List of men's national association football teams
This is a list of the men's national association football teams in the world. There are more nations with football teams than for any other sport, with teams representing 191 of the 193 UN member states, as well as several dependent territories, sub-national entities, and states who are not members of the United Nations. This list divides teams into two main groups:
- Teams which are either members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the world's football governing body (211 teams), or have membership in a FIFA-affiliated continental confederation without being members of FIFA (12 teams).
- Teams who are not members of FIFA or any continental federation, but which represent sovereign states. This group includes United Nations members and observer states, as well as states who are not members of the UN (11 teams).
This list excludes other teams, which generally play outside FIFA's recognition. Excluded teams include those who represent ethnic groups, sub-national entities and dependent territories other than those recognized by FIFA or its confederations, competitors at the Island Games, unrecognized states, separatist movements, and pseudo- or micro-nations.
Members of FIFA affiliated confederationsEdit
This section lists the current:
- 211 men's national football teams affiliated to FIFA, through their national football associations.
- 12 men's national football teams who have membership in one of FIFA's affiliated continental confederations, but are not members of FIFA.
FIFA members are eligible to enter the FIFA World Cup and matches between them are recognized as official international matches. Based on their match results over the previous four-year period, the FIFA World Rankings, published monthly by FIFA, compare the relative strengths of the national teams.
Some national teams who are members of a confederation but not FIFA members compete in confederation-level and subregional tournaments. These teams, however, are not allowed to participate in the World Cup.
The six confederations are:
- Asia – Asian Football Confederation (AFC)[note 1]
- Africa – Confederation of African Football (CAF)[note 1]
- North and Central America and the Caribbean – Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF)
- South America – Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol (CONMEBOL)
- Oceania – Oceania Football Confederation (OFC)
- Europe – Union of European Football Associations (UEFA)
- AFC – Asian Cup
- CAF – Africa Cup of Nations
- CONCACAF – CONCACAF Gold Cup
- CONMEBOL – Copa América
- OFC – OFC Nations Cup
- UEFA – European Championship
While not a confederation in itself, the Union of Arab Football Associations (UAFA) coordinates football activities between Arabic-speaking countries. All 22 national governing bodies that form UAFA are also members of both FIFA and either the AFC or CAF. National teams from UAFA member countries are noted in the list below.
Due to the geographical size of Asia, the AFC is subdivided into five sub-federations:
- West Asian Football Federation (WAFF) – represents nations at the western extremity of the continent, except Iran and Israel.
- East Asian Football Federation (EAFF) – represents nations in East Asia, plus Guam and Northern Mariana Islands.
- Central Asian Football Association (CAFA) – represents nations in Central Asia, except Kazakhstan, plus Iran and Afghanistan.
- South Asian Football Federation (SAFF) – represents nations in South Asia, except Afghanistan.
- ASEAN Football Federation (AFF) – represents nations in Southeast Asia, plus Australia.
- 1: National governing body was formerly a member of OFC (1966–2006)
- 2: National governing body is a member of UAFA
- 3: Official name used by FIFA and AFC for People's Republic of China
- 4: Official name used by FIFA and AFC for Republic of China (Taiwan); national governing body was a member of OFC from 1975 to 1989
- 5: Official name used by FIFA and AFC for Islamic Republic of Iran
- 6: Official name used by FIFA for Democratic People's Republic of Korea; official name used by AFC is DPR Korea
- 7: Official name used by FIFA and AFC for Republic of Korea
- 8: Official name used by FIFA and AFC for Kyrgyzstan
- 9: National governing body is an associate member of AFC but not a FIFA member
- 10: National governing body was formerly a member of OFC (2005–2009)
- 11: Official name used by FIFA and AFC for national team representing the Palestinian Territories
Due to the geographical size of Africa, CAF is divided into five regional federations:
- Council for East and Central Africa Football Associations (CECAFA) – represents nations generally regarded as forming the regions of East Africa and some nations of Central Africa.
- Council of Southern Africa Football Associations (COSAFA) – represents nations generally regarded as forming Southern Africa, as well as island states off the coast of Southern Africa.
- West African Football Union/Union du Football de l'Ouest Afrique (WAFU/UFOA) – represents nations in West Africa.
- Union of North African Federations (UNAF) – represents nations regarded as forming North Africa.
- Union des Fédérations du Football de l'Afrique Centrale (UNIFFAC) – represents some of the nations that form Central Africa.
CONCACAF (North America, Central America, and the Caribbean)Edit
The CONCACAF federation is divided into three regional federations that have responsibility for part of the region's geographical area:
- Caribbean Football Union (CFU) – represents all nations in the Caribbean, plus Bermuda and three nations in South America.[note 2]
- North American Football Union (NAFU) – represents the teams of Canada, Mexico and the USA.
- Union Centroamericana de Fútbol (UNCAF) – represents the seven nations of Central America.
- 1: National governing body is a full member of CONCACAF but not a FIFA member
- 2: Official name used by FIFA and CONCACAF for United States
CONMEBOL (South America)Edit
National teams not affiliated to FIFA confederationsEdit
The national football teams included in this section are not members of FIFA, or of any of its affiliated continental confederations. The teams are not eligible to enter the FIFA World Cup or any continental confederation championships. FIFA's statutes do not allow member teams to compete against these sides without FIFA's prior permission.
This section lists:
- 5 teams representing sovereign states who are members or observers of the United Nations.
- 7 teams representing states which are not members of the United Nations.
Unaffiliated United Nations statesEdit
There are seven United Nations member and observer states which are not members of FIFA or any of its affiliated continental confederations. Five of them, however, have fielded national teams in unofficial friendlies, Olympic-level tournaments (such as the Pacific Games or Micronesian Games), or in tournaments held outside the auspices of FIFA. These teams are listed below.
1: National governing body is a member of ConIFA
2: The United Kingdom national team has only played unofficial friendly matches under the name "Great Britain". Otherwise, the United Kingdom is represented in FIFA- and UEFA-organized football by the teams of its constituent countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales (these teams are listed in the UEFA subsection above). See also Great Britain Olympic football team and UK national football teams.
Teams representing Nauru appear to have been fielded in local friendly matches on at least two occasions, but there is no organised football on Nauru and no Nauru national team. There is no record of any team ever claiming to have represented the Marshall Islands.
Unaffiliated non-UN statesEdit
Three states with limited international recognition, de facto sovereign states, are full members of FIFA and are listed above: the Republic of China (as Chinese Taipei) and Palestine, which are members of FIFA and the AFC; Kosovo, which is a member of FIFA and UEFA.
None of the remaining de facto sovereign or partially recognized states are members of FIFA or any of its affiliated continental confederations. Despite this, all seven of these states have fielded national teams in non-FIFA football matches or unofficial friendlies:
1: ConIFA currently designates this team by its former name, Nagorno-Karabakh.
2: In addition to playing in non-FIFA football tournaments and in unofficial matches against FIFA-affiliated nations, Northern Cyprus participated in the 1980 Islamic Games football competition.
3: The Transnistria national team, while a full member of ConIFA, has only played against club teams so far.
FIFA's entry criteria state that:
Any association which is responsible for organising and supervising football in all of its forms in its country may become a member of FIFA.
The statutes further define 'country' as "an independent state recognized by the international community". The main condition for joining FIFA is thus general international recognition as a nation state, which is usually associated with membership of the UN. However, this rule is not applied retroactively, and 26 of FIFA's members are not internationally recognised sovereign nations.[note 3]
Non-sovereign associations may still join FIFA or its affiliated confederations in specific circumstances. FIFA have offered exceptions for associations representing a dependency where the application apply for membership is authorised by the association in its parent state. The New Caledonia team was admitted under this regulation in 2004 on the grounds of the distance of New Caledonia from its 'parent' nation, France. The applications for membership by Gibraltar, a territory of the UK and Kosovo, a sovereign state with limited international recognition, were both initially rejected by FIFA in line with the above policy. However, the Court of Arbitration for Sport has rejected this decision  and both teams were accepted in May 2016.
A variety of other national, separatist, sub-national, pseudo-national, and ethnic teams have formed international football organizations outside FIFA's jurisdiction, and play in international tournaments against each other. The Confederation of Independent Football Associations (ConIFA), was founded with the aim of regularising non-FIFA international football, by having a two-year international tournament cycle, with the ConIFA World Football Cup in even numbered years, and continental tournaments in odd-numbered years. This developed the work of the now-defunct N.F.-Board (Nouvelle Fédération-Board), founded in 2001.  ConIFA aims to help unrecognised national teams gain recognition, but also to provide a platform for representative teams of regions or diasporas, which do not have a place in a system of international football based on nation-states. In some cases, participation in non-FIFA football has been a first step for teams who later sought (and in some cases, achieved) the right to participate in matches sanctioned by FIFA or one of its affiliated continental confederations. For example, both Kosovo and Gibraltar played in non-FIFA football tournaments before being recognized by FIFA and UEFA.
Former national football teamsEdit
These national teams no longer exist due to the dissolution of the nation or territory that they represented. Only national teams that were once members of FIFA are listed below.
|Preceding team||Successor team(s)
|Other successor team(s)||Notes|
|Czechoslovakia||Czech Republic||Slovakia||Represented Czechoslovakia until its dissolution into the Czech Republic and Slovakia in 1993. Competed as Representation of Czechs and Slovaks for the remainder of their 1994 World Cup qualifying games.|
|Saar||West Germany||Represented the Saarland Protectorate from 1950 to 1956 before its union with the Federal Republic of Germany.|
| West Germany
(officially Germany )
|Germany||Represented West Germany between 1950 and 1990, before reunification with East Germany. Was considered a continuation of the team that had represented the German state prior to 1942.|
| East Germany
(officially Germany )
|Germany||Represented East Germany between 1952 and 1990, before reunification with West Germany.|
|Ireland||Northern Ireland||Republic of Ireland||Represented Ireland from 1882. From 1922, when the Irish Free State (later Republic of Ireland) left the United Kingdom, until 1953, it continued to pick players from across the Island of Ireland, before becoming restricted to players solely from Northern Ireland under pressure from FIFA.|
|Malaya||Malaysia||Represented the Federation of Malaya from 1953 until its union with Sarawak, North Borneo and Singapore to form Malaysia in 1963. Singapore, which gained independence in 1965, retained its preexisting national team.|
|Tanganyika||Tanzania||Represented Tanganyika until its union with Zanzibar as Tanzania in 1964. Zanzibar is an associate member of CAF and so is not a member of FIFA.|
|Mandatory Palestine||Israel||Palestine||Represented the British Mandate for Palestine from 1934 until the formation of the State of Israel in 1948. A team representing the Palestinian territories was formed in 1953 and was admitted into FIFA in 1998.|
| South Vietnam
|Vietnam||Represented South Vietnam from 1949 until 1975. North and South Vietnam maintained separate football teams from 1954 to 1975. The current Vietnam national football team is considered a successor of the South Vietnam team as North Vietnam was not a FIFA member.|
| North Yemen
(officially Yemen )
|Yemen||Represented North Yemen from 1965 until its union with South Yemen in 1990.|
| South Yemen
(officially Yemen )
|Yemen||Represented South Yemen from 1965 until its union with North Yemen in 1990.|
|United Arab Republic||Egypt||Syria||Represented the United Arab Republic from 1958 to 1961 until the secession of Syria. Was considered a continuation of the previous Egypt national football team, which became its successor team. The team continued to be known as the United Arab Republic until 1970.|
|Soviet Union||CIS|| Estonia
|Represented the Soviet Union from 1940 until its dissolution in 1991. This was considered a continuation of the team that had previously represented the Russian Empire. Teams representing Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania had all been active independently prior to their incorporation into the Soviet Union in 1940.|
|Represented the Commonwealth of Independent States and Georgia from January 1992 until the end of the Euro 1992 tournament, in order to take the Soviet Union's place in that competition.|
|Yugoslavia||Federal Republic of Yugoslavia|| Bosnia and Herzegovina
|Represented Yugoslavia between 1920 and 1992, before the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia into Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Macedonia and Slovenia|
| Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
(later renamed Serbia and Montenegro)
|Serbia||Montenegro||Represented the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, known as Serbia and Montenegro after 2003, from 1992 until its dissolution into Serbia and Montenegro in 2006. Kosovo declared independence from Serbia in 2008, and its national team was accepted into UEFA and FIFA in 2016.|
|Netherlands Antilles||Curaçao|| Aruba
|Aruba became a separate nation in 1986 and was recognized by FIFA in 1988. The former team represented the Netherlands Antilles until the dissolution of the country in 2010. Formerly known as "Curaçao", this name was restored in March 2011 when the new constituent country of Curaçao took the Netherlands Antilles' place in FIFA and CONCACAF. The teams representing Bonaire and Sint Maarten are full members of CONCACAF, but not of FIFA.|
In addition to the above, other nations have been renamed:
- Belgian Congo → Congo-Léopoldville in 1960 → Congo-Kinshasa in 1963 → Zaire in 1971 → DR Congo in 1997
- British Gambia → Gambia in 1965
- British Guiana → Guyana in 1966
- Burma → Myanmar in 1989
- Cambodia → Khmer Republic in 1970 → Kampuchea in 1975 → Cambodia in 1979
- Ceylon → Sri Lanka in 1972
- Curaçao → Netherlands Antilles in 1958
- Czechoslovakia (1918–1939) → Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia in 1939 → Czechoslovakia in 1945 → Representation of Czechs and Slovaks in 1993
- Dahomey → Benin in 1975
- Dutch East Indies → Indonesia in 1945
- FR Yugoslavia → Serbia and Montenegro in 2003
- FYR Macedonia → North Macedonia in 2019
- French Somaliland → Djibouti in 1977
- French Togoland → Togo in 1960
- Gold Coast → Ghana in 1957
- Irish Free State → Ireland in 1936 → Republic of Ireland in 1954
- Ivory Coast → Côte d'Ivoire in 1983[a]
- Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes → Yugoslavia in 1929
- Madagascar → Malagasy Republic in 1958 → Madagascar in 1975
- Middle Congo → Congo-Brazzaville in 1960 → Congo in 1992
- New Hebrides → Vanuatu in 1980
- Northern Rhodesia → Zambia in 1964
- Nyasaland → Malawi in 1966
- Portuguese Guinea → Guinea-Bissau in 1975
- Russian Empire → Soviet Union in 1923
- Southern Rhodesia → Rhodesia in 1964 → Zimbabwe in 1980
- Surinam → Suriname in 1954
- Swaziland → Eswatini in 2018[b]
- United Arab Republic → Egypt in 1971
- Upper Volta → Burkina Faso in 1984
- Western Samoa → Samoa in 1996
- Still commonly called Ivory Coast in English-speaking countries
- Still commonly called Swaziland in English-speaking countries
- Additionally 22 nations in Africa and Asia belong to the Union of Arab Football Associations (UAFA) in addition to their respective regional confederations.
- Guyana and Suriname are independent nations, and French Guiana is an overseas department of France
- The FIFA-affiliated football teams that belong to non-UN members are:
- 1 associated state of New Zealand
- 4 constituent countries of the United Kingdom
- British Virgin Islands
- Cayman Islands
- Turks and Caicos Islands
- 1 constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark
- 4 unincorporated territories of the United States
- 2 overseas territories of France
- 2 special administrative regions of China
- Brown, Michael. "Biggest Global Sports". Retrieved 11 September 2015.
- These are displayed in the main list in italics.
- "FIFA Statutes: July 2012 Edition" (PDF). FIFA. pp. Article 83. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
- "Nauru 2014". RSSSF. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
- Rogers, Martin. "Marshall Islands rare nation untouched by soccer's sprawling reach". USA Today. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
- "Abkhazia founds national football team". Vestnik Kavkaza. 3 December 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 June 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Somaliland". wordpress.com. 31 July 2015. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- "Non-FIFA Football Updates: South Ossetia make international bow in Abkhazia loss". nonfifafootball.blogspot.co.uk. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- "Tournaments (Russian)". www.ffpmr.md/. 27 March 2018. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "Transnistria". CONIFA. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
- "Members". CONIFA. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
- "FIFA Satutes" (PDF). FIFA. p. 4. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
- Menary, Steven 25 August 2010. "Outcasts: The Lands That FIFA Forgot". Retrieved 27 September 2010.
- FIFA Statutes FIFA, April 2016
- "CAS rules in favour of Gibraltar". Outcasts Blog. 5 September 2011. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
- Menary, Steven. 2007. When is a National Team not a National Team? Sport in Society 10(2), 195–204
- "Gibraltar Scores Against Spain: Court Orders FIFA To Admit GFA "Without Delay"". The Spain Report. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
- "Kosovo admitted as 55th member of European governing body UEFA". Sky Sports. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
- Homewood, Brian. "Gibraltar, Kosovo accepted as members of FIFA". Reuters. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- "ConIFA aim to lead non-FIFA football forward". Back Page Football. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
- "Football Associations Members of the N.F.-Board". N.F.-Board. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
- Guardian Football Weekly. "Unai Emery unveiled, England's new captain and Liverpool's big final – Football Weekly Extra". Retrieved 30 May 2018.
- "Czech Republic Country Info". FIFA.com. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- "Czech Republic - Profile". FIFA. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- "World Cup Ends On Belgian Note". Prague Post. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- "Saarland 1950-1955". When Saturday Comes. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- "Germany: When East and West became one". FIFA. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- "(West) Germany - International Results". Rsssf. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
- Byrne, Peter (1996). Football Association of Ireland: 75 years. Dublin: Sportsworld. p. 68. ISBN 1-900110-06-7.
- "List of FIFA Associations". FIFA.