WeChat (Chinese: 微信; pinyin: Wēixìn; literally: "micro-message") is a Chinese social media (instant messaging, commerce and payment services) mobile application software developed by Tencent. It was first released in 2011 and by 2017 it was one of the largest standalone messaging apps by monthly active users, with over 938 million active users. However, as of 2017, WeChat has not been successful in penetrating international markets outside of China.
WeChat Running on Apple iOS 8
|Developer(s)||Tencent Holdings Limited|
|Initial release||January 21, 2011|
|Available in||Multilingual (52)|
|Type||Instant messaging client|
WeChat began as a project at Tencent Guangzhou Research and Project center in October 2010. The original version of the app, "Weixin", was invented by Xiaolong Zhang, and named by Ma Huateng, Tencent CEO and was first launched in 2011. The government has actively supported the development of the e-commerce market in China - for example in the 12th five-year plan (2011-2015).
By 2012, the number of users reached 100 million and Weixin was re-branded as WeChat for the international market.
WeChat had over 889 million Monthly Active Users in 2016 90% of whom were Chinese. For comparison, Facebook Messenger and WhatsApp (two other competitive international messaging services better-known in the West) had about 1,000 million Monthly Active Users in 2016 but did not offer most of the other services available on WeChat. In 2017 it was reported that more than half of WeChat's users spend over 90 minutes a day on the app.
WeChat provides text messaging, hold-to-talk voice messaging, broadcast (one-to-many) messaging, video conferencing, video games, sharing of photographs and videos, and location sharing. It can exchange contacts with people nearby via Bluetooth, as well as providing various features for contacting people at random if desired (if people are open to it). It can also integrate with other social networking services such as those run by Facebook and Tencent QQ. Photographs may also be embellished with filters and captions, and an automatic translation service is available.
WeChat supports different ways of instant message, including text message, voice message, walkie talkie and stickers. Users can send previously saved or live pictures and videos, namecards of other users, coupons, lucky money packages, or current GPS location with friends either individually or in a group chat. WeChat's character stickers, such as Tuzki, resemble and compete with those of LINE, a Japanese messaging application.
WeChat supports users who wish to register as an official account, which enables them to push feeds to subscribers, interact with subscribers and provide them with services. There are three types of official accounts: service account, subscription account and enterprise account. Once users as individuals or organizations set up a type of account, they cannot change it to another type. By the end of 2014, the number of WeChat official accounts had reached 8 million. Official accounts of organizations can apply for verified (at cost of 300 RMB), official, public accounts. Official accounts can be used as a platform for services such as hospital pre-registrations, visa renewal or credit card service.
Moments is WeChat's brand name for its social feed of friends updates. Moments allows users to post images, post text, post comments, share music (associated with QQ Music or other web based music service), share articles and post "likes." Moments can be also linked to Facebook and Twitter accounts, which can automatically post Moments content directly to these two platforms.
In 2017 WeChat had a policy of a maximum of two advertisements per day per Moments user.
Privacy in WeChat works by groups of friends - only the friends from the user's contact are able to view their Moments' contents and comments. The friends of the user will only be able to see the likes and comments from other users only if they are in mutual friends group. For example, friends from high school are not able to see the comments and likes from friends from university. When users post their moments, they can separate their friends into a few groups, and they can decide whether this Moment can be seen by particular groups of people. Contents posted can be set to "Private", and can be unset at any time. When a post is set to "Private", only the user can view it.
WeChat Pay payment servicesEdit
In China, users who have provided bank account information may use the app to pay bills, order goods and services, transfer money to other users, and pay in stores if the stores have Wechat payment option. Vetted third parties, known as "official accounts", offer these services by developing lightweight "apps within the app".
WeChat Pay is a digital wallet service incorporated into WeChat, which allows users to perform mobile payments and send money between contacts. Every WeChat user has their own WeChat Payment account. Users can acquire a balance by linking their WeChat account to their debit card, or by receiving money from other users. Users who link their credit card can only make payments to vendors, it cannot be used to top up WeChat balance. WeChat Pay can be used for digital payments, as well as payments from participating vendors. As of March 2016, WeChat Pay has over 300 million users worldwide. In April 2016, WeChat invested RMB 100 million in accelerating market expansion for WeChat Pay.
