Pakistan Super League

The Pakistan Super League (PSL) is a professional Twenty20 cricket league contested during February and March of every year by six teams representing six cities of Pakistan. The league was founded on 9 September 2015 with five teams by the Pakistan Cricket Board. Instead of operating as an association of independently-owned teams, the league is a single entity in which each franchise is owned and controlled by investors.[1]

Pakistan Super League
Official logo of Pakistan Super League.png
Official Logo of PSL
CountriesPakistan
AdministratorPakistan Cricket Board
FormatTwenty20
First edition2016
Latest edition2022
Next edition2023
Tournament formatDouble round-robin and Playoffs
Number of teams6
Current championLahore Qalandars (1st title)
Most successfulIslamabad United (2 titles)
Most runsBabar Azam (2413)
Most wicketsWahab Riaz (103)
TVList of broadcasters
2023 Pakistan Super League
Websitewww.psl-t20.com
Seasons

Each team plays the group stage matches in a double round robin format; the top four teams with the most points qualify for the playoffs, culminating in the final. The league is based in the Pakistan Cricket Board office in Lahore.

There have been seven seasons of PSL. Islamabad United has won 2 titles, making it the most successful team of PSL. The current champions are Lahore Qalandars, who won the 2022 season.

HistoryEdit

EstablishmentEdit

In September 2015, the Pakistan Cricket Board officially announced the launch of the PSL. Former Pakistani national team captains Wasim Akram and Rameez Raja signed up to promote the PSL and become brand ambassadors of the league for three years.[2] After several years of planning and two previous failed attempts,[3][4] the league officially began on 4 February 2016 in the United Arab Emirates where daughter of former Pakistani president, Asif Zardari, Bakhtawar Bhutto-Zardari, alongside Nahyan bin Mubarak Al Nahyan, inaugurated the opening ceremony.[5] The first two seasons included five teams based on the capital cities of Pakistan's provinces and the Federal capital.[6][7] In its first season the PSL had a higher percentage of international players. The league uses a draft system for player recruitment similar to that used in many North American professional sports leagues and as opposed to the auction system used in some other T20 leagues.[8]

The PSL's official logo was launched on 20 September 2015 in a ceremony in Lahore, and was revealed by 3Di.The ceremony was attended by current and retired cricketers, as well as Pakistani celebrities.

The commercial rights to the initial franchises were sold for US$93 million for a span of 10 years in December 2015. The market value of PSL in 2017 was up to US$300 million according to Arif Habib,[9] and has grown significantly in the years since.[10]

ExpansionEdit

The possibility of adding a sixth team to the league in 2017,[11] possibly in Azad Kashmir, was discussed, but rejected in May 2016.[12][13] Sethi announced that there would be the sixth team in next season of PSL, a few days after the end of the 2017 PSL. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Governor Iqbal Zafar Jhagra also announced that the PSL administration would be approached for the participation of a sixth team in the 2018 PSL.[14][15] Hafiz Hafeezur Rehman, chief minister of Gilgit-Baltistan, also said to have the sixth team from Gilgit-Baltistan. The PCB short-listed five names for sixth team: Faisalabad, FATA, Hyderabad, Dera Murad Jamali and Multan.[16]

The final name of the sixth team for PSL 2018 season was announced on 1 June 2017; Multan Sultans; owned by Schön Properties at $5.2 million annually.[17][18] On 10 November 2018, PCB terminated franchise agreements with Schön Properties, resulting in a new owner being introduced.[19] New owners decided to continue with the same name (Multan Sultans) for the franchise.

ProfitsEdit

In May 2016, the PCB announced that the inaugural season of the PSL had yielded profits of US$2.6 million.[20] In the 2022 edition, which was held entirely in Pakistan, PCB chairman Ramiz Raja reported a 71 percent increase in the PSL's profit; each franchise received 900 million (US$5.6 million) in revenue before the season had started.[21]

FormatEdit

 
PSL playoffs system

The PSL is played in a double round-robin format. Every team plays each other twice and the top four advance to the Playoffs.

