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Oceania Football Confederation

The Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) is one of the six continental confederations of international association football, consisting of New Zealand, Fiji, Tonga, and other Pacific Island countries. It promotes the game in Oceania and allows the member nations to qualify for the FIFA World Cup.

Oceania Football Confederation
Oceania Football Confederation logo.svg
Oceania Football Confederation member associations map.svg
Abbreviation OFC
Formation 1966; 51 years ago (1966)
Type Sports organisation
Headquarters Auckland, New Zealand
Membership
14 member associations (11 full)
Official language
English
David Chung
Parent organization
FIFA
Website www.oceaniafootball.com

OFC is predominantly made up of island nations where association football is not the most popular sport. Consequently, the OFC has little influence in the wider football world,[citation needed] either in terms of international competition or as a source of players for high-profile club competitions. In 2006, the OFC's largest and most successful nation, Australia, left to join the Asian Football Confederation, leaving New Zealand as the largest federation within the OFC.

David Chung is the current President of OFC. Rajesh Patel is the Senior Vice President, Lee Harmon is the Vice-President while Tai Nicholas is the General Secretary.[1]

Oceania is the only confederation to have not had at least one international title (AFC has won the Women's World Cup, CAF has enjoyed Olympic success, and a member of the CONCACAF has won the Confederations Cup), the best result being Australia making the final of the 1997 Confederations Cup.

Contents

Member nationsEdit

Current membersEdit

OFC is made up of 11 full member associations and 3 associate members.[2]

Code Association National teams Founded FIFA
affiliation
OFC
affiliation
IOC
member
ASA   American Samoa[cm 1] (M, W) 1984 1998 1998 Yes
COK   Cook Islands[cm 2] (M, W) 1971 1994 1994 Yes
FIJ   Fiji (M, W) 1938 1964 1966 Yes
KIR   Kiribati[cm 3] (M, W) 1980 N/A 2007 Yes
NCL   New Caledonia[cm 4] (M, W) 1928 2004 1966 No
NZL   New Zealand (M, W) 1891 1948 1966 Yes
NIU   Niue[cm 2][cm 3] (M, W) 1960 N/A 2006 No
PNG   Papua New Guinea (M, W) 1962 1966 1966 Yes
SAM   Samoa (M, W) 1968 1986 1986 Yes
SOL   Solomon Islands (M, W) 1979 1988 1988 Yes
TAH   Tahiti[cm 4] (M, W) 1989 1990 1990 No
TGA   Tonga (M, W) 1965 1994 1994 Yes
TUV   Tuvalu[cm 3] (M, W) 1979 N/A 2006 Yes
VAN   Vanuatu (M, W) 1934 1988 1988 Yes

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Unincorporated territory of the United States
  2. ^ a b Free associated state with New Zealand
  3. ^ a b c Associate member of the OFC, but not a FIFA member
  4. ^ a b Collectivity of France

Former membersEdit

Though Israel played in some OFC competitions in the 1970s to 1980s they were not a member of the OFC.

Non-membersEdit

Several sovereign states or dependencies in Oceania have national teams with no affiliation. All play infrequently and may have been inactive for several years. There are also some with no national team.

Sovereign states and dependencies with territory in Oceania but are members of other federations:
Asian Football Confederation

CONCACAF

CONMEBOL

HistoryEdit

The confederation formed in 1966 with the following as founding members[4]:

Australia resigned as an OFC member in 1972 to pursue membership with the AFC, but they rejoined in 1978.[5][6] Chinese Taipei were an OFC member from 1975 to 1989. In 1996 FIFA confirmed the OFC as a full confederation and granted it a seat on the FIFA executive.[7] In 1998 the OFC unveiled a new logo and an official magazine, entitled The Wave. On 24 May 2004, New Caledonia became the 12th member of the OFC. On 1 January 2006, Australia left the OFC again and joined the Asian Football Confederation. In 2008 an associate member, the Northern Mariana Islands Football Association, also left the OFC and in 2009 joined the AFC as a quasi-member. In late 2009 the Palau Soccer Association also applied for the same status with the AFC.[8]

PresidentsEdit

CompetitionsEdit

The winner of the OFC Football World Cup Qualifiers will compete in a two-legged home-and-away playoff with the team ranked fifth in the South American qualifying competition for a place in the 2018 World Cup. Since 1996, OFC members also play for the OFC Nations Cup, which was held every second year, but now every fourth year.