In 2014 for Chinese New Year, WeChat introduced a feature for distributing virtual red envelopes, modelled after the Chinese tradition of exchanging packets of money among friends and family members during holidays. The feature allows users to send money to contacts and groups as gifts. When sent to groups, the money is distributed equally, or in random shares ("Lucky Money"). The feature was launched through a promotion during China Central Television's heavily watched New Year's Gala, where viewers were instructed to shake their phones during the broadcast for a chance to win sponsored cash prizes from red envelopes. The red envelope feature significantly increased the adoption of WeChat Pay. A month after its launch, WeChat Pay's user base expanded from 30 million to 100 million users, and 20 million red envelopes were distributed during the New Year holiday. In 2016, 3.2 billion red envelopes were sent over the holiday period, and 409,000 alone were sent at midnight on Chinese New Year.
In 2016, in order to offset banking charges, WeChat team started a service charge if users transferred cash from their WeChat wallet to their debit cards. Each user (per personal ID) had a 1,000 Yuan free withdrawal limit. Further withdrawals of more than 1,000 Yuan were charged a 0.1% fee with a minimum of 0.1 Yuan per withdrawal. Other payment functions including red envelopes and transfers were still free.
WeChat Pay's main competitor in China and the market leader in online payments was Alibaba Group's Alipay. Alibaba company founder Jack Ma considered the red envelope feature to be a "Pearl Harbor moment", as it began to erode Alipay's historic dominance in the online payments industry in China, especially in peer-to-peer money transfer. The success prompted Alibaba to launch its own version of virtual red envelopes in its competing Laiwang service. Other competitors, Baidu Wallet and Sina Weibo, also launched similar features.
In 2017 Tencent reported that WeChat had overtaken Alibaba with 600 million active WeChat mobile payment users versus 450 million for Alibaba's Alipay.
In 2015 WeChat has launched the City Services feature in 27 cities across China, including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen. City Services included booking doctor appointments, paying electricity fees or traffic fines, and booking transportation.
In 2015, WeChat offered a heat map feature that showed crowd density. Quartz columnist Josh Horwitz alleged the feature is being used by the Chinese government to track irregular assemblies of people to determine unlawful assembly.
For work purposes, companies and business communication, a special version of WeChat called Enterprise WeChat (or Qiye Weixin) was launched in 2016. The app is meant to help employees separate work from private life. In addition to the usual chat features, the program lets companies and their employees keep track of annual leave days and expenses that need to be reimbursed, employees can ask for time off or even clock in to show they are at work. Security has been upgraded and companies must register before their employees can use the service.
WeChat Mini ProgramEdit
In 2017, WeChat has launched a feature called the "Mini Program". Consumers could, for example, scan the QR code using their mobile phone at a supermarket counter. The Mini Program app paid the supermarket bill through the users mobile wallet. There was no need to install additional applications on mobile devices and business owners could create mini apps that sat in the WeChat's ecosystem.
WeChat allows people to add friends by a variety of methods, including searching by username or phone number, adding from phone or email contacts, playing a "message in a bottle" game, or viewing nearby people who are also using the same service. In 2015 Wechat added a "friend radar" function.
In March 2017, Tencent released a new feature of Wechat: Wechat Index. As a search term inserted the WeChat Index page, users are eligible to check the popularity of this term in past 7, 30, and 90 days. The data are essentially mined from those countless contents published among official WeChat accounts. Metrics such as social sharing, likes and reads are taken accounted into the evaluation.
