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Raisa Petrovna Smetanina (Russian: Раиса Петровна Сметанина; born 29 February 1952) is a former Soviet/Russian cross-country skiing champion. Smetanina is an ethnic Komi. She is the first woman in history to win ten Winter Olympic medals (Stefania Belmondo being the second, Marit Bjørgen the third, and Ireen Wüst the fourth). Smetanina took part in five Olympics, representing the Soviet team four times and the Unified Team once. In particular, Smetanina won two gold and one silver medals at the 1976 Winter Olympics, becoming the most successful athlete there, along with Rosi Mittermaier of West Germany.[1]

Raisa Smetanina
RR5110-0128R.jpg
Smetanina on a 2013 Russian coin
Country Russia
Born29 February 1952 (1952-02-29) (age 67)
Mokhcha, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Height1.62 m (5 ft 4 in)
Ski clubVSS
World Cup career
Seasons19821992
Individual wins3
Team wins3
Indiv. podiums16
Team podiums9
Indiv. starts52
Team starts10
Overall titles0 – (2nd in 1984)

In the 1992 Winter Olympics, at the age of thirty-nine, Smetanina won a further gold medal competing for the Unified Team in the 4 × 5 km relay, becoming the first woman to win ten Winter Olympic medals and at that time the oldest woman to win a Winter Olympic gold.

Smetanina also had successes at the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships, winning four golds (20 km (1982), and 4 × 5 km relay (1974, 1985, and 1991), three silvers (10 km (1978), and 4 × 5 km relay (1982, 1989)), and four bronzes (4 × 5 km relay (1978), 5 km (1974, 1978), and 20 km (1980)). She also won three times at the Holmenkollen ski festival, once in the 10 km (1975) and twice in the 5 km (1975 and 1979).

In 1979, Smetanina received the Holmenkollen medal (shared with Erik Håker and Ingemar Stenmark).[1] She was also awarded Order of Friendship of Peoples (1984).[2]

Olympic resultsEdit

  • 10 medals – (4 gold, 5 silver, 1 bronze)
 Year   Age   5 km   10 km  15 km  Pursuit   20 km  30 km  4 × 5 km 
 relay 
1976 23 Silver Gold N/A N/A N/A N/A Gold
1980 27 Gold 4 N/A N/A N/A N/A Silver
1984 31 11 Silver N/A N/A Silver N/A 4
1988 35 10 Silver N/A N/A Bronze N/A
1992 39 N/A 4 N/A Gold

World Championship resultsEdit

  • 11 medals – (4 gold, 3 silver, 4 bronze)
 Year   Age   5 km  10 km
 classical 
 10 km
 freestyle 
 15 km  20 km  30 km  4 × 5 km 
 relay 
1974 21 Bronze N/A N/A N/A N/A Gold
1978 25 Bronze Silver N/A N/A 5 N/A Bronze
1980 27 N/A N/A N/A N/A Bronze N/A N/A
1982 29 15 N/A N/A Gold N/A Silver
1985 32 4 N/A N/A 7 N/A Gold
1987 34 4 9 N/A N/A N/A
1989 36 N/A 5 4 N/A Silver
1991 38 11 N/A N/A Gold

World Cup resultsEdit

All results are sourced from the International Ski Federation (FIS).[3]

World Cup standingsEdit

 Season   Age  Overall
1982 30 21
1983 31 8
1984 32 2
1985 33 8
1986 34 14
1987 35 10
1988 36 6
1989 37 11
1990 38 13
1991 39 14
1992 40 18

