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Ice hockey at the 1920 Summer Olympics

Ice hockey was introduced to the Olympic Games at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp.[1][2] The tournament also served as the 1st World Championships. The matches were played between April 23 and April 29, 1920. Canada, represented by the Winnipeg Falcons, won the gold medal. The silver went to the United States and Czechoslovakia took the bronze.

Men's ice hockey
at the Games of the VII Olympiad
Winnipegfalcons.jpg
Picture of the Gold Medal-winning Winnipeg Falcons taken en route to the 1920 Olympics (photo includes an unidentified ships' officer and a woman)
VenuePalais de Glace d'Anvers
DatesApril 23–29
Competitors60 from 7 nations
Medalists
1st, gold medalist(s) Winnipeg Falcons
 Canada
2nd, silver medalist(s) United States national men's ice hockey team
 United States
3rd, bronze medalist(s) Czechoslovakia national ice hockey team
 Czechoslovakia
1924 →

The organizing committee for the hockey matches included Paul Loicq, the captain of the Belgian team and a future president of the International Ice Hockey Federation.[3] The games used the Canadian ice hockey rules, and the Bergvall system to determine medal winning teams.[4]

All matches took place in the Palais de Glace d'Anvers (ice palace of Antwerp). The rink was smaller than North American standards, measuring 56 metres (184 ft) long by 18 metres (59 ft) wide. All games were played with seven players per side, with the rover position being used.

This was the first ice hockey tournament at an Olympic Games, and the only ever instance of it at a Summer Olympics. An ice hockey tournament was part of the inaugural Winter Olympics in 1924 and has been part of every Winter programme since then.

MedalistsEdit

Participating nationsEdit

A total of 60 ice hockey players from 7 nations competed at the Antwerp Games:

Final tournamentEdit

Seven nations entered teams in the inaugural Olympic ice hockey tournament. The tournament format used the Bergvall system, starting with an elimination round to determine the gold medal winner. With only seven teams, France received a bye into the semi-finals.

Gold medal round (premier prix)Edit

Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
  Canada 15  
  Czechoslovakia 0       Canada 2  
  United States 29       United States 0  
   Switzerland 0         Canada 12
  Sweden 8         Sweden 1
  Belgium 0       Sweden 4
          France 0    
     

Silver medal round (second prix)Edit

The three teams defeated by Canada in the gold medal round then played against each other to determine the second place team. Czechoslovakia received a bye into the silver medal game.

  Semifinal     Final
                 
      United States 16
    United States 7       Czechoslovakia 0
    Sweden 0  

Bronze medal round (troisième prix)Edit

Lastly, the three remaining teams that were previously defeated by first place Canada or second place United States played against each other to determine the third place team. Czechoslovakia received a bye into the bronze medal game, which they won.

  Semifinal     Final
                 
      Sweden 0
    Sweden 4       Czechoslovakia 1
     Switzerland 0  

Matches - Gold medal roundEdit

Quarter-Finals
April 23 Palais de Glace d'Anvers   Sweden (SWE) 8 - 0   Belgium (BEL)
Teams: Howander; Svensson, Lundell; Molander; Burman, Lindqvist (capt.), Johansson (5 - 0) Vergult; van Volckxsom, van Volxem; Goeminne; Loicq, Goossens, Deprez
Goals: 1:0 Burman, 2:0 Johansson, 3:0 Burman, 4:0 Lindqvist, 5:0 Burman, 6:0 Johansson, 7:0 Molander, 8:0 Lindqvist
Referee: W. A. Hewitt (CAN)

April 24 Palais de Glace d'Anvers   United States (USA) 29 - 0   Switzerland (SUI)
Teams: Bonney; Tuck, Fitzgerald (capt.); Goheen; J. McCormick, Drury, Conroy (15 - 0) Savoie; Jaccard, Lob; Dufour; Holzboer, Sillig, Cuendet
Goals: Conroy (8), J. McCormick (7), Goheen (6), Drury (6), Fitzgerald, Tuck
Referee: Raoul Le Mat (USA)

April 24 Palais de Glace d'Anvers   Canada (CAN) 15 - 0   Czechoslovakia (TCH)
Teams: Byron; Johannesson, Benson; Woodman; Goodman, Fredrickson (capt.), Halderson (7 - 0) Peka; Vindyš, Palouš; Hartmann; Pešek, Šroubek (capt.), Loos
Goals: Halderson (7), Fredrickson (4), Goodman (2), Woodman, Johannesson
Referee: ?
Semi-Finals
April 25 Palais de Glace d'Anvers   Sweden (SWE) 4 - 0   France (FRA)
Teams: Howander; Lindqvist (capt.), Lundell; Molander; Burman, Svensson, Johansson (2 - 0) Gaittet; Couttet, Chaland; Charpentier; de Rauch, Quaglia, Dary
Goals: 1:0 Burman, 2:0 Svensson, 3:0 Molander, 4:0 Lindqvist
Referee: Garon (CAN)

April 25 Palais de Glace d'Anvers   Canada (CAN) 2 - 0   United States (USA)
Teams: Byron; Johannesson, Benson; Woodman; Goodman, Fredrickson (capt.), Halderson (0 - 0) Bonney; Geran, Fitzgerald (capt.); Goheen; J. McCormick, Drury, Conroy
Goals: 1:0 Fredrickson, 2:0 Johannesson
Referee: Alfred de Rauch (FRA)
Gold Medal Match
April 26 Palais de Glace d'Anvers   Canada (CAN) 12 - 1   Sweden (SWE)
Teams: Byron; Johannesson, Benson; Fridfinnson; Goodman, Fredrickson (capt.), Halderson (5 - 1) Howander; Lindqvist (capt.), Arwe; Svensson; Burman, Mattsson, Johansson
Goals: 1:0 (1:15) Halderson, 2:0 (1:55) Fridfinnson, 3:0 (5:20) Fredrickson, 3:1 (15:58) Svensson, 4:1 (16:00) Fredrickson, 5:1 (17:35) Fredrickson, 6:1 (23:47) Goodman,
7:1 (28:09) Benson, 8:1 (29:15) Fredrickson, 9:1 (29:30) Fredrickson, 10:1 (34:55) Fredrickson, 11:1 (36:20) Halderson, 12:1 (39:02) Fredrickson
Referee: Joseph McCormick (USA)

Matches - Silver medal roundEdit


Semi-Finals
April 27 Palais de Glace d'Anvers   United States (USA) 7 - 0   Sweden (SWE)
Teams: Weidenborner; Geran, Tuck; Goheen; Synott (capt.), Drury, Conroy (5 - 0) Howander; Lindqvist (capt.), Lundell; Arwe; Burman, Svensson, Johansson
Goals: Drury (4), Geran (3)
Referee: ?
Silver Medal Match
April 28 Palais de Glace d'Anvers   United States (USA) 16 - 0   Czechoslovakia (TCH)
Teams: Weidenborner; Fitzgerald, Goheen; Synott; J. McCormick (capt.), L. McCormick, Conroy (7 - 0) Peka; Vindyš, Palouš; Hartmann; Pešek, Šroubek (capt.), Loos
Goals: L. McCormick (7), Drury (4), Conroy (2), J. McCormick, Goheen, Synott
Referee: Paul Loicq (BEL)

Matches - Bronze medal roundEdit


Semi-Finals
April 28 Palais de Glace d'Anvers   Sweden (SWE) 4 - 0   Switzerland (SUI)
Teams: Jansson; Lindqvist (capt.), Lundell; Molander; Säfwenberg, Arwe, Johansson (5 - 0) Savoie; Jaccard, Lob; Dufour; Leuzinger, Sillig, Cuendet
Goals: 1:0 Säfwenberg, 2:0 Johansson, 3:0 Arwe, 4:0 Arwe
Referee: Frank Fredrickson (CAN)
Bronze Medal Match
April 29 Palais de Glace d'Anvers   Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 - 0   Sweden (SWE)
Teams: Wälzer; Vindyš, Palouš; Hartmann; Pešek, Šroubek (capt.), Loos (1 - 0) Howander; Lindqvist (capt.), Lundell; Molander; Burman, Svensson, Johansson
Goals: 1:0 Šroubek
Referee: Frank Fredrickson (CAN)


 1920 Summer Olympics Champions 
 
Canada
First title

Top scorerEdit

Team GP G A Pts
  Herbert Drury 4 14 0 14

Final rankingEdit

Rank Team GP W L GF GA
1   Canada (CAN) 3 3 0 29 1
2   United States (USA) 4 3 1 52 2
3   Czechoslovakia (TCH) 3 1 2 1 31
4   Sweden (SWE) 6 3 3 17 20
5   Switzerland (SUI) 2 0 2 0 33
6   France (FRA) 1 0 1 0 4
7   Belgium (BEL) 1 0 1 0 8

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Justin Felisko. "When Ice Hockey Was A Summer Sport". USA Hockey Magazine. Retrieved 2016-10-25.
  2. ^ "Ice Hockey at the 1920 Antwerp Summer Games". Sports Reference. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  3. ^ Hansen, Kenth (May 1996). "The Birth of Swedish Ice Hockey – Antwerp 1920". LA84 Digital Library. Retrieved 2019-07-26.
  4. ^ "Story #21: Ice Hockey debuts at the Olympics". International Ice Hockey Federation. 2008. Retrieved 2019-07-25.

External linksEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • Hansen, Kenth (May 1996), "The Birth of Swedish Ice Hockey – Antwerp 1920", Citius, Altiu, Fortius, 4 (2): 5–27
  • Wallechinsky, David; Loucky, Jaime (2005), The Complete Book of the Winter Olympics: Turin 2006 Edition, Wilmington, Delaware: Sport Media Publishing, ISBN 1-894963-45-8