Mika Špiljak

Mika Špiljak (Serbo-Croatian pronunciation: [mîka ʃpîʎak] or [-ʃpîʎaːk]; 28 November 1916 – 18 May 2007) was a Croatian politician who spent most of his political career as a member of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia in the SFR Yugoslavia.

Mika Špiljak
Mika Špiljak.jpg
Mika Špiljak in 1967
5th President of the Presidency of Yugoslavia
In office
15 May 1983 – 15 May 1984
Prime MinisterMilka Planinc
Preceded byPetar Stambolić
Succeeded byVeselin Đuranović
2nd Member of the Presidency of Yugoslavia for SR Croatia
In office
January 1983 – 15 May 1984
Preceded byVladimir Bakarić
Succeeded byJosip Vrhovec
President of the Council of Peoples of the Federal Assembly
In office
1969–1974
Succeeded byPost abolished
21st President of the Federal Executive Council
In office
16 May 1967 – 18 May 1969
PresidentJosip Broz Tito
Preceded byPetar Stambolić
Succeeded byMitja Ribičič
4th President of the Executive Council of SR Croatia
In office
June 1963 – May 1967
PresidentJakov Blažević
Prime MinisterDragutin Haramija
Preceded byZvonko Brkić
Succeeded bySavka Dabčević-Kučar
10th President of the League of Communists of Croatia
In office
1984–1986
PresidentJakša Petrić
Pero Car
Ema Derossi-Bjelajac
Prime MinisterAnte Marković
Preceded byJosip Vrhovec
Succeeded byStanko Stojčević
31st Mayor of Zagreb
In office
1949–1950
Preceded byEugen Starešinić
Succeeded byMilivoj Rukavina
Personal details
Born(1916-11-28)28 November 1916
Sisak, Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary
Died18 May 2007(2007-05-18) (aged 90)
Zagreb, Croatia
NationalityCroatian
Political partyLeague of Communists of Yugoslavia (SKJ)

Early yearsEdit

He was born in Odra Sisačka (part of Sisak), in the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (present-day Croatia). His father Dragutin was a railway worker. Špiljak began working at the age of 16. He joined the Communist Party in 1938 and fought with Partisans during World War II.

CareerEdit

From 1949 to 1950, he was the mayor of Zagreb.

In 1963, Špiljak was appointed the Chairman of the Executive Council of Croatia and served until his 1967 appointment as the President of the Federal Executive Council, Yugoslavia's Prime Minister. He served in that capacity until 1969.

Špiljak then served as President of the collective Presidency of Yugoslavia from 1983 until 1984. While holding this office, Špiljak opened the 1984 Winter Olympics.

He was subsequently elected President of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Croatia from 1984 until 1986.

DeathEdit

He died in 2007 at the age of 90.[1] He was cremated in Zagreb.[2]

In the 2000s (decade), German courts linked Špiljak to the assassination of Croatian emigrant Stjepan Đureković in 1983.[3] After the hearings in Germany, all the links connecting him to the assassination were dropped.

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Klasić, Hrvoje (2019). Mika Špiljak, revolucionar i državnik (in Croatian). Naklada Ljevak. ISBN 9789533553177.
Political offices
Preceded by President of the Presidency of Yugoslavia
15 May 1983 – 15 May 1984
Succeeded by
President of the Federal Executive Council of Yugoslavia
16 May 1967 – 18 May 1969
Succeeded by
Preceded by President of the Executive Council of Croatia
June 1963 – May 1967
Succeeded by
Preceded by Mayor of Zagreb
1945–1949
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by President of the Presidency of the Central Committee of the
League of Communists of Croatia

1984 – 1986
Succeeded by