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Ice hockey at the 1980 Winter Olympics

The men's ice hockey tournament at the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, United States, was the 14th Olympic Championship. Twelve teams competed in the tournament, which was held from February 12 to 24. The United States won its second gold medal, including a win over the heavily favored Soviet Union that became known as the "Miracle on Ice".[1][2] Games were held at the Olympic Fieldhouse (8,000) and the Olympic Arena (2,500).[3]

Ice hockey at the 1980 Winter Olympics
Ice hockey pictogram.svg
Tournament details
Host country United States
DatesFebruary 12–24
Teams12
Venue(s)Olympic Fieldhouse,
Olympic Arena
Lake Placid, New York
Final positions
Champions Gold medal blank.svg United States (2nd title)
Runner-up Silver medal blank.svg Soviet Union
Third place Bronze medal blank.svg Sweden
Fourth place Finland
Tournament statistics
Matches played35
Goals scored308 (8.8 per match)
Scoring leader(s)Czechoslovakia Milan Nový
(15 points)
1976
1984

Contents

FormatEdit

The IIHF ceased running a championship in Olympic years. Nations that did not participate in the Lake Placid Olympics were invited to compete in the inaugural Thayer Tutt Trophy in Ljubljana, Yugoslavia.

Going into the games, the teams were ranked and divided into two groups. Teams were ranked based on performance during the 1979 World Ice Hockey Championships. Included were the eight teams in the 1979 top Championship Division (Pool "A") as well as the top four teams in the 1979, second-tier, "B" Pool tournament. While Poland finished 8th place in Pool A, the Netherlands, winners of Pool B, were ranked 8th while Poland was ranked 9th going into the Olympics. The total ranking was: Soviet Union (1), Czechoslovakia (2), Sweden (3), Canada (4), Finland (5), West Germany (6), United States (7), Netherlands (8), Poland (9), Romania (10), Norway (11), Japan (12). East Germany was originally ranked tenth but declined to participate, with Japan filling their spot.

OverviewEdit

 
The "Miracle on Ice" on a Paraguayan stamp

The Soviet Union had won the gold medal in five of the six previous Winter Olympic Games, and were the favorites to win once more in Lake Placid. The team consisted primarily of professional players with significant experience in international play. By contrast, the United States' team—led by head coach Herb Brooks—consisted exclusively of amateur players, and was the youngest team in the tournament and in U.S. national team history. In the group stage, both the Soviet and U.S. teams were unbeaten; the U.S. achieved several notable results, including a 2–2 draw against Sweden, and a 7–3 upset victory over second-place favorites Czechoslovakia.

For the first game in the medal round, the United States played the Soviets. Finishing the first period tied at 2–2, and the Soviets leading 3–2 following the second, the U.S. team scored two more goals to take their first lead during the third and final period, winning the game 4–3. Following the game, the U.S. went on to clinch the gold medal by beating Finland in the final. Likewise, the Soviet Union took the silver medal by beating Sweden.

The victory became one of the most iconic moments of the Games and in U.S. sports. Equally well-known was the television call of the final seconds of the game by Al Michaels for ABC, in which he declared: "Do you believe in miracles?! YES!" In 1999, Sports Illustrated named the "Miracle on Ice" the top sports moment of the 20th century.[4] As part of its centennial celebration in 2008, the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) named the "Miracle on Ice" as the best international ice hockey story of the past 100 years.[5]

MedalistsEdit

First roundEdit

Blue DivisionEdit

     Team advanced to the Final Round
     Team advanced to Consolation Round
Team GP W L T GF GA Pts
  Sweden 5 4 0 1 26 7 9
  United States 5 4 0 1 25 10 9
  Czechoslovakia 5 3 2 0 34 16 6
  Romania 5 1 3 1 13 29 3
  West Germany 5 1 4 0 21 30 2
  Norway 5 0 4 1 9 36 1

All times are local (UTC–5).