News Feed and SearchEdit
Starting in 2013 reports arose that Chinese language searches even outside China were being keyword filtered and then blocked. This occurred both on incoming traffic to China from foreign countries but also exclusively between foreign parties (The service had already censored its communications within China). In the international example of blocking, a message was displayed on users' screens: "The message "南方周末" your message contains restricted words. Please check it again." These are the simplified Chinese characters for a Guangzhou-based paper called Southern Weekly (or, alternatively, Southern Weekend). The next day Tencent released a statement addressing the issue saying "A small number of WeChat international users were not able to send certain messages due to a technical glitch this Thursday. Immediate actions have been taken to rectify it. We apologize for any inconvenience it has caused to our users. We will continue to improve the product features and technological support to provide a better user experience." WeChat planned to build two different platforms to avoid this problem in the future; one for Chinese mainlanders and one for the rest of the world. The problem existed because WeChat's servers were all located in China and thus subjected to its censorship rules.
Two Censorship SystemsEdit
- Keyword filtering is only enabled for users who registered via phone numbers from mainland China;
- Users won't get notices any more when messages are blocked;
- Filtering is more strict on group chat;
- Keywords are not static. Some newfound censored keywords are in response to current news events;
- Internal browser in WeChat will block China accounts from accessing some websites such as gambling, Falun Gong and critical reports on China. International users are not blocked except accessing some gambling and pornography websites.
Restricting Sharing Websites in "Moments"Edit
In 2014, WeChat announced that according to "related regulations", domains of the web pages that want to get shared in WeChat Moments need to get an Internet Content Provider (ICP) licence by Dec 31, 2014 to avoid being restricted by WeChat.
WeChat’s advertising has significantly affected China’s society, and helped drive digital marketing strategies. Many campaigns have been launched to attract new users and retain existing ones since 2011. In 2015, one campaign was about reviewing the user’s life over the past year and was timed to coincide with the fourth WeChat anniversary. Users could trace their history such as the first friend on WeChat or how many "Likes" they received that year. The campaign created value with the digital marketing, by relating products and customers together. Users appreciated this campaign because it witnessed their growth along happiness and sadness. In another major campaign in 2016, users could upload a paid photo on "Moments" and only someone willing to pay for it could see the photo and comment on it. The photos were taken down each night.
Digital Marketing in ChinaEdit
High service and low costEdit
Compared with Facebook and other social media, WeChat allows businesses to open an account and gain a following on the platform for free. Businesses can send messages to the followers and get frequently links with them.
Huge consumer baseEdit
WeChat has a large number and wide range of users with differing ages. Business that put advertisements on WeChat have a wide range of potential customers.
Connecting with WeChat’s huge customer base can be the determining factor to turn users from prospect into customers by leaving a lasting impression about brands and by sending content to educate the users.
Key Opinion LeadersEdit
Many Key Opinion Leaders (KOL) (people who are influential and have established significant followings on social media) are active on the WeChat. KOLs have been particularly effective for promoting branding for Chinese companies who have recruited and developed relationships with KOLs as the latter can help build and e-reputation and share the information about the products. For example, in 2016 L'Oréal China cooperated with Papi Jiang (a popular KOL and blogger who has over 10 million followers) to promote their products. Over one million people watched her first video promoting L'Oreal's beauty brand MG.
WeChat operates from China under Chinese law, which includes strong censorship provisions and interception protocols. WeChat contains the ability to access the text messages and contact books of its users and users' locations through the GPS feature.
Countries and regions such as India, the United States, China and Taiwan all fear that the app poses a threat to national or regional security for various reasons. In Taiwan, legislators were concerned that the potential exposure of private communications was a threat to regional security. In June 2013, the Indian Intelligence Bureau flagged WeChat for security concerns. India has debated whether or not they should ban WeChat for its possibility in collecting too much personal information and data from its users.
Users in China also have expressed concern for the privacy issues of the app. Human rights activist Hu Jia was jailed for three years for sedition. He speculates that the guobao officials, or the internal security bureau, listened to his voicemail messages that were directed to his friends, repeating the words displayed within the voice mail messages to Hu Jia. Chinese authorities have further accused the WeChat app of threatening individual safety. China Central Television (short CCTV), a state run broadcaster, featured a piece in which WeChat was described as an app that allows criminals an easy way in due to its location-reporting features. CCTV gave an example of such accusations through reporting the murder of a single woman who was murdered by a man she met on WeChat after he attempted to rob her. The location-reporting feature, according to reports, was the reason for the man's knowing of the victim's whereabouts. Authorities within China have linked WeChat to numerous crimes. The city of Hangzhou, for example, reported over twenty crimes related to WeChat in the span of three months.
