Ice hockey at the 1920 Summer Olympics
Ice hockey was introduced to the Olympic Games at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp. The tournament also served as the 1st World Championships. The matches were played between April 23 and April 29, 1920. Canada, represented by the Winnipeg Falcons, won the gold medal. The silver went to the United States and Czechoslovakia took the bronze. All medals were decided by the Bergvall system.
|Men's ice hockey|
at the Games of the VII Olympiad
Picture of the Gold Medal-winning Winnipeg Falcons taken en route to the 1920 Olympics (photo includes an unidentified ships' officer and a woman)
|Venue||Palais de Glace d'Anvers|
|Competitors||60 from 7 nations|
All matches took place in the Palais de Glace d'Anvers (ice palace of Antwerp). The rink was smaller than North American standards, measuring 56 metres (184 ft) long by 18 metres (59 ft) wide. All games were played with seven players per side, with the rover position being used.
This was the first ice hockey tournament at an Olympic Games, and the only ever instance of it at a Summer Olympics. An ice hockey tournament was part of the inaugural Winter Olympics in 1924 and has been part of every Winter programme since then.
A total of 60 ice hockey players from 7 nations competed at the Antwerp Games:
Seven nations entered teams in the inaugural Olympic ice hockey tournament. The tournament format used the Bergvall system, starting with an elimination round to determine the gold medal winner. With only seven teams, France received a bye into the semi-finals.
Gold medal round (premier prix)Edit
|United States||29||United States||0|
Silver medal round (second prix)Edit
The three teams defeated by Canada in the gold medal round then played against each other to determine the second place team. Czechoslovakia received a bye into the silver medal game.
Bronze medal round (troisième prix)Edit
Lastly, the three remaining teams that were previously defeated by first place Canada or second place United States played against each other to determine the third place team. Czechoslovakia received a bye into the bronze medal game, which they won.
Matches - Gold medal roundEdit
|1920 Summer Olympics Champions|
|2||United States (USA)||4||3||1||52||2|