Pathum Thani Province

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Pathum Thani (Thai: ปทุมธานี, pronounced [pā.tʰūm tʰāːnīː]) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise): Ayutthaya, Saraburi, Nakhon Nayok, Chachoengsao, Bangkok, and Nonthaburi.

Pathum Thani
ปทุมธานี
D85 3734 อนุสรณ์สถานแห่งชาติ The National Memorial of Thailand Photographed by Trisorn Triboon (30).jpg
Pathumthani the National Archives in Commemoration of H.M. the King’s Golden Jubilee 1.jpg
Thammasat University pond.jpg
Tornado -dw 2w.jpg
Dhammakaya cetiya night.jpg
Flag of Pathum Thani
Official seal of Pathum Thani
Map of Thailand highlighting Pathum Thani Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Pathum Thani Province
CountryThailand
RegionCentral Thailand
CapitalPathum Thani
Largest CityRangsit
Government
 • GovernorNarongsak Osotthanakorn
(since October 2021)
Area
 • Total1,526 km2 (589 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 70th
Population
 (2019)[2]
 • Total1,163,604
 • RankRanked 18th
 • Density763/km2 (1,980/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 5th
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017)0.6384 "high"
Ranked 10th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
10xxx
Calling code02
ISO 3166 codeTH-13
Websitewww.eng.pathumthani.go.th

The province is north of Bangkok and is part of the Bangkok metropolitan area. In many places the boundary between the two provinces is not noticeable as both sides of the boundary are equally urbanized. Pathum Thani town is the administrative seat, but Ban Rangsit, seat of Thanyaburi District, is the largest populated place in the province.[4]

Pathum Thani is an old province, heavily populated by the Mon people, dotted with 186 temples and parks. The Dream World amusement park is here.[citation needed]

GeographyEdit

The province lies on the low alluvial flats of the Chao Phraya River that flows through the capital. Many canals (khlongs) cross the province and feed the rice paddies. There is no forest area in the province.[5]

HistoryEdit

Pathum Thani Province has been settled for at least 300 years since the reign of King Narai of Ayutthaya. In 1659, Mang Nanthamit brought the Mon people from the town of Mottama. Evacuating from the Burmese war, King Narai gave the Mon people a settlement at Ban Sam Khok. Several years later, in the reign of King Rama II there was a great migration of Mon people from the town of Mottama to Thailand called "Mon Yai". He made some of the Mon people to live in Ban Sam Khok as well. From a small community Ban Sam Khok became a town Sam Khok later.

Later, on 23 August 1815, King Rama II changed the name of Sam Khok to the town of "Pratum Thani". In 1918, King Rama VI ordered to use the word "province" instead of "town" and changed the spelling of the name from "Pratum Thani" to "Pathum Thani".

In 1932, in the reign of King Rama VII, he ordered to collapsed Thanyaburi province to come up with Pathum Thani. Pathum Thani province has divided the rule into 7 districts as in the present.

SymbolsEdit

The provincial seal shows a pink lotus flower with two rice stalks bending over it, representing the fertility of the province. The provincial tree is the Indian coral tree (Erythrina variegata). The provincial flower is the lotus (Nymphaea lotus).[citation needed]

Education and technologyEdit

Pathum Thani has a very high concentration of higher education institutions, especially ones in the field of science and technology. This, together with a large number of industrial parks and research facilities (including those in Thailand Science Park), make the region the educational and technology hub of the area.[citation needed]

Academic institutes
National Science Museum, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok University, Eastern Asia University, North Bangkok University (Rangsit), Pathumthani University, Rajamangala University of Technology, Rangsit University, Shinawatra University, Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University (Rangsit Center, and Valaya Alongkorn - Rajahbaht University).
Research bodies
Thailand Science Park, National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), National Metal and Materials Technology Center (MTEC), National Nanotechnology Center (NANOTEC), National Electronics and Computer Technology Center (NECTEC), Thai Microelectronics Center (TMEC), Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research (TISTR), TOT Innovation Institute (TOT)
Industrial parks
Software Park Thailand (in Nonthaburi, southwest of Pathum Thani), Nava Nakorn Industrial Promotion Zone (1376 acres / 5.6 km2), Bangkadi Industrial Park (470 acres / 1.9 km2), Techno Thani (a "Technology City" administered by the Ministry of Science and Technology), and a number of industrial parks in neighboring Ayutthaya and Nonthaburi Provinces

