1970 Ice Hockey World Championships

The 1970 Ice Hockey World Championships was the 37th edition of the Ice Hockey World Championships. 21 nations participated in three different divisions or pools:

1970 Ice Hockey World Championships
Tournament details
Host country Sweden
Dates14–30 March
Teams6
Venue(s)1 (in 1 host city)
Final positions
Champions Gold medal blank.svg Soviet Union (10th title)
Runner-up Silver medal blank.svg Sweden
Third place Bronze medal blank.svg Czechoslovakia
Fourth place Finland
Tournament statistics
Matches played30
Goals scored222 (7.4 per match)
Attendance154,485 (5,150 per match)
Scoring leader(s)Soviet Union Alexander Maltsev 21 points
1969
1971
Pool A in Stockholm, Sweden, 14–30 March 1970
Pool B in Bucharest, Romania, 24 February – 5 March 1970
Pool C in Galaţi, Romania, 13–22 February 1970

For the eighth straight year, the Soviet Union won the world championship. Originally the tournament was scheduled to be held in Montreal and Winnipeg in Canada.[1] However, after a dispute over allowing professional players in international tournaments, the IIHF awarded the championships to other cities. The Canadian team withdrew from competing in international hockey. They would not return to international play until 1977.[2] This tournament was also the first one to make helmets mandatory for all skaters.[1]

Canadian departure from international hockeyEdit

 
International Olympic Committee president Avery Brundage

Canada was scheduled to be the original host nation of Group A for the 1970 Ice Hockey World Championships, and the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) had granted use of up to nine former professional players for national teams at the event. The Canada men's national ice hockey team had not won the Ice Hockey World Championships since 1961 and had never hosted the event. Hockey Canada and the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (CAHA) saw the use of professionals as the best chance to return Canada to hockey supremacy, and were committed to event including professionals.[3][4] Canadian officials were frustrated that their best players, competing in the National Hockey League (NHL), were prevented from playing while Soviet players, who were "employees" of the industrial or military organizations that fielded "amateur" teams, were allowed to compete.[5]

International Olympic Committee president Avery Brundage objected to the use of professionals at the World Championships and stated that any national team which played against professionals would be ineligible for ice hockey at the 1972 Winter Olympics.[6] The IIHF called an emergency meeting for January 1970 to discuss the situation.[4] CAHA president Earl Dawson argued that national teams participating in Izvestia Trophy tournaments had played against professionals, but were still eligible for the Olympics and the same should apply to the World Championships.[6] He also made the suggestion to consider the 1970 event an invitational tournament instead of a World Championships to avoid the wrath of the IOC, but the IIHF declined the notion. A vote was taken and five of the eight nations in the top division of the World Championships voted against the use of any professionals.[7]

Canada perceived the situation to be a double standard in international hockey since players on European national teams were believed to be state-sponsored professionals labelled as amateurs.[4] Dawson and the CAHA tooke stand against what they perceived as hypocrisy by European members of the IIHF.[4][8] Dawson withdrew the Canadian national team from international competitions against European hockey teams until Canada was allowed to use its best players. Hosting of the 1970 World Championships was given Sweden.[7] Dawson felt that Sweden and the Soviet Union combined to sabotage the Canadian attempt to host the 1970 World Championships, because Sweden wanted to host the event and the Soviets did not want to lose the gold medal.[9]

Instead of competing internationally at the Olympics, Canadian officials helped organize a series of games against the Soviet Union in September 1972 known as the Summit Series. These games featured a Canadian team made up exclusively of NHL professionals.

World Championship Group A (Sweden)Edit

37. World Championships URS SWE TCH FIN GDR POL W D L GF-GA Pts.
1.   Soviet Union *** 2:4* 3:1* 2:1* 12:1* 7:0* 9 0 1 68:11 18
2.   Sweden 1:3 *** 5:4* 1:3* 6:1* 11:0* 7 1 2 45:21 15
3.   Czechoslovakia 1:5 2:2 *** 9:1* 4:1* 6:3* 5 1 4 47:30 11
4.   Finland 1:16 3:4 5:3 *** 1:0* 9:1* 5 0 5 31:40 10
5.   East Germany 1:7 2:6 3:7 4:3 *** 2:2* 2 1 7 20:50 5
6.   Poland 0:11 1:5 2:10 0:4 2:5 *** 0 1 9 11:70 1
  • Poland demoted to Pool B.
48. European Championships
1.   Soviet Union
2.   Sweden
3.   Czechoslovakia
4.   Finland
5.   East Germany
6.   Poland

  Czechoslovakia  Poland 6:3 (2:1, 3:1, 1:1)

14. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Machač, Martinec, Suchý, Haas, Kochta, Nedomanský – Czachowski, Goralczyk, Kacik.

