Jan Ingemar Stenmark (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈɪ̌ŋː(ɛ)mar ˈstêːnmark]; born 18 March 1956) is a Swedish former World Cup alpine ski racer. He is regarded as one of the most prominent Swedish athletes ever, and as the greatest slalom and giant slalom specialist of all time. He competed for Tärna IK Fjällvinden.
|Club||Tärna IK Fjällvinden|
|Born||18 March 1956|
|Height||1.81 m (5 ft 11 in)|
|Medals||3 (2 gold)|
|Medals||7 (5 gold)|
|Wins||86 (46 GS, 40 SL)|
Born in Joesjö, Storuman Municipality, Lapland, Stenmark's family moved to Tärnaby near Norway when he was four years old. He became a childhood neighbour of Stig Strand (also born 1956), who tied Stenmark for the World Cup slalom title in 1983. Stenmark began skiing at the age of five and won his first national competition at age eight.
Stenmark made his World Cup debut in December 1973 at age 17. At the time of his retirement, he had won more international races than any other alpine skier to date: he took 86 World Cup wins (46 giant slaloms and 40 slaloms). He has since been passed by Mikaela Shiffrin. Stenmark won only in the two technical disciplines: slalom and giant slalom (the other events are downhill, super-G, first run in December 1982, and combined). He rarely competed in the other disciplines, as he was not comfortable with speeds in excess of 120 km/h (75 mph). Stenmark still has the record for the biggest win margin in a World Cup alpine race: 4.06 seconds ahead of 2nd placed Bojan Križaj in Jasna on 4 February 1979. Stenmark was known as a quiet champion, with short, but polite, responses to media questions.
For his three straight World Cup titles (1976–78), Stenmark earned the Holmenkollen medal in 1979 (shared with Erik Håker and Raisa Smetanina). Stenmark also earned the Svenska Dagbladet Gold Medal twice (1975, 1978). His 1978 medal was shared with tennis player Björn Borg, making them the only two men to ever win the honor twice (female alpine skier Anja Pärson received the medal in 2006 and 2007).
At the World Championships in 1978 in Garmisch-Partenkirchen West Germany, Stenmark won the slalom by two-thirds of a second and the giant slalom by over two seconds, and successfully defended both world titles at the Winter Olympics in 1980 at Lake Placid, which also were counted as world championships. At the next worlds in 1982 in Austria, he had a sub-standard first run in the giant slalom and was upset by American Steve Mahre and settled for silver. Stenmark rebounded in the slalom and became the first to win the same title in three consecutive world championships. At age 25, it was his final medal in a major competition.
Stenmark was not allowed to participate in the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo by the International Ski Federation (FIS) for accepting promotional payments directly, rather than through the national ski federation. Hanni Wenzel of Liechtenstein was also banned; both were double gold medalists in 1980. Marc Girardelli, who was the best slalom racer during the 1983–84 season, wasn't allowed to participate either. In his case it was because he didn't have citizenship in Luxembourg, the country for which he competed. Stenmark was allowed back into the Olympic competition in 1988, but was past his prime and did not win a medal (however, he had the fastest second run of the slalom competition). He retired from World Cup competition at the end of the 1989 season in March, days before his 33rd birthday.
During the years from 1976 to 1978 Stenmark, along with tennis player Björn Borg, became a national icon in Sweden. This was not changed by the fact that he moved to Monaco in 1980 for tax reasons. At age 40, he won the Swedish Superstars championship in 1996. On 26 December 2004, Stenmark survived the Indian Ocean earthquake while on vacation in Thailand. In 2015, he was a celebrity dancer on the Let's Dance 2015, where he teamed up with professional dancer Cecilia Ehrling.
Stenmark was married to Ann Uvhagen, a Lufthansa airline hostess, 1984–1987. They have a daughter, born 1984.