Administrative divisionsEdit

Provincial governmentEdit

 
Map of Pathum Thani province with districts
 
  City municipalities (thesaban nakhon)
  Town municipalities (thesaban mueang)
  Subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon)

The province is divided into seven districts (amphoes). The districts are further subdivided into 60 communes (tambons) and 529 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Pathum Thani
  2. Khlong Luang
  3. Thanyaburi
  4. Nong Suea
  1. Lat Lum Kaeo
  2. Lam Luk Ka
  3. Sam Khok

Local governmentEdit

As of 29 September 2020 there are: one Pathum Thani Provincial Administrative Organization - PAO (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and twenty-nine municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Rangsit has city (thesaban nakhon) status. Further ten have town (thesaban mueang) status and eighteen subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon).[2]

  City municipality 1 Rangsit[6] 85,260
  Town mun. People      
1 Tha Khlong[7] 78,108 6 Bueng Yi Tho[8] 32,708
2 Lam Sam Kaeo[9] 66,003 7 Sanan Rak[10] 31,350
3 Lat Sawai[11] 65,906 8 Bang Khu Wat 28,349
4 Khlong Luang[12] 62,615 9 Pathum Thani[13] 23,633
5 Khu Khot[14] 44,274 10 Bang Kadi[15] 13,987
  Subdistrict mun. People      
1 Thanyaburi[16] 62,990 10 Bang Toei 10,828
2 Bang Phun[17] 25,509 11 Rahaeng 10,445
3 Lak Hok[18] 21,883 12 Khlong Phra Udom   7,995
4 Lam Luk Ka[16] 18,377 13 Sam Khok[19]   6,963
5 Bang Duea[20] 14,756 14 Bang Luang[16]   6,314
6 Bang Khayaeng[21] 14,557 15 Chiang Rak Yai   6,260
7 Ban Mai[22] 14,447 16 Khu Khwang[23]   6,000
8 Ban Klang[24] 12,326 17 Lam Sai[16]   2,657
9 Nong Sam Wang 11,016 18 Nong Suea[16]   2,901

The non-municipal areas are administered by 35 Subdistrict Administrative
Organizations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).[25]

  Municipalities Communities
  Rangsit[26] 81
  Lam Sam Kaeo[27] 70
  Khlong Luang[28] 54
  Khu Khot[29] 31
  Bueng Yi Tho[30] 37
  Pathum Thani[31] 28
  Bang Kadi[32] 18

Human achievement index 2017Edit

Health Education Employment Income
       
4 11 38 13
Housing Family Transport Participation
     
68 8 3 76
Province Pathum Thani, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6384 is "high", occupies place 10 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[3]

Rank Classification
  1 - 15 "high"
16 - 30 "somewhat high"
31 - 45 "average"
45 - 60 "somewhat low"
61 - 77 "low"

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.CS1 maint: postscript (link)[dead link]
  2. ^ a b "สถิติทางการทะเบียน" [Registration statistics]. bora.dopa.go.th. Department of Provincial Administration (DOPA). December 2019. Retrieved 22 September 2020. Download จำนวนประชากร ปี พ.ศ.2562 - Download population year 2019
  3. ^ a b Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), pages 1-40, maps 1-9, retrieved 14 September 2019, ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1
  4. ^ "Population Statistics 2008". Department of Provincial Administration. Archived from the original on 2010-03-25. Retrieved 2010-06-28. Pathum Thani town population 18,843; Rangsit town population 76,843
  5. ^ "ตารางที่ 2 พี้นที่ป่าไม้ แยกรายจังหวัด พ.ศ.2562" [Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019]. Royal Forest Department (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 6 April 2021, information, Forest statistics Year 2019CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  6. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง เปลี่ยนแปลงฐานะเทศบาลเมืองรังสิต อำเภอธัญบุรี จังหวัดปทุมธานี เป็นเ ทศบาลนครรังสิต พ.ศ.๒๕๕๔" [Announcement from the Ministry of Interior Re: Change Rangsit town municipality, Thanyaburi district, Pathum Thani Province to Rangsit city municipality B.E.2554 (2011).] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 128 (Special 61 Ngor): 42. 1 June 2011. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
  7. ^ "พระราชฤษฎีกา จัดตั้งเทศบาลเมืองท่าโขลง พ.ศ.๒๕๔๔" [Royal Decree: Establish of Tha Khlong town municipality B.E.2544 (2001)] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 118 (93 Kor): 25–27. 9 October 2001. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  8. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง เปลี่ยนแปลงฐานะเทศบาลตำบลบึงยี่โถ อำเภดธัญบุรี จังหวัดปทุมธาบี เป็นเทศบาลเมืองบึงยี่โถ พ.ศ.๒๕๕๕" [Notification of the Ministry of Interior: Change status of Bueng Yi Tho subdistrict municipality, Thanyaburi district, Pathum Thani province to Buen Yi Tho town municipality B.E.2555 (2012)] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 129 (Special 13 Ngor): 44. 11 January 2012. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  9. ^ "ประวัติความเป็นมา" [History]. lamsamkaeo.go.th (in Thai). 2020. Retrieved 30 October 2020. Lam Sam Kaeo SAO upgraded to Lam Sam Kaeo town municipality on 1 August 2007.
  10. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง เปลี่ยนแปลงฐานะเทศบาลตำบลสนั่นรักษ์ อำเภดธัญบุรี จังหวัดปทุมธาบี เป็นเทศบาลเมืองสนั่นรักษ์ พ.ศ.๒๕๔๗" [Notification of the Ministry of Interior: Change status of Sanan Rak subdistrict municipality, Thanyaburi district, Pathum Thani province to Sanan Rak town municipality B.E.2547 (2004)] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 121 (Special 78 Ngor): 1–2. 19 July 2004. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  11. ^ "Number of local government organizations: Summary elevating local authorities". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 23 September 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2020. No.3.1 Established Lat Sawai Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Lam Luk Ka district, Pathum Thani province is Lat Sawai town municipality, effectively 1 October 2011.
  12. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง เปลี่ยนแปลงฐานะเทศบาลตำบลคลองหลวง อำเภดคลองหลวง จังหวัดปทุมธาบี เป็นเทศบาลเมืองคลองหลวง พ.ศ.๒๕๔๘" [Notification of the Ministry of Interior: Change status of Khlong Luang subdistrict municipality, Khlong Luang district, Pathum Thani province to Khlong Luang town municipality B.E.2548 (2005).] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 122 (Special 84 Ngor): 6. 14 September 2005. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  13. ^ "พระราชกฤษฎีกา จัดตั้งเทศบาลเมืองปทุมธานี จังหวัดปทุมธานี พุทธศักราช ๒๔๗๙" [Royal Decree: Establishing of Pathum Thani town municipality, Pathum Thani province, Buddhist Era 2479 (1936).] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 53: 828–831. 29 November 1936. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  14. ^ "พระราชกฤษฎีกาจัดตั้งเทศบลเมืองคูคต พ.ศ.๒๕๓๙" [Royal Decree: Establish of Khu Khot town municipality B.E.2539 (1996).] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 113 (5 Kor): 4–7. 6 March 1996. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
