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1972 Tour de France

The 1972 Tour de France was the 59th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. It took place from 1 to 22 July, with 20 stages covering a distance of 3,846 km (2,390 mi). The long awaited clash between Eddy Merckx and Luis Ocaña after Ocaña crashed on Col de Menté in the 1971 Tour de France. After dominating the race, Luis Ocaña crashed once more, in the Pyrenees, and left Eddy Merckx to battle Cyrille Guimard for the win. Guimard, having won four stages, had to leave the race after stage 17 in second place (he already was 7:58 behind at that point), but was given the combativity award after the race.[1]

1972 Tour de France
Map of France with the route of the 1972 Tour de France
Route of the 1972 Tour de France
Race details
Dates1–22 July
Stages20 + Prologue, including four split stages
Distance3,846 km (2,390 mi)
Winning time108h 17' 18"
Results
Winner  Eddy Merckx (BEL) (Molteni)
  Second  Felice Gimondi (ITA) (Salvarani)
  Third  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) (Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson)

Points  Eddy Merckx (BEL) (Molteni)
  Mountains  Lucien Van Impe (BEL) (Sonolor–Lejeune)
Combination  Eddy Merckx (BEL) (Beaulieu–Flandria)
  Sprints  Willy Teirlinck (BEL) (Sonolor–Lejeune)
  Combativity  Cyrille Guimard (FRA) (Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson)
  Team Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson
← 1971
1973 →

TeamsEdit

Pre-race favouritesEdit

 
Luis Ocaña in (pictured at the 1973 Tour) returned after crashing out in the previous Tour whilst wearing the race leader's yellow jersey.

In the previous year, Luis Ocaña was on his way to beat Eddy Merckx, when he fell as leader and had to give up. Everybody expected Merckx and Ocana to battle for the victory in 1972.[1] Ocana felt that he could have won the 1971 Tour, and Merckx did not like the comments that he did not deserve the 1971 victory, and both wanted to show their strengths.[2] Merckx had won important races before the Tour started, including the 1972 Giro d'Italia, and was also the reigning world champion. Ocana had won less races, but won the Criterium du Dauphiné Libéré.[2] The most important other participants were considered Raymond Poulidor, Felice Gimondi, Joop Zoetemelk and Bernard Thévenet.[2]

José Manuel Fuente, who had won the 1972 Vuelta a España and finished second in the 1972 Giro d'Italia, did not compete, as his team decided they had already been in too many hard races.[3] Herman Van Springel had announced four days prior to the Tour that he would leave his team after his contract would end at the end of 1972. His team then removed him from the Tour squad.[4]

Route and stagesEdit

For the first time since 1947, the Tour de France was entirely in France.[5]

Three days before the Tour started on 1 July, the schedule was changed: the final time trial was split, with the first 42 km as a time trial in the morning, and the last 89 km as a mass-start stage in the afternoon.[6] There were two rest days, in Bayonne and Orcières.[7]

