Open main menu

Nonthaburi Province

Nonthaburi (Thai: นนทบุรี, pronounced [nōn.tʰáʔ.bū.rīː]) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand, established by the Act Establishing Changwat Samut Prakan, Changwat Nonthaburi, Changwat Samut Sakhon and Changwat Nakhon Nayok, Buddhist Era 2489 (1946), which came into force on 9 March 1946.[4]

Nonthaburi

นนทบุรี
Wat Poramaiyikawas Worawihan.jpg
Wat Chaloem Phrakiat.jpg
วัดกู้ อ.ปากเกร็ด จ.นนทบุรี (15).jpg
Nonthaburi1.jpg
IMPACT Arena.jpg
MRT Purple Line Train T013 20160806.jpg
Flag of Nonthaburi
Flag
Official seal of Nonthaburi
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting   Nonthaburi Province
Map of Thailand highlighting   Nonthaburi Province
Coordinates: 13°51′45″N 100°30′52″E / 13.86250°N 100.51444°E / 13.86250; 100.51444Coordinates: 13°51′45″N 100°30′52″E / 13.86250°N 100.51444°E / 13.86250; 100.51444
Founded1561
Incorporated into Bangkok1943
Separated from Bangkok1946
CapitalNonthaburi
Government
 • GovernorPhanu Yaemsi (Since October 2017)
Area
 • Total622 km2 (240 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 75th
Population
 (2018)[2]
 • Total1,246,295
 • RankRanked 16th
 • Density2,003.7/km2 (5,190/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 2nd
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017)0.6788 "high"
Ranked 4th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
11xxx
Calling code02
ISO 3166 codeTH-12
Vehicle registrationนนทบุรี

Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Pathum Thani, Bangkok, and Nakhon Pathom. Nonthaburi is the most densely populated province after Bangkok. The Bang Kwang Central Prison is in the province.

GeographyEdit

Nonthaburi is directly northwest of Bangkok on the Chao Phraya River. The province is part of the greater Bangkok Metropolitan Area. In most parts it is as urbanized as the capital[5], and the boundary between the two provinces is nearly unrecognizable.

HistoryEdit

Nonthaburi was declared a city in the middle of the 16th century. It was previously a village named Talat Khwan. During the reign of King Prasat Thong, a canal was dug to create a shortcut for the flow of the Chao Phraya. The river changed its flow into the new canal, which is still the riverbed today. In 1665 King Narai built a fortress, as the shorter river course was giving enemies an easier route to the capital, Ayutthaya. The town was then moved near the fortress.

From 1943 to 1946 the province was incorporated into Bangkok.

SymbolsEdit

The provincial seal shows earthenware, a traditional product of Nonthaburi. The provincial flower and tree is the yellow flame tree (Peltophorum pterocarpum).

The provincial slogan translates to "Grand royal mansion, renowned Suan Somdet, Ko Kret's pottery, famous ancient temples, tasty durians, and the beautiful government office". The royal mansion refers to Phra Tamnak Nonthaburi in Mueang Nonthaburi District, the former residence of Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn. Princess Mother Srinagarindra Garden (Suan Somdet) is a water garden with a statue of princess Srinagarindra in the Pak Kret District. The provincial administration building once received an award as the most beautiful such building by the Ministry of Interior.

AgricultureEdit

Nonthaburi Province is renowned for growing the best durians in the country. Durian has been a well-known fruit in this province for 400 years.[6] The fruit is known as "durian Not" which means durian from Nonthaburi Province.[7] It is also known as the most expensive durian in the world.[6] There are six groups of Nonthaburi durian which are Kop, Luang, Kan Yao, Kampan, Thong Yoi, and miscellaneous.[7] Most durian orchards are near rivers such as the Chao Phraya. This is because the soil next to the river is good for planting which is also good for durian trees.[6] Many durian orchards have disappeared due to flooding and pollution.[7] The price of durian Non depends on its group. Kan Yao is the most expensive, starting from around 10,000 baht up to 20,000 baht (or about US$600) for one durian. The Kan Yao itself is not easy to find in normal markets. The main reason for the high price is because it is rare. The recent flood in 2011 cleared out almost all of the durian trees in Nonthaburi, and only a few trees have been newly planted.[6] Also, residential areas are expanding into agricultural areas.[7]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Provincial governmentEdit

 
Map of Nonthaburi with the 6 districts numbered

The province is divided into six districts (amphoes).[2]The districts are further subdivided into 52 subdistricts (tambons) and 433 villages (mubans).

Local governmentEdit

 
  City municipalities (thesaban nakhon)
  Town municipalities (thesaban mueang)
  Subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon)

As of 31 December 2018 there are: one Nonthaburi Provincial Administrative Organization - PAO (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and nineteen municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. The capital Nonthaburi and Pak Kret have city (thesaban nakhon) status. Further six have town (thesaban mueang) status and eleven subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon).[2]

# City municipalities
1 Nonthaburi 2 Pak Kret
# Town municipalities
1 Bang Si Mueang 4 Bang Rak Pattana[8]
2 Bang Kruai[9] 5 Phimonrat[10]
3 Bang Bua Thong 6 Bang Ku Rat[11]
# Subdistrict municipalities 6 Sao Thong Hin
1 Sai Ma 7 Ban Bang Muang
2 Bang Len 8 Ban Yai
3 Bang Si Thong 9 Bang Muang
4 Plai Bang 10 Sai Noi
5 Sala Klang 11 Bang Plub

The non-municipal areas are administered by thirty-three Subdistrict Administrative Organizations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).

Human achievement index 2017Edit

Index for the province Nonthaburi[3]
HAI indices Map Index Rank list
Health 2 0.6815 10th
Education 3 0.7246 3rd
Employment 4 0.6366 34th
Income 5 0.7937 3rd
Housing and environment 6 0.7564 61st
Family and community life 7 0.6546 30th
Transport and communication 8 0.9425 1st
Participation 9 0.2403 73rd
HAI 2017 1 0.6788 4th


Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[3]
Province Nonthaburi, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6728, takes the 4th place in the rankings. This is "high" between the values of 0.6246 and 0.6885.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ a b c "ร่ยงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  3. ^ a b c ดัชนีความก้าวหน้าของคน ปี2560 [Human Achievement Index - HAI year 2017] (PDF). social.nesdb.go.th (Report) (in Thai). National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). 2017. pp. 52–53. ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1. Retrieved 14 September 2019, Maps 1-9
  4. ^ http://nonthaburi.go.th/en/?page_id=216
  5. ^ "นนทบุรี จูงมือเพื่อนสาว เที่ยวใกล้กรุงเทพ".
  6. ^ a b c d Gasik, Lindsay. "The Most Expensive Durian In The World; Nonthaburi, Thailand". Year of the Durian. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
  7. ^ a b c d [1] สำนักบรรณสารสนเทส มสธ. ทุเรียนนนท์ ฝ่ายอุทยานการศึกษา สำนักการศึกษาต่อเนื่อง มหาวิทยาลัยสุโขทัยธรรมาธิราช (Accessed on 9 September 2015)
  8. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง จัดตั้งองค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลบางรักพัฒนา อำเภอบางบัวทอง จังหวัดนนทบุรี เป็นเทศบาลเมืองบางรักพัฒนา" [Notification of the Ministry of Interior Re: Establishment of ฺBang Rak Pattana Subdistrict Administrative Organization District Bang Bua Thong Province Nonthaburi Is Thesaban Mueang Bang Rak Pattana] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 136 (Special 265 Ngor): 5. 25 October 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  9. ^ "พระราชกฤษฎีกาจัดั้งเทศบลเมืองบางกรวย พ.ศ.๒๕๔๕" [Royal Decree Thesaban Mueang Bang Kruai B.E.2545] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 119 (122 Kor): 5–8. 16 December 2002. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  10. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง จัดตั้งองค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลพิมลราช อำเภอบางบัวทอง จังหวัดนนทบุรี เป็นเ ทศบาลเมืองพิมลราช" [Notification of the Ministry of Interior Re: Establishment of Phimonrat Subdistrict Administrative Organization District Bang Bua Thong Province Nonthaburi Is Thesaban Mueang Phimonrat] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 131 (Special 41 Ngor): 5. 4 March 2014. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  11. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง จัดตั้งองค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลบางคูรัด อำเภอบางบัวทอง จังหวัดนนทบุรี เป็นเทศบาลเมืองบางคูรัด" [Notification of the Ministry of Interior Re: Establishment of ฺBang Ku Rat Subdistrict Administrative Organization District Bang Bua Thong Province Nonthaburi Is Thesaban Mueang Bang Ku Rat] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 136 (Special 33 Ngor): 15. 6 February 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2019.

External linksEdit