  Soviet Union  Finland 2:1 (0:0, 0:0, 2:1)

14. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Maltsev, Petrov - Leimu.

  Sweden  East Germany 6:1 (1:0, 2:1, 3:0)

14. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Stig-Göran Johansson 2, Svedberg, Sjöbrg, Stefan Karlsson, Wickberg – Bielas.

  Finland  Poland 9:1 (2:1, 1:0, 6:0)

15. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Leimu 3, Murto 2, Ketola, Jorma Peltonen, Mononen, Vehmanen – Goralczyk.

  Soviet Union  East Germany 12:1 (3:0, 3:1, 6:0)

15. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Maltsev 4, Mišakov 3, Firsov, Vikulov, Charlamov, Staršinov, Petrov – Joachim Ziesche.

  Czechoslovakia  Sweden 4:5 (2:2, 1:1, 1:2)

15. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Suchý 2, Machač, Kochta – N. Johansson, Abrahamsson, Nilsson, S. G. Johansson, Hedberg.
Referees: Sillankorva (FIN), Karandin (URS)

  Finland  East Germany 1:0 (1:0, 0:0, 0:0)

16. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorer: Jorma Peltonen.

  Czechoslovakia  East Germany 4:1 (2:0, 0:0, 2:1)

17. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Haas 2, Nedomanský, Suchý – Karrenbauer.

  Soviet Union  Poland 7:0 (2:0, 5:0, 0:0)

17. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Vikulov 3, Maltsev 2, Michajlov, Firsov.

  Sweden  Finland 1:3 (0:2, 1:1, 0:0)

17. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Stefan Karlsson – Linnonmaa, Rantasila, Keinonen.

  Czechoslovakia  Soviet Union 1:3 (0:1, 1:0, 0:2)

18. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Kochta – Maltsev, Vikulov, Nikitin.
Referees: Dahlberg (SWE), Sillankorva (FIN)

  Sweden  Poland 11:0 (4:0, 2:0, 5:0)

19. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Hans Lindberg 3, Palmqvist 2, Tord Lundström 2, Abrahamsson, Stefan Karlsson, Sterner, Lars-Göran Nilsson.

  Czechoslovakia  Finland 9:1 (1:0, 5:1, 3:0)

20. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Suchý 3, Nedomanský 3, Ševčík, Jar. Holík, Haas – Keinonen.

  Sweden  Soviet Union 4:2 (1:1, 2:0, 1:1)

20. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Arne Carlsson, Lundström, Palmqvist, Lars-Göran Nilsson - Charlamov, Staršinov.

  East Germany  Poland 2:2 (1:0, 1:1, 0:1)

21. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Helmut Novy, Noack - Migacz, Bialynicki.

  Soviet Union  Finland 16:1 (5:0, 8:0, 3:1)

22. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Michajlov 3, Charlamov 3, Maltsev 2, Alexandr Jakušev 2, Firsov 2, Petrov, Vikulov, Polupanov, Staršinov - Keinonen.

  Czechoslovakia  Poland 10:2 (5:0, 2:2, 3:0)

22. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Martinec 2, Jiří Holík 2, Nedomanský, Haas, Ševčík, Pospíšil, Suchý, Jar. Holík – Bialynicki 2.

  Sweden -   East Germany 6:2 (1:1, 3:1, 2:0)

23. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Lars-Göran Nilsson 2, Stefan Karlsson, Lundström, Lindberg, Hedberg - Dietmar Peters, Plotka.

  Soviet Union  East Germany 7:1 (4:0, 0:1, 3:0)

24. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Michajlov, Charlamov, Firsov, Staršinov, Alexandr Jakušev, Mišakov 2 - Slapke.

