China Mobile (Chinese: 中国移动; pinyin: Zhōngguó Yídòng, officially China Mobile Communications Corporation Chinese: 中国移动通信集团公司; pinyin: Zhōngguó Yídòng Tōngxìn Jítuán Gōngsī) is a Chinese state-owned telecommunication company that provides mobile voice and multimedia services through its nationwide mobile telecommunications network across mainland China. China Mobile is the largest mobile telecommunications company by market capitalization, and also the world's largest mobile phone operator by total number of subscribers, with over 873 million subscribers as of August 2017.
|Traded as||SEHK: 941
Hang Seng Component
|Predecessor||China Telecom (Hong Kong) Limited|
|Founded||3 September 1997|
|Headquarters||No 29, Financial Street , Xicheng District, Beijing, China|
|Mainland China, Hong Kong (as CMHK)|
|Bing Shang (Chairman)
Li Yue (CEO)
|Revenue||RMB 388.87 billion (2017)|
|RMB 81.39 billion (2017)|
|RMB 62.72 billion (2017)|
|Total assets||RMB 959.03 billion (2017)|
|Owner||Government of China|
Number of employees
|Alternative Chinese name|
|Second alternative Chinese name|
|Literal meaning||China Mobile|
The core subsidiary of the group, "China Mobile Limited", is listed on both the NYSE and the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. China Mobile also operates China Mobile Hong Kong, a subsidiary mobile network in Hong Kong. As of August 2017, China Mobile's total market value stood at RMB 1.57 trillion.
A state-owned enterprise directly controlled by the government of the People's Republic of China and also a public company that is listed on the NYSE and the Hong Kong stock exchanges, China Mobile has dominated Chinese mobile services since its inception. As of 2010, China Mobile controls the vast majority of its domestic mobile services market with a 70% market share. China Unicom and China Telecom have 20% and 10% shares, respectively.
The company likely enjoys substantial protectionist benefits from China's government but also experiences frequent government intervention in its business affairs. Government control is maintained through a presumably government-owned holding company, China Mobile Communications Corporation (CMCC), that owns 100 percent ownership of China Mobile (HK) Group Limited, which in turn holds over seventy percent ownership of China Mobile–the remainder being controlled by public investors. Established in 2000, CMCC is China Mobile Ltd's current parent company as of 2011.
Rural subscriber baseEdit
China Mobile has historically held a greater share of the rural market than competitors. By 2006, its network had expanded to provide reception to 97% of the Chinese population, and the company has since seen a sustained stream of new, rural mobile customers.
It also offers services targeted at the rural market including an agricultural information service, which facilitates a variety of activities such as the sale and purchase of agricultural products, access to market prices for produce and crops, wire transfers, bank withdrawals, and payments, etc.
China Mobile operates a GSM network, which encompasses all 31 provinces, autonomous regions, and directly administered municipalities in Mainland China and includes Hong Kong, too. GPRS is utilized for data transmission.
The company controls 70% of the Chinese mobile market but a far smaller percentage of the 3G market. As of May 2012, its nearly 60 million 3G subscribers account for roughly 9% of its total subscriber base, which is an increase from 3% in 2010.
Its 3G network, still under construction in 2010, utilizes the TD-SCDMA standard, which China Mobile helped develop. 3G service is available in all of the 4 direct-controlled municipalities and most of the 283 prefecture-level cities in China as of 2010.
As of 2010, China Mobile has debuted small-scale 4G demonstration networks using a variant of 3GPP's Long Term Evolution, TD-LTE, and has plans for larger, citywide demonstration networks in the future. As of May 2012, such networks are in operation.
While prior iPhone models couldn't use the China Mobile network due to the chipset relying on WCDMA-based networks, talks to carry the then unreleased 4G iPhone (iPhone 5) began in mid-2012. The iPhone 5c and iPhone 5s were sold through China Mobile starting in January 2014.
- Spratly Isles coverage
China Mobile uses other names to differentiate its offerings.
Mobile services are available in Mainland China under several brands as of 2007. As of 2013, the below brands are scheduled to be slowly phased out and replaced by an all-encompassing new brand name—And—whose logo combines an exclamation point, the Chinese character for "peace" (Chinese: 和, Hanyu Pinyin: Hé), as well as the English word "and".
A 3G service brand (likely introduced post-2007)
- Milestone China Mobile Official Site
- Company Profile China Mobile Official Site
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- Strait deals The Economist, 7 May 2009
- Company Profile Archived 4 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine. CMCC Official Site
- FT Global 500 (PDF). The Financial Times. March 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "Operation Data". China Mobile. 2017-08-31.
- China Mobile Still Dominates, but Faces Competition in 3G. morningstar.com, 22 October 2010
- Asian economic and political issues, Volume 8 (page 68) Frank Columbus, Nova Publishers, 2003 (Google Books)
- Asian Economic and Political Issues, Volume 8 (page 54) 2003. Frank Columbus. Nova Publishers. (Google Books)
- Asian Economic and Political Issues, Volume 8 (page 84) 2003. Frank Columbus. Nova Publishers. (Google Books)
- CMCC Profile CMCC Official Site (Archive.org cache)
- China Mobile, MTR, SJM Holdings, ZTE: Hong Kong Stocks Preview By Kana Nishizawa, bloomberg.com – 17 May 2011 5:54 PM PT
- Copyright World Economic Forum
- "Chinese Telecom: China Mobile Leads the Way". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. 5 August 2009
- Homepage > Brand & Products > Business Review Archived 22 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine. CMCC Official Site
- 2008 Corporate Social Responsibility Report – Rural Program Archived 8 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. CMCC Official Site
- CMCC Officially Enter Pakistani Telecommunication Market, 25 March 2007 Archived 1 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine. CMCC Official Site
- ZoNG the first international brand of China Mobile being launched in Pakistan, 5 April 2008 Archived 11 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine. CMCC Official Site
- "Vodafone and China Mobile pull out of Myanmar race". reuters.com. Thomson Reuters. 31 May 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
- Telecoms in China The Economist, 29 May 2008
- China Mobile to take over China Tietong Telecom
- Beijing Olympic Games spur another technological leap forward Archived 28 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine. CMCC Official Site, 18 Aug 2008
- Homepage > About CMCC > Networks & Technologies Archived 21 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine. CMCC Official Site
- Lee, Chyen Yee (16 May 2012). "China Mobile in talks with Apple for iPhone". reuters.com. Thompson Reuters. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
- China Mobile Limited: Annual Report 2010 (PDF). China Mobile Ltd. 2010. pp. 13–14. Retrieved 18 June 2011.
- Anthony Ha. "Apple Announces Deal To Bring iPhones To China Mobile Starting On Jan. 17". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
- For 2003 service, see Everest goes online for anniversary Mary Hennock, bbc.co.uk, Wednesday, 23 April 2003, 04:23 GMT 05:23 UK
- For 2007 service, see China tests Mt. Everest cell station msnbc.msn.com, 13 November 2007 8:09:24 PM ET
- Ian Mansfield, 18 May 2011, China Mobile Expands Coverage to the Spratly Islands, Cellular News
- "Nokia, China Mobile sign $970 million framework deal" (Press release). Reuters. 10 October 2014.
- "Nokia, China Mobile sign $970 million framework deal". Investing.com. 10 October 2014.
- "Our Brands". China Mobile. 2007. Archived from the original on 4 December 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2008. (Archive.org cache)
- "Leo Burnett Wins Pitch for Telecom Giant China Mobile 'And' Brand". leoburnett.com. Leo Burnett. 12 January 2016. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
- Jingting, Shen (18 December 2013). "China Mobile launches new 4G service brand". chinadaily.com. China Daily.
- "DIFFERENCE BETWEEN QUANQIUTONG AND SHENZHOUXING". Wangjianshuo's blog. Shanghai. 19 March 2003. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- Homepage > Brand & Products > Our Brands CMCC Official Site (Archive.org cache)
- "Corporate Overview". Retrieved 6 August 2015.
- 2010 FIBA World Championship Team photos, FIBA.com, Retrieved 19 July 2016.