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Ice hockey at the 1936 Winter Olympics

The men's ice hockey tournament at the 1936 Winter Olympics in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, was the 5th Olympic Championship, also serving as the 10th World Championships and the 21st European Championships.[1]

Ice hockey at the 1936 Winter Olympics
Tournament details
Host country Germany
Dates6–16 February
Teams15
Venue(s)Große Olympiaschanze, Riessersee (in 1 host city)
Final positions
Champions Gold medal blank.svg Great Britain (1st title)
Runner-up Silver medal blank.svg Canada
Third place Bronze medal blank.svg United States
Fourth place Czechoslovakia
Tournament statistics
Matches played37
Goals scored165 (4.46 per match)
Scoring leader(s)Canada Hugh Farquharson 10 goals.

The British national ice hockey team pulled off a major upset when they won the gold medal, marking a number of firsts in international ice hockey competition. Great Britain made history as the first team ever to win an Olympic, World, and European (its second) Championships and the first to win all three in the same year.[2] They were the first team to stop Canada from winning the Olympic ice hockey gold, following Canada's four consecutive gold medals.

Contents

Tournament summaryEdit

In previous Olympics, the British team had finished third (1924), and fourth (1928) but with teams that were, "largely composed of Canadian Army officers and university graduates living in the U.K."[2] It was decided that their team must be British-born this time, and while only one player on the team was born in Canada, nine of the thirteen players on the roster grew up in Canada, and eleven had played previously in Canada.[2] The CAHA, upon discovering that the rosters of the British and French teams were made up of primarily Canadians, whom they believed were ineligible, lodged a protest, and suspended the players in question.[2][3] As a result, the IIHF voted unanimously to ban Alex Archer and James Foster, however before tournament play began, Canada withdrew their protest.[4] Still unhappy with the state of affairs were the Americans, who did not believe the rules were being followed,[4] and the French, who were very angry that Canada did not repeal their protest with them.[3]

The tournament itself featured very close play for the medals. It was played in three rounds beginning with four groups, where the two best teams of each group moved on to two groups of four, where again the two best moved on to a final round robin group of four, to determine the medals.[2]

The major upset occurred in the semi-finals, when Britain's Edgar Brenchley scored late in the third to defeat Canada two to one, setting up the eventual gold medal outcome. The format at these Olympics was to have head-to-head results from the semi-finals carried forward, so that the finals could be a four team round robin with only two additional games per team. The British team's shock victory over the Canadians, plus the win by the USA over Czechoslovakia, both counted in the tables for the final round.[2] In the final round, the British team beat Czechoslovakia. then played six scoreless periods against the USA before the game was called a tie, ensuring a silver or gold for the British. In the tournament's final game, Canada could win silver, and Britain gold, if Canada defeated the USA, while the Americans could still achieve gold in a variety of tie-breaking scenarios. The Americans were very tired from the marathon scoreless tie, and lost one to nothing.

Another story of this Olympic hockey tournament was the participation of Rudi Ball. The Nazi leadership allowed this top player to lead their hockey team at these German hosted Olympics, making him the only Jew to represent Germany at these Olympic Games.[4]

MedalistsEdit

Participating nationsEdit

First roundEdit

Top two teams in each group advanced to Second Round.

Group AEdit

Pld W T L GF GA Pts
  Canada 3 3 0 0 24 3 6
  Austria 3 2 0 1 11 7 4
  Poland 3 1 0 2 11 12 2
  Latvia 3 0 0 3 3 27 0
6 February   Canada 8–1
(5–0,2–1,1–0)
  Poland
7 February   Canada 11–0
(2–0,3–0,6–0)
  Latvia
7 February   Austria 2–1
(0–0,0–0,2–1)
  Poland
8 February   Canada 5–2
(4–0,1–2,0–0)
  Austria
8 February   Poland 9–2
(1–0,4–0,4–2)
  Latvia
9 February   Austria 7–1
(4–0,0–0,3–1)
  Latvia

Group BEdit

Pld W T L GF GA Pts
  Germany 3 2 0 1 5 1 4
  United States 3 2 0 1 5 2 4
  Italy 3 1 0 2 2 5 2
   Switzerland 3 1 0 2 1 5 2
6 February   Germany 0–1
(0–1,0–0,0–0)
  United States
7 February   United States 3–0
(0–0,3–0,0–0)
   Switzerland
7 February   Germany 3–0
(1–0,1–0,1–0)
  Italy
8 February   Germany 2–0
(0–0,1–0,1–0)
   Switzerland
8 February   United States 1–2
(0–0,0–0,1–1,0–0,0–1)
  Italy
9 February    Switzerland 1–0
(0–0,1–0,0–0)
  Italy

