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List of mobile network operators of the Asia Pacific region

AfghanistanEdit

As of September 2018, the penetration rate in Afghanistan was estimated at 86%: 31.28[1] millions subscribers over a population estimate of 36.37 million. It is estimated that 56% of the subscribers own 2 SIM cards or more and 12% of the subscribers own 4 SIM cards.

The country's telecom regulator is the Afghanistan Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (ATRA). http://atra.gov.af/en

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Roshan GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
6.5[2] (2015) Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development (AKFED) 51%, Monaco Telecom International (MTI) 36.75%, TeliaSonera AB 12.25%
2 MTN GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
4.5[3] (2012) MTN
3 Etisalat Afghanistan GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS (3G), HSPA+ (3.75G), LTE (Under Trial)
6.8[3] (2018) Emirates Telecommunications Corporation
4 Afghan Wireless GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, LTE
3.5[3] (2012) Telephone Systems International
5 Wasel 800 MHz CdmaOne
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
0.052[3] (2012) Wasel Telecom Afghanistan
6 Afghan Telecom CDMA2000 1X (Cellular/WLL)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
0.15[3] (2012)
-
-
MCIT (state owned)

American SamoaEdit

As of 2004, American Samoa has 32,000 subscribers in total,[4] or an 85% penetration rate.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Blue Sky Communications 850 MHz GSM
850 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

LTE

0.0320[4] (2012) Amper SpA
2 American Samoa Telecommunications Authority (ASTCA) 800 MHz CDMA 2000/EVDO Rev.A

LTE

Government of American Samoa

ArmeniaEdit

As of June 2014, Armenia has 3,3 million subscribers in total, and a 120% penetration rate.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 MTS

(Formerly Viva Cell)

GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
2600 MHz LTE
2.1 (May 2018) MTS 28305
2 Ucom

(Formerly Orange)

GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+

800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A

1.0 (November 2017) Ucom 28310
3 Beeline

(Formerly ArmenTel)

GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
900/1800 MHz LTE
0.933 (December 2017) VEON 28301

AustraliaEdit

As of March 2011, the number of mobile phone subscriptions in Australia was recorded to be 29.28 million which corresponds to a penetration rate of 129.482% over an estimated population of around 21.8 million.[5][6]

The country's telecom regulator is the Australian Communications and Media Authority.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Telstra 850/2100[7] MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
700(28)/900(8)/1800(3)/2600(7) MHz LTE, LTE-A
17.4[8] (Feb 2017) Telstra
2 Optus 900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
700(28)/1800(3)/2100(1)/2600(7) MHz FD-LTE, LTE-A
2300 MHz TD-LTE
9.57[9] (Feb 2017) Singtel
3 Vodafone
•Includes the previous 3 network.
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
700(28)/850(5)/1800(3)/2100(1) MHz LTE-A
5.071[10] (November 2019) Vodafone (50%) Hutchison Telecom (50%)
4 TPG 2600 MHz LTE 0.270~ TPG Telecom
Mobile virtual network operators
1 Circles.Life (Using Optus) 900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
700(28)/1800(3)/2100(1)/2600(7) MHz FD-LTE, LTE-A
2300 MHz TD-LTE
Circles.life

BangladeshEdit

The total number of Mobile Phone subscriptions in Bangladesh has reached 159.780 million at the end of Mar 2019[11] The country's telecom regulator is the Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (BTRC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Grameenphone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSDPA
900/1800/2100 MHz FDD-LTE
74.053
2 Robi GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSDPA
900/1800/2100 MHz FDD-LTE, LTE-A
47.341
3 Banglalink GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSDPA
900/1800/2100 MHz FDD-LTE
34.372 VEON
4 Teletalk GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSDPA
900/1800/2100 MHz FDD-LTE
4.014 State-owned

As of Mar 2019, total four mobile operators are truly operational. Airtel Bangladesh merged with Robi[12] and Pacific Bangladesh Telecom Limited (ownership: SingTel (44.54%), Pacific Motors (37.95%) and Far East Telecom (17.51%)), which used 'Citycell' and 'Zoom Ultra' brands, is no longer operating commercially. On 19 February 2018 Government has given FDD-LTE license to above three telecom operators. Besides, there are another two LTE licensed operators: Banglalion, Qubee and OLLO;[13] which do not have permission for voice services. AMTOB is a national trade organization representing all mobile telecom operators in Bangladesh.

BhutanEdit

As of June 2016, the penetration rate in Bhutan was 690,000 subscribers in total, or over 90% penetration rate.[14]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in thousands)
Ownership
1 B-Mobile GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
850 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
300(August 2016)[15] Bhutan Telecom Limited (BTL)
2 TashiCell GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
700 MHz LTE
200(August 2016)[15] Tashi Group

Brunei DarussalamEdit

As of December 2014, the penetration rate in Brunei Darussalam was 114%,[16] over a population estimate of over 400,000.

The country's telecom regulator is the Authority for Info-communications Technology Industry (AITI).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Datastream Technology Sdn Bhd (DST) GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.32[17] DST group
2 Progresif Cellular Sdn Bhd (formerly B-mobile) 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA, HSPA+ 0.15[18] Darussalam Assets Sdn Bhd

CambodiaEdit

As of June 2013, the penetration rate in Cambodia was estimated at 69.318% over a population estimate of over 14.7 million.[19]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
2 Smart Axiata GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
8 {{[20]}} Axiata Group Berhad
1 Metfone GSM-900/1800 (GPRS)
UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

9 (2015)[21] Viettel Cambodia
3 Cellcard/Mobitel GSM-900 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS

LTE

2.5[22] (2010) The Royal Group,[23]
4 qb GSM-1800 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS
0.05[citation needed] Cambodia Advance Communications
5 Yes Seatel FDD-LTE 850MHz (4G VoLTE network) 0.01 (July 2015) South East Asia Telecom Group

ChinaEdit

As of June 2017, China has over 1.3 billion mobile subscribers in total.[24] The country's telecom regulator is the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (工业和信息化部).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 China Mobile GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100(B1)/1800(B3)/900(B8) LTE
1900(B39)/2300(B40)/2600(B38,B41) MHz TD-LTE, VoLTE
916.497[25] (Sept 2018) Government of China
2 China Unicom GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz LTE-A
309.826[26] (Sept 2018) Government of China
3 China Telecom 850/2100 MHz CDMA2000 1xRTT EV-DO Rev 0, Rev A 1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz LTE-A, VoLTE 281.62[27] (2Q 2018) Government of China

Cook IslandsEdit

As of 2008, Cook Islands has 6,700 subscribers in total.[28]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Bluesky GSM-900
UMTS

LTE

Not Yet Available Teleraro Limited (60%)[29]

FijiEdit

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Fiji was estimated at 79.957% over a population estimate of around 0.9 million.[30]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodafone GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
0.730 (2017)[31] Amalgamated Telecom Holdings, 72.6% owned by the Fiji National Provident Fund[32] (51%)

Fiji National Provident Fund (49%)[33]

2 Digicel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available Digicel

French PolynesiaEdit

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in French Polynesia was estimated at 98.7% over a population estimate of around 268.000.[34]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 VINI GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

0.250[citation needed] Tikiphone SA
2 Vodafone French Polynesia GSM
UMTS
0.035[citation needed] Pacific Petroleum Company
3 Viti WiMAX

800/2600 MHz LTE

Not Yet Available
- Mara Telecom GSM
2100 MHz UMTS
Not Yet Available failed to launch: Mara telecom en liquidation judiciaire (nov 2014)[35]

GuamEdit

As of 2012, Guam has 185,000[36] subscribers in total.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 IT&E 1900 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
700/1900 MHz LTE Advanced
Not Yet Available PTI Pacifica Inc.
2 Docomo Pacific CdmaOne
GSM-1900 MHz (GPRS)
850 MHz UMTS
700 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available NTT DoCoMo
3 GTA GSM-850/1900 MHz (GPRS)
850 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1700 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available TeleGuam Holdings LLC
4 iConnect GSM-1900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
1900 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
700/1900 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available Wave Runner LLC

Hong KongEdit

As of July 2017, the penetration rate in Hong Kong was estimated at 240.8% over a population estimate of over 7.325 million.[37][38][39] Hong Kong's telecom regulator is the Office of the Communications Authority (OFCA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 CMHK
(China Mobile Hong Kong)
GSM-1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A
8.274[40] (June 2017) China Mobile
2 HKT
(including csl, 1O1O and Club SIM)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
4.324[41] (Dec 2018) PCCW Limited

(Pacific Century Group 28.97%, China Unicom 19.9%)

3 3 Hong Kong GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A
3.276[42] (Dec 2018) Hutchison Telecom
4 SmarTone GSM-900/1800 (GPRS)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
2.47[43] (Dec 2018) Sun Hung Kai Properties
Major Mobile Virtual Network Operators (Total 29)[44]
1 CUniq HK

(China Unicom Hong Kong)
(using 3 Hong Kong)

N/A 0.87[45](Oct 2018) China Unicom
2 Hong Kong Broadband Network
(using CMHK and SmarTone)
N/A N/A HKBN Ltd.
3 SUN Mobile
(using CSL Mobile)
N/A N/A HKT (60%), Telecom Digital (40%)
4 Birdie Mobile
(using SmarTone)
N/A N/A SmarTone Mobile Communications Limited[46]


IndiaEdit

As of 30 September 2019, there are 1173.75 million wireless subscribers in India according to Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI). [47]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers[47] (millions) Market Share[47] Ownership
1 Vodafone Idea GSM-900/1800 (EDGE), GPRS
2100 MHz HSPA, UMTS, HSPA+
900(B8)/ 1800 (B3)/ 2100(B1)/ 2300(B40)/ 2500(B41) LTE-A, [48] , VoLTE [49] [50]
WiFi[51]
372.43 [52] [47] 31.73% Vodafone Group (45.1%)
Aditya Birla Group (26%)
Axiata Group Berhad (8.17%)
Private Equity (20.73%)
2 Jio 850(B5)/ 1800(B3)/ 2300(B40) LTE-A, VoLTE, VoWIFI [53]

[54] , ViLTE, WiFi

355.17[47] [55] 30.26% Reliance Industries Limited
3 Airtel GSM-900/1800 (EDGE), GPRS
2100 MHz HSPA, UMTS, HSPA+
900 (B8)/ 1800(B3)/ 2100(B1)/ 2300(B40) LTE-A, VoLTE, ViLTE, VoWIFI [54] [56]
WiFi
325.59[47] [57] 27.74% Bharti Airtel Limited
4

