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The Thai League 1 (Thai: ไทยลีก 1), commonly known as the T1, is a Thai professional league for Football Association of Thailand clubs. At the top of the Thai football league system, it is the country's premier football competition. Contested by 16 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with Thai League 2. The Thai League is a corporation in which the 16 member clubs act as shareholders. Seasons run from February to October, with teams playing 30 games each with a total of 240 games in the season. It is sponsored by Toyota and therefore officially known as the Toyota Thai League. In the Thai League, most of the games are played during Saturdays and Sundays, with a few games played on Wednesdays and Fridays.

Thai League 1
Thai League T1 Logo.svg
Founded1996; 23 years ago (1996)
First season1996–97
CountryThailand
ConfederationAFC
Number of teams16
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toThai League 2
Domestic cup(s)Thai FA Cup
Champions Cup
League cup(s)Thai League Cup
International cup(s)AFC Champions League
Mekong Club Championship
Current championsBuriram United (7th title)
(2018)
Most championshipsBuriram United (7th title)
TV partnersTrueVisions
Websitethaileague.co.th
2019 Thai League 1

HistoryEdit

OriginsEdit

Before the inception of the Thai League, the highest level of club football was the Kor Royal Cup (Thai: ถ้วย ก.) which was contested in a tournament format from 1916 to 1995.

FoundationEdit

Thai League was introduced in 1996 by the Football Association of Thailand (FAT) under the name Thailand Soccer League. Eighteen clubs who earlier competed for the Kor Royal Cup were registered to play in the first edition of a double round-robin league system.[1] Thai Farmers Bank was crowned as the first champion of the 1996–97 Thailand Soccer League.

The Thai League originally had 10 to 12 clubs each season until 2007, when it was expanded to 16 clubs. At the end of each season, the three bottom placed clubs are relegated to the Thai Division 1 League.

Leagues integration (2007)Edit

Most of Thai League clubs in that time were the organisation of government authorities club that based in Greater Bangkok and Metropolitan. Meanwhile, the other local clubs had competed in the semi-pro league called the Provincial League. Thai Premier League faced the issue of low attendance and lack of local loyalties while the Provincial league suffered the financial issue. In 2007, Thai League was integrated with Provincial League completely. Chonburi from the Provincial League was the first champion of the new Thailand Premier League in 2007 season.

Modern era (2009)Edit

In 2009 season, there were significant changes in the lead to the new era of the Thai Premier League. Asian Football Confederation declared the regulations for the associations that have the intention to send the clubs to compete in AFC Champions League starting from 2011.[2] Football Association of Thailand had to establish Thai Premier League co.ltd and forced the clubs in the top league to complete AFC Club License Criteria[3] otherwise Thai clubs will not eligible to play in the Champions League. Clubs were forced to separate themselves from the parent organisations and registered as the independent football authorities.

The massive changes occurred in that season. Thailand Premier League renamed to Thai Premier League. Two times league champion Krung Thai Bank failed to complete the new regulations. The organisation decided to sell the club. The club was acquired by Boon Rawd and rebranded to be Bangkok Glass. Bangkok University had expelled their football club section. The club rebrand itself to Bangkok United since then. The organisation-based clubs had to relocate to find the local supporters to backup the clubs. Osotspa changed their home stadium to Saraburi Province, TOT moved to play in Kanchanaburi, Royal Navy played in Rayong Province while Thailand Tobacco Monopoly integrated to Samut Sakhon Province and rebranded to TTM Samut Sakhon.

Muangthong United were promoted from Thai Division 1 League in that season and won Thai Premier League in their first year in the top league.

Thailand ClasicoEdit

Thailand Clasico or The Classic Match of Thailand is the matchup between Muangthong United and Chonburi. It is the matchup that presents Thai football in the modern era. The name was given to the encounter of two teams due to the hype and massive atmosphere around the match. The first encounter between them happened in the 2009 Thai Premier League season. On 30 May 2009, Chonburi that was regarded as the best club in Thailand at that moment hosted the new powerhouse who were just promoted from Division 1 Muangthong United. The match was played at Nong Prue Stadium, Pattaya. Before the match, Chonburi was the leader in the table after 10 matches of the season while Muangthong followed in second with one less point. Chonburi made the lead by 2–0 in the first thirty minutes but Muangthong bounced back to win by the 5–2 result at the end. The match was full of the exciting and dramatic moments. Then, it was considered as one of the most classic matches in Thai League history. The Muangthong versus Chonburi matchup was dubbed as "Thailand Clasico" ever since then.

