Pakistan Super League
The Pakistan Super League (Urdu: پاکستان سپر لیگ; abbreviated PSL) is a professional Twenty20 cricket league, founded on 9 September 2015 with five teams and now comprises six teams. Instead of operating as an association of independently owned teams, the league is a single entity in which each franchise is owned and controlled by investors.
The logo of the PSL
|Tournament format||Double round robin and playoffs|
|Number of teams||6|
|Current champion||Quetta Gladiators (1st title)|
|Most successful||Islamabad United (2 titles)|
|Most runs||Kamran Akmal (1459)|
|Most wickets||Wahab Riaz (70)|
|TV||List of Broadcasters|
|2020 Pakistan Super League|
The PSL season runs between the months of February and March, with each team playing matches in double round robin format; the top four teams with the best record qualify for the playoffs and culminates in the championship game, the PSL Cup Final. The league is based in the Pakistan Cricket Board office in Lahore.
In September 2015, the PCB officially announced the launch of the PSL. Former Pakistani national team captains Wasim Akram and Rameez Raja signed up to promote the PSL and become brand ambassadors of the league for three years.
After several years of planning and two previous failed attempts, the league officially began on 4 February 2016 in the United Arab Emirates where Bakhtawar Bhutto-Zardari, alongside Sheikh Nahyan bin Mubarak Al Nahyan, inaugurated the opening ceremony. The first two seasons included five teams based on the capital cities of Pakistan's provinces and the Federal capital. In its first season the PSL had a higher percentage of international players. The league uses a draft system for player recruitment similar to that used in many North American professional sports leagues and as opposed to the auction system used in some other T20 leagues.
The PSL's official logo was launched on 20 September 2015 in a ceremony in Lahore, and was revealed by 3Di. The ceremony was attended by current and retired cricketers, as well as Pakistani celebrities.
The commercial rights to the initial franchises were sold for US$93 million for a span of 10 years in December 2015. The market value of PSL in 2017 was up to US$300 million according to Arif Habib, and has grown significantly in the years since.
Sethi announced that there would be the sixth team in next season of PSL, few days after 2017 PSL held. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Governor Iqbal Zafar Jhagra announced that the PSL administration will be approached for the participation of team FATA as the sixth team in PSL 2018. Hafiz Hafeezur Rehman, chief minister of Gilgit-Baltistan, also said to have the sixth team from Gilgit-Baltistan. PCB short-listed five names for sixth team; Faisalabad, FATA, Hyderabad, Dera Murad Jamali and Multan.
The final name of the sixth team for PSL 2018 season was announced on 1 June 2017; Multan Sultans; owned by Schön Properties at $5.2 million annually. On 10 November 2018, PCB terminated franchise agreements with Schön Properties, resulting in a new owner being introduced.
The PSL is played in a double round-robin format. Every team plays each other twice and the top four advance to the Playoffs.
The league follows the rules and regulations dictated by the International Cricket Council, although it introduced DRS system in T20s which was later emulated by International Cricket Council as well. In the group stage, two points are awarded for a win, one for a no-result and none for a loss. In the event of tied scores after both teams have faced their quota of overs, a super over is used to determine the match winner. In the group stage teams are ranked on the following criteria:
- Higher number of points
- If equal, better run rate
- If equal, highest number of wins
- If equal, fewest losses
- If still equal, the results of head to head meeting
In any play-off match in which there is no result, a super over is used to determine the winner. If the super over is not possible or the result of the over is a tie, the team which finished in the highest league position at the end of the regular season is deemed the winner of the match.
According to a PCB press release, around 20 parties showed an interest in buying franchises for the league before the first season. On 18 October 2015 the Pakistan Cricket Board began accepting tenders for franchises with a deadline for bids of 15 November.
According to a statement by the PCB, bid winners would be granted the rights to a franchise for a term of ten years. Interested parties included the ARY Group, Omar Associates, Arif Habib Group, Haier, Mobilink as well as international groups including Leonine Global Sports and the Qatar Lubricants Company (QALCO).
In April 2017, PCB invited bids for the sixth team and the deadline set for the submission of both the financial and technical proposals was 30 May and as many as 40 national and international parties expressed an interest in buying the sixth franchise.
On 1 June 2017, from five regions short-listed by PCB Multan was bought by Schön Properties for a price of US$5.2 million per year becoming the most expensive team of the PSL. However, on 12 November 2018, its rights were terminated by PCB due to payment issues. PCB invited bids and resold the "6th team" to Ali Tareen consortium after successful bid with US$6.35 million for 7 years on 20 December 2018.