BSNL [Note1 1] [58][59][60]

GSM-900/1800 (EDGE), GPRS

2100 MHz HSPA, UMTS, HSDPA, TD-HSDPA, HSPA+
2100 (B1) / 2500(B41) LTE, TD-LTE, FD-LTE, LTE-A, VoLTE,[61]WiMAX, WiFi

120.42 [47] [Note2 1] [58] 10.26%

Government of India

IndonesiaEdit

Indonesia has 254.792 million subscribers in total[62] (April 2018), or a 142.00% penetration rate[63] (January 2017). The regulatory authority for telecommunication in Indonesia is the Badan Regulasi Telekomunikasi Indonesia.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telkomsel
(Include previous Telkom Flexi network)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2300 MHz LTE
196.3[64] (Dec 2017) State-owned Telkom (65%)
Singtel (35%)

51010

2 XL Axiata
(Include previous Axis network)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
900/1800 MHz LTE
56.6[65] (June 2019) Axiata Group Berhad (66.7%)
Emirates Telecommunications Corporation (13.3%)
Public (20%)

51011

3 Indosat Ooredoo
(Include previous Indosat, Satelindo and Star-One network)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100 MHz LTE-A
53.3[66] (March 2019) Ooredoo Asia PTE Ltd (65%)
Government of Indonesia (14.29%)
Skagen AS entities (5.42%)
Public (15.29%)
51001
4 3 GSM-1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
38.0[67] (June 2019) HTIL (65%)
Garibaldi Thohir (35%)

51089

5 Smartfren 850 MHz LTE, 2300 MHz TD-LTE 12.3[68] (Q4 2018) Sinar Mas Group[69]

51009 and 51028

JapanEdit

As of December 2017, Japan has 165,821,800 subscribers in total,[70] or a 112.17% penetration rate.[71]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 NTT Docomo 800(B6)/2100(B1) MHz UMTS, HSPA
800(B19)/1500(B21)/1800(B03)/2100(B01) MHz LTE
Wideband LTE Advanced
3500(B42)/3700(B43) MHz TD-LTE, LTE-A
75.678[70] (Dec 2017) NTT (63.31%)
2 au 850/2100 MHz CDMA2000, 1xRTT, EV-DO
800(B18)/1500(B11)/2100(B01) MHz LTE
2500(B41) MHz TD-LTE
50.638[70] (Dec 2017) KDDI
3 SoftBank Corp.
& Y!Mobile
900(B08)/2100(B1) MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900(B08)/1500(B11)/1800(B03)/2100(B01) MHz LTE
2500(B41) MHz TD-LTE
1700(B09)MHz UMTS, HSPA+
39.505[70] (Dec 2017) SoftBank Group (99.99%)[72]
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
1 Disney Mobile
(using SoftBank Mobile)
UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSDPA
TD-LTE
N/A SoftBank / The Walt Disney Company
2 b-mobile
(using NTT Docomo)
2100/800 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1500/2100 MHz LTE
N/A Japan Communications Inc.
3 IIJmio Internet Initiative Japan

KyrgyzstanEdit

As of 2008, Kyrgyzstan has 6.6 million subscribers in total, a 120% penetration rate.[73]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MegaCom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+

800/1800/2100 MHz LTE

2.7[73] (2012) JSC Alpha Telecom
2 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
2.4[73] (Aug 2012) Sky Mobile Ltd.
3 Fonex CDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ 0.42[74] (2008) Aktel Ltd.
4 O! GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/2600 MHz LTE
0.9[73] NUR Telecom Ltd.
5 Katel TDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ 0.1[74] (2008) KATEL
6 Nexi CDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ 0.049[74] (2008) SoTel
7 Sapat Mobile CDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ 0.011[74] (2008) Winline Ltd.

LaosEdit

As of 2012, Laos mobile penetration was 70.86% with 4.841 millions subscriptions.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Unitel GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

1800 MHz LTE[75]

2.705[citation needed] Lao Asia Telecommunication State Enterprise (LAT) (51%), Viettel Global (49%)[76]
2 LaoTelecom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA (14.4 Mbit/s)

2600 MHz LTE[77]

1.291[citation needed] Government of Lao P.D.R. (51%), Shennington Investments (Thaicom) (49%)[78]
3 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+ (21 Mbit/s)
WiMAX
0.289[79] Government of Lao P.D.R. (100%)[79]
4 ETL GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+ (21 Mbit/s)
Not Available Jiafu Holdings (51%)
Government of Lao P.D.R. (49%)[80]
5 Sky Telecom ? ? ?