Supporters of the app have argued that WeChat is safe overall. Martin Johnson, a founder of the anti-censorship site GreatFire.org, stated that WeChat was a less of a potential threat than the app Weibo which is modelled on WeChat's focus on messaging between well-known acquaintances and social groups. Doug Young, a Shanghai-based author of the Party Line, noted that while the app might practice self-censorship within China, it would not, however, practice the same self-censorship outside China. Doing so, according to Young, would affect the app's image and possibly hamper its global expansion.
In 2015, Apple published a list of the top 25 most popular apps infected with the XcodeGhost malware, confirming earlier reports that version 6.2.5 of WeChat for iOS was infected with it. The malware originated in a counterfeit version of Xcode (dubbed "XcodeGhost"), Apple's software development tools, and made its way into the compiled app through a modified framework. Despite Apple's review process, WeChat and other infected apps were approved and distributed through the App Store. Even though some sources claimed that the malware was capable of prompting the user for their account credentials, opening URLs and reading the device's clipboard, Apple responded that the malware was not capable of doing "anything malicious" or transmitting any personally identifiable information beyond "apps and general system information" and that it had no information that suggested that this had happened. Some commentators considered this to be the largest security breach in the App Store's history.
Mobile phone applicationsEdit
WeChat has a mobile phone app which is available on Android, iPhone, BlackBerry, Windows Phone, and Symbian phones. Web-based OS X and Windows clients also exist. This however requires the user to have the app installed on a supported mobile phone for authentication, and neither message roaming nor 'Moments' are provided.
WeChat provides WebWeChat, a Web-based client with messaging and file transfer capabilities. WeChat is largely an Android app, although it also provides a WeChat app for Apple Mac users. Other functions cannot be used on it, such as the detection of nearby people, or interacting with Moments or Official Accounts. To use the Web-based client, it is necessary to first scan a QR code using the phone app. This means it is not possible to get onto the WeChat network if you do not possess a suitable smartphone with the app installed.
There have been some reported issues with the Web client. Specifically when using English, some users have experienced autocorrect, autocomplete, auto-capitalization, and auto-delete behavior as they type messages and even after the message was sent. For example, "gonna" was autocorrected to "go", the E's were auto-deleted in "need", "wechat" was auto-capitalized to "Wechat" but not "WeChat", and after the message was sent, "don't" got auto-corrected to "do not". However, the auto-corrected word(s) after the message was sent appeared on the phone app as the user had originally typed it ("don't" was seen on the phone app whereas "do not" was seen on the Web client). Users could translate a foreign language during a conversation and the words were posted on Moments.
In 2014 Burberry, partnered with WeChat to create its own WeChat apps around its fall 2014 runway show, giving users live streams from the shows. Another brand, Michael Kors used WeChat to give live updates from their runway show, and later to run a photo contest "Chic Together WeChat campaign". Several International brands used WeChat as a marketing tool in China but made limited use of other WeChat features such as customer service.
In 2015 WeChat collaborated with Cogobuy's subsidiary IngDan Ltd for the "WeChat Hardware Competition". Cogobuy and WeChat established an "Internet of Things" (IoT) ecosystem partnership with over one million followers the same year. By forming a closed loop ecosystem, Cogobuy served each entrepreneur and innovator, even the entire IoT industry. IngDan Ltd provided the consolidated support with supply chain services and resource connectivity to assist hardware innovators to produce their products, as well as the platform to promote their products to WeChat followers through the collaboration.