Individual podiumsEdit

  • 3 victories
  • 16 podiums
No. Season Date Location Race Level Place
1 1981–82 26 February 1982   Oslo, Norway 20 km Individual World Championships[1] 1st
2  1982–83  5 March 1983   Lahti, Finland 5 km Individual World Cup 2nd
3  1983–84  9 February 1984   Sarajevo, Yugoslavia 10 km Individual Olympic Games[1] 2nd
4 18 February 1984   Sarajevo, Yugoslavia 20 km Individual Olympic Games[1] 2nd
5 25 February 1984   Falun, Sweden 10 km Individual World Cup 1st
6 3 March 1984   Lahti, Finland 5 km Individual World Cup 2nd
7 8 March 1984   Oslo, Norway 20 km Individual World Cup 3rd
8 24 March 1984   Murmansk, Soviet Union 10 km Individual World Cup 2nd
9 1984–85 23 February 1985   Syktyvkar, Soviet Union 20 km Individual World Cup 1st
10  1985–86  15 February 1986   Oberstdorf, West Germany 20 km Individual C World Cup 3rd
11 22 February 1986   Kavgolovo, Soviet Union 10 km Individual C World Cup 3rd
12  1986–87  21 March 1987   Oslo, Norway 20 km Individual C World Cup 2nd
13  1987–88  19 December 1987   Reit im Winkl, Yugoslavia 5 km Individual F World Cup 2nd
14 14 February 1988   Calgary, Canada 10 km Individual C Olympic Games[1] 2nd
15 25 February 1988   Calgary, Canada 20 km Individual F Olympic Games[1] 3rd
16  1989–90  14 January 1990   Moscow, Soviet Union 7.5 km Individual C World Cup 2nd

Team podiumsEdit

  • 3 victories
  • 9 podiums
No. Season Date Location Race Level Place Teammates
1  1981–82  24 February 1982   Oslo, Norway 4 × 5 km Relay World Championships[1] 2nd Lyadova / Zabolotskaya / Kulakova
2  1983–84  26 February 1984   Falun, Sweden 4 × 5 km Relay World Cup 3rd Markashanskaya / Zimyatova / Burlakova
3 1984–85 22 January 1985   Seefeld, Austria 4 × 5 km Relay World Championships[1] 1st Tikhonova / Vasilchenko / Reztsova
4  1988–89  22 February 1989   Lahti, Finland 4 × 5 km Relay C/F World Championships[1] 2nd Shamshurina / Tikhonova / Välbe
5 12 March 1989   Falun, Sweden 4 × 5 km Relay C World Cup 2nd Lazutina / Tikhonova / Välbe
6  1989–90  4 March 1990   Lahti, Finland 4 × 5 km Relay F World Cup 2nd Nageykina / Yegorova / Lazutina
7 1990–91 15 February 1991   Val di Fiemme, Italy 4 × 5 km Relay C/F World Championships[1] 1st Yegorova / Tikhonova / Välbe
8 15 March 1991   Oslo, Norway 4 × 5 km Relay C/F World Cup 2nd Nageykina / Tikhonova / Välbe
9 1991–92 18 February 1992   Albertville, France 4 × 5 km Relay C/F Olympic Games[1] 1st Välbe / Lazutina / Yegorova

Note: 1 Until the 1999 World Championships and the 1994 Olympics, World Championship and Olympic races were included in the World Cup scoring system.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill. "Raisa Smetanina". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC.
  2. ^ Panorama of the 1984 Sports Year (in Russian). Moscow: Physical Culture and Sports publisher. 1985. p. 38.
  3. ^ "Athlete : SMETANINA Raissa". FIS-Ski. International Ski Federation. Retrieved 25 March 2018.

External linksEdit

Records
Preceded by
Herself
Athlete with the most medals at Winter Olympics
14 February 1998 – 17 February 1998
With: Bjørn Dæhlie
Succeeded by
  Bjørn Dæhlie
Preceded by
Herself with   Sixten Jernberg
Athlete with the most medals at Winter Olympics
17 February 1992 – 14 February 1998
Succeeded by
Herself with   Bjørn Dæhlie
Preceded by
  Sixten Jernberg
Athlete with the most medals at Winter Olympics
25 February 1988 – 17 February 1992
With: Sixten Jernberg
Succeeded by
Herself