MacauEdit

As of December 2016, Macau had about 1.969 million subscribers in total.[81] Macau's telecom regulator is Direcção dos Serviços de Correios e Telecomunicações (DSRT).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 CTM GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800/2600(B7)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A
0.856[82] (December 2016) CITIC Telecom International (99%)
Correios de Macau (1%)
2 3 GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

1800 MHz LTE[83]

(Information not available) Hutchison Telecom
3 China Telecom CDMA, CDMA2000, EVDO

1800 MHz LTE[83]

(Information not available) Government of China
4 SmarTone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

1800 MHz LTE[84]

(Information not available) Sun Hung Kai Properties

MalaysiaEdit

As of March 2014, the penetration rate in Malaysia was estimated at 144.2%.[85]

The country's telecom regulator is the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Digi
with a digital sub-brand Tapp
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100(B1) MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A, VoLTE
11.330[86] (3Q 2019) Telenor (49%)
Employees Provident Fund (Malaysia) (13.3%)[87]
2 Maxis
with a digital sub-brand ookyo
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900(B8)/2100(B1) MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
2100(B1)/1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
11.153[88] (3Q 2019) Ananda Krishnan (62%)
Saudi Telecom Company (17.5%)
3 Celcom
with a digital sub-brand yoodo
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900(B8)/2100(B1) MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
2100(B1)/1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
8.623[89] (3Q 2019)

> (not including MVNOs)

Axiata Group Berhad
4 U Mobile 900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800/2100/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A, VoLTE
(also uses Maxis 2G)
6.12[90] (4Q 2017) ST Telemedia (35%)
U Television Sdn Bhd (21%)
Ibrahim Ismail of Johor (15%)
MPHB Capital Bhd. (6%)
5 Yes 4G 800(B20), 2300(B40), 2600(B38) MHz LTE-A, VoLTE 0.7[91] (3Q 2013) YTL Communications(a unit of YTL Corporation)
6 Unifi Mobile
[formerly known as webe]
2300(B40), 2600(B38), 850(B5) MHz LTE-A, VoLTE
(also uses Celcom 2G/3G)
0.4674[92] (3Q 2014) Telekom Malaysia (72.9%)
Green Packet (18.9%)
SK Telecom (8.2%)
7 ALTEL -lease 2600 MHz spectrum to Celcom & Digi
-uses Celcom 2G/3G/4G network
0.7(2016)[93] Puncak Semangat Sdn Bhd (unit owned by Syed Mokhtar Al-Bukhary)
8 Redtone 2300 MHz WiMAX (East Malaysia only)
-lease 2600 MHz spectrum with Maxis
Berjaya Corporation Berhad
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 TuneTalk
(uses Celcom)
1.5[94] (August 2014) Tune Ventures(35.75%)
Celcom(35%)
2 XOX
(uses Celcom)
1.7[95] (Mac 2017) XOX
3 redONE
(uses Celcom)
1.2[96][97] (March 2019) Redtone International
4 Merchantrade
(uses Celcom)
0.3[98] (3Q 2012) Celcom
Sumitomo Corporation
5 SpeakOut Wireless
(uses DiGi)
Pavo Communications
7-Eleven Malaysia
6 MY Evolution
(uses DiGi)
M2M services in Asia[99]
7 Smart Pinoy
(uses Celcom)
PLDT (51%)
Celcom (49%)
8 Telin Malaysia (Kartu As)
(uses U Mobile)
Telin Malaysia. Telin Malaysia is a joint venture (JV) company between Compudyne Telecommunication Systems Sdn. Bhd and PT Telin, a company fully owned by PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia (Telkom).[100]
9 mCalls
(uses DiGi)
Partnership between Pavo Communications and DiGi.[101]

MaldivesEdit

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Maldives was estimated at 116.456% over a population estimate of around 0.4 million.[102]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Dhiraagu GSM-900 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
LTE
0.350[103] (October 2012) Dhiraagu
2 Ooredoo GSM-900 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.272[104] (Q2 2014) Ooredoo

Marshall IslandsEdit

As of 2008, Marshall Islands has 1000 subscribers in total.[105]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 NTA GSM-900 UMTS

LTE

0.0007[105] (2008) MINTA

Micronesia, Federated States ofEdit

As of 2008, Micronesia, Federated States of has 34,000 subscribers in total.[106]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 FSM Telecom GSM-900 UMTS 0.0274[106] (2008) FSMTC

MongoliaEdit

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Mongolia was estimated at 80.120% over a population estimate of around 3.1 million.[107]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Mobicom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+

700/1800 MHz LTE[108]

1.7[109] (June 2014) KDDI, Sumitomo Corporation, Newcom Group
2 Unitel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+

1800 MHz LTE

1.54[110] (June 2014) MCS Group
3 Skytel CdmaOne
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.6[110] (June 2014) Altai Holdings, Shunkhlai Group
4 G-Mobile CdmaOne
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.47[110] (June 2014)

MyanmarEdit

As of January 2019, the penetration rate in Myanmar was estimated at 105% over a population estimate of around 54 million.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MPT 450/800 MHz CDMA, CDMA2000 1x-EVDO
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
22 (October 2018)[111] State-owned, KDDI, Sumitomo Corporation
2 Telenor GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
19 (October 2018)[111] Telenor
3 Ooredoo GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
9.41 (September 2018)[111] Ooredoo
4 Mytel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
6 (June 2019)[111] Viettel (49%)
Star High Telecom (28%)
Myanmar National Telecom Holding (23%)[111]

NauruEdit

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Nauru was estimated at 42.909% over a population estimate of around 9,000 people.[112] The World Factbook shows 6,700 subscribers in 2011.[113]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Digicel GSM-900 UMTS

