List of world champion football clubs

This list includes the official (de jure) world champion football clubs recognized by FIFA. The official competitions that grant this title are the Intercontinental Cup (1960–2004) and the FIFA Club World Cup (2000, 2005–present).

World club champion trophies

CompetitionsEdit

FIFA Club World CupEdit

The FIFA Club World Cup is an international men's association football competition organised by the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The tournament officially assigns the world title.[1] The competition was first contested in 2000 as the FIFA Club World Championship. It was not held between 2001 and 2004 due to a combination of factors, most importantly the collapse of FIFA's marketing partner International Sport and Leisure.[2] Since 2005, the competition has been held every year, and has been hosted by Brazil, Japan, the United Arab Emirates and Morocco. The FIFA Club World Cup's prestige is perceived quite differently in different parts of the football world; while it is widely regarded as the most distinguished club level trophy in South America,[3][4] it struggles to attract interest in most of Europe compared to the UEFA Champions League and commonly lacks recognition as a high-ranking contest.[5][6]

The first FIFA Club World Championship took place in Brazil in 2000. but the failure of ISL caused FIFA to discontinue the tournament and cancel the following year competition to be held in Spain. This first failed instalment ran parallel with the Intercontinental Cup (also known as European/South American Cup), a competition organised jointly by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and the Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol (CONMEBOL) first disputed in 1960 by the winners of the European Champions' Cup and the Copa Libertadores. FIFA finally managed to buy the prestigious Japanese Event and in 2005, after the Intercontinental Cup's last edition, that competition was merged with FIFA. The failed FIFA Club World Cup's first edition was renamed as "FIFA Club World Championship" and a new Trophy replaced the Intercontintenal Cup Thophy as well as the Toyota Cup. In 2006, the tournament took its current name.

The current format of the tournament involves seven teams competing for the title at venues within the host nation over a period of about two weeks; the winners of that year's AFC Champions League (Asia), CAF Champions League (Africa), CONCACAF Champions League (North America), Copa Libertadores (South America), OFC Champions League (Oceania) and UEFA Champions League (Europe), along with the host nation's national champions, participate in a straight knock-out tournament. The host nation's national champions dispute a play-off against the Oceania champions, from which the winner joins the champions of Asia, Africa and North America at the quarter-finals. The quarter-final winners go on to face the European and South American champions, who enter at the semi-final stage, for a place in the final. In Europe the tournament is almost ignored by the mass media, also because of its sporting level, considered inferior to the Intercontinental Cup,[7] indeed when the sides used to meet in a one-off game in Japan (and even before), this was still a fair fight. The opening up of the global market in football has changed the balance. These days the best South Americans (and the stars from all the other continents) are usually playing in Europe.[8][9]

Intercontinental CupEdit

The Intercontinental Cup, also known as European/South American Cup, was an official international football competition endorsed by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and the Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol (CONMEBOL),[10][11][12] contested between representative clubs from these confederations, usually the winners of the European Champions' Cup (now known as the UEFA Champions League), and the South American Copa Libertadores. The competition was played by representatives clubs of most developed continents in the football world; has since been replaced by the FIFA Club World Cup. All editions were official UEFA and CONMEBOL competitions,[13][14] and indirectly also of FIFA.[15][16][17][18]

From its formation in 1960 to 1979, the competition was contested over a two legged tie, with a playoff if necessary until 1968, and penalty kicks later. During the 1970s, European participation in the Intercontinental Cup became a running question due to controversial events in the 1969 final,[19] and some European Champions Club' winner teams withdrew.[20] From 1980 until 2004, the competition was contested over a single match held in Japan and sponsored by multinational automaker Toyota, which offered a secondary trophy (that flanked the original), the Toyota Cup.[21]

Throughout the history of football, various attempts have been made to organize a tournament that identifies "the best club team in the world" – such as the Football World Championship, the Lipton Trophy, the Copa Rio, the Pequeña Copa del Mundo and the International Soccer League - due to FIFA's lack of interest or inability to organize club competitions,[22] – the Intercontinental Cup is considered by FIFA as the official predecessor[23][15] to the FIFA Club World Cup, which was held for the first time in 2000.[24]

All the winning teams were regarded by worldwide mass media and the football community, FIFA included (as News Center productions and not cataloged on the FIFA website as official entity documents),[25] as "world champions" de facto.[26][27][28][29] On 27 October 2017, the FIFA Council, while not promoting statistical unification between the Intercontinental Cup and the Club World Cup, in respect to the history of the two tournaments[30] (which merged in 2005),[31] has officialised (de jure) the title of the Intercontinental Cup, recognising all the winners as official club world champions,[32][33][34][35] with the same title of the FIFA Club World Cup winners, or "FIFA Club World Champions".[36][37][38][39][40][41][42]

FIFA recognises the Intercontinental Cup as the sole direct predecessor of the Club World Cup, and the champions of both aforementioned competitions are the only ones uncontroversially officially recognised as Club World Champions in the FIFA Club World Cup Statistical Kit, the official document of FIFA's club competition.

Results by yearEdit

Intercontinental Cup eraEdit

Year Country Winners Score Runners-up Country Venue Location Refs
1960   ESP Real Madrid 0–0 Peñarol   URU Estadio Centenario Montevideo, Uruguay [43]
5–1 Santiago Bernabéu Madrid, Spain
1961   URU Peñarol 0–1 Benfica   POR Estádio da Luz Lisbon, Portugal [44]
5–0 Estadio Centenario Montevideo, Uruguay
2–1 Montevideo, Uruguay
1962   BRA Santos 3–2 Benfica   POR Estádio do Maracanã Rio de Janeiro, Brazil [45]
5–2 Estádio da Luz Lisbon, Portugal
1963   BRA Santos 2–4 Milan   ITA San Siro Milan, Italy [46]
4–2 Estádio do Maracanã Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
1–0
1964   ITA Internazionale 0–1 Independiente   ARG La Doble Visera Avellaneda, Argentina [47]
2–0 San Siro Milan, Italy
1–0 (a.e.t.) Santiago Bernabéu Madrid, Spain
1965   ITA Internazionale 3–0 Independiente   ARG San Siro Milan, Italy [48]
0–0 La Doble Visera Avellaneda, Argentina
1966   URU Peñarol 2–0 Real Madrid   ESP Estadio Centenario Montevideo, Uruguay [49]
2–0 Santiago Bernabéu Madrid, Spain
1967   ARG Racing 0–1 Celtic   SCO Hampden Park Glasgow, Scotland [50]
2–1 El Cilindro Avellaneda, Argentina
1–0 Estadio Centenario Montevideo, Uruguay
1968   ARG Estudiantes 1–0 Manchester United   ENG Estadio Boca Juniors Buenos Aires, Argentina [51]
1–1 Old Trafford Manchester, England
1969   ITA Milan 3–0 Estudiantes   ARG San Siro Milan, Italy [52]
1–2 Estadio Boca Juniors Buenos Aires, Argentina
1970   NED Feyenoord 2–2 Estudiantes   ARG Estadio Boca Juniors Buenos Aires, Argentina [53]
1–0 De Kuip Rotterdam, Netherlands
1971   URU Nacional 1–1 Panathinaikos#1   GRE Karaiskakis Stadium Piraeus, Greece [54]
2–1 Estadio Centenario Montevideo, Uruguay
1972   NED Ajax 1–1 Independiente   ARG La Doble Visera Avellaneda, Argentina [55]
3–0 Olympic Stadium Amsterdam, Netherlands
1973   ARG Independiente 1–0 Juventus#2   ITA Stadio Olimpico Rome, Italy [56]
Second leg was not played.   Independiente declared winner.
1974   ESP Atlético Madrid#3 0–1 Independiente   ARG La Doble Visera Avellaneda, Argentina [57]
2–0 Estadio Vicente Calderón Madrid, Spain
1975
  Bayern Munich and   Independiente did not find compatible schedule to play.
[58]
1976   FRG Bayern Munich 2–0 Cruzeiro   BRA Olympiastadion Munich, West Germany [59]
0–0 Mineirão Belo Horizonte, Brazil
1977   ARG Boca Juniors 2–2 Borussia Mönchengladbach#4   FRG Estadio Boca Juniors Buenos Aires, Argentina [60]
3–0 Wildparkstadion Karlsruhe, West Germany
1978
  Liverpool and   Boca Juniors declined to play each other.
[58]
1979   PAR Olimpia 1–0 Malmö FF#5   SWE Malmö Stadion Malmö, Sweden [61]
2–1 Defensores del Chaco Asunción, Paraguay
1980   URU Nacional 1–0 Nottingham Forest   ENG National Stadium Tokyo, Japan [62]
1981   BRA Flamengo 3–0 Liverpool [63]
1982   URU Peñarol 2–0 Aston Villa [64]
1983   BRA Grêmio 2–1 (a.e.t.) Hamburger SV   FRG [65]
1984   ARG Independiente 1–0 Liverpool   ENG [66]
1985   ITA Juventus 2–2 (a.e.t.) (4–2 p) Argentinos Juniors   ARG [67]
1986   ARG River Plate 1–0 Steaua București   ROU [68]
1987   POR Porto 2–1 (a.e.t.) Peñarol   URU [69]
1988   URU Nacional 2–2 (a.e.t.) (7–6 p) PSV Eindhoven   NED [70]
1989   ITA Milan 1–0 (a.e.t.) Atlético Nacional   COL [71]
1990   ITA Milan 3–0 Olimpia   PAR [72]
1991   YUG Red Star Belgrade 3–0 Colo-Colo   CHI [73]
1992   BRA São Paulo 2–1 Barcelona   ESP [74]
1993   BRA São Paulo 3–2 Milan#6   ITA [75]
1994   ARG Vélez Sársfield 2–0 Milan [76]
1995   NED Ajax 0–0 (a.e.t.) (4–3 p) Grêmio   BRA [77]
1996   ITA Juventus 1–0 River Plate   ARG [78]
1997   GER Borussia Dortmund 2–0 Cruzeiro   BRA [79]
1998   ESP Real Madrid 2–1 Vasco da Gama [80]
1999   ENG Manchester United 1–0 Palmeiras [81]
2000   ARG Boca Juniors 2–1 Real Madrid   ESP [82]
2001   GER Bayern Munich 1–0 (a.e.t.) Boca Juniors   ARG [83]
2002   ESP Real Madrid 2–0 Olimpia   PAR International Stadium Yokohama, Japan [84]
2003   ARG Boca Juniors 1–1 (a.e.t.) (3–1 p) Milan   ITA [85]
2004   POR Porto 0–0 (a.e.t.) (8–7 p) Once Caldas   COL [86]

NotesEdit

Club World Cup eraEdit

Key to the table
  Match was won after extra time
  Match was won via a penalty shoot-out
Edition Season Hosts Champions Score Runners-up Third place Score Fourth place Ref
1 2000   Brazil   Corinthians[a] 0–0    Vasco da Gama   Necaxa[b] 1–1    Real Madrid [91][92]
N/A 2001   Spain Tournament cancelled [93]
2 2005   Japan   São Paulo 1–0   Liverpool   Saprissa 3–2   Al-Ittihad [94][95]
3 2006   Internacional 1–0   Barcelona   Al Ahly 2–1   América [96][97]
4 2007   Milan 4–2   Boca Juniors   Urawa Red Diamonds[c] 2–2    Étoile du Sahel [99][100]
5 2008   Manchester United 1–0   LDU Quito   Gamba Osaka 1–0   Pachuca [101][102]
6 2009   UAE   Barcelona[d] 2–1    Estudiantes   Pohang Steelers[e] 1–1    Atlante [105][106]
7 2010   Internazionale 3–0   TP Mazembe   Internacional 4–2   Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma [107][108]
8 2011   Japan   Barcelona 4–0   Santos   Al Sadd[f] 0–0    Kashiwa Reysol [110][111]
9 2012   Corinthians 1–0   Chelsea   Monterrey 2–0   Al Ahly [112][113]
10 2013   Morocco   Bayern Munich 2–0   Raja Casablanca   Atlético Mineiro 3–2   Guangzhou Evergrande [114][115]
11 2014   Real Madrid 2–0   San Lorenzo   Auckland City[g] 1–1    Cruz Azul [117][118]
12 2015   Japan   Barcelona 3–0   River Plate   Sanfrecce Hiroshima 2–1   Guangzhou Evergrande [119][120]
13 2016   Real Madrid[h] 4–2    Kashima Antlers   Atlético Nacional[i] 2–2    América [123][124]
14 2017   UAE   Real Madrid 1–0   Grêmio   Pachuca 4–1   Al-Jazira [125]
15 2018   Real Madrid 4–1   Al-Ain   River Plate 4–0   Kashima Antlers [126]
16 2019   Qatar   Liverpool[j] 1–0    Flamengo   Monterrey[k] 2–2    Al-Hilal [127]
17 2020   Bayern Munich 1–0   Tigres   Al Ahly[l] 0–0    Palmeiras [127]
18 2021   UAE [128]

WinnersEdit

By clubEdit

In synthesis FIFA has two types of world champions, those deriving from the Intercontinental Cup and those deriving from the Club World Cup (the two competitions, albeit different, confer the same title, that of FIFA club world champions)[129][130] so in accordance to what is officially communicated by FIFA, the total count of official[131][15][132][129] world titles is as follows:[133][134][135][136][137][138][130]