The OFC also organises the Oceania Club Championship, a competition that has received surprisingly high levels of media support within New Zealand in its debut season. It serves primarily to determine the Oceania representative at the FIFA Club World Cup. In 2007, the OFC replaced the current club competition with the OFC Champions League which began in 2007. From 2007, the winner has no longer gained direct entry to the FIFA Club World Cup – but instead plays off against the host nation's champion for the final spot in the tournament. It is not clear whether this is permanent, or even if it could change if the Oceania entrant were to outperform entrants from other Confederations.

Of the confederation's current teams, only New Zealand has ever competed in the FIFA World Cup, competing in the 1982 World Cup and 2010 World Cup. Founding member Australia also competed in the World Cup finals, in 1974 and 2006. At the conclusion of Germany 2006, Australia's exit from the OFC was finalised (exiting formally on 1 January 2006), being the last commitment of the transition before completely joining the Asian Football Confederation. The other minor exception to this has been the participation of the Solomon Islands in the 2006, 2007 and 2008 FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup. The winner of the OFC Cup also receives a berth in the FIFA Confederations Cup. New Zealand and Tahiti are the only current members of the OFC to have participated in this event.

In the 2004 OFC Nations Cup, which doubled as the Oceania qualifying tournament for the 2006 FIFA World Cup, the Solomon Islands unexpectedly made the finals after a 2–2 draw with Australia in the last round. This effectively denied New Zealand a place in the third group phase by one group point as Vanuatu had beaten New Zealand 4–2 in an early round upset of the second group phase. Australia won the OFC Nation Cup final by beating the Solomons 5–1 in Honiara and 6–0 in Sydney to represent the OFC in the 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup in Germany. The two teams met again in a two-legged World Cup qualifying final in September 2005 for the right to play the OFC representative for a place in the World Cup finals; Australia won 9–1 on aggregate (7–0 at home and 2–1 away) and progressed to the CONMEBOL–OFC play-off. Australia won this playoff on penalties after a 1–1 aggregate score after both legs of the playoff and after extra time, and qualified for the World Cup.

Current championsEdit

Competitions Champion Title Runner-Up Next edition
Clubs
OFC Champions League   Auckland City FC 9th   Team Wellington 2018
Nations men
OFC Nations Cup   New Zealand 5th   Papua New Guinea 2020
OFC U-20 Championship   New Zealand 6th   Vanuatu 2018
OFC U-17 Championship   New Zealand 6th   New Caledonia 2018
OFC Men's Olympic Qualifying Tournament   Fiji 1st   Vanuatu 2019
OFC Futsal Championship   Solomon Islands 5th   New Zealand 2018
OFC Youth Futsal Tournament   Solomon Islands (men's)
  New Zealand (women's)
1st   New Zealand (men's)
  Tonga (women's)
2018
OFC Beach Soccer Championship   Solomon Islands 4th   New Caledonia 2018
Nations women
OFC Women's Nations Cup   New Zealand 5th   Papua New Guinea 2018
OFC U-20 Women's Championship   New Zealand 6th   Fiji 2019
OFC U-17 Women's Championship   New Zealand 4th   New Caledonia 2019
OFC Women's Olympic Qualifying Tournament   New Zealand 3rd   Papua New Guinea 2020

OFC CompetitionsEdit

FIFA World Cup qualifiersEdit

Oceania has sent representatives to the FIFA World Cup six times: Australia in 1974, 2006, 2010, and 2014, and New Zealand in 1982 and 2010. However, Australia was not an OFC member in 2010 and 2014 as they moved to the AFC after the 2006 FIFA World Cup. Neither Australia in 1974 nor New Zealand in 1982 progressed beyond the first round. In fact, of these six teams, only Australia in 2006 advanced to the second round.

The OFC is the only FIFA confederation that does not have a guaranteed spot in the World Cup finals (a major reason for Australia's leaving the confederation in 2006 to join Asia). Between 1966 and 1982, OFC teams joined the Asian zone qualification tournament, while from 1986 onwards, the winners of the Oceanian zone qualification tournament have to enter the intercontinental play-offs against teams from other confederations in order to gain a spot in the FIFA World Cup finals.

Senior OFC teams recordEdit

OFC FIFA World Cup record
Year Qualifier Round Position GP W D* L GS GA Format
  1930 No teams from Oceania entered
  1934
  1938
  1950
  1954
  1958
  1962
  1966 No OFC team qualified Entered in Africa and Asia.
  1970 Entered in Asia.
  1974   Australia Group stage 14th 3 0 1 2 0 5 Entered in Asia.
  1978 No OFC team qualified Entered in Asia.
  1982   New Zealand Group stage 23rd 3 0 0 3 2 12 Entered in Asia.
  1986 No OFC team qualified Round-robin
Play-off.
  1990 First round
Second round
Play-off.
  1994 1st play-off and 2nd play-off.
  1998 Play-off.
    2002 Play-off.
  2006   Australia[n 1] Round of 16 16th 4 1 1 2 5 6 Play-off.
  2010   New Zealand Group stage 22nd 3 0 3 0 2 2 Play-off.
  2014 No OFC team qualified Play-off.
  2018 Play-off.
  2022 To be determined
Total 4/20 Best: Round of 16 13 1 5 7 9 25
  1. ^ Australia qualified through OFC qualifying competition however the Football Federation Australia officially left the OFC and joined the AFC on 1 January 2006.

OFC play-off recordEdit

1970 AFC–OFC Final Round

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Israel   2–1   Australia 1–0 1–1

1974 AFC–OFC Final Round

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Australia   2–21   South Korea 0–0 2–2

1 Australia beat South Korea 1–0 in a play-off to qualify for the FIFA World Cup.

1986 UEFA–OFC play-off

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Scotland   2–0   Australia 2–0 0–0

1990 CONMEBOL–OFC play-off

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Colombia   1–0   Israel 1–0 0–0

Israel played in the OFC zone for political reasons.

1994 CONCACAF–OFC play-off

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Canada   3–3 (P)   Australia 2–1 1–2

1994 CONMEBOL–OFC play-off

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Australia   1–2   Argentina 1–1 0–1

1998 AFC–OFC play-off

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Iran   (A) 3–3   Australia 1–1 2–2

2002 CONMEBOL–OFC play-off

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Australia   1–3   Uruguay 1–0 0–3

2006 CONMEBOL–OFC play-off

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Uruguay   1–1 (P)   Australia 1–0 0–1

2010 AFC–OFC play-off

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Bahrain   0–1   New Zealand 0–0 0–1

2014 CONCACAF–OFC play-off

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Mexico   9–3   New Zealand 5–1 4–2

2018 CONMEBOL–OFC play-off

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
New Zealand   0–2   Peru 0–0 0–2

FIFA U-20 World CupEdit

FIFA U-17 World CupEdit

Women's World Cup FinalsEdit

Australia is no longer an OFC member since 2006, when they joined the AFC.

Team  
1991
 
1995
 
1999
 
2003
 
2007
 
2011
 
2015
Total
  Australia GS GS GS 3
  New Zealand GS GS GS GS 4

FIFA Confederations CupEdit

Legend
  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place
  • 4th – Fourth place
  • GS – Group stage
  • Q — Qualified for upcoming tournament
  • q — Qualified; tournament in progress
  •  ••  — Qualified but withdrew
  •  •  — Did not qualify
  •  ×  — Did not enter / Withdrew from the OFC Nations Cup or withdrew from the Confederations Cup / Banned
  •    — Hosts
Team 1992
 
