1984 Winter Olympics

The 1984 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIV Olympic Winter Games (French: XIVes Jeux olympiques d'hiver; Serbo-Croatian: XIV. zimske olimpijske igre / XIV Зимске олимпијске игре; Macedonian: XIV Зимски олимписки игри; Slovene: XIV olimpijske zimske igre) and commonly known as Sarajevo '84, was a winter multi-sport event held between 8 and 19 February 1984 in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia, in what is now Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was the first Winter Olympic Games held in a socialist state and in a Slavic language-speaking country. It was the second consecutive Olympic Games to be held in a socialist state and in a Slavic language-speaking country, after the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, Soviet Union. It was also the first Olympics to take place in the Balkans since the first Olympic Games in Athens.

XIV Olympic Winter Games
1984 Winter Olympics logo.svg
Logo of the 1984 Winter Olympics[a]
Host citySarajevo, SR Bosnia and Herzegovina, SFR Yugoslavia
Nations49
Athletes1,272 (998 men, 274 women)
Events39 in 6 sports (10 disciplines)
Opening8 February
Closing19 February
Opened by
Cauldron
StadiumKoševo Stadium
Winter
Lake Placid 1980 Calgary 1988
Summer
Moscow 1980 Los Angeles 1984

Host city selectionEdit

The host city for the XIV Olympic Winter Games was announced on 18 May 1978, during the 80th session of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in Athens, Greece. Sarajevo was selected by a margin of three votes over Sapporo, Japan, which had hosted the Winter Games 12 years earlier. Gothenburg became the first Swedish city to lose a Winter Olympics bid; other Swedish cities, such as Falun and Östersund, would later lose consecutive bids to Calgary (1988), Albertville (1992), Lillehammer (1994), Nagano (1998), and Salt Lake City (2002), respectively. Sarajevo, the capital of present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina, was part of the united Yugoslavia at the time.

1984 Winter Olympics bidding results[1]
City Country Round 1 Round 2
Sarajevo   Yugoslavia 31 39
Sapporo   Japan 33 36
Gothenburg   Sweden 10

Torch relayEdit

 
Olympic torch Sarajevo 1984

The torch relay for the 1984 Winter Olympics started in Olympia and then proceeded by airplane to Dubrovnik. The total distance of the torch relay through Yugoslavia was 5,289 kilometres (3,286 mi) (plus 2,879 kilometres (1,789 mi) of local routes). There were two main routes – one in the west (SplitLjubljanaZagreb – Sarajevo with 2,602 kilometres (1,617 mi) of length) and the other in the east (SkopjeNovi SadBelgradeSarajevo with 2,687 kilometres (1,670 mi) of length). The final torchbearer, from a total of 1600, was figure skater Sanda Dubravčić, who received the torch from skier runner Ivo Čarman. Today one of the two original torches is in Slovenia in a private collection in Žalec, Slovenia. Also 20 more torches are in Greece owned by individual athletes, who were the torchbearers from Ancient Olympia to the nearby military airport and from Athens Domestic Airport to the Panathinaikon Stadium where the Ceremony of handing over the Olympic Flame to the Sarajevo Olympic Games Committee occurred.[citation needed]

 
Panoramic view of Koševo Stadium during the 1984 Winter Olympics opening ceremony.

HighlightsEdit

 
The official poster of the 1984 Winter Olympics

Official mascotEdit

Readers of Yugoslav newspapers were asked to choose the mascot for the 1984 Winter Olympics from a list of six finalists. The winner was Vučko, the little wolf, designed by Slovenian designer and illustrator Jože Trobec. The other finalists were a chipmunk, a lamb, a mountain goat, a porcupine, and a snowball.[4] The Vučko is a long-time symbol of Sarajevo.[citation needed]

VenuesEdit

 
Bjelašnica alpine mountain
 
Olympic Symbol damaged during the Bosnian War

City venuesEdit

Skenderija Complex:

Mountain venuesEdit

Other facilitiesEdit

  • City Olympic Village, Mojmilo
  • Press Village, Dobrinja
  • Hotels: Igman (Igman), Famos (Bjelašnica), Smuk (Bjelašnica), Bistrica (Jahorina)

Competitive eventsEdit

There were 39 events contested in 6 sports (10 disciplines).

Demonstration sportEdit

CalendarEdit

All dates are in Central European Time (UTC+1)
OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Event finals CC Closing ceremony
February 7th
Tue
8th
Wed
9th
Thu
10th
Fri
11th
Sat
12th
Sun
13th
Mon
14th
Tue
15th
Wed
16th
Thu
17th
Fri
18th
Sat
19th
Sun
Events
  Ceremonies OC CC N/A
  Alpine skiing 1 1 2 1 1 6
  Biathlon 1 1 1 3
  Bobsleigh 1 1 2
  Cross country skiing 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
  Figure skating 1 1 1 1 4
  Ice hockey 1 1
  Luge 2 1 3
  Nordic combined 1 1
  Ski jumping 1 1 2
  Speed skating 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 9
Daily medal events 2 3 2 7 3 4 3 5 2 5 3 39
Cumulative total 2 5 7 14 17 21 24 29 31 36 39
February 7th
Tue
8th
Wed
9th
Thu
10th
Fri
11th
Sat
12th
Sun
13th
Mon
14th
Tue
15th
Wed
16th
Thu
17th
Fri
18th
Sat
19th
Sun
Total events


Medal countEdit

These are the top ten nations that won medals at the 1984 Winter Games.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  East Germany (GDR)99624
2  Soviet Union (URS)610925
3  United States (USA)4408
4  Finland (FIN)43613
5  Sweden (SWE)4228
6  Norway (NOR)3249
7  Switzerland (SUI)2215
8  Canada (CAN)2114
  West Germany (FRG)2114
10  Italy (ITA)2002
Totals (10 nations)383430102

Podium sweepsEdit

Date Sport Event NOC Gold Silver Bronze
12 February Luge Women's singles   East Germany Steffi Walter-Martin Bettina Schmidt Ute Oberhoffner-Weiß
15 February Speed skating Women's 3000 metres   East Germany Andrea Schöne Karin Enke Gabi Schönbrunn

ParticipantsEdit

A then record of 49 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) entered athletes at the 1984 Winter Olympic Games.

Egypt, Monaco, Puerto Rico, Senegal, and the British Virgin Islands participated in their 1st Winter Olympic Games.

The People's Republic of China ended its boycott of the Olympic Games over the controversy regarding the IOC's recognition of the Republic of China. The Republic of China (Taiwan) then competed as Chinese Taipei for the first time.

Participating National Olympic Committees

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

Notes

  1. ^ The emblem symbolizes a stylized snowflake, as well as the embroidery produced in the Sarajevo region with the Olympic rings above.

Citations

  1. ^ "Past Olympic host city election results". GamesBids. Archived from the original on 24 January 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
  2. ^ Sarajevo Olympics 1984 opening ceremony on YouTube
  3. ^ The 6.0 judging system has since been replaced with the ISU Judging System, therefore no other figure skater will earn perfect 6.0 scores in the future.
  4. ^ Those Loony Olympic Mascots, Time Olympics, 21 May 2010

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Lake Placid
Winter Olympics
Sarajevo

XIV Olympic Winter Games (1984)
Succeeded by
Calgary