LTE

0.007 Digicel Pacific Ltd.

NepalEdit

As of August 2017, the penetration rate in Nepal was estimated at 130.24% over a population estimate of around 26.5 million.[114]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Ncell GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS, 3G, 4G, HSDPA
LTE-1800 MHz
15.889[114] (August 2017) Axiata Group Berhad (80%)
2 Nepal Telecom CDMA, EV-DO
900 MHz GSM, GPRS
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, 3G, 4G, HSPA+
WiMAX 1800 MHz
LTE-1800 MHz[115]
15.502[114] (August 2017) Nepal Doorsanchar Company Ltd.
3 Smart Telecom 3G, 4G, GSM 900/1800
GPRS 900/2100
LTE-1800 MHz (Testing)
1.623[114] (August 2017) Smart Telecom

New CaledoniaEdit

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Mobilis GSM-900 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS

800/1800/2600 MHz LTE

0.244[116] (2012) Office des Postes et Telecommunications

New ZealandEdit

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in New Zealand was estimated at 124.326% over a population estimate of around 4.3 million.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodafone 900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/1800/2600 MHz LTE
2.538 (July 2019)[117][118] Vodafone
2 Spark
(formerly Telecom New Zealand)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/1800/2300/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2.392 (July 2017)[120] Public (NZX: SPK)
3 2degrees 900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+

700/900/1800 MHz LTE

1.3 (July 2015)[121] Trilogy International Partners, an American investment company (61.5%)[122]

Tesbrit B.V., a Dutch investment company (27.2%)[123]

Mobile virtual network operators
1 Black+White
(using Vodafone)
GSM, GPRS
UMTS, HSPA
? Black+White (Vocus Communications)
2 Warehouse Mobile[124]

(using 2degrees)

GSM, GPRS
UMTS, HSPA, LTE
? The Warehouse Group (NZX: TWG)

(Stephen Tindall, 27%

Stephen Tindall Foundation, 21%,

James Pascoe Group, 16%)[125]

3 Slingshot
(using Spark)
UMTS, HSPA ? Slingshot (Vocus Communications)[126]
4 Skinny
(using Spark)
UMTS, HSPA, LTE ? Spark
? Compass Mobile
(using Spark)[127]
UMTS, HSPA, LTE ? Compass Communications

NiueEdit

As of 2008, Niue has about 385 subscribers in total, a 25% penetration rate.[128]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Telecom Niue GSM 900 MHz[129]
LTE 700 MHz[130]
0.000385[128] (2008) Telecom Niue

Norfolk IslandEdit

As of October 2008, Norfolk Island has 131 subscribers in total, a 6.5% penetration rate.[131]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Norfolk Telecom GSM-900 0.000131[131] (October 2008) Norfolk Telecom

North KoreaEdit

As of March 2011 North Korea has over a million subscribers in total.[132]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Koryolink 2100 MHz UMTS 3.8[133] (end 2015) Global Telecom Holding S.A.E. (75%)
Korea Post and Telecommunications Corporation (25%)

Northern Mariana IslandsEdit

As of 2004, the Northern Mariana Islands have 20,500[134] subscribers in total.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Docomo Pacific CdmaOne
GSM-1900 (GPRS)
UMTS

LTE

Not Yet Available NTT DoCoMo
2 IT&E CdmaOne
GSM-850
UMTS, HSPA+
700 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available IT&E Overseas, Inc

PakistanEdit

As of October 2019, Pakistan has 162.98 million subscribers in total with a mobile density of 77.24%.[135]

The country's telecom regulator is the PTA (Pakistan Telecommunication Authority).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)[136]
Ownership
1 Jazz

(includes the Warid brand)

900 MHz, 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz, 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900 MHz, 1800 MHz LTE/LTE-A
59.61 Veon, Dhabi Group
2 Telenor 900 MHz, 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
850 MHz, 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
850 MHz, 1800 MHz LTE/LTE-A
45.03 Telenor
3 Zong 900 MHz, 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+

1800 MHz, 2100 MHz LTE/LTE-A

35.39 China Mobile
4 Ufone 900 MHz, 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz, 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+

1800 MHz LTE

22.94 Etisalat (26%) and Government of Pakistan
5 Special Communications Organization GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)

2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+

1800 MHz LTE

SCO

PalauEdit

As of 2012, Palau has 17,150 subscribers in total.[137]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
Ownership
1 PNCC (PalauCel) GSM-900 MHz

WCDMA-900 MHz (Band 8)[138]

LTE-700 MHz (Band 28)

17,150 Palau National Communications Corporation (PNCC)

Papua New GuineaEdit

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Papua New Guinea was estimated at 47.595% over a population estimate of around 6.2 million.[139]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Digicel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
700 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available Digicel
2 BMobile GSM-900 (GPRS)
900 MHz UMTS
Not Yet Available Pacific Mobile Communications
3 Telikom PNG 850 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

1800 MHz LTE

Not Yet Available Telikom (PNG) LTD

PhilippinesEdit

As of December 2018, the number of subscribers in the Philippines was estimated at approximately 134.6 million, a 124.3% penetration rate.