1995
 
1997
 
1999
 
2001
 
 
2003
 
2005
 
2009
 
2013
 
2017
 
2021
 
Total
  Australia × × 2nd 3rd GS 3
  New Zealand GS GS GS GS 4
  Tahiti GS 1
Total 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8

FIFA Futsal World CupEdit

Legend
  • 1st — Champions
  • 2nd — Runners-up
  • 3rd — Third place
  • 4th — Fourth place
  • QF — Quarterfinals
  • R2 — Round 2 (1989–2008, second group stage, top 8; 2012–present: knockout round of 16)
  • R1 — Round 1
  • Q — Qualified for upcoming tournament
  •    — Hosts
Nation 1989
 
1992
 
1996
 
2000
 
2004
 
2008
 
2012
 
2016
 
Years
  Australia R1 R1 R1 R1 R1 5
  Solomon Islands R1 R1 R1 3
Nations 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

FIFA Beach Soccer World CupEdit

Legend
  • 1st — Champions
  • 2nd — Runners-up
  • 3rd — Third place
  • 4th — Fourth place
  • QF — Quarterfinals (1999–2001, 2004–present)
  • R1 — Round 1
  • q — Qualified for upcoming tournament
  •  ••  — Qualified but withdrew
  •  •  — Did not qualify
  •     — Hosts
Nation  
1995
 
1996
 
1997
 
1998
 
1999
 
2000
 
2001
 
2002
 
2003
 
2004
 
2005
 
2006
 
2007
 
2008
 
2009
 
2011
 
2013
 
2015
 
2017
Years
  Australia R1
9th
1
  Solomon Islands R1
12th
R1
16th
R1
12th
R1
13th
R1
11th
5
  Tahiti R1
12th
4th 2nd 2nd 4
Nations 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1

National Team rankingsEdit

  • Last updates:
    • Men's national teams – 14 July 2016 –[9]
    • Women's national teams – 24 June 2016 –[10]
Top men's national teams
Rankings are calculated by FIFA.
Top women's national teams
Rankings are calculated by FIFA.
OFC FIFA Nation Points OFC FIFA Nation Points
1 93   New Zealand 366 1 17   New Zealand 1848
2 161   New Caledonia 162 2 48   Papua New Guinea 1473
3 164   Papua New Guinea 152 3 76   Fiji 1292
4 168   American Samoa 128 4 86   Tonga 1258
5 168   Cook Islands 128 5 87   New Caledonia 1252
6 175   Tahiti 114 6 98   Cook Islands 1185
7 178   Samoa 106 7 105   Solomon Islands 1144
8 179   Vanuatu 103 8 107   Samoa 1138
9 181   Solomon Islands 92 9 148**   Tahiti 1238
10 187   Fiji 82   Vanuatu 1139
11 205   Tonga 0   American Samoa 1075
  • * – Provisionally listed due to not having played more than five matches against officially ranked teams
  • ** – Inactive for more than 18 months and therefore not ranked

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Oceania Football Confederation - OFC Home". oceaniafootball.com. Retrieved 14 March 2017. 
  2. ^ "Member Associations". Oceania Football. Oceania Football Confederation. 
  3. ^ "Oceania Football Confederation - Content". archive.org. 6 October 2009. Retrieved 14 March 2017. 
  4. ^ A Dictionary of Sports Studies. ISBN 019921381X. 
  5. ^ OFC History oceaniafootball.com
  6. ^ "Oceania admit Taiwan and Aussies quit". Reuters, UPI. The Straits Times. 1 March 1976. 
  7. ^ FIFA.com. "FIFA Congress - FIFA.com". fifa.com. Retrieved 14 March 2017. 
  8. ^ http://www.eaff.com/eanews/release/2009/090905.html
  9. ^ FIFA.com. "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking - Ranking Table - Oceanian Zone - FIFA.com". fifa.com. Retrieved 14 March 2017. 
  10. ^ FIFA.com. "The FIFA Women's World Ranking - Oceanian Zone - FIFA.com". fifa.com. Retrieved 14 March 2017. 

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit