
  • 1928did not participate
  • 1930did not participate
  • 1931  Silver
  • 1932  Silver
  • 1933  Gold
  • 1934  Silver
  • 1935did not participate
  • 1936  Bronze
  • 1937did not participate
  • 1938 – 7th place
  • 1939  Silver
  • 1947 – 5th place
  • 1948 – 4th place
  • 1949  Bronze
  • 1950  Silver
  • 1951 – 6th place
  • 1952  Silver
  • 1953did not participate
  • 1954did not participate
  • 1955 – 4th place
  • 1956  Silver
  • 1957did not participate
  • 1958 – 5th place
  • 1959 – 4th place
  • 1960  Gold
  • 1961 – 6th place
  • 1962  Bronze
  • 1963 – 8th place
  • 1964 – 5th place
  • 1965 – 6th place
  • 1966 – 6th place
  • 1967 – 5th place
  • 1968 – 6th place
  • 1969 – 6th place (relegated to Group B)
  • 1970 – 7th place (1st in Group B, promoted to Group A)
  • 1971 – 6th place (relegated to Group B)
  • 1972 – 8th place (2nd in Group B)
  • 1973 – 8th place (2nd in Group B)
  • 1974 – 7th place (1st in Group B, promoted to Group A)
  • 1975 – 6th place
  • 1976 – 4th place
  • 1977 – 6th place
  • 1978 – 6th place
  • 1979 – 7th place
  • 1981 – 5th place
  • 1982 – 8th place (relegated to Group B)
  • 1983 – 9th place (1st in Group B, promoted to Group A)
  • 1985 – 4th place
  • 1986 – 6th place
  • 1987 – 7th place
  • 1989 – 6th place
  • 1990 – 5th place
  • 1991 – 4th place
  • 1992 – 7th place
  • 1993 – 6th place
  • 1994 – 4th place
  • 1995 – 6th place
  • 1996  Bronze
  • 1997 – 6th place
  • 1998 – 12th place
  • 1999 – 6th place
  • 2000 – 5th place
  • 2001 – 4th place
  • 2002 – 7th place
  • 2003 – 13th place
  • 2004  Bronze
  • 2005 – 6th place
  • 2006 – 7th place
  • 2007 – 5th place
  • 2008 – 6th place
  • 2009 – 4th place
  • 2010 – 13th place
  • 2011 – 8th place
  • 2012 – 7th place
  • 2013  Bronze
  • 2014 – 6th place
  • 2015  Bronze
  • 2016 – 4th place
  • 2017 – 5th place
  • 2018  Bronze
  • 2019 – 7th place
  • 2021qualified

Canada Cup/World CupEdit

Games[18] GP W L T GF GA Coach Captain Round Position
1976 5 1 3 1 14 21 Bob Pulford Bill Nyrop Group stage 5th
1981 6 2 3 1 18 23 Bob Johnson Robbie Ftorek Semi-finals 4th
1984 6 3 2 1 23 22 Bob Johnson Rod Langway Semi-finals 4th
1987 5 2 3 0 13 14 Bob Johnson Rod Langway Group stage 5th
1991 8 5 3 0 29 26 Bob Johnson Joel Otto Finals   Silver
1996 7 6 1 0 37 18 Ron Wilson Brian Leetch Finals   Gold
2004 5 2 3 0 11 11 Ron Wilson Chris Chelios Semi-finals 4th
2016 3 0 3 5 11 John Tortorella Joe Pavelski Group stage 7th

Results by "Big Six" opponentEdit

Opponents Played Won Tied Lost Biggest victory Biggest defeat
  Canada 14 3 1 10 5:2 (x2) 3:8
  Czechoslovakia/
  Czech Republic
6 3 1 2 6:2 1:3
  Finland 6 4 1 1 7:3 1:2
  Soviet Union/
  CIS/
  Russia
9 4 0 5 5:2 (x2) 0:5
  Sweden 6 4 0 2 7:1 2:9
Total 41 18 3 20 7:1 2:9

TeamEdit

Current rosterEdit

Roster for the 2019 IIHF World Championship.[19][20]