  Finland  Poland 4:0 (1:0, 2:0, 1:0)

24. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Murto 2, Oksanen, Ketola.

  Czechoslovakia  Sweden 2:2 (0:1, 1:0, 1:1)

24. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Prýl, Hrbatý – Palmqvist, S. G. Johansson.
Referees: Karandin (URS), Wycisk (POL)

  Czechoslovakia  East Germany 7:3 (3:0, 1:1, 3:2)

25. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Nedomanský 3, Jiří Holík 2, Ševčík, Pospíšil – Joachim Ziesche, Bielas, Fuchs.

  Soviet Union  Poland 11:0 (3:0, 6:0, 2:0)

25. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Maltsev 4, Michajlov 2, Polupanov 2, Charlamov, Mišakov, Šadrin.

  Sweden  Finland 4:3 (1:0, 0:2, 3:1)

26. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Stefan Karlsson 2, Wickberg, Stig-Göran Johansson - Linnonmaa, Leimu, Mononen.

  Czechoslovakia  Soviet Union 1:5 (0:2, 0:2, 1:1)

27. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Hrbatý – Vikulov 2, Staršinov, Petrov, Firsov.
Referees: Sillankorva (FIN), Wycisk (POL)

  East Germany  Finland 4:3 (1:0, 0:3, 3:0)

28. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Dietmar Peters, Prusa, Joachim Ziesche, Braun - Mononen, Oksanen, Ketola.

  Sweden  Poland 5:1 (4:0, 1:0, 0:1)

28. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Olsson 2, Abrahamsson, Wickberg, Lundström – Migacz.

  East Germany  Poland 5:2 (1:1, 0:1, 4:0)

28. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Prusa, Nickel, Plotka, Hiller 2 - Bialynicki, Goralczyk.

  Czechoslovakia  Finland 3:5 (0:2, 2:2, 1:1)

30. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Nedomanský, Ševčík, R. Farda – Keinonen, Ketola, Murto, Rantasila, Jorma Peltonen.

  Sweden  Soviet Union 1:3 (0:0, 1:2, 0:1)

30. March 1970 – Stockholm
Goalscorers:: Wickberg - Vikulov, Petrov, Maltsev.

Pool A Statistics and Team Line-UpsEdit

SCORING LEADERS Goals Assists Points
1.   Alexander Maltsev 15 6 21
2.   Václav Nedomanský 10 7 17
3.   Anatoli Firsov 6 10 16
4.   Jan Suchý 8 7 15
5.   Vladimir Vikulov 10 4 14
Best Goaltender   Urpo Ylönen
Best Defenceman   Lennart Svedberg
Best Forward   Alexander Maltsev

All Stars

Goaltender   Viktor Konovalenko
Defence   Lennart Svedberg
Defence   Jan Suchý
Left Wing   Anatoli Firsov
Centre   Václav Nedomanský
Right Wing   Alexander Maltsev

Team Rosters

1.   USSR
Goaltenders: Viktor Konovalenko, Vladislav Treťjak.
Defencemen: Vitalij Davidov, Valerij Vasiljev, Alexander Ragulin, Vladimir Lutčenko, Igor Romiševskij, Jevgenij Paladjev, Valerij Nikitin.
Forwards: Boris Michajlov, Vladimir Petrov, Valerij Charlamov, Vladimir Vikulov, Viktor Populanov, Anatoli Firsov, Alexander Maltsev, Vjačeslav Staršinov, Jevgenij Mišakov, Alexandr Jakušev, Vladimir Šadrin, Vladimir Šapovalov.
Coaches: Arkadij Černyšev, Anatolij Tarasov.


2.   SWEDEN
Goaltenders: Leif Holmqvist, Gunnar Bäckman.
Defencemen: Thommy Abrahamsson, Arne Carlsson, Anders Hagström, Nils Johansson, Kjell-Rune Milton, Lars-Erik Sjöberg, Lennart Svedberg.
Forwards: Anders Hedberg, Stig-Göran Johansson, Stefan Karlsson, Hans Lindberg, Tord Lundström, Lars-Göran Nilsson, Anders Nordin, Roger Olsson, Björn Palmqvist, Ulf Sterner, Håkan Wickberg.
Coach: Arne Strömberg.