World Cup resultsEdit
86 wins – (46 GS, 40 SL), 155 podiums
|1975||17 December 1974||Madonna di Campiglio, Italy||Slalom|
|12 January 1975||Wengen, Switzerland||Slalom|
|21 February 1975||Naeba, Japan||Giant slalom|
|2 March 1975||Garibaldi (Whistler), Canada||Giant slalom|
|13 March 1975||Sun Valley, USA||Giant slalom|
|1976||15 December 1975||Sterzing / Vipiteno, Italy||Slalom|
|11 January 1976||Wengen, Switzerland||Slalom|
|24 January 1976||Kitzbühel, Austria||Slalom|
|27 January 1976||Zwiesel, West Germany||Giant slalom|
|7 March 1976||Copper Mountain, USA||Slalom|
|14 March 1976||Aspen, USA||Slalom|
|1977||3 January 1977||Laax, Switzerland||Slalom|
|10 January 1977||Berchtesgaden, W. Germany||Slalom|
|16 January 1977||Kitzbühel, Austria||Slalom|
|23 January 1977||Wengen, Switzerland||Slalom|
|6 February 1977||St. Anton, Austria||Slalom|
|6 March 1977||Sun Valley, USA||Giant slalom|
|18 March 1977||Voss, Norway||Slalom|
|20 March 1977||Åre, Sweden||Slalom|
|21 March 1977||Giant slalom|
|25 March 1977||Sierra Nevada, Spain||Giant slalom|
|1978||10 December 1977||Val d'Isère, France||Giant slalom|
|13 December 1977||Madonna di Campiglio, Italy||Slalom|
|14 December 1977||Giant slalom|
|5 January 1978||Oberstaufen, West Germany||Slalom|
|8 January 1978||Zwiesel, West Germany||Giant slalom|
|9 January 1978||Slalom|
|18 March 1978||Arosa, Switzerland||Giant slalom|
|1979||9 December 1978||Schladming, Austria||Giant slalom|
|21 December 1978||Kranjska Gora, Yugoslavia||Slalom|
|22 December 1978||Giant slalom|
|7 January 1979||Courchevel, France||Giant slalom|
|16 January 1979||Adelboden, Switzerland||Giant slalom|
|23 January 1979||Steinach, Austria||Giant slalom|
|4 February 1979||Jasná, Czechoslovakia||Giant slalom|
|10 February 1979||Åre, Sweden||Giant slalom|
|11 February 1979||Slalom|
|4 March 1979||Lake Placid, USA||Giant slalom|
|12 March 1979||Heavenly Valley, USA||Giant slalom|
|17 March 1979||Furano, Japan||Slalom|
|19 March 1979||Giant slalom|
|1980||8 December 1979||Val d'Isère, France||Giant slalom|
|11 December 1979||Madonna di Campiglio, Italy||Slalom|
|12 December 1979||Giant slalom|
|21 January 1980||Adelboden, Switzerland||Giant slalom|
|27 January 1980||Chamonix, France||Slalom|
|27 February 1980||Waterville Valley, USA||Slalom|
|1 March 1980||Mont-Sainte-Anne, Canada||Giant slalom|
|10 March 1980||Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy||Slalom|
|11 March 1980||Giant slalom|
|13 March 1980||Saalbach, Austria||Giant slalom|
|15 March 1980||Slalom|
|1981||9 December 1980||Madonna di Campiglio, Italy||Slalom|
|10 December 1980||Giant slalom|
|6 January 1981||Morzine, France||Giant slalom|
|18 January 1981||Kitzbühel, Austria||Slalom|
|26 January 1981||Adelboden, Switzerland||Giant slalom|
|1 February 1981||St. Anton, Austria||Slalom|
|2 February 1981||Schladming, Austria||Giant slalom|
|8 February 1981||Oslo, Norway||Slalom|
|11 February 1981||Voss, Norway||Giant slalom|
|14 February 1981||Åre, Sweden||Giant slalom|
|1982||9 January 1982||Morzine, France||Giant slalom|
|12 January 1982||Bad Wiessee, West Germany||Slalom|
|17 January 1982||Kitzbühel, Austria||Slalom|
|19 January 1982||Adelboden, Switzerland||Giant slalom|
|9 February 1982||Kirchberg, Austria||Giant slalom|
|1983||14 December 1982||Courmayeur, Italy||Slalom|
|23 January 1983||Kitzbühel, Austria||Slalom|
|11 February 1983||Markstein, France||Slalom|
|13 February 1983||Todtnau, West Germany||Giant slalom|
|26 February 1983||Gällivare, Sweden||Giant slalom|
|1984||13 December 1983||Courmayeur, Italy||Slalom|
|20 December 1983||Madonna di Campiglio, Italy||Slalom|
|10 January 1984||Adelboden, Switzerland||Giant slalom|
|17 January 1984||Parpan, Switzerland||Slalom|
|23 January 1984||Kirchberg, Austria||Giant slalom|
|4 February 1984||Borovetz, Bulgaria||Giant slalom|
|7 March 1984||Vail, USA||Giant slalom|
|1986||15 December 1985||Alta Badia, Italy||Giant slalom|
|25 January 1986||St. Anton, Austria||Slalom|
|27 February 1986||Hemsedal, Norway||Giant slalom|
|18 March 1986||Lake Placid, USA||Giant slalom|
|1987||29 November 1986||Sestriere, Italy||Slalom|
|14 February 1987||Markstein, France||Slalom|
|1989||19 February 1989||Aspen, USA||Giant slalom|
World championship resultsEdit
From 1948 through 1980, the Winter Olympics were also the World Championships for alpine skiing.