Head coach: Jeff Blashill

No. Pos. Name Height Weight Birthdate Team
1 G Cayden Primeau 1.91 m (6 ft 3 in) 90 kg (200 lb) (1999-08-11) August 11, 1999 (age 20)   Northeastern Univ.
6 F Jack Hughes 1.79 m (5 ft 10 in) 77 kg (170 lb) (2001-05-14) May 14, 2001 (age 19)   New Jersey Devils
7 D Zach Werenski 1.88 m (6 ft 2 in) 95 kg (209 lb) (1997-07-19) July 19, 1997 (age 23)   Columbus Blue Jackets
8 D Adam Fox 1.80 m (5 ft 11 in) 82 kg (181 lb) (1998-02-17) February 17, 1998 (age 22)   New York Rangers
9 F Jack Eichel 1.88 m (6 ft 2 in) 91 kg (201 lb) (1996-10-28) October 28, 1996 (age 23)   Buffalo Sabres
10 F Derek Ryan 1.80 m (5 ft 11 in) 77 kg (170 lb) (1986-12-29) December 29, 1986 (age 33)   Calgary Flames
11 F Luke Kunin 1.82 m (6 ft 0 in) 87 kg (192 lb) (1997-12-04) December 4, 1997 (age 22)   Minnesota Wild
12 F Alex DeBrincat 1.70 m (5 ft 7 in) 75 kg (165 lb) (1997-12-18) December 18, 1997 (age 22)   Chicago Blackhawks
13 F Johnny Gaudreau 1.70 m (5 ft 7 in) 71 kg (157 lb) (1993-08-13) August 13, 1993 (age 26)   Calgary Flames
18 F Chris Kreider 1.91 m (6 ft 3 in) 100 kg (220 lb) (1991-04-30) April 30, 1991 (age 29)   New York Rangers
19 F Clayton Keller 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in) 77 kg (170 lb) (1998-11-19) November 19, 1998 (age 21)   Arizona Coyotes
20 D Ryan SuterA 1.88 m (6 ft 2 in) 94 kg (207 lb) (1985-01-21) January 21, 1985 (age 35)   Minnesota Wild
21 F Dylan LarkinA 1.85 m (6 ft 1 in) 90 kg (200 lb) (1996-07-30) July 30, 1996 (age 24)   Detroit Red Wings
25 F James van Riemsdyk 1.91 m (6 ft 3 in) 98 kg (216 lb) (1989-04-05) April 5, 1989 (age 31)   Philadelphia Flyers
27 D Alec Martinez 1.85 m (6 ft 1 in) 95 kg (209 lb) (1987-07-26) July 26, 1987 (age 33)   Vegas Golden Knights
30 G Thatcher Demko 1.93 m (6 ft 4 in) 87 kg (192 lb) (1995-12-08) December 8, 1995 (age 24)   Vancouver Canucks
35 G Cory Schneider 1.91 m (6 ft 3 in) 91 kg (201 lb) (1986-03-19) March 19, 1986 (age 34)   New Jersey Devils
36 F Colin White 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in) 83 kg (183 lb) (1997-01-30) January 30, 1997 (age 23)   Ottawa Senators
41 F Luke Glendening 1.80 m (5 ft 11 in) 87 kg (192 lb) (1989-04-28) April 28, 1989 (age 31)   Detroit Red Wings
43 D Quinn Hughes 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in) 77 kg (170 lb) (1999-10-14) October 14, 1999 (age 20)   Vancouver Canucks
55 D Noah Hanifin 1.91 m (6 ft 3 in) 93 kg (205 lb) (1997-01-25) January 25, 1997 (age 23)   Calgary Flames
72 F Frank Vatrano 1.75 m (5 ft 9 in) 91 kg (201 lb) (1994-03-14) March 14, 1994 (age 26)   Florida Panthers
76 D Brady Skjei 1.91 m (6 ft 3 in) 97 kg (214 lb) (1994-03-26) March 26, 1994 (age 26)   Carolina Hurricanes
86 D Christian Wolanin 1.88 m (6 ft 2 in) 84 kg (185 lb) (1995-03-17) March 17, 1995 (age 25)   Ottawa Senators
88 F Patrick KaneC 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in) 80 kg (180 lb) (1988-11-19) November 19, 1988 (age 31)   Chicago Blackhawks

IIHF World Championship directorate awardsEdit

The IIHF has given awards for each year's championship tournament to the top goalie, defenseman, and forward (all since 1954), and most valuable player (since 2004). The following American team members have won awards.

Uniform evolutionEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "IIHF Men's World Ranking". IIHF. April 24, 2020. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  2. ^ Men's Teams and Events at USAHockey.com
  3. ^ "2018 Ranking (May)". webarchive.iihf.com.
  4. ^ "Jeff Blashill Back as U.S. Men's National Team Head Coach". Team USA Hockey. April 9, 2018.
  5. ^ Mount, Dan (May 6, 2019). "Team USA IIHF Roster for Worlds Full of Promise".
  6. ^ a b "Men's Teams and Events". teamusa.usahockey.com.
  7. ^ "NHL announces World Cup of Hockey for 2016". The Canadian Press. January 24, 2015. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
  8. ^ "Membership Statistics". www.usahockey.com.
  9. ^ Peters, Chris (June 18, 2014). "U.S. Hockey Participation Numbers for 2013-14".
  10. ^ Burnside, Scott (February 8, 2010). "Hockey's miracle before the 'Miracle'". ESPN. Retrieved October 7, 2011.
  11. ^ "The Morning Skate: The Forgotten Miracle of 1960". The New York Times. December 11, 2009. Retrieved October 7, 2011.
  12. ^ "Hockey Game Seen by 27.6 Million" The New York Times, March 1, 2010. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
  13. ^ "New-Look 2018 U.S. Olympic Men's Ice Hockey Team Named, Led By 2006 Olympian Brian Gionta". Team USA.
  14. ^ Thompson, Harry (February 21, 2018). "Shoot Out The Lights". Team USA Hockey.
  15. ^ "Men's Olympic Teams". teamusa.usahockey.com.
  16. ^ "Men's World Championship". teamusa.usahockey.com.
  17. ^ Steiss, Adam. "2020 IIHF Ice Hockey World Championship cancelled". iihf.com. IIHF. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
  18. ^ "World Cup of Hockey". teamusa.usahockey.com.
  19. ^ "Fox, Hughes, Wolanin Added To 2019 U.S. Men's National Team". teamusa.usahockey.com. May 1, 2019.
  20. ^ "2019 IIHF World Championship roster" (PDF).

External linksEdit