Ice Hockey European Championships

The Ice Hockey European Championship was an annual ice hockey tournament for European countries associated with the International Ice Hockey Federation. A total of 66 European Champions were crowned in between the years 1910 and 1991.[1]

Ice Hockey European Championship
Genresports event
Date(s)January–March
Frequencyannual
Location(s)various
Inaugurated1910 (1910)
Most recent1991 (1991)
Organised byIIHF

Independent championship tournaments were organized between 1910 and 1927, and again in 1929 and 1932. The 1928 European Championships medals were awarded to the European participants of the Olympic tournament in St. Moritz. After 1932, the European Championship was awarded to the top European team among the participants in the Ice Hockey World Championships. Until 1970, the final standings for the European Championship was determined simply by where European teams placed in the World Championships. Starting in 1971, a separate final standings was maintained, determined by using only the games played between European teams at the World Championships.[1]

Between 1954 and 1991, in all but five tournaments, the only three teams to medal were the Soviets, Czechoslovakia, and Sweden. The Soviets led all European countries with 27 championships in that span.[1]

There were no European (or World) Championships awarded in the Olympic years 1980, 1984, and 1988.

ResultsEdit

Year Gold Silver Bronze Venue
1910   Great Britain   Germany   Belgium   Les Avants, Switzerland
1911   Bohemia   Germany   Belgium   Berlin, Germany
1912 Annulled   Prague, Austria-Hungary
1913   Belgium   Bohemia   Germany   Munich, Germany
1914   Bohemia   Germany   Belgium   Berlin, Germany
No Championships 1915-1920 (World War I)
1921   Sweden   Czechoslovakia   Stockholm, Sweden
1922   Czechoslovakia   Sweden    Switzerland   St. Moritz, Switzerland
1923   Sweden   France   Czechoslovakia   Antwerp, Belgium
1924   France   Sweden    Switzerland   Milan, Italy
1925   Czechoslovakia   Austria    Switzerland   Štrbské Pleso / Starý Smokovec, Czechoslovakia
1926    Switzerland   Czechoslovakia   Austria   Davos, Switzerland
1927   Austria   Belgium   Germany   Vienna, Austria
1929   Czechoslovakia   Poland   Austria   Budapest, Hungary
1932   Sweden   Austria    Switzerland   Berlin, Germany

Notes

  • Prague 1912: Championship annulled because Austria was not a member of the IIHF at the time of the competition. (1. Bohemia, 2. Germany, 3. Austria)
  • Berlin 1932 was the last separate IIHF European Championship event.
  • European Championships medals were awarded to the European participants of the IIHF World Championships until 1991.

European Medalists from combined eventsEdit

Year Gold Silver Bronze
1928   Sweden    Switzerland   Great Britain
1930   Germany    Switzerland   Austria
1931   Austria   Poland   Czechoslovakia
1933   Czechoslovakia   Austria   Germany
   Switzerland
1934   Germany    Switzerland   Czechoslovakia
1935    Switzerland   Great Britain   Czechoslovakia
1936   Great Britain   Czechoslovakia   Germany
  Sweden
1937   Great Britain    Switzerland   Germany
1938   Great Britain   Czechoslovakia   Germany
1939    Switzerland   Czechoslovakia   Germany
1947   Czechoslovakia   Sweden   Austria
1948   Czechoslovakia    Switzerland   Sweden
1949   Czechoslovakia   Sweden    Switzerland
1950    Switzerland   Great Britain   Sweden
1951   Sweden    Switzerland   Norway
1952   Sweden   Czechoslovakia    Switzerland
1953   Sweden   West Germany    Switzerland
1954   Soviet Union   Sweden   Czechoslovakia
1955   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia   Sweden
1956   Soviet Union   Sweden   Czechoslovakia
1957   Sweden   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia
1958   Soviet Union   Sweden   Czechoslovakia
1959   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia   Sweden
1960   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia   Sweden
1961   Czechoslovakia   Soviet Union   Sweden
1962   Sweden   Finland   Norway
1963   Soviet Union   Sweden   Czechoslovakia
1964   Soviet Union   Sweden   Czechoslovakia
1965   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia   Sweden
1966   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia   East Germany
1967   Soviet Union   Sweden   Czechoslovakia
1968   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia   Sweden
1969   Soviet Union   Sweden   Czechoslovakia
1970   Soviet Union   Sweden   Czechoslovakia
1971   Czechoslovakia   Soviet Union   Sweden
1972   Czechoslovakia   Soviet Union   Sweden
1973   Soviet Union   Sweden   Czechoslovakia
1974   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia   Sweden
1975   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia   Sweden
1976   Czechoslovakia   Sweden   Soviet Union
1977   Czechoslovakia   Sweden   Soviet Union
1978   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia   Sweden
1979   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia   Sweden
1981   Soviet Union   Sweden   Czechoslovakia
1982   Soviet Union   Sweden   Czechoslovakia
1983   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia   Sweden
1985   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia   Finland
1986   Soviet Union   Sweden   Finland
1987   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia   Finland
1989   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia   Sweden
1990   Sweden   Soviet Union   Czechoslovakia
1991   Soviet Union   Sweden   Finland

Notes

  • only first-round games in the World Championships were used for the European rankings.[2]
  • in 1972 and 1976 there was a world tournament separate from the olympics.

Medal tableEdit

# Team Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   Soviet Union 27 5 2 34
2 Bohemia / Czechoslovakia 14 21 17 52
  Bohemia 2 1 0 3
  Czechoslovakia 12 20 17 49
3   Sweden 10 19 17 46
4    Switzerland 4 6 8 18
5   Great Britain 4 2 1 7
6 Germany / West Germany 2 4 7 13
  Germany 2 3 7 12
  West Germany 0 1 0 1
7   Austria 2 3 4 9
8   Belgium 1 1 3 5
9   France 1 1 0 2
10   Poland 0 2 0 2
11   Finland 0 1 4 5
12   Norway 0 0 2 2
13   East Germany 0 0 1 1

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Malolepszy, Tomasz (2013). European Ice Hockey Championship Results Since 1910. Scarecrow Press. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  2. ^ Duplacey p.498