Stage characteristics and winners[1][7][8]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
P 1 July Angers 7.2 km (4.5 mi)   Individual time trial   Eddy Merckx (BEL)
1 2 July Angers to Saint-Brieuc 235.5 km (146.3 mi)   Plain stage   Cyrille Guimard (FRA)
2 3 July Saint-Brieuc to La Baule 206.5 km (128.3 mi)   Plain stage   Rik Van Linden (BEL)
3a 4 July Pornichet to Saint-Jean-de-Monts 161.0 km (100.0 mi)   Plain stage   Ercole Gualazzini (ITA)
3b Merlin-Plage 16.2 km (10.1 mi)   Team time trial  Molteni
4 5 July Merlin-Plage to Royan 236.0 km (146.6 mi)   Plain stage   Cyrille Guimard (FRA)
5a 6 July Royan to Bordeaux 133.5 km (83.0 mi)   Plain stage   Walter Godefroot (BEL)
5b Bordeaux 12.7 km (7.9 mi)   Individual time trial   Eddy Merckx (BEL)
6 7 July Bordeaux to Bayonne 205.0 km (127.4 mi)   Plain stage   Leo Duyndam (NED)
8 July Bayonne Rest day
7 9 July Bayonne to Pau 220.5 km (137.0 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Yves Hézard (FRA)
8 10 July Pau to Luchon 163.5 km (101.6 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Eddy Merckx (BEL)
9 11 July Luchon to Colomiers 179.0 km (111.2 mi)   Hilly stage   Jos Huysmans (BEL)
10 12 July Castres to La Grande-Motte 210.0 km (130.5 mi)   Plain stage   Willy Teirlinck (BEL)
11 13 July Carnon-Plage to Mont Ventoux 207.0 km (128.6 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Bernard Thévenet (FRA)
12 14 July Carpentras to Orcières 192.0 km (119.3 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Lucien Van Impe (BEL)
15 July Orcières Rest day
13 16 July Orcières to Briançon 201.0 km (124.9 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Eddy Merckx (BEL)
14a 17 July Briançon to Valloire 51.0 km (31.7 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Eddy Merckx (BEL)
14b Valloire to Aix-les-Bains 151.0 km (93.8 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Cyrille Guimard (FRA)
15 18 July Aix-les-Bains to Le Revard 28.0 km (17.4 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Cyrille Guimard (FRA)
16 19 July Aix-les-Bains to Pontarlier 198.5 km (123.3 mi)   Hilly stage   Willy Teirlinck (BEL)
17 20 July Pontarlier to Ballon d’Alsace 213.0 km (132.4 mi)   Hilly stage   Bernard Thévenet (FRA)
18 21 July Vesoul to Auxerre 257.5 km (160.0 mi)   Plain stage   Marinus Wagtmans (NED)
19 22 July Auxerre to Versailles 230.0 km (142.9 mi)   Plain stage   Joseph Bruyère (BEL)
20a 23 July Versailles 42.0 km (26.1 mi)   Individual time trial   Eddy Merckx (BEL)
20b Versailles to Paris 89.0 km (55.3 mi)   Plain stage   Willy Teirlinck (BEL)
Total 3,846 km (2,390 mi)[9]

Race overviewEdit

 
Eddy Merckx (pictured in 1973), winner of the general classification, his fourth

Merckx won the prologue, beating his rivals by some seconds.[2] In the first stage, Cyrille Guimard won the sprint, and because of the bonification seconds took over the leader's jersey in the general classification.[2] In the next stages, Merckx tried to win back time by winning bonification seconds in intermediate sprints and at the finish, but Guimard used the same tactic. Merckx won back the first position thanks to the bonification seconds after the team time trial in stage 3b, but lost it again in the fourth stage.[2] Merckx won the time trial in the second part of the fifth stage, but Guimard came third, retaining the lead. After the sixth stage, Guimard was 11 seconds ahead of Merckx. The third place was occupied by a teammate of Merckx, and Ocaña was in fourth place, one minute behind Guimard.[2]

In the seventh stage, the Tour reached the Pyrenees. Ocaña attacked two times, and the second time only Merckx could follow. When Ocaña punctured, and later crashed with Thevenet, Merckx was away without him. Another group, including Zoetemelk and Guimard, had reached Merckx, and crossed the finish line together. Ocana finished in sixth place, losing 1 minute and 49 seconds. Thevenet lost more than six minutes that stage, and lost all hope of winning. He was taken to the hospital to see if the crash had caused serious injuries, but could start the next stage.[2] In the eighth stage, Lucien Van Impe attacked on the last climb. Merckx caught him and won the stage, with Ocana only eight seconds behind him. Guimard lost three minutes, and Merckx overtook him in the general classification.[2] In the ninth stage, Roger Pingeon left the race. He did not play an important role in the general classification, but his team expected him to help his teammate Thevenet in the rest of the race.[2]

The eleventh stage ended with the climb up to Mont Ventoux. After Merckx' team had pushed the pace such that most cyclists in the peloton had dropped, Ocana attacked four times. Every time, Merckx was able to chase him, together with only Poulidor. Poulidor then attacked, but could not get away. Some other cyclists were able to get back, including Thevenet. Thevenet then attacked, and left the others behind, winning the stage.[2]

Merckx expected Ocana to attack in the twelfth stage, so he stayed with him. When Joaquim Agostinho and Lucien Van Impe attacked, Merckx let them go and stayed with Ocana, as Merckx only cared about Ocana; he did not want Ocana to win back time, and did not want him to win the stage which could give him inspiration in the next stages.[10] On the thirteenth stage, Merckx' team first set a pace that eliminated all but 16 cyclists at the start of the climb of the Vars. Raymond Delisle escaped from that group, but Merckx and Agostinho chased and passed him after the summit. On the way down, Guimard was able to catch Merckx, who had dropped Delisle and Agostinho. Climbing the Izoard, Merckx dropped Guimard, and soloed to the victory. By then, Merckx was leading the general classification firmly, almost five minutes ahead of Ocana.[2]