In 2015, WeChat partnered with eBay to together bring the eBay inventory onto Wechat store for buyers in China using Chinese Yuan. It was an extension of eBay's Customer-to-Customer marketing but the experience was through WeChat's application using Tenpay/Weixin Pay and inventory was surfaced as daily deals.
In 2016 WeChat partnered with 60 Italian (WeChat had an office in Milan) companies who were able to sell their products and services on the Chinese market without having to get a licence to operate a business in China. WeChat partnered with an Italian company Digital Retex to help companies set up their brands on the WeChat platform. In 2017, Andrea Ghizzoni, European director of Tencent, said that 95% of global luxury brands used WeChat.
- Tencent Inc. (June 25, 2014). "WeChat". App Store. Apple. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
1. App Store has been noted 12+, which means download only for twelve years and older (for Apple ID holder).
2. iOS version available in iPhone only but user can run in iPad.
- Tencent Inc. (March 17, 2014). "WeChat". Mac App Store. Apple. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
- Tencent Inc. (August 12, 2013). "WeChat". Google Play. Google. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
- Tencent Inc. (June 26, 2015). "WeChat". Windows Phone Marketplace. Microsoft. Retrieved July 1, 2015.
- Tencent Inc. "WeChat 4.2 for S60v3 Release". WeChat. Retrieved October 12, 2015.
- Tencent Inc. "WeChat 4.2 for S60v5 Release". WeChat. Retrieved October 12, 2015.
- "WeChat". APKMirror. Android Police. April 2, 2017. Retrieved March 30, 2017.
- It's time for messaging apps to quit the bullshit numbers and tell us how many users are active. techinasia.com. January 23, 2014. Steven Millward.
- "WeChat's world". The Economist. 2016-08-16. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 2016-08-08.
- "Tencent reports 58% profit surge on strong Q1 driven by WeChat and gaming". TechNode. 18 May 2017.
- "WeChat User & Business Ecosystem Report 2017". TechNode. 2017-04-24. Retrieved 2017-05-06.
- Murgia, Madhumita (2017-03-31). "WeChat offers UK groups platform to sell goods in China". Financial Times. p. 18. Retrieved 2017-03-31. (Subscription required (. ))
- Loretta Chao , Paul Mozur (Nov 19, 2012). "Zhang Xiaolong, Wechat founder". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- "微信进行时：厚积薄发的力量". 环球企业家. 2012-01-13. Retrieved 2012-12-03.
- "E-commerce in China; Industry Report" (PDF). ECOVIS R&G Consulting Ltd. (Beijing) and Advantage Austria. 2015. Retrieved 2017-03-31.
- 陈小蒙 (2012-11-07). "微信：走出中国，走向世界？". 36氪. Retrieved 2012-12-03.
- Millward, Steven (March 18, 2015). "WeChat now has 500 million monthly active users". Tech in Asia.
- Millward, Steven (2015-08-12). "WeChat rockets to 600M monthly users". Tech in Asia. Retrieved 2016-08-07.
- C. Custer (April 18, 2016). "WeChat blasts past 700 million monthly active users, tops China's most popular apps". Tech In Asia. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
- "WeChat breaks 700 million monthly active users". BI Intellegence. Business Insider. 2016-04-20. Retrieved 2016-08-08.
- Yang, Yuan (2017-05-18). "Tencent scores with domination of mobile gaming". FinancialTimes. p. 15. Retrieved 2017-05-18. (Subscription required (. ))
- on YouTube Published on Aug 9, 2016
- https://community.giffgaff.com/t5/Blog/WeChat-Messaging-App-Review/ba-p/14153535 WeChat users can send free text messages (SMS), picture messages (MMS), voice messages, video messages, and make free voice calls and video calls. Group chat functionality, broadcast messages (sending voice messages to multiple users) and walkie talkie mode are also available. Other services include location sharing, contacts sharing, photo sharing, moments and games. Moments allow users to share photos with their Facebook or Twitter accounts. WeChat offers paid for services including downloading stickers and downloading games with in-app game purchases. After three months of launching WeChat's Game Center in 2013, it registered over 570 million downloads.
- "WeChat - Features". wechat.com. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- The sticker wars
- 方雨 (2014-11-04). "微信公众号已经进入标配期".
- 3139. "北京8家医院年内推出微信挂号服务 可挂专家号". people.com.cn. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- "港澳通行证续签新"技能"：微信续签送红包！". tongyue.com. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- "WeChat - Features". www.wechat.com. Retrieved 2015-12-13.
- Chan, Connie (August 6, 2015). "When One App Rules Them All: The Case of WeChat and Mobile in China". Andreessen Horowitz.
- "WeChat now supports payments between users and one-click payments | Finance Magnates". Fin Tech | Finance Magnates. Retrieved 2015-12-13.
- "How Social Cash Made WeChat The App For Everything". Fast Company. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- "WeChat Pay invests USD 15 M to support its service providers". AllChinaTech. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
- "The Truth About The New WeChat Service Charge=http://chinachannel.co/new-wechat-service-charge/=18 February 2017".
- Stanciu, Tudor (2015-04-24). "Why WeChat City Services Is A Game-Changing Move For Smartphone Adoption". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2017-05-18.
- "微信又一超赞新功能接入！ - 今日头条(TouTiao.com)". toutiao.com. Retrieved 2015-12-13.
- "WeChat City Services". Grata. Retrieved 2015-12-13.
- Horwitz, Josh. "WeChat's new heat map feature lets users—and Chinese authorities—see where crowds are forming". Quartz. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
- Lopez, Napier (2016-04-18). "WeChat just launched a Slack competitor, but there's a catch". The Next Web. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
- "WeChat Enterprise could be the app to take down Slack". Digital Trends. 2016-04-18. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
- Hook, Leslie. "Tencent's WeChat uses its muscle to appeal to business users". Financial Times. ISSN 0307-1766. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
- Osawa, Juro (2016-04-18). "Tencent Targets Corporate Clients With Enterprise We Chat Launch". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2017-01-01.
- Russell, Jon. "China's Tencent takes on the App Store with launch of 'mini programs' for WeChat". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
- "Quick Guide: What's WeChat Mini Program and How Do I Get It". Marcetable. 2017-01-16. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
- Xu, Sean. "New Tool For WeChat Marketers – A Full Guide On How To Use WeChat Index (WCI)". GrizzlyPandaMarketing. Retrieved 2017-03-24.
- Yang, Yuang; Yang, Yingzhi (May 18, 2017). "Tencent pushes into news feed and search in challenge to Baidu". Financial Times. United Kingdom. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
- Millward, Steven (10 January 2013). "Now China's WeChat App is Censoring Its Users Globally". TECHINASIA.
- Millward, Steven (11 January 2013). "Tencent Responds in Case of Apparent WeChat Censorship". TECHINASIA.
- Muncaster, Phil (11 January 2013). "China censors chat users outside China". The Register.
- "One App, Two Systems: How WeChat uses one censorship policy in China and another internationally". Citizen Lab. 2016-11-30. Retrieved 2016-12-03.
- "WeChat: Domains Need ICP License Before Being Shared (Chinese)". QQ.com. 12 December 2014.
- "Organizing today for the digital marketing of tomorrow - ScienceDirect". www.sciencedirect.com. Retrieved 2017-05-11.
- "微信朋友圈新功能真会玩：发红包才能看照片 | 雷锋网". 2016-01-26. Retrieved 2017-05-11.
- Lee, Bobby. "5 Reasons Why WeChat Is Successful In China". Retrieved 2017-05-11.
- Company, Newtek - Your Business Solutions. "Five Important Digital Marketing Elements To Consider". Forbes. Retrieved 2017-05-11.
- "微信四周年消息：朋友圈广告没有第一个只有第一波-微信四周年消息：朋友圈广告没有第一个只有第一波-驱动之家". news.mydrivers.com. Retrieved 2017-05-11.
- "WeChat, the center of your 2016 digital strategy in China". Chairman Media. 2016-05-05. Retrieved 2017-05-11.