The country's telecom regulator is the National Telecommunications Commission (NTC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Globe
(TM, Cherry Prepaid)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
700/850/1800/2100 MHz FDD-LTE, 2500 MHz TDD-LTE
WiMAX LTE-A
74.1 (December 2018) Singtel (44.7%)
Ayala Corporation (34%)
Public Stock (21%)
2 Smart
(TNT and Sun Cellular)
GSM-900/1800 GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
700/850/1800/2100 MHz LTE LTE-A
WiMAX
60.5 (December 2018) Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company
3 Dito Telecom GSM-900/1800 GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
700/850/1800/2100 MHz LTE LTE-A
WiMAX
- China Telecom (40%)
Udenna Corp. (35%)
Chelsea Logistics and Infrastracture Holdings Corp. (25%)
4 Now Telecom - - Now Corporation
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Sun Cellular
(uses Smart)
- Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company
2 TM
(uses Globe Telecom)
- Globe Telecom
1 TNT
(uses Smart)
- Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company
2 Cherry Prepaid
(uses Globe Telecom)
- Globe Telecom
Cosmic Technologies

RussiaEdit

Russia has 247.9 million subscribers in total, or a 173.6% penetration rate.[140] (3Q 2015).[141]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership Mobile country code
1 MTS GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/900/1800/2600 MHz LTE
77.3 (1Q 2016) Sistema (55.64%), flee float (44.36%) 25001
2 MegaFon GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
74.54 (1Q 2016) USM Group (70.32%), MegaFon Finance (29.68%) 25002
3 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
57.66 (1Q 2016) VimpelCom (100%: Alfa Group (47,9%), The Stichting (8.3%), Telenor (8.9%), free float (34.9%)) 25099
4 Tele2 Russia GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
CDMA2000 1x, 450 MHz
450 MHz LTE (as Skylink)
CDMA2000 EV-DO Rev. A, 450 MHz
NMT - 450i, 450 MHz[142]
38.4 (1Q 2016) Rostelecom (45%), VTB Capital (27.5%), Bank Rossiya (22%), Severstal (5.5%) 25020
5 Sotovaja Svjaz MOTIV GSM-1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
1800 MHz LTE
2.45 (3Q 2015) 25035
6 Tattelecom GSM-1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
1800 MHz LTE
25054
7 Vainahtelecom GSM-1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2300 MHz LTE
25022

SamoaEdit

As of November 2007, Samoa has 85,000 subscribers in total, a 47% penetration rate.[143]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 bluesky GSM-900 Not Yet Available bluesky Samoa
2 Digicel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

1800 MHz LTE

Not Yet Available Digicel

SingaporeEdit

As of April 2016, the penetration rate in Singapore was estimated at 149.1% over a population estimate of around 5.61 million.[144]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Singtel Mobile
with a digital sub-brand GOMO
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
4.2[145] (March 2019) Temasek Holdings
2 StarHub
with a digital sub-brand giga!
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
2.188[146] (End 2018) ST Telemedia
Ooredoo
NTT docomo
3 M1 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
2.28[147] (Q3 2019) Keppel Corporation
SPH
4 TPG 900(B8)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A 0.05 (Q1 2019) TPG Telecom
5 GRID Communications 806-821/851-866 MHz iDEN N/A GRID Communications Pte Ltd
Mobile virtual network operators
1 Circles.Life (Using M1) 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
0.26 (End 2018) Circles.life
2 Zero Mobile (Using Singtel) 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
Zero Mobile
3 Zero1 (Using Singtel) 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
Zero1
4 MyRepublic (Using StarHub) 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
MyRepublic[148]
5 Vivobee (Using StarHub) 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
Vivobee
6 redONE (Using StarHub) 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
Redtone International
7 Grid Mobile (Using Singtel) 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
GRID Communications
8 VIVIFI (Using Singtel) 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
ICYMI Pte Ltd

Solomon IslandsEdit

As of 2008, Solomon Islands has 30,000 subscribers in total.[149]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Our Telekom GSM-900/1800 MHz
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

0.03[149] (2008) STKL

South KoreaEdit

As of December 2017, South Korea has 63.7 million subscribers in total or a 122.9% penetration rate.[150][151]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 SK Telecom CDMA2000 1xRTT EV-DO Rev 0, Rev A
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+,
Mobile WiMAX
850/1800/2100/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A Pro,[152] VoLTE, up to 5CA
3.5GHz 5G NR
27.019[150] (Q4 2017) SK Group
2 KT
(formerly olleh, KTF)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+,
Mobile WiMAX
900/1800/2100 MHz LTE-A Pro
3.5GHz 5G NR
16.493[150] (Q4 2017) KT Corporation
3 LG U+
(formerly LG Telecom)
CDMA2000 1xRTT EV-DO Rev 0, Rev A,
850/2100/2600(B7) MHz [153] LTE-A Pro, VoLTE
3.5GHz 5G NR
12.625[150] (Q4 2017) LG Corporation

Sri LankaEdit

Sri Lanka has 33.463 million subscribers in total, or a 153.5% penetration rate.[154] (September 2019)

The country's telecom regulator is Telecommunications Regulatory Commission of Sri Lanka (TRCSL).