The first part of the fourteenth stage was also won by Merckx, who outsprinted Zoetemelk. Ocana lost two minutes, and Guimard overtook him in the general classification.[2] In the second part of the fourteenth stage, Ocana lost more than five minutes. Guimard and Merckx sprinted for the stage victory, and the photo finish gave the victory to Guimard.[2] Ocana left the race after that stage; he had contracted a lung infection after his fall in the seventh stage.[2] The stage ended with two laps of 1800 m; when it was found out that one group had missed one lap, the rules said that this group would have to ride that lap again, but the jury decided to use the times clocked after the first lap.[11]

The fifteenth stage was also narrowly won by Guimard; Merckx had already raised one hand to cheer.[2] In the seventeenth stage, Guimard struggled with his health. He needed medical attention during the entire stage, and lost two minutes on the final climb. After 10 km in the eighteenth stage, he left the race.[2]

Merckx was now leading by more than ten minutes, and was certain to win the race. The second place was still not certain; Poulidor and Gimondi were separated only by one second. In the time trial on the last day, won by Merckx, the decision fell: Gimondi came in second, Poulidor fourth, and Gimondi overtook Poulidor in the general classification. After the finish in Paris, Merckx gave the green jersey that he received for winning the points classification to Guimard, who otherwise would have been the winner of that classification.[1]

DopingEdit

Guimard had been treated by Bernard Sainz. After Guimard left the race, there were rumours that Guimard had been using doping in the last days of the Tour; to end these rumours, he requested that after the eighteenth stage, he would also be checked for doping.[12]

In 2000, Sainz wrote the book "The stunning revelation of Dr. Mabuse", where he denied that he was responsible.[13]

Later that year, Eddy Merckx finished second in the athlete of the year poll, behind Mark Spitz.[14]

Classification leadershipEdit

There were several classifications in the 1972 Tour de France, three of them awarding jerseys to their leaders.[15] The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[16]

Additionally, there was a points classification, where cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[17]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorised some climbs as either first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorised climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, but was not identified with a jersey in 1972.[18]

Another classification was the combination classification. This classification was calculated as a combination of the other classifications, its leader wore the white jersey.[19]

The fifth individual classification was the intermediate sprints classification. This classification had similar rules as the points classification, but only points were awarded on intermediate sprints. In 1972, this classification had no associated jersey.[20]

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that led this classification wore yellow caps.[20]

In addition, there was a combativity award, in which a jury composed of journalists gave points after certain stages to the cyclist they considered most combative. The split stages each had a combined winner.[21] At the conclusion of the Tour, Cyrille Guimard won the overall super-combativity award, also decided by journalists.[7] The Souvenir Henri Desgrange was given to the first rider to pass the memorial to Tour founder Henri Desgrange near the summit of the Col du Galibier. This prize was won by Joop Zoetemelk during stage 14a.[22]

Classification leadership by stage[23][24]
Stage Winner General classification
 
Points classification
 
Mountains classification[n 1] Combination classification
 
Intermediate sprints classification Team classification Combativity award
P Eddy Merckx Eddy Merckx Eddy Merckx no award no award no award Molteni no award
1 Cyrille Guimard Cyrille Guimard Cyrille Guimard Cyrille Guimard Cyrille Guimard Cyrille Guimard Cyrille Guimard
2 Rik Van Linden Edward Janssens
3a Ercole Gualazzini Joop Zoetemelk
3b Molteni Eddy Merckx
4 Cyrille Guimard Cyrille Guimard Peugeot–BP–Michelin Gerard Vianen
5a Walter Godefroot Willy Teirlinck
5b Eddy Merckx Molteni
6 Leo Duyndam Mathieu Pustjens Guy Santy
7 Yves Hézard Wilfried David Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson Wilfried David
8 Eddy Merckx Eddy Merckx Eddy Merckx Eddy Merckx Lucien Van Impe
9 Jos Huysmans Christian Raymond
10 Willy Teirlinck Ronny Vanmarcke
11 Bernard Thévenet Luis Ocaña
12 Lucien Van Impe Lucien Van Impe Joaquim Agostinho
13 Eddy Merckx Eddy Merckx Luis Ocaña
14a Eddy Merckx Raymond Delisle
14b Cyrille Guimard
15 Cyrille Guimard Raymond Poulidor
16 Willy Teirlinck Lucien Van Impe Leif Mortensen
17 Bernard Thévenet Joaquim Agostinho
18 Marinus Wagtmans Eddy Merckx Willy Teirlinck Rini Wagtmans
19 Joseph Bruyère Guy Santy
20a Eddy Merckx Alain Bellouis
20b Willy Teirlinck
Final Eddy Merckx Eddy Merckx Lucien Van Impe Eddy Merckx Willy Teirlinck Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson Cyrille Guimard

