Ministry of Public Health (Thailand)

The Ministry of Public Health (MOPH; Thai: กระทรวงสาธารณสุข, RTGSKrasuang Satharanasuk) is a Thai governmental body responsible for the oversight of public health in Thailand. It is commonly referred to in Thailand by its abbreviation so tho (สธ.).

Ministry of Public Health
Seal of Caduceus by Prince Narisara Nuwattiwong
Ministry overview
Formed1918; 105 years ago (1918)
JurisdictionGovernment of Thailand
HeadquartersMueang Nonthaburi, Nonthaburi
Annual budget135,389 million baht (FY2019)
Minister responsible
Deputy Minister responsible
Ministry executive
  • Jedsada Chokdamrongsuk, MD, Permanent Secretary

History edit

In Thailand before 1888 there were no permanent, public hospitals to provide care to sick people. Temporary hospitals were set up to care for patients during epidemics, then disbanded when the epidemic subsided. Under King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) a hospital was constructed and completed in 1888 and named "Siriraj Hospital" in commemoration of the king's young son, Prince Siriraj Kakudhabhand, who had died of dysentery.[2] King Vajiravudh, King Chulalongkorn's successor, established Department of Health on 27 November 1918.

During the reign of King Rama VIII, the Ministry of Public Health was established on 10 March 1942 as a result of the enactment of the Ministries and Departments Reorganization Act (Amendment No. 3) of B.E. 2485. Later in 1966, the date 27 November was chosen as the commemoration day of the Ministry of Public Health's foundation.[2]

Budget edit

The MOPH was allocated 135,389 million baht in the FY2019 budget.[3]

Departments edit

Organisation edit

  • Office of the Minister
  • Office of the Permanent Secretary
  • Department of Mental Health
  • Department of Disease Control
  • Department of Health
  • Department of Medical Services
  • Department of Medical Sciences
  • Department of Health Service Support (HSS)[4]
  • Department of Thai Tradition and Alternative Medicine
  • Food and Drug Administration[5]

State enterprise edit

Public organisations edit

  • Ban Phaeo Hospital (Public Organisation)
  • Healthcare Accreditation Institute (Public Organisation)
  • National Vaccine Institute (Public Organization)
  • Health Systems Research Institute
  • National Health Security Office (NHSO): Manages Thailand's Universal Health Coverage (UHC) system.[6][7]
  • National Institute for Emergency Medicine

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Bunyamanee, Soonruth (10 January 2018). "War against corruption must begin at home". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "History of Public Health". Ministry of Public Health. Archived from the original on 5 February 2016. Retrieved 5 February 2016.
  3. ^ "Thailand's Budget in Brief Fiscal Year 2019". Bureau of the Budget. 20 December 2018. p. 92. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
  4. ^ Chaiyong, Suwitcha (2018-12-10). "A sign of wisdom". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  5. ^ "FDA - Structure".
  6. ^ "About NHSO". National Health Security Office. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  7. ^ Wangkiat, Paritta (27 April 2020). "Health budget cuts rife with prejudice" (Opinion). Bangkok Post. Retrieved 27 April 2020.

External links edit