Rank Operator Technology[155] Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Dialog
(Formerly MTN Network)
2G : GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 1800(B3) MHz LTE-FDD
4G Calling (VoLTE) : Supported[156]
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi) : Supported[157]
eSIM : Available[158]
15.182[159] (Q3 2019) Axiata Group Berhad (83.32%)
2 Mobitel 2G : GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 850(B5)/1800(B3) MHz LTE-FDD[160]
4.5G : 900(B8)/1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz LTE-A[161]
4G Calling (VoLTE) : Supported 
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi) : Not supported
eSIM : Available[162]
>9[163] (Q4 2018) Sri Lanka Telecom PLC (100%)
3 Hutch
•Includes the previous Etisalat network.[164]
2G : GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 1800(B3) MHz LTE-FDD[165]
4G Calling (VoLTE) : Not supported 
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi) : Not supported
eSIM : Not available
5.3[166] (Q3 2018) CK Hutchison Holdings Limited (85%)[164]
Emirates Telecommunication Group Company PJSC (15%)
4 Airtel 2G : GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
eSIM : Not available
2.9[166] (Q3 2018) Bharti Airtel Limited (100%)

Note:

TaiwanEdit

As of June 2011, the penetration rate in Taiwan was estimated at 105.354% over a population estimate of around 23 million.[167]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers

(in millions)

Ownership
1 Chunghwa Telecom 3G : 2100/900 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+

4G : 2100(B1)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE 4.5G : 5xCA B3+B3+B7+B7+B8 (70MHz), 4x4 MIMO, 256 QAM, LTE-A Pro

LTE-U/LAAVoLTE & EVS

VoWiFi

10.613[168] (August 2019) Republic of China Ministry of Transportation (35.41%)
2 Taiwan Mobile 3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+

4G : 2100(B1)/1800(B3)/700(B28) MHz LTE 4.5G : 3xCA B1+B3+B28 (50MHz), 4x4 MIMO, 256 QAM, LTE-A Pro

VoLTEVoWiFi

7.224[168] (August 2019) Fubon Group
3 FarEasTone 3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

4G : 2100(B1)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/700(B28)/2600(B38) MHz LTE 4.5G : 4xCA B1+B3+B7+B28 (60MHz), 4x4 MIMO, 256 QAM, LTE-A Pro

LTE-U/LAAVoLTEVoWiFi

7.171[168] (August 2019) Far Eastern Group
4 Taiwan Star 3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

4G : 2100(B1)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE 4.5G : 2xCA B7+B8 (30MHz), 4x4 MIMO, 256 QAM, LTE-A

VoLTE

2.25[168] (August 2019) Ting Hsin International Group (63%)
5 Asia Pacific Telecom 2G : 900 MHz GSM

4G : 900(B8)/700(B28)/2600(B38) MHz LTE 4.5G : 2xCA B28+B38 (30MHz), 4x4 MIMO, 256 QAM, LTE-A

VoLTEVoWiFi

2.034[168] (August 2019) Foxconn (19%)
Mobile virtual network operators
1 Line Mobile (Using FarEasTone) 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

2100(1)/1800(3)/2600(7)/700(28)/2600(38) MHz LTE

Line Corporation
2 Circles.Life (Using Chunghwa) 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+

2100(1)/900(8)/1800(3)/2600(B7)MHz LTE

Circles.life
3 Ibon Mobile (Using FarEasTone) 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

2100(1)/1800(3)/2600(7)/700(28)/2600(38) MHz LTE

7-Eleven

TajikistanEdit

Tajikistan has an estimated 4.5 million subscribers in total, a 42% penetration rate.[169]

The Telecom Regulator is the Communications Regulatory Agency (CRA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Tcell GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800 MHz LTE
3.301[170] (2013) Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development (100%)[171]
2 Babilon-Mobile GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE
0.8[172] (March 2008)
3 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.836[173] (May 2011) ZET Mobile Ltd. (100%)[174]
4 MegaFon GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.517[173] (May 2011) MegaFon (75%)

ThailandEdit

As of December 2018, the mobile penetration rate in Thailand was 138% over a population of around 69 million.[175]
The regulatory authority for telecommunication in Thailand is the National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 AIS 2G : GSM-900 MHz
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : *B1/B8
4G : FDD LTE: B1/B3/B8 
4.5G : LTE-A Pro Up to 3xCA B1+B3+B8, 4x4 MIMO, 256/64QAM, LTE-U/LAA + LTE-WLAN Aggregation (branded as "NEXT G"[176])
4G Calling (VoLTE, ViLTE) : Supported 
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi) : Native device support and via WiFi calling app
(B1, B3, B8 = 2100/1800/900 MHz respectively)


*Pseudo MVNO on 80% of TOT´s 3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 (B1: 2100 MHz) capacity[177]

41.1 (Q4 2018) Intouch Holdings (40.45%)
Singtel (32%)
2 TrueMove H 2G : GSM-900 MHz
3G : UMTS/WCDMA: B1/*B5 
4G : FDD LTE: B1/B3/B8 
4.5G : LTE-A Pro Up to 3xCA B1+B3+B8, nationwide 4x4MIMO, 256/64QAM, LTE-U/LAA
4G Calling (VoLTE, ViLTE) : Supported 
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi) : Native device support and via WiFi calling app 
(B1, B3, B5, B8 = 2100/1800/850/900 MHz respectively)


*Pseudo MVNO on 80% of CAT Telecom´s 3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5 capacity[177]

29.2 (Q4 2018) True Corporation
China Mobile (18%)
3 Dtac 2G : GSM-1800 MHz
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1/B5/B8
4G : FDD LTE : B1/B3/B8 TDD LTE : B40 
4.5G : LTE-A Pro Up to 3xCA B40+B40+B40 4x4MIMO, 256/64QAM (Carrier aggregation unavailable on FDD)
4G Calling (VoLTE, ViLTE) : Supported 
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi) : Native device support and via WiFi calling app
(B1, B3, B5, B8, B40= 2100/1800/850/900/2300 MHz respectively)