  15. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง เปลี่ยนแปลงฐานะเทศบาลตำบลบางกะดี อำเภดเมืองปทุมธานี จังหวัดปทุมธาบี เป็นเทศบาลเมืองบางกะดี" [Notification of the Ministry of Interior: Change status of Bang Kadi subdistrict municipality, Mueang Pathum Thani district, Pathum Thani province to Bang Kadi town municipality.] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 137 (Special 204 Ngor): 10+11. 8 September 2020. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  16. ^ a b c d e "พระราชกฤษฎีกา เปลี่ยนแปลงฐานะของสุขาภิบาลเป็นเทศบาล พ.ศ.๒๕๔๒" [Royal Decree: Change Sanitation district to Municipality Act B.E.2542.] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 116 (9 Kor): 1–4. 24 February 1999. Retrieved 10 October 2020, effective 25 May 1999.CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  17. ^ "Number of local government organizations: Summary elevating local authorities". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 2 September 2011. Retrieved 9 September 2020. No.4.14 Established Bang Phun Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Mueang Pathum Thani district, Pathum Thani province is Bang Phun subdistrict municipality, effectively 30 September 2011.
  18. ^ "ประวัติหน่วยงาน" [History of the Agency]. lakhok.go.th (in Thai). 2020. Retrieved 30 October 2020. Lak Hok SAO upgraded to Lak Hok subdistrict municipality on 24 August 2007.
  19. ^ "Number of local government organizations: Summary elevating local authorities". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 4 August 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2020. No.4.2 Established Sam Khok Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Sam Khok district, Pathum Thani province is Sam Khok subdistrict municipality, effectively 1 October 2011.
  20. ^ "Number of local government organizations: Summary elevating local authorities". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 2 September 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2020. No.4.12 Established Bang Duea Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Mueang Pathum Thani district, Pathum Thani province is Bang Duea subdistrict municipality, effectively 30 September 2011.
  21. ^ "Number of local government organizations: Summary elevating local authorities". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 30 September 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2020. No.4.49 Established Bang Khayaeng Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Mueang district, Pathum Thani province is Bang Khayaeng subdistrict municipality, effectively 30 September 2011.
  22. ^ "Number of local government organizations: Summary elevating local authorities". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 4 August 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2020. No.4.1 Established Ban Mai Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Mueang Pathum Thani district, Pathum Thani province is Ban Mai subdistrict municipality, effectively 1 October 2011.
  23. ^ "Number of local government organizations: Summary elevating local authorities". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 2 September 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2020. No.4.11 Established Khu Kwang Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Lat Lum Kaeo district, Pathum Thani province is Khu Kwang subdistrict municipality, effectively 30 September 2011.
  24. ^ "Number of local government organizations: Summary elevating local authorities". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 2 September 2011. Retrieved 9 September 2020. No.4.13 Established Ban Klang Subdistrict Administrative Organization (SAO), Mueang Pathum Thani district, Pathum Thani province is Ban Klang subdistrict municipality, effectively 30 September 2011.
  25. ^ Department of Provincial Administration (DOPA), List of 5,324 SAO's information as of date 20 December 2019, 35 SAO's (no.2116-2151) were established in 1994 (1), in 1995 (19), in 1996 (10) and in 1997 (5).
  26. ^ "ด้านชุมชน" [Community side]. rangsit.org (in Thai). 2020. Retrieved 30 October 2020. 81 communities.
  27. ^ "กลุ่มอค์กร" [Organization groups]. lamsamkaeo.go.th (in Thai). 2020. Retrieved 30 October 2020. 70 communities.
  28. ^ "ชุมชน" [Communities]. khlongluang.go.th (in Thai). 2020. Retrieved 30 October 2020. 54 communities.
  29. ^ "ข้อมูลชุมชน" [Community information]. khukhot.go.th (in Thai). 2020. Retrieved 30 October 2020. 31 communities.
  30. ^ "1. สภาพทั่วไป (5.3)" [1. General (5.3)]. buengyitho.go.th (in Thai). 2020. Retrieved 30 October 2020. 37 communities.
  31. ^ "ข้อมูลเทศบาล" [Municipal information]. muangpathum.org (in Thai). 2020. Retrieved 30 October 2020. 28 communities.
  32. ^ "ชุมชน" [Communities]. bangkadi.go.th (in Thai). 2020. Retrieved 30 October 2020. 18 communities.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 14°1′15″N 100°31′29″E / 14.02083°N 100.52472°E / 14.02083; 100.52472