Pakistan Super League
Pakistan Super League (Urdu: پاکستان سپر لیگ; PSL) is a Twenty20 cricket league, founded in Lahore on 9 September 2015 with five teams and now comprises six teams. Instead of operating as an association of independently owned teams, the league is a single entity in which each franchise is owned and controlled by investors.
Official logo of PSL
|Tournament format||Double round robin and playoffs|
|Number of teams||6|
|Current champion||Quetta Gladiators (1st title)|
|Most successful||Islamabad United (2 titles)|
|Most runs||Kamran Akmal (1286)|
|Most wickets||Wahab Riaz (65)|
|TV||List of Broadcasters|
The commercial rights to the initial franchises were sold for US$93 million for a span of 10 years in December 2015. The market value of PSL in 2017 was up to US$300 million, according to Arif Habib.
The PSL season runs between the months of February and March, with each team playing matches in double round robin format; the top four teams with the best record qualify for the playoffs and culminates in the championship game, the PSL Cup Final. The league is directed out of the Pakistan Cricket Board head office in Lahore. Due to security reasons, the first season was played entirely in the United Arab Emirates. The inaugural champions were Islamabad United. Peshawar Zalmi were the 2017 PSL Champions, having defeated Quetta Gladiators in Lahore on 5 March 2017. Islamabad United were the 2018 PSL champions, beating Peshawar Zalmi on 25 March 2018. The current champions are Quetta Gladiators, who won the title on 17 March 2019 in Karachi.
In September 2015, the PCB officially announced the launch of the PSL. Former Pakistani national team captains Wasim Akram and Rameez Raja signed up to promote the PSL and become brand ambassadors of the league for three years.
After several years of planning and two previous failed attempts, the league officially began on 4 February 2016 in the United Arab Emirates where Bakhtawar Bhutto-Zardari, alongside Sheikh Nahyan bin Mubarak Al Nahyan, inaugurated the opening ceremony. The first two seasons included five teams nominally based in Pakistani cities. In its first season the PSL had a higher percentage of international players. The league uses a draft system for player recruitment similar to that used in many North American professional sports leagues and as opposed to the auction system used in some other T20 leagues.
The PSL's official logo was launched on 20 September 2015 in a ceremony in Lahore, and was revealed by 3Di. The ceremony was attended by current and retired cricketers, as well as Pakistani celebrities.
Sethi announced that there would be the sixth team in next season of PSL, few days after 2017 PSL held. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Governor Iqbal Zafar Jhagra announced that the PSL administration will be approached for the participation of team FATA as the sixth team in PSL 2018. He said PSL administration will be approached for the participation of FATA team. Hafiz Hafeezur Rehman, chief minister of Gilgit-Baltistan, also said to have the sixth team from Gilgit-Baltistan. PCB short-listed five names for sixth team; Faisalabad, FATA, Hyderabad, Dera Murad Jamali and Multan.
The final name of the sixth team for PSL 2018 season was announced on 1 June 2017; Multan Sultans; owned by Schön Properties at $5.2 million annually. On 10 November 2018, PCB terminated franchise agreements with the owner of Multan Sultans, Schön Properties, resulting in a new owner being introduced.
The PSL is played in a double round-robin format. Every team plays each other twice and the top four advance to the Playoffs.
The league follows the rules and regulations dictated by the International Cricket Council, although it introduced DRS system in T20s which was later emulated by International Cricket Council as well. In the group stage, two points are awarded for a win, one for a no-result and none for a loss. In the event of tied scores after both teams have faced their quota of overs, a super over is used to determine the match winner. In the group stage teams are ranked on the following criteria:
- Higher number of points
- If equal, better run rate
- If equal, highest number of wins
- If equal, fewest losses
- If still equal, the results of head to head meeting
In any play-off match in which there is no result, a super over is used to determine the winner. If the super over is not possible or the result of the over is a tie, the team which finished in the highest league position at the end of the regular season is deemed the winner of the match.
According to a PCB press release, around 20 parties showed an interest in buying franchises for the league before the first season. On 18 October 2015 the Pakistan Cricket Board began accepting tenders for franchises with a deadline for bids of 15 November.
According to a statement by the PCB, bid winners would be granted the rights to a franchise for a term of ten years. Interested parties included the ARY Group, Omar Associates, Arif Habib Group, Haier, Mobilink as well as international groups including Leonine Global Sports and the Qatar Lubricants Company (QALCO).
In April 2017, PCB invited bids for the sixth team and the deadline set for the submission of both the financial and technical proposals was 30 May and as many as 40 national and international parties expressed an interest in buying the sixth franchise.
On 1 June 2017, from five regions short-listed by PCB Multan was bought by Schön Properties for a price of US$5.2 million per year becoming the most expensive team of the PSL. However, on 12 November 2018, its rights were terminated by PCB due to payment issues. PCB invited bids and resold the "6th team" to Ali Tareen consortium after successful bid with US$6.35 million for 7 years on 20 December 2018.
|Islamabad United||Islamabad, Capital Territory||Leonine Global Sports
(Ali Naqvi & Amna Naqvi)
|2015[a]||Mohammad Sami||Dean Jones|
|Karachi Kings||Karachi, Sindh||ARY Group
(Salman Iqbal, CEO)
|2015[a]||Imad Wasim||Mickey Arthur|
|Lahore Qalandars||Lahore, Punjab||Qatar Lubricants Company
(Fawad Rana, MD)
|2015[a]||Fakhar Zaman||Aaqib Javed|
|Multan Sultans||Multan, Punjab||Ali Tareen & Taimoor Malik (Multan Consortium)||2017[b]
|Shoaib Malik||Johan Botha|
|Peshawar Zalmi||Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa||Haier Pakistan
(Javed Afridi, CEO)
|2015[a]||Darren Sammy||Mohammad Akram|
|Quetta Gladiators||Quetta, Balochistan||Omar Associates
(Nadeem Omar, Director)
|2015[a]||Sarfaraz Ahmed||Moin Khan|
|Season||No. of teams||Final||Venue||Player of the series|
175/4 (18.4 overs)
174/7 (20 overs)
|Dubai International Cricket Stadium, Dubai||Ravi Bopara (Karachi Kings)|
148/6 (20 overs)
90 (16.3 overs)
|Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore||Kamran Akmal (Peshawar Zalmi)|
154/7 (16.5 overs)
148/9 (20 overs)
|National Stadium, Karachi||Luke Ronchi (Islamabad United)|
139/2 (17.5 overs)
138/8 (20 overs)
|Shane Watson (Quetta Gladiators)|
The table below provides an overview of the performances of teams. Teams are sorted by best performance, then by total number of wins, total number of games, and alphabetical order respectively.
|Islamabad United||4||2016||2019||Champions (2016, 2018)||44||25||18||1||0||0||57.95|
|Quetta Gladiators||4||2016||2019||Champions (2019)||43||26||16||0||0||1||61.90|
|Peshawar Zalmi||4||2016||2019||Champions (2017)||47||27||19||0||0||1||58.69|
|Karachi Kings||4||2016||2019||Third Place (2017, 2018)||42||17||24||0||1||1||42.68|
|Multan Sultans||2||2018||2019||Group Stage (2018, 2019)||20||7||12||0||0||1||36.84|
|Lahore Qalandars||4||2016||2019||Group Stage (2016, 2017, 2018, 2019)||36||10||24||1||1||0||30.55|
|Last Updated: 17 March 2019|
- Tie&W and Tie&L indicates matches tied and then won or lost by "Super Over"
- The result percentage excludes no results and counts ties (irrespective of a tiebreaker) as full win.
The Hanif Mohammad award and a green cap are awarded to the leading run-scorer. It is an ongoing competition with the leading run-scorer wearing the cap throughout the tournament until the final game, with the eventual winner keeping the cap and receiving the award for the season. The Fazal Mahmood award and a maroon cap are awarded to the leading wicket-taker in the same way whilst the Imtiaz Ahmed award is awarded to the best wicket-keeper. All three awards were introduced in the second PSL season.
The PSL's initial title sponsorship was awarded to HBL Pakistan for three years in December 2015. Sponsorship deals associated with the league including the title sponsorship, are estimated to be worth more than $6 million. HBL later renewed their sponsorship for three more years.
|Title sponsor||Period||Sponsorship amount (per year)||Ref.|
For the first three seasons of the league, Sunset + Vine were awarded production rights as official broadcasters, and PTV Sports, Ten Sports and Geo Super were awarded broadcast rights in Pakistan with the PCB selling the global television rights to Tech Front, a UAE group.
|New Zealand||2017–2018||Sky Sport|
City 44 UK
|United Arab Emirates||2016–2018
|Worldwide Internet Rights||2019–present||Cricketgateway|
Advertising rights for the first three years of the league's operation were awarded to Pakistani company Blitz Advertising.
- The team was founded in 2015 and made its PSL debut in the 2016 season.
- The team was founded in 2017 and made its PSL debut in the 2018 season. But team's contract was terminated in 2018, after they failed to pay their annual fee of US$5.2 million to PCB.
- The team was founded in 2018 with new owners and with the same name and made its PSL debut in the 2019 season.
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- "Most wickets in PSL". ESPNcricinfo.
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- "ﻣﻠﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﮐﯽ ﭼﮭﭩﯽ ! ﭘﯽ ﺍﯾﺲ ﺍﯾﻞ ﮐﯽ ﭼﮭﭩﯽ ﭨﯿﻢ ﮐﻮﻧﺴﯽ ﮨﻮﮔﯽ ﺑﮍﯼ ﺧﺒﺮ !". Crictale. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
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