Group CEdit

Pld W T L GF GA Pts
  Czechoslovakia 3 3 0 0 10 0 6
  Hungary 3 2 0 1 14 5 4
  France 3 1 0 2 4 7 2
  Belgium 3 0 0 3 4 20 0
6 February   Hungary 11–2
(1–1,2–0,8–1)
  Belgium
7 February   Czechoslovakia 5–0
(0–0,4–0,1–0)
  Belgium
7 February   Hungary 3–0
(0–0,1–0,2–0)
  France
8 February   Czechoslovakia 3–0
(1–0,1–0,1–0)
  Hungary
8 February   France 4–2
(1–0,0–1,0–0,1–1,2–0)
  Belgium
9 February   Czechoslovakia 2–0
(0–0,1–0,1–0)
  France

Group DEdit

Pld W T L GF GA Pts
  Great Britain 2 2 0 0 4 0 4
  Sweden 2 1 0 1 2 1 2
  Japan 2 0 0 2 0 5 0
6 February   Great Britain 1–0
(1–0,0–0,0–0)
  Sweden
7 February   Great Britain 3–0
(2–0,0–0,1–0)
  Japan
8 February   Sweden 2–0
(1–0,1–0,0–0)
  Japan

Second roundEdit

Top two teams in each group advanced to Final Round.

Group AEdit

Pld W T L GF GA Pts
  Great Britain 3 2 1 0 8 3 5
  Canada 3 2 0 1 22 4 4
  Germany 3 1 1 1 5 8 3
  Hungary 3 0 0 3 2 22 0
11 February   Germany 2–1
(0–0,1–0,1–1)
  Hungary
11 February   Great Britain 2–1
(1–1,0–0,1–0)
  Canada
12 February   Germany 1–1
(0–0,0–1,1–0,0–0)
  Great Britain
12 February   Canada 15–0
(3–0,9–0,3–0)
  Hungary
13 February   Great Britain 5–1
(1–0,3–1,1–0)
  Hungary
13 February   Germany 2–6
(0–1,0–3,2–2)
  Canada

Group BEdit

Pld W T L GF GA Pts
  United States 3 3 0 0 5 1 6
  Czechoslovakia 3 2 0 1 6 4 4
  Sweden 3 1 0 2 3 6 2
  Austria 3 0 0 3 1 4 0
11 February   United States 2–0
(0–0,2–0,0–0)
  Czechoslovakia
11 February   Sweden 1–0
(1–0,0–0,0–0)
  Austria
12 February   United States 1–0
(0–0,1–0,0–0)
  Austria
12 February   Czechoslovakia 4–1
(0–1,2–0,2–0)
  Sweden
13 February   United States 2–1
(0–0,1–1,1–0)
  Sweden
13 February   Czechoslovakia 2–1
(0–0,2–1,0–0)
  Austria

Final roundEdit

Pld W T L GF GA Pts
  Great Britain 3 2 1 0 7 1 5
  Canada 3 2 0 1 9 2 4
  United States 3 1 1 1 2 1 3
  Czechoslovakia 3 0 0 3 0 14 0
11 February   Great Britain 2–1
(1–1, 0–0, 1–0)
  Canada
11 February   United States 2–0
(0–0, 2–0, 0–0)
  Czechoslovakia
14 February   Great Britain 5–0
(2–0,3–0,0–0)
  Czechoslovakia
15 February   Canada 7–0
(3–0,3–0,1–0)
  Czechoslovakia
15 February   Great Britain 0–0
(0–0,0–0,0–0,0–0,0–0,0–0)
  United States
16 February   Canada 1–0
(1–0,0–0,0–0)
  United States

N.B. – Tournament rules stated that relevant results from the semi-final round would be carried over to the final round. After the semi-final round, the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association and the German organizers appealed against this rule and asked that in the final stage all four teams should play each other with the semi-final results ignored. This appeal was overwhelmingly rejected by the Olympic authorities. Thus, the 11 February games of Canada vs. Great Britain and the United States vs. Czechoslovakia were counted as games in the final round, hence their replication in both tables.

Final rankingEdit

    Great Britain
    Canada
    United States
4   Czechoslovakia
5   Germany
5   Sweden
7   Austria
7   Hungary
9   Italy
9   France
9   Japan
9   Poland
13   Belgium
13   Latvia
13    Switzerland

European Championship medal tableEdit

    Great Britain
    Czechoslovakia
    Germany
    Sweden
5   Austria
5   Hungary
7   France
7   Italy
7   Poland
10   Belgium
10   Latvia
10    Switzerland

Top scorerEdit

Team GP G A Pts
  Hugh Farquharson 8 10 10

There is some disagreement as to the totals of Farquharson, both the IOC and IIHF maintain that he scored ten goals. Assist totals were not officially tabulated at the time, and sources indicate anywhere from five to ten.[5][6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ice Hockey at the 1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Winter Games". Sports Reference. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Duplacey p. 459
  3. ^ a b Tournament summary
  4. ^ a b c Wallechinsky p. 609
  5. ^ Podnieks pg. 403
  6. ^ Official games report from la84.org, pgs 107–21

External linksEdit