The first invincibleEdit

In 2012 season, Muangthong United under Serbian head coach Slaviša Jokanović, had become the first club in the league history that completed the season with an unbeaten record. Muangthong finished at the top of the final standing with 25 wins and 9 draws.

Buriram dominanceEdit

The Buriram Dominance refers to the 2013 to 2015 season, which Buriram United won Thai Premier League in three consecutive seasons as the first club in the league history. The three titles in that period included two invincible titles which Buriram United completed Thai Premier League campaign unbeaten in 2013 and 2015 season.

Rebranding (2017)Edit

In 2017, Football Association of Thailand decided to rebrand Thai Premier League into Thai League 1. Since its inception in 1996 the Thai Premier League has relied upon local sponsorship. Re-branding initiatives seek to foster an international identity for the Thai and elevate the league globally through commitment to world class level management and marketing which incorporates multifaceted promotion through various media in order to draw attention to league competition and cups.[4][5] This rebranding earned the Good Design Award in the Brand Identity branch from the Japan Institute of Design Promotion.[6]

ChampionsEdit

ClubsEdit

Bangkok Glass, Police Tero, Navy, Ubon UMT United and Air Force Central were relegated to the 2019 Thai League 2 after finishing the 2018 season in the bottom five places.

They were replaced by PTT Rayong, Trat and Chiangmai from Thai League 2.

Stadiums and location (2019)Edit

Team Province Stadium Capacity
Bangkok United Pathum Thani Thammasat Stadium 25,000
Buriram United Buriram Chang Arena 32,600
Chainat Hornbill Chainat Khao Plong Stadium 12,000
Chiangmai Chiangmai 700th Anniversary Stadium 25,000
Chiangrai United Chiangrai Singha Stadium 11,354
Chonburi Chonburi Chonburi Stadium 8,680
Muangthong United Nonthaburi SCG Stadium 14,890
Nakhon Ratchasima Nakhon Ratchasima 80th Birthday Stadium 24,641
Port Bangkok PAT Stadium 7,000
PT Prachuap Prachuap Khiri Khan Sam Ao Stadium 2,700
PTT Rayong Rayong PTT Stadium 12,000
Ratchaburi Mitr Phol Ratchaburi Mitr Phol Stadium 10,000
Samut Prakan City Samut Prakan Samut Prakarn SAT Stadium 5,100
Sukhothai Sukhothai Thung Thalay Luang Stadium 8,000
Suphanburi Suphanburi Suphan Buri Provincial Stadium 25,000
Trat Trat Trat Provincial Stadium 6,000

Stadiums (2019)Edit

Bangkok United Buriram United Chainat Hornbill Chiangmai Chiangrai United Chonburi
Thammasat Stadium Chang Arena Khao Plong Stadium 700th Anniversary Stadium Singha Stadium Chonburi Stadium
Capacity: 25,000 Capacity: 32,600 Capacity: 12,000 Capacity: 25,000 Capacity: 11,354 Capacity: 8,680
           
Muangthong United Nakhon Ratchasima Port PT Prachuap PTT Rayong Ratchaburi Mitr Phol
SCG Stadium 80th Birthday Stadium PAT Stadium Sam Ao Stadium PTT Stadium Mitr Phol Stadium
Capacity: 15,000 Capacity: 24,641 Capacity: 12,000 Capacity: 2,700 Capacity: 12,000 Capacity: 10,000
           
Samut Prakan City Sukhothai Suphanburi Trat
Samut Prakarn SAT Stadium Thalay Luang Stadium Suphan Buri Provincial Stadium Trat Province Stadium
Capacity: 5,100 Capacity: 8,000 Capacity: 15,000 Capacity: 6,000
       

RecordsEdit

All-time top scorersEdit

As of 9 September 2018
Thai League
Rank Player Period Goals Apps
1   Cleiton Silva 2010–2014, 2015–2017, 2018– 119 193
2   Teerasil Dangda 2009–2014, 2015–2017, 2019– 111 247
3   Pipob On-Mo 2006–2019 108 404
4   Diogo 2015–2019 101 105
  Sarayuth Chaikamdee 2001–2004, 2007–2012, 2013–2014 101 233
5   Heberty 2014–2016, 2017– 100 134
6   Dragan Boškovic 2013– 97 161
7   Mario Gjurovski 2012– 92 192
8   Mohamed Koné 2003–2007, 2009, 2010–2014 87 177
9   Anon Sangsanoi 2006–2016 79 177
  Teeratep Winothai 2006–2008, 2009–2014, 2016– 79 260


Figures for active players (in bold).

Most appearancesEdit

As of 13 March 2017
Rank Player Position Apps Goals
1   Rangsan Viwatchaichok MF 439 49
2   Pipob On-Mo FW 402 108
3   Sinthaweechai Hathairattanakool GK 353 1
4   Siwarak Tedsungnoen GK 336 0
5   Nattaporn Phanrit DF 335 19
6   Pichitphong Choeichiu MF 324 62
7   Narit Taweekul GK 315 1
8   Apichet Puttan DF 262 7
9   Kittisak Rawangpa GK 254 0
10   Jetsada Jitsawad DF 253 4

Figures for active players (in bold) .

Player statisticsEdit

AwardsEdit

 
Thai League trophy from 2011 to 2016
 
Thai League trophy from 2017 to present

Prize moneyEdit

  • Champion: 10,000,000 Baht
  • Runner-up: 2,000,000
  • Third place: 1,500,000
  • Fourth place: 800,000

TrophyEdit

  • 2011 – 2016 trophy: In 2010, Football Association of Thailand and Thai Premier League Co. Ltd considered to improve the image of Thai Premier League Trophy. The trophy itself was designed by Glue Creative from England and produced by British Silverware of Sheffield. The trophy was crafted by silver with the European style of a crown. Three divas are holding up the trophy and three golden elephants are standing on the base. The trophy is 75 cm tall and weighs more than 30 kg. The production used 250-man hours of work and the finished trophy worth 2 million baht.
  • 2017 – current trophy: In 2017, Football Association of Thailand order the trophy produced from England that was created by Royal Jewellers Asprey of London to be new champions trophy. The trophy reflecting Thai identity by the use of Kranok pattern mixed with modern pattern and sculpt it pieces by piece.[7][8]

Top scorersEdit

Season Top scorer Club Goals
1996–97   Amporn Amparnsuwan TOT 21
1997   Worrawoot Srimaka BEC Tero Sasana 17
1998   Ronnachai Sayomchai Port Authority 23
1999   Sutee Suksomkit Thai Farmer Bank 13
2000   Sutee Suksomkit Thai Farmer Bank 16
2001–02   Worrawoot Srimaka
  Pitipong Kuldilok
BEC Tero Sasana
Port Authority
12
2002–03   Sarayoot Chaikamdee Port Authority 12
2003–04   Vimol Jankam Osotsapa 14
2004–05   Supakit Jinajai
  Sarayoot Chaikamdee
Provincial Electricity Authority
Port Authority
10
2006   Pipat Thonkanya BEC Tero Sasana 12
2007   Ney Fabiano Thailand Tobacco Monopoly 18
2008   Anon Sangsanoi BEC Tero Sasana 20
2009   Anon Sangsanoi BEC Tero Sasana 18
2010   Ludovick Takam Pattaya United 17
2011   Franck Ohandza Buriram PEA 19
2012   Teerasil Dangda
  Cleiton Silva
Muangthong United
BEC Tero Sasana
24
2013   Carmelo González Buriram United 23
2014   Heberty Ratchaburi Mitr Phol 26
2015   Diogo Luís Santo Buriram United 33
2016   Cleiton Silva Muangthong United 27
2017   Dragan Bošković Bangkok United 38
2018   Diogo Luís Santo Buriram United 34

Player of the YearEdit

Season Player Club
1996–97   Amporn Amparnsuwan TOT
1997   Seksan Piturat Sinthana
1998   Niweat Siriwong Sinthana
2000   Anurak Srikerd BEC Tero Sasana
2001–02   Apichad Thaveechalermdit Bangkok Bank
2002–03   Cumpee Pintrakul Bangkok Bank
2003–04   Pichitphong Choeichiu Krung Thai Bank
2004–05   José Carlos da Silva Thailand Tobacco Monopoly
2006   Punnarat Klinsukon Bangkok University
2007   Pipob On-Mo Chonburi
2008   Narongchai Vachiraban Provincial Electricity Authority
2009   Jetsada Jitsawad (Defender)
  Kittipol Paphunga (Midfielder)
  Pipat Thonkanya (Striker)
Muangthong United
BEC Tero Sasana
Thai Port
2010   Datsakorn Thonglao Muangthong United
2011   Sinthaweechai Hathairattanakool Chonburi
2012   Teerasil Dangda Muangthong United
2013   Theerathon Bunmathan Buriram United
2014   Suchao Nuchnum Buriram United
2015   Diogo Luís Santo Buriram United
2017   Jakkaphan Kaewprom Buriram United
2018   Diogo Luís Santo Buriram United

Coach of the YearEdit

Season Coach Club
1996–97   Witthaya Laohakul Bangkok Bank
1997   Piyapong Pue-on Royal Thai Air Force
1998   Karoon Narksawat Sinthana
1999   Piyapong Pue-on Royal Thai Air Force
2000   Pichai Pituwong BEC Tero Sasana
2001–02   Attaphol Buspakom BEC Tero Sasana
2002–03   Narong Suwannachot Krung Thai Bank
2003–04   Worrawoot Dangsamer Krung Thai Bank
2004–05   Jose Alves Borges Thailand Tobacco Monopoly
2006   Somchai Subpherm Bangkok University
2007   Jadet Meelarp Chonburi
2008   Prapol Pongpanich Provincial Electricity Authority
2009   Attaphol Buspakom Muangthong United
2010   René Desaeyere Muangthong United
2011   Chalermwoot Sa-ngapol Pattaya United
2012   Slaviša Jokanović Muangthong United
2013   Attaphol Buspakom Bangkok Glass
2014   Masahiro Wada Chonburi
2015   Alexandre Gama Buriram United
2017   Totchtawan Sripan Muangthong United
2018   Božidar Bandović Buriram United

Competition format and sponsorshipEdit

CompetitionEdit

There are 18 clubs in the Thai League. During the course of a season, which lasts from February to October, each club plays the others twice, once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents, for a total of 34 games. Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, then head-to-head, then goal difference, and then goals scored. At the end of each season, the club with the most points is crowned champion. If points are equal, the head-to-head, the goal difference and then goals scored determine the winner. If still equal, teams are deemed to occupy the same position. If there is a tie for the championship, for relegation, or for qualification to other competitions, a play-off match at a neutral venue decides rank. The three lowest placed teams are relegated into the Thai League 2 and the top three teams from the Thai League 2 are promoted in their place.

Qualification for Asian competitionsEdit

In the past the champions will play in AFC Champions League playoffs and AFC Cup for the champions of Thai FA Cup. Due to reforms from the AFC for the AFC Champions League and AFC Cup format, there will be no more a direct qualification spot for the AFC Champions League for that Thai Champion, for the time being.[9] From 2012 Thai clubs has 1 automatic spot to the group stage and 1 playoff spot for the Thai FA Cup Winners and 1 playoff spot for the thai league runner-up.

RankingEdit

As of 20 October 2018[10]

Extracted from the 2018 ranking of nations by their AFC Club Competitions Ranking[11]
Ranking Member Association Total Points FIFA Points Club Points 2018 2017 2016 2015
2018 2017 Mvmt Points (10%) Points (90%)
1 3   +2   China 95.928 431 5.928 70.517 90.000 15.450 24.567 14.750 15.750
2 6   +4   Qatar 94.003 339 4.663 70.000 89.340 15.600 13.400 22.000 19.000
3 2   -1   South Korea 86.028 520 7.153 61.800 78.875 14.350 9.950 20.750 16.750
4 1   -3   United Arab Emirates 85.275 405 5.571 62.450 79.704 8.100 11.350 18.000 25.000
5 7   +2   Iran 78.983 727 10.000 54.050 68.983 13.600 16.200 13.000 11.250
6 5   -1   Japan 78.352 528 7.263 55.700 71.089 8.100 21.850 10.500 15.250
7 4   -3   Saudi Arabia 74.445 462 6.355 53.350 68.090 5.000 18.600 9.500 15.250
8 10   +2   Thailand 57.403 253 3.480 42.250 53.923 16.200 15.050 1.000 10.000
9 8   -1   Australia 53.916 700 9.629 34.700 44.287 7.300 5.900 14.000 7.500
10 9   -1   Uzbekistan 42.190 381 5.241 28.950 36.949 9.400 5.050 9.750 4.750

Thai League All-Star Exhibition gameEdit

SponsorshipEdit

The Thai League has been sponsored since 1996 until 2003 and has been sponsored again since 2010. The sponsor has been able to determine the league's sponsorship name. The list below details who the sponsors have been and what they called the competition:

  • 1996–1997: Johnnie Walker (Johnnie Walker Thailand Soccer League)
  • 1998–2000: Caltex (Caltex Premier League)
  • 2001–2003: Advanced Info Service (GSM Thai League)
  • 2003–2005: None (Thai League)
  • 2006–2008: None (Thailand Premier League)
  • 2009: None (Thai Premier League)
  • 2010–2012: Sponsor (Sponsor Thai Premier League)
  • 2013–present: Toyota (Toyota Thai Premier League in 2013–2015, Toyota Thai League in 2016–present )

Match ballsEdit

The 2016–2020 season uses the Grand Sport.

Youth LeagueEdit

Like the reserve league, the youth league is open to all the youth teams of all professional clubs in Thailand.

Other tournamentsEdit

Domestic tournaments
International tournaments
Defunct tournaments

Ranking AsianEdit

Asia Football / Soccer Clubs RankingEdit

As of 24 June 2018.[12]
Current Rank Points Team
12 1533 Buriram United
17 1514 Muangthong United
43 1422 Chonburi
45 1417 Bangkok United
68 1374 BG Pathum United
88 1350 Chiangrai United
91 1348 Ratchaburi Mitr Phol
100 1338 Port
108 1325 Suphanburi
116 1320 Police Tero

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Thai Premier League 1996 summary Archived 30 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ ACL Criteria for 2011
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 March 2016. Retrieved 27 May 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) AFC Club License Criterea
  4. ^ รีแบรนด์ไทยลีก : การปรับภาพลักษณ์ครั้งใหญ่ที่ฉีกทุกภาพจำของฟุตบอลไทยลีก
  5. ^ OFFICIAL : ส.บอล รีแบรนด์ไทยลีกเผยโฉมโลโกใหม่-แบ่งเป็น 5 ลีก
  6. ^ 'ตราสัญลักษณ์ไทยลีก' คว้ารางวัลออกแบบยอดเยี่ยมของญี่ปุ่น
  7. ^ "เผยโฉมถ้วยแชมป์ไทยลีก1–4,ช้างเอฟเอคัพใบใหม่".
  8. ^ "OFFICIAL : จากช่างระดับโลก! ส.บอลเปิดตัว 5 ถ้วยแชมป์ไทยลีก,เอฟเอ คัพ".
  9. ^ AFC PRO-LEAGUE AD-HOC COMMITTEE ASSESSMENT CHARTS
  10. ^ "AFC Club Competitions Ranking". Asian Football Confederation.
  11. ^ "AFC CLUB COMPETITIONS RANKING". the-afc.com.
  12. ^ "AFC Football / Soccer Clubs Ranking".

External linksEdit