At the World Championships from 1954 through 1980, the combined was a "paper race" using the results of the three events (DH, GS, SL).
|1976||19||DNF2||3||not run||—||not run|
- Stenmark and fellow reigning double Olympic champion Hanni Wenzel were banned from the 1984 Olympics for having accepted promotional payments directly, rather than through their national ski federations.
- ^ a b c Farber, Michael (18 February 1980). "Ingemar Stenmark seeks fast way down – and out". Montreal Gazette. p. 18.
- ^ Shinn, Peggy (13 March 2023). "Mikaela Shiffrin Just Became the Greatest Ski Racer of All Time". Retrieved 14 March 2023.
- ^ a b Johnson, William Oscar (13 February 1978). "Whipping the cream of the crop". Sports Illustrated. p. 22.
- ^ a b c d Montgomery, Paul L. (10 January 1988). "Stenmark, at 31, is proving he can still tack slalom". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- ^ "Steve Mahre takes giant slalom gold at World Alpine Ski Championship". Bend (OR) Bulletin. UPI. 3 February 1982. p. D3.
- ^ Dobbin, Winsor (4 February 1982). "Steve Mahre steps from shadow". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. p. 27.
- ^ Johnson, William Oscar (13 February 1982). "One Mahre time for America". Sports Illustrated. p. 22.
- ^ "Stenmark takes gold". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. 8 February 1982. p. 17.
- ^ a b "Stenmark ruled ineligible to ski in Winter Olympics". Eugene Register-Guard. 29 October 1983. p. 3C.
- ^ "Ski stars banned from Olympics". Ottawa Citizen. Reuters. 26 November 1983. p. 71.
- ^ "Ruling slaps Stenmark". Bend (OR) Bulletin. UPI. 7 November 1983. p. D-4.
- ^ "Winter Olympics will take place without three alpine skiers". Palm Beach Post. wire services. 25 January 1984. p. D4.[permanent dead link]
- ^ "Stenmark, Girardelli cleared to compete". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. 11 December 1987. p. 39.
- ^ "Skiing: Stenmark retires". Lewiston (ME) Daily Sun. Associated Press. 11 March 1989. p. 22.
- ^ "Swedish Superstars". The Superstars. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- ^ Engman, Pascal (4 February 2015). "Ingemar Stenmarks tuffa start i Let's dance" [Ingemar Stenmark's tough start in Let's dance]. www.expressen.se. Expressen. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- ^ "Stenmark marries airline hostess". Evening News. Newburgh-Beacon, NY. Associated Press. 10 September 1984. p. 4B.
- ^ "Stenmark finds skiing fun again". Eugene Register-Guard. Associated Press. 22 November 1986. p. 9C.
- ^ In 1977 ex-aqueo with the Swiss Heini Hemmi and in 1984 with the other Swiss Pirmin Zurbriggen.
- Ingemar Stenmark at FIS (alpine)
- Ingemar Stenmark at Olympics.com
- Ingemar Stenmark at Olympedia
- Ingemar Stenmark at the Swedish Olympic Committee (in Swedish)
- Ingemar Stenmark at Ski-DB Alpine Ski Database
- Holmenkollen medalists – click Holmenkollmedaljen for downloadable pdf file at the Wayback Machine (archived 2007-02-24) (in Norwegian)