Open main menu

Ice hockey at the 1952 Winter Olympics

The men's ice hockey tournament at the 1952 Winter Olympics in Oslo, Norway, was the 7th Olympic Championship, also serving as the 19th World Championships and the 30th European Championships. The tournament was mainly played at the Jordal Amfi Arena, as well as the stadiums at Dælenenga (in Oslo), Kadettangen (Sandvika), Marienlyst (Drammen) and Lillestrøm (Lillestrøm). Canada, represented by the Edmonton Mercurys, won its sixth Olympic gold medal and 15th World Championship. Highest finishing European team Sweden won the bronze medal and its sixth European Championship.[1]

Ice hockey at the 1952 Winter Olympics
Jersey of the Edmonton Mercurys.jpg
Jersey of Canada's 1952 Olympic Gold Medal team, the Edmonton Mercurys
Tournament details
Host country Norway
Dates15–25 February
Teams9
Venue(s)Jordal Amfi Arena, Dælenenga, Kadettangen, Marienlyst and Lillestrøm
Final positions
Champions Gold medal blank.svg Canada (6th title)
Runner-up Silver medal blank.svg United States
Third place Bronze medal blank.svg Sweden
Fourth place Czechoslovakia
Tournament statistics
Matches played37
Goals scored335 (9.05 per match)
Scoring leader(s)Canada Billy Gibson (19 points)

The tournament was nearly not played at all. In 1951 it was decided to drop hockey from the Olympic programme because of the controversies surrounding the 1948 Games. However, at the IOC congress in Romania the same year, it was reinstated.[2][3]

Teams from Germany and Czechoslovakia rejoined the top level of international hockey this year. Nine nations played a round-robin with the top three nations receiving medals at the end. Canada won their sixth Olympic title, and fifteenth World title. The USA tied their final game against Canada to finish one point ahead of both Sweden and Czechoslovakia, clinching the silver medal. Czechoslovakia and Sweden both finished with six wins and two losses, additionally, they had an equal goal differential of +29. The Czechoslovaks had defeated the Swedes four to nothing on the final day, and believed that they had won the Olympic bronze, and the European Championship. However, organizers decided that they should play a final tie-breaking game, in which the Swedes overcame a three-goal deficit to win five to three.[2][3]

This would be Canada's last gold medal in men's Olympic ice hockey until the 2002 Winter Olympics when they would again play the United States, 50 years to the day (also a Sunday).

Contents

MedalistsEdit

Participating nationsEdit

World Championships Group A (Norway)Edit

  • February 15
    • Norway 2–3 USA
    • Sweden 9–2 Finland
    • Czechoslovakia 8–2 Poland
    • Canada 15–1 Germany
  • February 16
    • Switzerland 12–0 Finland
    • USA 8–2 Germany
    • Norway 0–6 Czechoslovakia
    • Sweden 17–1 Poland
  • February 17
    • Norway 2–4 Sweden
    • Czechoslovakia 6–1 Germany
    • Canada 13–3 Finland
    • Switzerland 6–3 Poland
  • February 18
    • USA 8–2 Finland
    • Sweden 7–3 Germany
    • Canada 11–0 Poland
    • Norway 2–7 Switzerland
  • February 19
    • USA 8–2 Switzerland
    • Canada 4–1 Czechoslovakia
  • February 20
    • Norway 2–5 Finland
    • Poland 4–4 Germany
  • February 21
    • Sweden 4–2 USA
    • Norway 2–6 Germany
    • Canada 11–2 Switzerland
    • Czechoslovakia 11–2 Finland
  • February 22
    • USA 5–3 Poland
    • Finland 5–1 Germany
    • Canada 3–2 Sweden
    • Czechoslovakia 8–3 Switzerland
  • February 23
    • USA 6–3 Czechoslovakia
    • Poland 4–2 Finland
    • Norway 2–11 Canada
    • Sweden 5–2 Switzerland
  • February 24
    • Czechoslovakia 4–0 Sweden
    • Canada 3–3 USA
    • Norway 3–4 Poland
    • Switzerland 6–3 Germany

PLAYOFF

  • February 25 *
    • Sweden 5–3 Czechoslovakia

* Sweden and Czechoslovakia were tied with identical record and goal differentials, so a tie breaker game was played.

Final roundEdit

Team GP W L T GF GA Pts
  Canada 8 7 0 1 71 –14 15
  United States 8 6 1 1 43 –21 13
  Sweden 8 6 2 0 48 –19 12
  Czechoslovakia 8 6 2 0 47 –18 12
   Switzerland 8 4 4 0 40 –40 8
  Poland 8 2 5 1 21 –56 5
  Finland 8 2 6 0 21 –60 4
  West Germany 8 1 6 1 21 –53 3
  Norway 8 0 8 0 15 –46 0

World Championship Group B (Belgium)Edit

Played in Liege 15–22 March 1952. British manager Johnny Murray won with a roster composed entirely with English players; no Scots or Canadians.[2]

Date Game Result Periods
15 March   France vs.   Netherlands 7–3 1–0, 3–1, 3–2
16 March   Belgium vs.   Italy 1–3 1–0, 0–0, 0–3
16 March   Austria vs.   Netherlands 5–5 1–2, 4–1, 0–2
17 March   Belgium vs.   Great Britain 5–1 4–1, 0–0, 1–0
17 March   Austria vs.   Italy 5–1 1–1, 0–0, 4–0
18 March   Great Britain vs.   Netherlands 8–1 3–0, 3–0, 2–1
18 March   Belgium vs.   France 3–3 0–2, 2–0, 1–1
19 March   Italy vs.   Netherlands 5–3 1–2, 1–0, 3–1
20 March   Great Britain vs.   France 10–0 4–0, 5–0, 1–0
20 March   Belgium vs.   Austria 7–10 2–2, 2–6, 3–2
21 March   Italy vs.   France 14–5 4–1, 5–1, 5–3
21 March   Great Britain vs.   Austria 2–1 0–0, 2–1, 0–0
22 March   Austria vs.   France 11–4 3–0, 0–4, 8–0
22 March   Great Britain vs.   Italy 7–3 2–1, 1–1, 3–1
22 March   Belgium vs.   Netherlands 1–7 1–3, 0–3, 0–1

TableEdit

Place Team GP W T L GF GA Pts
10   Great Britain 5 4 0 1 28 –10 8
11   Austria 5 3 1 1 32 –19 7
12   Italy 5 3 0 2 26 –21 6
13   Netherlands 5 1 1 3 19 –26 3
14   Belgium 5 1 1 3 17 –24 3
15   France 5 1 1 3 19 –41 3

Top scorersEdit

Team GP G A Pts
  Billy Gibson 8 12 7 19

European Championship medal tableEdit

    Sweden
    Czechoslovakia
     Switzerland
4   Poland
5   Finland
6   West Germany
7   Norway

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ "Ice Hockey at the 1952 Oslo Winter Games". Sports Reference. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Summary
  3. ^ a b Duplacey p. 503

ReferencesEdit