February 12, 1980
13:16
Czechoslovakia  11–0
(0–0, 5–0, 6–0)
  NorwayOlympic Arena, Lake Placid
February 12, 1980
16:30
Romania  6–4
(1–1, 2–3, 3–0)
  West GermanyOlympic Arena, Lake Placid
February 12, 1980
17:21
Sweden  2–2
(1–0, 0–1, 1–1)
  United StatesOlympic Fieldhouse, Lake Placid
February 14, 1980
13:00
Romania  0–8
(0–3, 0–4, 0–1)
  SwedenOlympic Arena, Lake Placid
February 14, 1980
13:30
Norway  4–10
(2–5, 1–3, 1–2)
  West GermanyOlympic Fieldhouse, Lake Placid
February 14, 1980
20:30
United States  7–3
(2–2, 2–0, 3–1)
  CzechoslovakiaOlympic Fieldhouse, Lake Placid
February 16, 1980
13:00
United States  5–1
(0–1, 3–0, 2–0)
  NorwayOlympic Arena, Lake Placid
February 16, 1980
13:00
Romania  2–7
(0–2, 1–3, 1–2)
  CzechoslovakiaOlympic Fieldhouse, Lake Placid
February 16, 1980
20:00
Sweden  5–2
(1–0, 4–1, 0–1)
  West GermanyOlympic Arena, Lake Placid
February 18, 1980
13:30
Norway  1–7
(0–2, 0–4, 1–1)
  SwedenOlympic Fieldhouse, Lake Placid
February 18, 1980
20:00
West Germany  3–11
(1–5, 0–5, 2–1)
  CzechoslovakiaOlympic Arena, Lake Placid
February 18, 1980
20:30
United States  7–2
(2–0, 2–1, 3–1)
  RomaniaOlympic Fieldhouse, Lake Placid
February 20, 1980
13:00
Norway  3–3
(1–1, 0–1, 2–1)
  RomaniaOlympic Arena, Lake Placid
February 20, 1980
13:30
Czechoslovakia  2–4
(0–2, 0–1, 2–1)
  SwedenOlympic Fieldhouse, Lake Placid
February 20, 1980
20:30
West Germany  2–4
(2–0, 0–2, 0–2)
  United StatesOlympic Fieldhouse, Lake Placid

Red DivisionEdit

 
Canada vs. the Netherlands
     Team advanced to the Final Round
     Team advanced to Consolation Round
Team GP W L T GF GA Pts
  Soviet Union 5 5 0 0 51 11 10
  Finland 5 3 2 0 26 18 6
  Canada 5 3 2 0 28 12 6
  Poland 5 2 3 0 15 23 4
  Netherlands 5 1 3 1 16 43 3
  Japan 5 0 4 1 7 36 1

All times are local (UTC–5).

February 12, 1980
13:30
Netherlands  1–10
(1–2, 0–2, 0–6)
  CanadaOlympic Fieldhouse, Lake Placid
February 12, 1980
20:00
Poland  5–4
(1–0, 4–3, 0–1)
  FinlandOlympic Arena, Lake Placid
February 12, 1980
20:40
Japan  0–16
(0–8, 0–5, 0–3)
  Soviet UnionOlympic Fieldhouse, Lake Placid
February 14, 1980
16:30
Netherlands  4–17
(1–8, 1–7, 2–2)
  Soviet UnionOlympic Arena, Lake Placid
February 14, 1980
17:00
Poland  1–5
(0–1, 1–2, 0–2)
  CanadaOlympic Fieldhouse, Lake Placid
February 14, 1980
20:00
Japan  3–6
(0–2, 2–2, 1–2)
  FinlandOlympic Arena, Lake Placid
February 16, 1980
16:30
Japan  3–3
(3–1, 0–1, 0–1)
  NetherlandsOlympic Arena, Lake Placid
February 16, 1980
16:30
Soviet Union  8–1
(5–1, 1–0, 2–0)
  PolandOlympic Fieldhouse, Lake Placid
February 16, 1980
20:30
Canada  3–4
(1–2, 0–1, 2–1)
  FinlandOlympic Fieldhouse, Lake Placid
February 18, 1980
13:00
Canada  6–0
(2–0, 2–0, 2–0)
  JapanOlympic Arena, Lake Placid
February 18, 1980
16:30
Netherlands  5–3
(3–1, 2–1, 0–1)
  PolandOlympic Arena, Lake Placid
February 18, 1980
17:00
Finland  2–4
(1–0, 0–1, 1–3)
  Soviet UnionOlympic Fieldhouse, Lake Placid
February 20, 1980
16:30
Poland  5–1
(3–0, 1–0, 1–1)
  JapanOlympic Arena, Lake Placid
February 20, 1980
17:00
Soviet Union  6–4
(1–1, 1–2, 4–1)
  CanadaOlympic Fieldhouse, Lake Placid
February 20, 1980
20:00
Finland  10–3
(2–1, 2–1, 6–1)
  NetherlandsOlympic Arena, Lake Placid

Consolation roundEdit

The third-placed teams in each division played each other to determine fifth place.

February 22, 1980
13:30
Czechoslovakia  6–1
(5–0, 0–1, 1–0)
  CanadaOlympic Fieldhouse, Lake Placid

Final roundEdit

The top two teams from each group play the top two teams from the other group once. Points from previous games against their own group carry over, excluding teams who failed to make the medal round. First place team wins gold, second silver and third bronze.

Team GP W L T GF GA Pts
  United States 3 2 0 1 10 7 5
  Soviet Union 3 2 1 0 16 8 4
  Sweden 3 0 1 2 7 14 2
  Finland 3 0 2 1 7 11 1
February 22, 1980
17:00
United States  4–3
(2–2, 0–1, 2–0)
  Soviet UnionOlympic Fieldhouse, Lake Placid
February 22, 1980
20:42
Finland  3–3
(1–0, 1–1, 1–2)
  SwedenOlympic Fieldhouse, Lake Placid
February 24, 1980
11:00
United States  4–2
(0–1, 1–1, 3–0)
  FinlandOlympic Fieldhouse, Lake Placid
February 24, 1980
14:30
Sweden  2–9
(0–4, 0–5, 2–0)
  Soviet UnionOlympic Fieldhouse, Lake Placid

Carried over group matches:

  • February 12: Sweden 2–2 USA
  • February 18: Finland 2–4 USSR

StatisticsEdit

Leading scorersEdit

Rank Player GP G A Pts
1   Milan Nový 6 7 8 15
2   Peter Šťastný 6 7 7 14
3   Jaroslav Pouzar 6 8 5 13
4   Aleksandr Golikov 7 7 6 13
5   Jukka Porvari 7 7 4 11
6   Boris Mikhailov 7 6 5 11
6   Vladimir Krutov 7 6 5 11
8   Marián Šťastný 6 5 6 11
9   Sergei Makarov 7 5 6 11
9   Mark Johnson 7 5 6 11

Hat trick scorers

Leading goaltendersEdit

Goaltenders with 40% or more of their team's total minutes.

Rank Goaltender TOI GA SV GAA SV%
1   Jim Craig (USA) 419:36 15 163 2.14 91.57
2   Antero Kivelä (FIN) 180:00 10 90 3.33 90.00
3   Vladimir Myshkin (URS) 260:00 9 77 2.08 89.53
4   Paul Pageau (CAN) 236:50 11 82 2.79 88.17
5   Pelle Lindbergh (SWE) 300:00 18 124 3.60 87.32

Shutouts

Final rankingEdit

1   United States
2   Soviet Union
3   Sweden
4   Finland
5   Czechoslovakia
6   Canada
7   Poland
8   Romania
9   Netherlands
10   West Germany
11   Norway
12   Japan

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Brown, Frank (February 11, 1990). "Debacle on ice: Lake Placid ghosts still haunt Soviets". Beaver County Times. (New York Daily News). p. C14.
  2. ^ Swift, E.M. (March 3, 1980). "The Golden Goal". Sports Illustrated. p. 16.
  3. ^ "Ice Hockey at the 1980 Lake Placid Winter Games". Sports Reference. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  4. ^ "The 20th Century Awards: Sports Illustrated honors world's greatest athletes". Sports Illustrated. December 3, 1999. Retrieved June 11, 2011.
  5. ^ "Top Story of the Century". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved April 4, 2010.

External linksEdit