- Bullas, Jeff (2017-03-29). "The Most Important WeChat Features for Digital Marketers Targeting Chinese Consumers". Jeffbullas's Blog. Retrieved 2017-05-11.
- "美即抢先一步“勾搭”papi酱 欧莱雅破得了中国品牌收购即毁灭的魔咒吗_聚美丽". www.jumeili.cn (in cn). Retrieved 2017-05-11.
- Doland, Angela (2017). "Papi Jiang, Video Blogger, Comedian". AdAge. Retrieved 2017-05-18.
- Nicola Davison. "WeChat: the Chinese social media app that has dissidents worried". the Guardian. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- "The WeChat revolution: China's 'killer app' for mass communication". NDTV Gadgets. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- "WeChat is a threat to national security claim researchers - ParityNews". ParityNews. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- "Chinese Mobile Messaging App WeChat Still A Big Worry For The Indian Government". lighthouseinsights.in. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- Lyer, Maitrayee (2014-06-09). "WeChat introduces Friends Radar to add friends to your list with a tap". Latest Tech News, Video & Photo Reviews. BGR India. Retrieved 2016-08-08.
- "Tencent's WeChat is a Threat to Everyone". Tech in Asia. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- "China's hot messaging app WeChat may be good news for censors". Reuters. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- "XcodeGhost Q&A". Apple. September 23, 2015. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
- Claud, Xiao (September 17, 2015). "Novel Malware XcodeGhost Modifies Xcode, Infects Apple iOS Apps and Hits App Store". Palo Alto Networks. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
- Claud, Xiao (September 18, 2015). "Malware XcodeGhost Infects 39 iOS Apps, Including WeChat, Affecting Hundreds of Millions of Users". Palo Alto Networks. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
- Reed, Thomas (September 21, 2015). "XcodeGhost malware infiltrates App Store". Malwarebytes. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
- Claud, Xiao (September 18, 2015). "Update: XcodeGhost Attacker Can Phish Passwords and Open URLs through Infected Apps". Palo Alto Networks. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
- Mittal Mandalia (2014-02-28). "WeChat announces native Mac client; Windows version may follow soon". techienews.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-03-06.
- "WeChat for Windows".
- Sohu IT page (in Chinese) "登陆依然需要手机扫描二维码" (registration still requires having your mobile scan a code)
- "Web WeChat". qq.com. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- "WeChat for PC Download or WeChat for Computer (Windows 7/8 & Mac)". WeChat for PC Download or WeChat for Windows 7/8. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- Gaurav. "Wechat For PC – Download Wechat For Windows 7/8/". extraneous-kickassery.com. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
- "安卓模拟器被全面封杀 微信开放性再引质疑".
- Zhang, Xin; Daai (2015-11-29). "The Functionalities of Mobile Applications, Case Study: WeChat (Thesis)" (PDF). Lahti University of Applied Sciences. Lahti, Finland: Faculty of Business Studies' Degree programme in Business Information Technology. p. 39.
- Nay, Josh Robert (2015-05-27). "WeChat Version 6.2 for iOS and Android Brings Moments Translation, Chat Log Migration, and More". TruTower. Retrieved 2017-05-18.
- Mau, Dhani (10 August 2015). "HOW WESTERN FASHION BRANDS ARE USING SOCIAL MEDIA IN CHINA". Fashionista. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
- "Michael Kors' WeChat Selfie Competition Shows New York Heritage". Jing Daily. 2016-05-04. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
- "WeChat Marketing Crucial for Luxury Brands". Marketing China. 2016-09-05. Retrieved 2017-04-03.
- "IngDan: a one-stop supply chain centre for online-to-offline". IngDan official website. 2017. Retrieved 2017-04-03.
- "Cogobuy - Ingdan.com Followers Hit Million Mark". PR Newswire. Cision. 2015-02-03.
- "Cogobuy Announces Unaudited Operation Summary for 2014 Q3". Stock House News. 2015.
- "Digital Retex". Digital Retex Website. 2017. Retrieved 2017-03-31.