Key
IC Intercontinental Cup (defunct)
CWC FIFA Club World Cup
List of world champion football clubs
Club Country IC CWC Total Years won
Real Madrid   Spain 3 4 7 1960, 1998, 2002, 2014, 2016, 2017, 2018
Milan   Italy 3 1 4 1969, 1989, 1990, 2007
Bayern Munich   Germany 2 2 4 1976, 2001, 2013, 2020
Boca Juniors   Argentina 3 0 3 1977, 2000 (IC), 2003
Nacional   Uruguay 3 0 3 1971, 1980, 1988
Peñarol   Uruguay 3 0 3 1961, 1966, 1982
Internazionale   Italy 2 1 3 1964, 1965, 2010
São Paulo   Brazil 2 1 3 1992, 1993, 2005
Barcelona   Spain 0 3 3 2009, 2011, 2015
Ajax   Netherlands 2 0 2 1972, 1995
Independiente   Argentina 2 0 2 1973, 1984
Juventus   Italy 2 0 2 1985, 1996
Porto   Portugal 2 0 2 1987, 2004
Santos   Brazil 2 0 2 1962, 1963
Manchester United   England 1 1 2 1999, 2008
Corinthians   Brazil 0 2 2 2000 (CWC), 2012
Atlético Madrid   Spain 1 0 1 1974
Borussia Dortmund   Germany 1 0 1 1997
Estudiantes   Argentina 1 0 1 1968
Feyenoord   Netherlands 1 0 1 1970
Flamengo   Brazil 1 0 1 1981
Grêmio   Brazil 1 0 1 1983
Olimpia   Paraguay 1 0 1 1979
Racing Club   Argentina 1 0 1 1967
Red Star Belgrade   Yugoslavia 1 0 1 1991
River Plate   Argentina 1 0 1 1986
Vélez Sarsfield   Argentina 1 0 1 1994
Internacional   Brazil 0 1 1 2006
Liverpool   England 0 1 1 2019

By countryEdit

Country IC CWC Total
  Spain 4 7 11
  Brazil 6 4 10
  Argentina 9 0 9
  Italy 7 2 9
  Uruguay 6 0 6
  Germany 3 2 5
  Netherlands 3 0 3
  England 1 2 3
  Portugal 2 0 2
  Paraguay 1 0 1
  Yugoslavia 1 0 1

By confederationEdit

Confederation IC CWC Total
UEFA 21 13 34
CONMEBOL 22 4 26

All-time runners-up without titleEdit

Key
IC Intercontinental Cup (defunct)
CWC FIFA Club World Cup
List of world champion football clubs runners-up without title
Club IC CWC Total
  Benfica
2
1961, 1962
  Cruzeiro
2
1976, 1997
  Vasco da Gama
1
1
1998, 2000 (CWC)
  Celtic
1
1967
  Panathinaikos
1
1971
  Borussia Mönchengladbach
1
1977
  Malmö FF
1
1979
  Nottingham Forest
1
1980
  Aston Villa
1
1982
  Hamburger SV
1
1983
  Argentinos Juniors
1
1985
  Steaua București
1
1986
  PSV Eindhoven
1
1988
  Atlético Nacional
1
1989
  Colo-Colo
1
1992
  Palmeiras
1
1999
  Once Caldas
1
2004
  LDU Quito 1 2008
  TP Mazembe 1 2010
  Chelsea 1 2012
  Raja Casablanca 1 2013
  San Lorenzo 1 2014
  Kashima Antlers 1 2016
  Al-Ain 1 2018
  UANL 1 2020

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Score was 0–0 after 120 minutes. Corinthians won 4–3 on penalties.[89]
  2. ^ Extra time was played in the third-place match. Necaxa won 4–3 on penalties.[90]
  3. ^ No extra time was played in the third-place match. Urawa Red Diamonds won 4–2 on penalties.[98]
  4. ^ Score was 1–1 after 90 minutes.[103]
  5. ^ No extra time was played in the third-place match. Pohang Steelers won 4–3 on penalties.[104]
  6. ^ No extra time was played in the third-place match. Al Sadd won 5–3 on penalties.[109]
  7. ^ No extra time was played in the third-place match. Auckland City won 4–2 on penalties.[116]
  8. ^ Score was 2–2 after 90 minutes.[121]
  9. ^ No extra time was played in the third-place match. Atlético Nacional won 4–3 on penalties.[122]
  10. ^ Score was 0–0 after 90 minutes.
  11. ^ No extra time was played in the third-place match. Monterrey won 4–3 on penalties.
  12. ^ No extra time was played in the third-place match. Al Ahly won 3–2 on penalties.

ReferencesEdit

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