Association football at the 1956 Summer Olympics

The association football tournament at the 1956 Summer Olympics was won by the Soviet Union.[2][3]

Association football at the 1956 Summer Olympics
Tournament details
Host countryAustralia
Dates24 November – 8 December 1956
Teams11
Venue(s)Melbourne Cricket Ground
Olympic Park Stadium
Final positions
Champions Soviet Union (1st title)
Runners-up Yugoslavia
Third place Bulgaria
Fourth place India
Tournament statistics
Matches played12
Goals scored53 (4.42 per match)
Attendance194,333 (16,194 per match)
Top scorer(s)India Neville D'Souza
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Todor Veselinović
Bulgaria Dimitar Milanov
(4 goals each)[1]
1952
1960

BackgroundEdit

Following five withdrawals, the tournament featured three Eastern bloc teams and four from Asia. The other sides included in the draw were the United States, United Team of Germany (de facto West Germany), Great Britain and the hosts Australia, competing in their first Olympic football tournament.

The tendency of Eastern bloc countries to provide state-funding for their athletes put Western amateurs at a significant disadvantage. As a result, all Olympic football tournaments 1952 onwards were dominated by the Soviet Union and its satellites.[4]

VenuesEdit

Melbourne
Olympic Park Stadium Melbourne Cricket Ground
Capacity: 40,000 Capacity: 104,000
   

Final tournamentEdit

First roundEdit

 
German players Rudi Hoffmann (left) and Max Schwall (right)

Five teams withdrew before the final draw, including   China (who boycotted the Games to protest the reception of Taiwan),   Egypt (who also boycotted the Games in protest of Israel, UK and France's invasion), and   Turkey,   South Vietnam, and the recent world runners-up   Hungary, a nation that was cheered in other Olympic contests due to the ongoing suppression by Soviet troops.

Therefore, only three games were played in the first round (as China and Turkey were drawn against each other, their match was scratched).

The Soviet Union defeated Germany 2–1, Great Britain defeated Thailand 9–0, and Australia defeated Japan 2–0.

Soviet Union  2–1  United Team of Germany
Isayev   23'
Streltsov   86'
Report Habig   89'
Attendance: 12,000
Referee: Robert Mann (Great Britain)

Great Britain  9–0  Thailand
Twissell   12', 20'
Lewis   21' (pen.)
Laybourne   30', 82', 85'
Bromilow   75', 78'
Topp   90'
Report

Australia  2–0  Japan
McMillan   26' (pen.)
Loughran   61'
Report
Attendance: 3,568
Referee: Reginald Lund (New Zealand)

Byes: Bulgaria   (drawn against Egypt, who withdrew), India   (drawn against Hungary, who withdrew), Indonesia   (drawn against South Vietnam, who withdrew), United States   and   Yugoslavia (match postponed to quarter-finals after five of the original sixteen teams withdrew).

Quarter-finalsEdit

Yugoslavia defeated the United States 9–1.

Great Britain lost 6–1 to Bulgaria, and at half-time, ratings from HMS Newcastle vaulted the fence and exhorted the team to show more grit, after which they were peacefully escorted off the field.[5]

The Soviets drew their game against Indonesia 0–0 and won 4–0 in the replay.

The Indians defeated Australia 4–2 with a hat trick by centre forward Neville D'Souza, the first by an Asian in the Olympics. Prior to the game there had been debate, once again, as to whether the Indians should be shod. Sir Stanley Rous respected their decision either way, although in the end, the Indians decided to wear boots. The Indonesian referee disallowed two first half goals. Bob Bignall the Australian captain was unable to get an intelligible reply out of him during the break.

Yugoslavia  9–1  United States
Veselinović   10', 84', 90'
Antić   12', 73'
Mujić   16', 35', 56'
Papec   20'
Report Zerhusen   42'
Attendance: 5,292
Referee: Maurice Swain (New Zealand)

Soviet Union  0–0 (a.e.t.)  Indonesia
Report
Soviet Union  4–0  Indonesia
Salnikov   17', 59'
Ivanov   19'
Netto   43'
Report
Attendance: 6,735
Referee: Reginald Lund (New Zealand)

Bulgaria  6–1  Great Britain
Dimitrov   6'
Kolev   40', 85'
Milanov   45', 75', 80'
Report Lewis   30'
Attendance: 6,748
Referee: Ron Wright (Australia)

Australia  2–4  India
Morrow   17', 41' Report D'Souza   9', 33', 50'
Krishnaswamy   80'
Attendance: 7,413
Referee: Chris Wensveen (Indonesia)

Semi-finalsEdit

Yugoslavia defeated India 4–1. It would be their third consecutive Olympic final, after losing both in 1948 and 1952.

The Soviets defeated Bulgaria 2–1. Bulgaria scored first and conceded two goals in the last six minutes of the game.

Yugoslavia  4–1  India
Papec   54', 65'
Veselinović   57'
Salam   78' (o.g.)
Report D'Souza   52'

Soviet Union  2–1 (a.e.t.)  Bulgaria
Streltsov   112'
Tatushin   116'
Report Kolev   95'
Attendance: 21,079
Referee: Robert Mann (Great Britain)

FinalsEdit

Yugoslavia were playing Red Star Belgrade's Dragoslav Šekularac in this tournament; he would feature in the 1960 European Nations' Cup final. They lost 1–0 to a second half Anatoli Ilyin goal.

Bulgaria took Bronze defeating India 3–0.

Bronze Medal matchEdit

Bulgaria  3–0  India
Diev   37', 60'
Milanov   42'
Report

Gold Medal matchEdit

Soviet Union  1–0  Yugoslavia
Ilyin   48' Report
Attendance: 86,716
Referee: Ron Wright (Australia)

BracketEdit

 
Indian team at a tussle against Bulgaria in the bronze-medal match.
First round Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
    Yugoslavia
November – Olympic Park
  bye
   Yugoslavia 9
   United States 1
    United States
December – MCG
  bye
   Yugoslavia 4
November
   India 1
   Australia 2
December – MCG
   Japan 0
   Australia 2
   India 4
    India
December – MCG
  bye
   Yugoslavia 0
   Soviet Union 1
    Indonesia
December – Olympic Park
  bye
   Indonesia 0
November
   Soviet Union 4
   Soviet Union 2
December – Olympic Park
   United Team of Germany 1
   Soviet Union 2 (a.e.t.)
   Bulgaria 1
    Bulgaria
December – MCG
  bye
   Bulgaria 6
November December – MCG
   Great Britain 1
   Great Britain 9    India 0
   Thailand 0    Bulgaria 3

GoalscorersEdit

There were 53 goals scored in 12 matches, for an average of 4.42 goals per match.

4 goals

3 goals

2 goals

1 goal

1 own goal

MedalistsEdit

Gold Silver Bronze
  Soviet Union   Yugoslavia   Bulgaria
Lev Yashin
Nikolai Tishchenko
Mikhail Ogonkov
Aleksei Paramonov
Anatoli Bashashkin
Igor Netto
Boris Tatushin
Anatoli Isayev
Eduard Streltsov
Valentin Ivanov
Vladimir Ryzhkin
Boris Kuznetsov
Iosif Betsa
Sergei Salnikov
Boris Razinsky
Anatoli Maslenkin
Anatoli Ilyin
Nikita Simonyan
Yury Belyayev
Anatoli Porkhunov
Sava Antić
Ibrahim Biogradlić
Mladen Koščak
Dobroslav Krstić
Luka Liposinović
Muhamed Mujić
Zlatko Papec
Petar Radenković
Nikola Radović
Ivan Santek
Dragoslav Šekularac
Ljubiša Spajić
Todor Veselinović
Blagoja Vidinić
Stefan Bozhkov
Todor Diev
Georgi Dimitrov
Milcho Goranov
Ivan Petkov Kolev
Nikola Kovachev
Manol Manolov
Dimitar Milanov
Georgi Naydenov
Panayot Panayotov
Kiril Rakarov
Gavril Stoyanov
Krum Yanev
Yordan Yosifov
Pavel Vladimirov
Iliya Kirchev

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Olympic Football Tournament Melbourne 1956 – Top goalscoring players. FIFA.com
  2. ^ "Football at the 1956 Melbourne Summer Games". Sports Reference. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  3. ^ Esamie, Thomas (sources: Sydney Morning Herald; personal records of Alan Garside Snr) (25 October 1999). "Games of the XVI. Olympiad: Football Tournament (Melbourne, Australia, 24th November – 8th December 1956)". www.rsssf.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 22 September 2008. Retrieved 14 October 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ "Australian Online Soccer Museum". Archived from the original on 3 November 2005. Retrieved 3 November 2006.
  5. ^ "News .....taken from "The Socceroos and their Opponents" by Laurie Schwab". Australian Online Soccer Museum. Australian Soccer Preservation Society. Archived from the original on 27 August 2006.

External linksEdit