Final standingsEdit

Legend
  Denotes the winner of the general classification   Denotes the winner of the points classification
  Denotes the winner of the combination classification

General classificationEdit

Final general classification (1–10)[1]
Rank Rider Team Time
1   Eddy Merckx (BEL)       Molteni 108h 17' 18"
2   Felice Gimondi (ITA) Salvarani + 10' 41"
3   Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson + 11' 34"
4   Lucien Van Impe (BEL) Sonolor–Lejeune + 16' 45"
5   Joop Zoetemelk (NED) Beaulieu–Flandria + 19' 09"
6   Mariano Martinez (FRA) Van Cauter–Magniflex–de Gribaldy + 21' 31"
7   Yves Hézard (FRA) Sonolor–Lejeune + 21' 52"
8   Joaquim Agostinho (POR) Van Cauter–Magniflex–de Gribaldy + 34' 16"
9   Bernard Thévenet (FRA) Peugeot–BP–Michelin + 37' 11"
10   Ward Janssens (BEL) Van Cauter–Magniflex–de Gribaldy + 42' 33"

Points classificationEdit

Final points classification (1–10)[1][25][n 2]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Eddy Merckx (BEL)       Molteni 197
2   Rik Van Linden (BEL) Van Cauter–Magniflex–de Gribaldy 135
3   Joop Zoetemelk (NED) Beaulieu–Flandria 133
4   Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson 122
5   Frans Verbeeck (BEL) Watney–Avia 118
6   Felice Gimondi (ITA) Salvarani 112
7   Marino Basso (ITA) Salvarani 112
8   Willy Teirlinck (BEL) Sonolor–Lejeune 110
9   Lucien Van Impe (BEL) Sonolor–Lejeune 105
10   Mariano Martinez (FRA) Van Cauter–Magniflex–de Gribaldy 89

Mountains classificationEdit

Final mountains classification (1–10)[1][25]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Lucien Van Impe (BEL) Sonolor–Lejeune 229
2   Eddy Merckx (BEL)       Molteni 211
3   Joaquim Agostinho (POR) Van Cauter–Magniflex–de Gribaldy 138
4   Mathieu Pustjens (NED) Sonolor–Lejeune 109
5   Joop Zoetemelk (NED) Beaulieu–Flandria 104
6   Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson 79
7   Raymond Delisle (FRA) Peugeot–BP–Michelin 55
8   Bernard Thévenet (FRA) Peugeot–BP–Michelin 49
9   Mariano Martinez (FRA) Van Cauter–Magniflex–de Gribaldy 43
10   Roger Swerts (BEL) Molteni 35

Combination classificationEdit

Final combination classification (1–9)[25][27]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Eddy Merckx (BEL)       Molteni 4
2   Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson 13
3   Joop Zoetemelk (NED) Beaulieu–Flandria 13
4   Lucien Van Impe (BEL) Sonolor–Lejeune 14
5   Felice Gimondi (ITA) Salvarani 19
6   Mariano Martinez (FRA) Van Cauter–Magniflex–de Gribaldy 25
7   Joaquim Agostinho (POR) Van Cauter–Magniflex–de Gribaldy 26
8   Yves Hézard (FRA) Sonolor–Lejeune 34.5
9   Leif Mortensen (DEN) Bic 42.5

Intermediate sprints classificationEdit

Final intermediate sprints classification (1–10)[n 3][25][28]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Willy Teirlinck (BEL) Sonolor–Lejeune 61
2   Robert Mintkiewicz (FRA) Sonolor–Lejeune 48
3   Barry Hoban (GBR) Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson 28
4   Giacinto Santambrogio (ITA) Salvarani 28
5   Raymond Riotte (FRA) Sonolor–Lejeune 27
6   Eddy Merckx (BEL)       Molteni 16
7   Gerben Karstens (NED) Rokado–Colders 15
8   Joop Zoetemelk (NED) Beaulieu–Flandria 13
9   Jos van der Vleuten (NED) Goudsmit–Hoff 10
10   Joaquim Agostinho (POR) Van Cauter–Magniflex–de Gribaldy 9

Team classificationEdit

Final team classification (1–10)[25]
Rank Team Time
1 Gan–Mercier–Hutchinson 327h 44' 34"
2 Van Cauter–Magniflex–de Gribaldy + 8' 29"
3 Molteni + 12' 45"
4 Sonolor–Lejeune + 17' 45"
5 Bic + 46' 09"
6 Salvarani + 56' 27"
7 Peugeot–BP–Michelin + 58' 46"
8 Beaulieu–Flandria + 1h 43' 13"
9 Rokado–Colders + 3h 21' 13"
10 Goudsmit–Hoff + 3h 21' 13"

NotesEdit

  1. ^ No jersey was awarded to the leader of the mountains classification until a white jersey with red polka dots was introduced in 1975.[18]
  2. ^ When Cyrille Guimard left the race in the 17th stage, he was leading the points classification with 228 points.[26]
  3. ^ When Cyrille Guimard left the race in the 17th stage, he was leading the intermediate sprints classification with 65 points.[26]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "59ème Tour de France 1972" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 23 February 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q McGann & McGann 2008, pp. 66–73.
  3. ^ "Spaanse Kas-ploeg niet aan de start in Tour de France". Nieuwsblad van het Noorden (in Dutch). De krant van toen. 14 June 1972. p. 23. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
  4. ^ "Angers nog niet in ban wielercircus". Leeuwarder Courant (in Dutch). De krant van toen. 1 July 1972. p. 11. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
  5. ^ "Ronde van Frankrijk van 1 t/m 23 juli". Leeuwarder Courant (in Dutch). De krant van toen. 18 January 1972. p. 13. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
  6. ^ "Ocana is in het voordeel". Nieuwsblad van het Noorden (in Dutch). De krant van toen. 28 June 1972. p. 23. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
  7. ^ a b c Augendre 2016, p. 63.
  8. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC top ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
  9. ^ Augendre 2016, p. 109.
  10. ^ "Alleen Ocana gelooft in een wonder". Nieuwsblad van het Noorden (in Dutch). De krant van toen. 15 July 1972. p. 17. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
  11. ^ "Ocana staakt wanhopige strijd". Nieuwsblad van het Noorden (in Dutch). De krant van toen. 18 July 1972. p. 14. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
  12. ^ "Zoetemelk in het groen". Leeuwarder Courant (in Dutch). De krant van toen. 22 July 1972. p. 6. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
  13. ^ Haake, Bjorn (18 March 2010). "Sainz gets one year prison term". Velonation. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
  14. ^ "Mark Spitz sportman van het jaar". Leeuwarder Courant. De krant van toen. 11 January 1973. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
  15. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 452–455.
  16. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 452–453.
  17. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 453–454.
  18. ^ a b Nauright & Parrish 2012, p. 454.
  19. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 454–455.
  20. ^ a b Nauright & Parrish 2012, p. 455.
  21. ^ van den Akker 2018, pp. 211–216.
  22. ^ "Ocana staakt wanhopige strijd" [Ocana ends desperate fight]. Nieuwsblad van het Noorden (in Dutch). 18 July 1972. p. 14 – via De Krant van Toen.
  23. ^ "De ronde in cijfers" [The race in numbers]. Gazet van Antwerpen (in Dutch). 24 July 1972. p. 16. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019.
  24. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Informatie over de Tour de France van 1972" [Information about the Tour de France from 1972]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  25. ^ a b c d e "Clasificaciones oficiales" (PDF). Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 24 July 1972. p. 17. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 October 2019.
  26. ^ a b "Clasificaciones oficiales" (PDF). Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 21 July 1972. p. 17. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 October 2019.
  27. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Combinatieklassement" [Combination classification]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  28. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Sprintdoorkomsten in de Tour de France 1972" [Sprint results in the Tour de France 1972]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 25 April 2019. Retrieved 25 April 2019.

BibliographyEdit

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit

  Media related to 1972 Tour de France at Wikimedia Commons