3.   CZECHOSLOVAKIA
Goaltenders: Vladimír Dzurilla, Miroslav Lacký.
Defencemen: Jan Suchý, Josef Horešovský, Oldřich Machač, František Pospíšil, Vladimír Bednář, Lubomír Ujváry.
Forwards: Vladimír Martinec, Richard Farda, Josef Černý, Jan Hrbatý, Jaroslav Holík, Jiří Holík, Július Haas, Václav Nedomanský, Jiří Kochta, František Ševčík, Ivan Hlinka, Stanislav Prýl.
Coaches: Jaroslav Pitner, Vladimír Kostka.

4.   FINLAND
Goaltenders: Urpo Ylönen, Jorma Valtonen.
Defencemen and Forwards: Seppo Lindström, Ilpo Koskela, Juha Rantasila, Heikki Riihiranta, Pekka Marjamäki, Lalli Partinen, Pekka Leimu, Jorma Peltonen, Lasse Oksanen, Jorma Vehmanen, Veli-Pekka Ketola, Matti Keinonen, Väinö Kalkka, Matti Murto, Esa Peltonen, Juhani Tamminen, Harri Linnonmaa, Lauri Mononen.
Coaches: Seppo Liitsola, Matias Helenius.

5.   EAST GERMANY
Goaltenders: Claus Hirsche, Dieter Pürschel.
Defencemen and Forwards: Dietmar Peters, Frank Braun, Wolfgang Plotka, Peter Slapke, Bernd Karrenbauer, Dieter Dewitz, Rüdiger Noack, Hartmut Nickel, Joachim Ziesche, Wilfried Rohrbach, Rainer Patschinski, Bernd Hiller, Lothar Fuchs, Reinhard Karger, Dieter Röhl, Helmut Nowy, Rolf Bielas, Peter Prusa.
Coach: Rudi Schmiede.


6.   POLAND
Goaltenders: Walery Kosyl, Andrzej Tkacz.
Defencemen and Forwards: Andrzej Slowakiewicz, Ludwik Czachowski, Robert Goralczyk, Marian Feter, Walenty Zietara, J. Stefaniak, Tadeusz Kacik, M. Kajzerek, K. Bialynicki, Tadeusz Obloj, Wlodzimirz Komorski, Feliks Goralzcyk, Bogdan Migacz, J. Modzelewski, St. Szewczyk, Czyslaw Ruchala, Mieczyslaw Jaskierski, Tadeusz Malicki, Stanislaw Fryzlewicz.
Coach: A. Jegorov.

World Championship Group B (Romania)Edit

USA GER NOR YUG JPN SUI ROM BUL W D L GF-GA Pts.
7.   United States *** 5:2 9:2 5:1 11:1 12:3 9:1 19:1 7 0 0 70:11 14
8.   West Germany 2:5 *** 3:0 6:3 3:1 3:1 5:2 13:1 6 0 1 34:13 12
9.   Norway 2:9 0:3 *** 3:3 5:5 4:2 4:3 8:3 3 2 2 26:28 8
10.   Yugoslavia 1:5 3:6 3:3 *** 8:2 6:3 3:4 6:0 3 1 3 30:23 7
11.   Japan 1:11 1:2 5:5 2:8 *** 3:2 8:4 11:2 3 1 3 31:34 7
12.    Switzerland 3:12 1:3 2:4 3:6 2:3 *** 7:1 4:2 2 0 5 22:31 4
13.   Romania 1:9 2:5 3:4 4:3 4:8 1:7 *** 6:2 2 0 5 21:38 4
14.   Bulgaria 1:19 1:13 3:8 0:6 2:11 2:4 2:6 *** 0 0 7 11:67 0
  • The USA was promoted to Pool A while Romania and Bulgaria were demoted to Pool C.
Pool B Winners:
  United States
Carl Wetzel
Mike Curran
Gary Johnson