|Islamabad United||Islamabad, Capital Territory||Leonine Global Sports
(Ali Naqvi & Amna Naqvi)
|Karachi Kings||Karachi, Sindh||ARY Group
(Salman Iqbal, CEO)
|2015[a]||Imad Wasim||Dean Jones|
|Lahore Qalandars||Lahore, Punjab||Qatar Lubricants Company
(Fawad Rana, MD)
|2015[a]||Sohail Akhtar||Aaqib Javed|
|Multan Sultans||Multan, Punjab||Ali Khan Tareen & Alamgir Khan Tareen||2017[b]
|Shan Masood||Andy Flower|
|Peshawar Zalmi||Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa||Haier Pakistan
(Javed Afridi, CEO)
|2015[a]||Wahab Riaz||Darren Sammy|
|Quetta Gladiators||Quetta, Balochistan||Omar Associates
(Nadeem Omar, Director)
|2015[a]||Sarfaraz Ahmed||Moin Khan|
Due to security reasons, the first season was played entirely in the United Arab Emirates. The inaugural champions were Islamabad United. Peshawar Zalmi were the 2017 PSL Champions, having defeated Quetta Gladiators in Lahore on 5 March 2017. Islamabad United were the 2018 PSL champions, beating Peshawar Zalmi on 25 March 2018. The current champions are Quetta Gladiators, who won the title on 17 March 2019 in Karachi.
|Season||No. of teams||Final||Venue||Player of the series|
175/4 (18.4 overs)
174/7 (20 overs)
|Dubai International Cricket Stadium, Dubai||Ravi Bopara (Karachi Kings)|
148/6 (20 overs)
90 (16.3 overs)
|Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore||Kamran Akmal (Peshawar Zalmi)|
154/7 (16.5 overs)
148/9 (20 overs)
|National Stadium, Karachi||Luke Ronchi (Islamabad United)|
139/2 (17.5 overs)
138/8 (20 overs)
|Shane Watson (Quetta Gladiators)|
|TBC||Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore|
|Season (No. of teams)||2016
|Islamabad United||W (3rd)||4th||W (1st)||3rd (3rd)||6th|
|Karachi Kings||4th||3rd (3rd)||3rd (2nd)||4th|
|Peshawar Zalmi||3rd (1st)||W (1st)||R (3rd)||R (1st)|
|Quetta Gladiators||R (2nd)||4th||W (2nd)||5th|
- W = Winner;
- R = Runner-up;
- SF = Semifinalist;
- DNP = Did not Participate;
- (x) = End of league games table position;
The table below provides an overview of the performances of teams. Teams are sorted by best performance, then by total number of wins, total number of games, and alphabetical order respectively.
|Islamabad United||5||2016||2020||Champions (2016, 2018)||53||28||24||1||0||0||53.77|
|Quetta Gladiators||5||2016||2020||Champions (2019)||52||30||21||0||0||1||58.82|
|Peshawar Zalmi||5||2016||2020||Champions (2017)||56||31||24||0||0||1||56.36|
|Karachi Kings||5||2016||2020||Third Place (2017, 2018)||52||22||27||0||1||2||45.00|
|Multan Sultans||3||2018||2020||Group Stage (2018, 2019)||20||7||12||0||0||1||36.84|
|Lahore Qalandars||5||2016||2020||Group Stage (2016, 2017, 2018, 2019)||36||10||24||1||1||0||30.55|
|Last Updated: 14 March 2020|
- Tie&W and Tie&L indicates matches tied and then won or lost by "Super Over"
- The result percentage excludes no results and counts ties (irrespective of a tiebreaker) as full win.
The Hanif Mohammad award and a green cap are awarded to the leading run-scorer. It is an ongoing competition with the leading run-scorer wearing the cap throughout the tournament until the final game, with the eventual winner keeping the cap and receiving the award for the season. The Fazal Mahmood award and a maroon cap are awarded to the leading wicket-taker in the same way whilst the Imtiaz Ahmed award is awarded to the best wicket-keeper. All three awards were introduced in the second PSL season.
The PSL's initial title sponsorship was awarded to HBL Pakistan for three years in December 2015. Sponsorship deals associated with the league including the title sponsorship, are estimated to be worth more than $6 million. HBL later renewed their sponsorship for three more years.
|Title sponsor||Period||Sponsorship amount (per year)||Ref.|
Broadcast and Digital DistributionsEdit
For the first three seasons of the league, Sunset and Vine were awarded production rights as official broadcasters, and PTV Sports, Ten Sports and Geo Super were awarded broadcast rights in Pakistan with the PCB selling the global television rights to Tech Front, a UAE group..
|New Zealand||2020-present||Sky Sport|
City 44 UK
|United Arab Emirates||2016–2018
|Worldwide Internet Rights||2016–present||Cricketgateway|
Advertising rights for the first three years of the league's operation were awarded to the Pakistani company Blitz Advertising.
- The team was founded in 2015 and made its PSL debut in the 2016 season.
- The team was founded in 2017 and made its PSL debut in the 2018 season. But team's contract was terminated in 2018, after they failed to pay their annual fee of US$5.2 million to PCB.
- The team was founded in 2018 with new owners and with the same name and made its PSL debut in the 2019 season.
- "Most runs in PSL". ESPNcricinfo.
- "Most wickets in PSL". ESPNcricinfo.
- "Wasim Akram, Ramiz Raja become official ambassadors for PSL". The Express Tribune. 8 September 2015.
- Pakistan Super League set to be moved to UAE Gulf Times, 21 September 2015. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- Rishad Mahmoud (2016) Pakistan Super League: Morale booster or gimmick? Al Jazeera, 4 February 2016. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- "PSL kicks off with colourful ceremony in Dubai". ARY Media. ARY News. ARY Network. 4 February 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- Qasim Nauman (2016) Pakistan Super League: Twenty20 Underdogs Quetta Gladiators Emerge as Favorites in Final, The Wall Street Journal, 23 February 2016. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- "Dubai, Sharjah venues for Pakistan Super League". Cricinfo.
- "Pakistan Super League: Draft pick order decided, logo launched". The Express Tribune. 15 December 2015.
- Umer Toor. "Projection Mapping Event Goes Live on Tv Channels in Pakistan on Pakistan Super League Launch". Projection Mapping – Pakistan since 2010.
- Faseeh Mangi, Chris Kay (14 March 2017). "Back From Exile, Pakistan's Cricket Push Lures Advertisers". Bloomberg. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
- Ahmed, Khurshid (29 February 2020). "PSL 2020 spurs business boom at home". Arab News. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
- PSL to include a sixth team for the second edition, ARY Sports 20 April 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
- Bilal khan dreams about including Kashmir in PSL ARY Sports 23 April 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
- PSL's second edition to remain five-team event Archived 30 June 2017 at the Wayback Machine, PKKH/, 18 May 2016. Retrieved 18 May 2016.
- PSLs second edition to remain five team event, "The Express Tribune", 18 May 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- "FATA to participate as sixth team in PSL 3". Samaa TV. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
- "FATA name coming up as sixth team in PSL 2018". The Express tribune. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
- "PCB shortlists five possible region as 6th team in PSL 3". GEO News.
- "Pakistan Super League gets sixth team". ARY News. 1 June 2017. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
- "PCB announces Multan as sixth PSL franchise". Samaa TV. 1 June 2017. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
- "PCB terminates franchise agreement with Schon Group for Multan Sultans". Dawn. 11 November 2018. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
- AFP (3 May 2016). "PCB reaps $2.6m profit from Pakistan Super League". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 21 February 2017.
- "PSL promises IPL style Cricket". NDTV Sports. 21 September 2015. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
- "PCB invites bids for Pakistan Super League franchises". Daily Pakistan. Ali Zain. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
- "PCB initiates bids for Pakistan Super League franchises". Cricbuzz. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
- "Pakistan Super League: Seven companies fight it out to buy franchises". The Express Tribune. 3 December 2015. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- Nabeel Hashmi. "Pakistan Super League: Seven companies fight it out to buy franchises". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- Umar Farooq (3 December 2015). "PCB sells five PSL teams for $93m". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
- "PCB invites bids for sixth PSL team". Pakistan Observer. Archived from the original on 29 April 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
- "Multan becomes PSL's sixth franchise as Schon Group buys franchise". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
- "PSL Final 2019: Quetta Gladiators clinch maiden PSL title". The News International. 18 March 2019.
- "Pakistan Super League / Records / Result summary – ESPN Cricinfo". Cricinfo.
- "Leading run scorer will get Green Cap" (Dawn News). Retrieved 19 February 2017.
- "Leading wicket-taker will win the Maroon Cap" (Dawn News). Retrieved 19 February 2017.
- "Pakistan Super League trophy unveiled" (Dunya News). Retrieved 19 February 2017.
- Pakistan Super League PSL Teams, Sponsors, Broadcasting Rights Sold, Total Sported, 16 February 2016. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- "Pakistan Super League ropes in HBL bank as title sponsors". gulfnews.com (Gulf News). Retrieved 15 December 2015.
- "HBL renews its commitment to take Pakistan Super League to greater heights". www.PSL-t20.com. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
- "ﻣﻠﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﮐﯽ ﭼﮭﭩﯽ ! ﭘﯽ ﺍﯾﺲ ﺍﯾﻞ ﮐﯽ ﭼﮭﭩﯽ ﭨﯿﻢ ﮐﻮﻧﺴﯽ ﮨﻮﮔﯽ ﺑﮍﯼ ﺧﺒﺮ !". Crictale. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
- "Karachi attracts highest bid as PSL teams sold for $93 million". Associated Press of Pakistan and Dawn Sport. DAWN. 4 December 2015. p. 1. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
- "PSL: Live on Android Mobile App". Tvile. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
- "PSL: Live on internet". ARY News. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
- PSL 2017[permanent dead link] on CricketGateway.com Retrieved 8 February 2017.
- "DSport to broadcast HBL 2018 Pakistan Super League". DSport India. 18 October 2017. Archived from the original on 20 October 2017. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
- PSL. "PCB has awarded the Media Advertising Rights for the first three seasons of HBL PSL". Pakistan Cricket Board.