The league follows the rules and regulations dictated by the International Cricket Council, although it introduced DRS system in T20s which was later emulated by International Cricket Council as well. In the group stage, two points are awarded for a win, one for a no-result and none for a loss. In the event of tied scores after both teams have faced their quota of overs, a super over is used to determine the match winner. In the group stage teams are ranked on the following criteria:

  1. Higher number of points
  2. If equal, better run rate
  3. If equal, highest number of wins
  4. If equal, fewest losses
  5. If still equal, the results of head-to-head meeting

In any play-off match in which there is no result, a super over is used to determine the winner. If the super over is not possible or the result of the over is a tie, the team which finished in the highest league position at the end of the regular season is deemed the winner of the match.

TeamsEdit

According to a PCB press release, around 20 parties showed an interest in buying franchises for the league before the first season.[22] On 18 October 2015 the Pakistan Cricket Board began accepting tenders for franchises with a deadline for bids of 15 November.[23]

According to a statement by the PCB, bid winners would be granted the rights to a franchise for a term of ten years.[24] Interested parties included the ARY Group, Omar Associates, Arif Habib Group, Haier, Mobilink as well as international groups including Leonine Global Sports and the Qatar Lubricants Company (QALCO).[25]

All five franchises for the first season of the league were sold on 3 December 2015, for a total price of US$93 million, after seven bidders presented formal proposals.[26][27]

 
PSL Map of Participating Nations

In April 2017, PCB invited bids for the sixth team and the deadline set for the submission of both the financial and technical proposals was 30 May and as many as 40 national and international parties expressed an interest in buying the sixth franchise.[28]

On 1 June 2017, from five regions short-listed by PCB Multan was bought by Schön Properties for a price of US$5.2 million per year becoming the most expensive team of the PSL.[29] However, on 12 November 2018, its rights were terminated by PCB due to payment issues. PCB invited bids and resold the "6th team" to Ali Tareen consortium after successful bid with US$6.35 million for 7 years on 20 December 2018.

Team City/Province Owner Home Ground/Venue Founded Captain Coach
Islamabad United Islamabad, Capital Territory Leonine Global Sports
(Ali Naqvi & Amna Naqvi)
Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium, Islamabad 2015[a]   Shadab Khan   Azhar Mahmood
Karachi Kings Karachi, Sindh ARY Group
(Salman Iqbal, CEO)
National Stadium, Karachi 2015[a]   Babar Azam   Peter Moores
Lahore Qalandars Lahore, Punjab Qatar Lubricants Company
(Fawad Rana, MD)
Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 2015[a]   Shaheen Afridi   Aaqib Javed
Multan Sultans Multan, Punjab Alamgir Khan Tareen Multan Cricket Stadium, Multan 2017[b]   Mohammad Rizwan   Andy Flower
Peshawar Zalmi Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Haier Pakistan
(Javed Afridi, CEO)
Arbab Niaz Stadium, Peshawar 2015[a]   Wahab Riaz   James Foster
Quetta Gladiators Quetta, Balochistan Omar Associates
(Nadeem Omar, Director)
Bugti Stadium, Quetta 2015[a]   Sarfaraz Ahmed   Moin Khan
Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e The team was founded in 2015 and made its PSL debut in the 2016 season.
  2. ^ The team was founded in 2017 and made its PSL debut in the 2018 season. But team's contract was terminated in 2018, after they failed to pay their annual fee of US$5.2 million to PCB. It was later bought by new owners and refounded under the same name.

ResultsEdit

Due to security reasons, the first season of the PSL was played entirely in the United Arab Emirates. The inaugural champions were Islamabad United, who defeated Quetta Gladiators in the final. Peshawar Zalmi were the 2017 PSL champions, beating Quetta Gladiators in Lahore on 5 March 2017. Islamabad United were the 2018 PSL champions, beating defending champions Peshawar Zalmi on 25 March 2018. Quetta Gladiators defeated Peshawar Zalmi to win their first title on 17 March 2019 in Karachi, in 2020 karachi kings took the trophy home.[30] Multan Sultans, who won their first title defeating Peshawar Zalmi on 24 June 2021 in Abu Dhabi. Lahore Qalandars won their first title on 27 February 2022, against reigning champions Multan Sultan.

Season resultsEdit

Season No. of teams Final Venue Player of the series
Winner Winning margin Runner-up
2016
Details
5 Islamabad United
175/4 (18.4 overs)
6 wickets
Scorecard
Quetta Gladiators
174/7 (20 overs)
Dubai International Cricket Stadium, Dubai   Ravi Bopara (Karachi Kings)
2017
Details
Peshawar Zalmi
148/6 (20 overs)
58 runs
Scorecard
Quetta Gladiators
90 (16.3 overs)
Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore   Kamran Akmal (Peshawar Zalmi)
2018
Details
6 Islamabad United
154/7 (16.5 overs)
3 wickets
Scorecard
Peshawar Zalmi
148/9 (20 overs)
National Stadium, Karachi   Luke Ronchi (Islamabad United)
2019
Details
Quetta Gladiators
139/2 (17.5 overs)
8 wickets
Scorecard
Peshawar Zalmi
138/8 (20 overs)
  Shane Watson (Quetta Gladiators)
2020
Details
Karachi Kings
135/5 (18.4 overs)
5 wickets
Scorecard
Lahore Qalandars
134/7 (20 overs)
  Babar Azam (Karachi Kings)
2021
Details
Multan Sultans

206/4 (20 overs)

47 runs
Scorecard
Peshawar Zalmi
159/9 (20 overs)
Sheikh Zayed Cricket Stadium, Abu Dhabi   Sohaib Maqsood (Multan Sultans)
2022
Details
Lahore Qalandars

180/5 (20 overs)

42 runs
Scorecard
Multan Sultans
138 (19.3 overs)
Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore   Mohammad Rizwan (Multan Sultans)

Team resultsEdit

Season
(No. of teams)
2016
(5)
2017
(5)
2018
(6)
2019
(6)
2020
(6)
2021
(6)
2022
(6)
Hosts(s)
Teams
   
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
Islamabad United W (3rd) 4th (4th) W (1st) 3rd (3rd) 6th 3rd (1st) 3rd (4th)
Karachi Kings 4th (4th) 3rd (3rd) 3rd (2nd) 4th (4th) W (2nd) 4th (4th) 6th
Lahore Qalandars 5th 6th R (3rd) 5th W (2nd)
Multan Sultans Team did not exist 5th 3rd (1st) W (2nd) R (1st)
Peshawar Zalmi 3rd (1st) W (1st) R (3rd) R (1st) 4th (4th) R (3rd) 4th (3rd)
Quetta Gladiators R (2nd) 4th (4th) W (2nd) 5th 6th 5th
Notes
  • W = Winner;
  • R = Runner-up;
  • (x) = End of league games table position;

TrophyEdit

On 19 February 2020, the current version of trophy for the league was unveiled by squash player Jahangir Khan alongside then PCB chairman Ehsan Mani at National Stadium, Karachi. The 65 centimetres long trophy weighing eight kilograms has a crescent and star with multi colored strips of enamel and is being used in all events since 2020 PSL, with every year's winning team name to be engraved on it.[31][32]

Individual awardsEdit

The Hanif Mohammad award and a green cap are awarded to the leading run-scorer. It is an ongoing competition with the leading run-scorer wearing the cap throughout the tournament until the final game, with the eventual winner keeping the cap and receiving the award for the season. The Fazal Mahmood award and a maroon cap are awarded to the leading wicket-taker in the same way whilst the Imtiaz Ahmed award is awarded to the best wicket-keeper. All three awards were introduced in the second PSL season.[33][34]

SponsorshipEdit

The PSL's initial title sponsorship was awarded to HBL Pakistan for 3 years in December 2015.[35] Sponsorship deals associated with the league including the title sponsorship, are estimated to be worth more than $6 million.[36] HBL later renewed their sponsorship for three more years.[37] In 2021, PCB announced that HBL retained the title sponsorship of the PSL for 4 more years till 2025.[38]

Title sponsor Period Sponsorship amount (per year) Ref.
  HBL 2016–2018 PKR 54.4 Crore (US$5.2 Million) [35]
2019–2021 PKR 214.8 Crore (US$14.3 Million) [37]
2022–2025 PKR 391.7 Crore (US$22.2 Million) [38]

BroadcastersEdit

 
PSL broadcasting map 2020

For the first three seasons (2016–2018) of the league, Sunset and Vine were awarded production rights as official producers, and PTV Sports HD, Ten Sports HD and Geo Super HD were awarded broadcast rights in Pakistan with the PCB selling the global television rights to Tech Front, a UAE group.[39] 4th, 5th and 6th seasons of the league was broadcast on PTV Sports HD and Geo Super HD in Pakistan. PSL sold its global television rights to Blitz Advertising for (2019–2021) period. It is believed to be closed to $36 million dollars, a 358% increase from its previous deal. For the next three seasons (2019–2021) the production rights were sold to TransGroup International.[40][41] PSL local TV broadcast rights saw an increase of 50% for 2022–2023 period.[42] The PSL signed a two-year broadcast deal worth USD 24 million[43] for the 7th and 8th season of the league with local sports channels PTV Sports HD and A Sports HD.[44][45] Later, Ten Sports HD also acquired the rights to broadcast.[46] For the next four seasons (2022–2025) PSL sold the production rights to TransGroup International as official global Broadcaster.[47]

International BroadcastersEdit

Territory Years Channels & Live Streaming
  Pakistan 2022–present PTV Sports HD
2022–present A Sports HD
2022–present Ten Sports HD
2022–present Tapmad TV
2022–present Daraz Live
2022–present CrickWick
Africa:- 2022–present SuperSport
  Australia 2022–present Fox Sports
Kayo Sports (Internet)[48]
Caribbean:- 2022–present Flow Sports
  Ireland 2022–present Sky Sports
Middle East:- 2022–present eLife TV
North America:- 2022–present Willow TV
  New Zealand 2022–present Sky Sport
Sky Sport Now (Internet)
South America:- 2022–present ICC TV
Tapmad TV (Internet)
South Asia:- 2022–present Sony Six HD
Sony Ten 2 HD
SonyLIV (Internet)
  United Kingdom 2022–present Sky Sports
Western Asia:- 2022–present eLife TV
ICC TV
Tapmad TV (Internet)
Worldwide Internet Rights 2022–present Tapmad TV
2022–present ICC TV [49]

Other mediaEdit

Hamaray HeroesEdit

 
HBL PSL Hamaray Heroes Award

The HBL PSL Hamaray Heroes campaign was introduced in the HBL PSL 2020 and received an overwhelming response as the initiative rewarded prominent Pakistanis like squash player Farhan Mehboob, founder of ACF Animal Rescue Ayesha Chundrigar, mountaineer Ali Sadpara and professional eSports player Arslan Ash. A total of 32 HBL PSL Hamaray Heroes Awards were handed out during the HBL PSL 2020.[50] The HBL PSL 2021, like the previous year, continued recognizing Pakistanis for their achievements till the PCB has postponed the remainder of its premier T20 events aimed the global COVID-19 pandemic. Acclaimed Pakistanis rewarded during HBL PSL 2021 under the banner of HBL PSL Hamaray Heroes were footballer Kaleemullah Khan, security researcher Rafay Baloch, karate player Kulsoom Hazara, and mountaineer Mirza Ali Baig among others.[51]

Cancer awarenessEdit

Since 2019, the league observes a day for breast cancer awareness with pink ribbon theme and a day for childhood cancer awareness with golden ribbon theme.[52][53]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "PCB eyes lucrative deals after 'securing' windows for PSL editions". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  2. ^ "Wasim Akram, Ramiz Raja becomes official ambassadors for PSL". The Express Tribune. 8 September 2015.
  3. ^ Pakistan Super League set to be moved to UAE Gulf Times, 21 September 2015. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
  4. ^ Rishad Mahmoud (2016) Pakistan Super League: Morale booster or gimmick? Al Jazeera, 4 February 2016. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
  5. ^ "PSL kicks off with colourful ceremony in Dubai". ARY Media. ARY News. ARY Network. 4 February 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  6. ^ Qasim Nauman (2016) Pakistan Super League: Twenty20 Underdogs Quetta Gladiators Emerge as Favorites in Final, The Wall Street Journal, 23 February 2016. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
  7. ^ "Dubai, Sharjah venues for Pakistan Super League". Cricinfo.
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  9. ^ Faseeh Mangi, Chris Kay (14 March 2017). "Back From Exile, Pakistan's Cricket Push Lures Advertisers". Bloomberg. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
  10. ^ Ahmed, Khurshid (29 February 2020). "PSL 2020 spurs business boom at home". Arab News. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
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  12. ^ Bilal khan dreams about including Kashmir in PSL ARY Sports 23 April 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
  13. ^ PSLs second edition to remain five team event, "The Express Tribune", 18 May 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  14. ^ "FATA to participate as sixth team in PSL 3". Samaa TV. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
  15. ^ "FATA name coming up as sixth team in PSL 2018". The Express tribune. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
  16. ^ "PCB shortlists five possible region as 6th team in PSL 3". GEO News.
  17. ^ "Pakistan Super League gets sixth team". ARY News. 1 June 2017. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  18. ^ "PCB announces Multan as sixth PSL franchise". Samaa TV. 1 June 2017. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  19. ^ "PCB terminates franchise agreement with Schon Group for Multan Sultans". Dawn. 11 November 2018. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  20. ^ AFP (3 May 2016). "PCB reaps $2.6m profit from Pakistan Super League". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  21. ^ Desai, Aditya Suketu (28 February 2022). ""Profits jumped to 71 percent" - PCB chairman Ramiz Raja reveals how much franchises earned from PSL 2022". Sportskeeda. Archived from the original on 1 March 2022. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
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  27. ^ Umar Farooq (3 December 2015). "PCB sells five PSL teams for $93m". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
  28. ^ "PCB invites bids for sixth PSL team". Pakistan Observer. Archived from the original on 29 April 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  29. ^ "Multan becomes PSL's sixth franchise as Schon Group buys franchise". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
  30. ^ "PSL Final 2019: Quetta Gladiators clinch maiden PSL title". The News International. 18 March 2019.
  31. ^ Imran Siddique (20 February 2020). "PSL 2020 trophy unveiled at Karachi's National Stadium". Dawn. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  32. ^ "PSL Draft 2022: Franchises make their picks for tournament set to begin next month". Geo News. 12 December 2021. Archived from the original on 9 January 2022. Retrieved 9 January 2022.
  33. ^ "Late Abdul Sattar Edhi honoured by PSL with caps, bat". Dawn. 8 February 2017. Retrieved 8 February 2022.
  34. ^ "PSL 2017 'The Spirit Trophy' unveiled in Dubai". Dunya News. 7 February 2017. Retrieved 8 February 2022.
  35. ^ a b "HBL becomes title sponsor of first-ever PSL". Business Recorder (newspaper). 16 December 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2022.
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  38. ^ a b "HBL retains title sponsorship of Pakistan Super League till 2025". www.PSL-t20.com. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
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External linksEdit