Charlie Brown
George Konik
Jim McElmury
Bruce Riutta
Don Ross

Herb Brooks
Gary Gambucci
Bryan Grand
Leonard Lilyholm
Henry Boucha
Bob Lindberg
Pete Markle
Keith Christiansen
Ozzie O'Neill
Craig Patrick
Larry Stordahl
Best Goaltender   Anton Kehle
Best Defenceman   George Konik
Best Forward   Takao Hikigi

All Stars

Goaltender   Anton Kehle
Defence   Don Ross
Defence   George Konik
Left Wing   Hideaki Kurokawa
Centre   Ernst Köpf
Right Wing   Gary Gambucci

  Yugoslavia  West Germany 3:6 (1:1, 1:2, 1:3)

24. February 1970 – Bucharest

  United States  Japan 11:1 (4:1, 3:0, 4:0)

24. February 1970 – Bucharest

   Switzerland -   Bulgaria 4:2 (2:1, 1:0, 1:1)

24. February 1970 – Bucharest

  Norway -   Romania 4:3 (2:0, 2:0, 0:3)

24. February 1970 – Bucharest

  United States -   Bulgaria 19:1 (6:1, 7:0, 6:0)

25. February 1970 – Bucharest

  West Germany  Japan 2:1 (1:0, 0:0, 1:1)

25. February 1970 – Bucharest

  Norway   Switzerland 4:2 (2:1, 1:1, 1:0)

26. February 1970 – Bucharest

  Yugoslavia  Romania 3:4 (0:0, 1:1, 2:3)

26. February 1970 – Bucharest

  Norway  Bulgaria 8:3 (4:0, 2:2, 2:1)

27. February 1970 – Bucharest

  United States  Yugoslavia 5:1 (2:0, 1:1, 2:0)

27. February 1970 – Bucharest

  West Germany   Switzerland 3:1 (0:0, 3:0, 0:1)

27. February 1970 – Bucharest

  Romania  Japan 4:8 (0:2, 4:1, 0:5)

27. February 1970 – Bucharest

  United States  West Germany 5:2 (0:1, 3:1, 2:0)

28. February 1970 – Bucharest

  Japan  Bulgaria 11:2 (3:1, 4:1, 4:0)

28. February 1970 – Bucharest

  Yugoslavia -   Norway 3:3 (2:0, 0:1, 1:2)

1. March 1970 - Bucharest

  Romania -    Switzerland 1:7 (0:3, 0:1, 1:3)

1. March 1970 - Bucharest

  West Germany -   Bulgaria 13:1 (5:0, 7:0, 1:1)

2. March 1970 - Bucharest

  Yugoslavia   Switzerland 6:3 (2:0, 2:2, 2:1)

2. March 1970 - Bucharest

  Norway  Japan 5:5 (2:1, 1:1, 2:3)

2. March 1970 - Bucharest

  United States  Romania 9:1 (4:1, 1:0, 4:0)

2. March 1970 – Bucharest

  United States  Norway 9:2 (4:0, 2:1, 3:1)

4. March 1970 – Bucharest

  Yugoslavia  Bulgaria 6:0 (1:0, 5:0, 0:0)

4. March 1970 – Bucharest

  Japan   Switzerland 3:2 (2:0, 0:2, 1:0)

4. March 1970 – Bucharest

  West Germany  Romania 5:2 (0:1, 1:0, 4:1)

4. March 1970 – Bucharest

  Yugoslavia  Japan 8:2 (6:1, 2:0, 0:1)

5. March 1970 – Bucharest

  United States   Switzerland 12:3 (2:1, 6:1, 4:1)

5. March 1970 – Bucharest

  West Germany  Norway 3:0 (0:0, 3:0, 0:0)

5. March 1970 – Bucharest

  Romania  Bulgaria 6:2 (2:0, 2:0, 2:2)

5. March 1970 – Bucharest

World Championship Group C (Romania)Edit

AUT ITA FRA HUN DEN NED BEL W D L GF-GA Pts.
15.   Austria *** 3:3 7:2 3:2 4:3 9:2 11:0 5 1 0 37:12 11
16.   Italy 3:3 *** 4:1 3:6 3:1 6:1 8:2 4 1 1 27:14 9
17.   France 2:7 1:4 *** 4:2 2:0 9:0 11:0 4 0 2 29:15 8
18.   Hungary 2:3 6:3 2:4 *** 6:2 7:1 15:2 4 0 2 38:15 8
19.   Denmark 3:4 1:3 0:0 2:6 *** 3:3 11:4 1 1 4 20:22 3
20.   Netherlands 2:9 1:6 2:9 1:7 3:3 *** 7:1 1 1 4 16:35 3
21.   Belgium 0:11 2:8 0:11 2:15 4:11 1:7 *** 0 0 6 9:63 0
  • Austria and Italy promoted to Pool-B tournament.