*Pseudo MVNO on 60% of TOT´s 4G : TDD LTE : B40 (B40: 2300 MHz) capacity[177]

21.1 (Q4 2018) Telenor (42.61%)
Thai Telco Holdings (15.03%)
Telephone Organization of Thailand (TOT) (5.58%)
4 MY 3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5
4G : FDD LTE : B1/B3 (Roaming on Truemove H, B8 prohibited
4.5G : Up to 2xCA B1+B3, nationwide 4x4 MIMO on B3, 256/64QAM
4G Calling (VoLTE, ViLTE) : No
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi) : No 
(B1, B3, B5 = 2100/1800/850 MHz respectively)
1.9 CAT Telecom
5 TOT 3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 (B1: 2100 MHz)
4G : TDD LTE : B40 (B40: 2300 MHz)
0.90 TOT Public Company Limited
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
1 IEC3G Buzzme
(Host operator TOT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 Not Available Mobile 8 Telco Sdn Bhd.
2 i-Kool 3G
(Host operator TOT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 Not Available Loxley Public Company Limited.
3 MyWorld 3G
(Host operator CAT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5 Not Available Data CDMA Communication Co., Ltd.
4 Penguin
(Host operator CAT & TOT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1/B5 300,000[178] The WhiteSpace Co.Ltd.
5 OPEN SIM i-mobile
(Host operator CAT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5 Closed June 2017[179] Samart Corporation Public Company Limited.
6 imobile-3GX
(Host operator CAT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5 Closed June 2017[179] Samart Corporation Public Company Limited.
7 168
(Host operator CAT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5 Closed 2018 168 Communication Co Ltd.
8 Mojo 3G
(Host operator TOT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 Closed January 2017[180] MConzult Asia Co., Ltd.
9 Tune Talk
(Host operator TOT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 Closed Loxley Public Company Limited (50%)
Tune Group Sdn Bhd (10%)
Thai AirAsia Co.,Ltd. (40%)

Timor-LesteEdit

Mobile subscribers reach 1.54m at End-2017[181]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Telemor GSM-850 UMTS[182] LTE 0.726913[183] (End 2017) Viettel
2 Timor Telecom GSM-900 UMTS[184] LTE 0.620204[183] (Q2 2015) Timor Telecom
3 Telkomcel GSM-850 850 MHz UMTS[185] LTE 0.16[183] (Mid 2015) Telekomunikasi Indonesia International (TL) S.A.

TongaEdit

As of November 2007, Tonga has 0.03 million subscribers in total.[186]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Digicel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS)

1800 MHz LTE

0.020[186] (November 2007) Digicel Group Ltd
2 TCC GSM-900 MHz (GPRS)
UMTS
0.010[186] (November 2007) Tonga Government

TurkmenistanEdit

As of 2012, Turkmenistan has 4.44 million subscribers in total or 88.8% penetration rate.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 TM CELL
(Altyn Asyr)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
LTE
3[187] (October 2012) TM CELL
2 MTS (discontinued in 2017) GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1.44[188] (October 2012) MTS
3 AȘTU CDMA ETS 450 D 0.055 (August 2018)[189] Ashgabat City Telephone Network

TuvaluEdit

As of 2008, Tuvalu has 2,000 subscribers in total.[190]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 TTC GSM-900

LTE

0.002[190] (2008) TTC

UzbekistanEdit

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Uzbekistan was estimated at 81.205% over a population estimate of around 28.1 million.[191]

The country's telecom regulator is the Uzbekistan Communications and Information Agency's Board (CIAUz).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 UCell
(Formerly Coscom)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/2600 MHz LTE
7.19[192] (November 2010) TeliaSonera (99.7%)
2 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
2600 MHz LTE
5.26[173] (May 2011) VimpelCom
3 UMS GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE),
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800 MHz LTE
0.63[193] (June 2015) ООО Universal Mobile Systems
4 Uzmobile CdmaOne Not available Uzbektelecom
5 Perfectum CdmaOne Not Yet Available Perfectum

VanuatuEdit

As of 2008, Vanuatu has 36,000 subscribers in total.[194]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Telecom Vanuatu GSM-900 MHz 0.01[citation needed][when?] Telecom Vanuatu Ltd
2 Digicel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSPA

700 MHz LTE

0.01[citation needed][when?] Digicel Group Ltd
3 AIL GSM-900 MHz Not Yet Available ACeS International
4 WanTok 2300 MHz TDD-LTE Not Yet Available

VietnamEdit

As of May 2012, the penetration rate in Vietnam was estimated at 120% over a population estimate of around 91 million.[195]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Viettel Mobile GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
1900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
36.72[195] (May 2012) Viettel Corporation
2 MobiFone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS

1800 MHz LTE

29.11[195] (May 2012) VMS (VNPT subsidiary)
3 Vinaphone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

1800 MHz LTE

28.71[195] (May 2012) GPC (VNPT subsidiary)
4 Vietnamobile GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
10.0 (May 2012) Hanoi Telecom, Hutchison Asia Telecommunications Limited
5 Gmobile
(formerly Beeline)
GSM-1800 MHz 2 (May 2010)
GTEL Mobile Joint Stock Company

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ BSNL and MTNL merger approved by Government of India.
  1. ^ After adding subscribers of MTNL to BSNL, because MTNL will merge with BSNL.

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