  Italy  Denmark 3:1 (0:0, 0:0, 3:1)

13. February 1970 – Galati

  Austria  France 7:2 (1:0, 2:2, 4:0)

13. February 1970 – Galati

  Hungary  Netherlands 7:1 (1:1, 3:0, 3:0)

13. February 1970 – Galati

  Netherlands  France 2:9 (0:6, 0:2, 2:1)

14. February 1970 – Galati

  Italy  Belgium 8:2 (1:2, 5:0, 2:0)

14. February 1970 – Galati

  Austria  Denmark 4:3 (2:3, 2:0, 0:0)

15. February 1970 – Galati

  Netherlands  Belgium 7:1 (1:1, 4:0, 2:0)

16. February 1970 – Galati

  Italy  France 4:1 (0:1, 2:0, 2:0)

16. February 1970 – Galati

  Austria  Hungary 3:2 (3:1, 0:0, 0:1)

16. February 1970 – Galati

  Austria  Belgium 11:0 (3:0, 3:0, 5:0)

18. February 1970 – Galati

  Netherlands  Denmark 3:3 (0:0, 1:2, 2:1)

18. February 1970 – Galati

  Italy  Hungary 3:6 (1:3, 0:1, 2:2)

18. February 1970 – Galati

  Denmark  Belgium 11:4 (4:1, 2:1, 5:2)

19. February 1970 – Galati

  Hungary  France 2:4 (0:2, 1:0, 1:2)

19. February 1970 – Galati

  Italy  Netherlands 6:1 (3:0, 2:1, 1:0)

19. February 1970 – Galati

  Austria  Netherlands 9:2 (3:1, 4:0, 2:1)

21. February 1970 – Galati

  Hungary  Belgium 15:2 (5:1, 3:0, 7:1)

21. February 1970 – Galati

  Denmark  France 0:2 (0:0, 0:1, 0:1)

21. February 1970 – Galati

  France  Belgium 11:0 (4:0, 2:0, 5:0)

22. February 1970 – Galati

  Hungary  Denmark 6:2 (4:2, 1:0, 1:0)

22. February 1970 – Galati

  Austria  Italy 3:3 (2:3, 0:0, 1:0)

22. February 1970 – Galati

Ranking and statisticsEdit

 


 1970 IIHF World Championship Winners 
 
Soviet Union
10th title

Tournament AwardsEdit

Final standingsEdit

The final standings of the tournament according to IIHF:

    Soviet Union
    Sweden
    Czechoslovakia
4   Finland
5   East Germany
6   Poland

European championships final standingsEdit

The final standings of the European championships according to IIHF:

    Soviet Union
    Sweden
    Czechoslovakia
4   Finland
5   East Germany
6   Poland

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Szemberg & Podnieks 2007, p. 199
  2. ^ Szemberg & Podnieks 2007, pp. 55–60
  3. ^ Oliver, Greg (2017), p. 204
  4. ^ a b c d McKinley, Michael (2014), p. 164
  5. ^ "Ice Hockey at the 1972 Sapporo Winter Games: Men's Ice Hockey". Sports Reference. Archived from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  6. ^ a b "Now It's Good Old Avery's Turn". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba. December 12, 1969. p. 46. 
  7. ^ a b Levett, Bruce (January 5, 1970). "Exit, World Hockey, 1970". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba. p. 20. 
  8. ^ Beck, Dallis (January 7, 1970). "Soviet Shysters, Swedish Shylocks". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba. p. 48. 
  9. ^ Levett, Bruce (January 5, 1970). "Sweden, Russia Accused Of Sabotage". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba. p. 20. 

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit