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Vajiralongkorn (Thai: วชิราลงกรณ; RTGS: Wachiralongkon), reigning title Phrabat Somdet Phra Vajira Klao Chao Yu Hua[b] (Thai: พระบาทสมเด็จพระวชิรเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว; born 28 July 1952),[3] is the King of Thailand since 2016.[1][a] He is the only son of King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit. In 1972, at the age of 20, he was made crown prince by his father. After his father's death on 13 October 2016, he was expected to accede to the throne of Thailand but asked for time to mourn before taking the throne.[4]

Maha Vajiralongkorn
วชิราลงกรณ
King Rama X
King Rama X official (crop).png
Vajiralongkorn in 2017
King of Thailand
Reign13 October 2016 – present[a]
Coronation4 May 2019
PredecessorBhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX)
Heir presumptiveDipangkorn Rasmijoti
RegentPrem Tinsulanonda
(2016)
Prime ministerPrayut Chan-o-cha
Born (1952-07-28) 28 July 1952 (age 67)
Amphorn Sathan Residential Hall, Dusit Palace, Bangkok, Thailand
Spouse
Soamsawali Kitiyakara
(m. 1977; div. 1991)

Yuvadhida Polpraserth
(m. 1994; div. 1996)

Srirasmi Suwadee
(m. 2001; div. 2014)

Suthida Tidjai
(m. 2019)

Niramon Ounprom
(m. 2019; sep. 2019)
IssuePrincess Bajrakitiyabha
Juthavachara Vivacharawongse
Vacharaesorn Vivacharawongse
Chakriwat Vivacharawongse
Vatchrawee Vivacharawongse
Princess Sirivannavari
Prince Dipangkorn Rasmijoti
HouseMahidol (Chakri dynasty)
FatherBhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX)
MotherSirikit Kitiyakara
ReligionBuddhism
SignatureMaha Vajiralongkorn วชิราลงกรณ's signature

He accepted the throne on the night of 1 December 2016. His father was cremated on 26 October 2017.[5][6][7] His coronation took place from 4–6 May 2019.[8] The Thai government retroactively declared his reign to have begun on 13 October 2016, upon his father's death.[9] As the tenth monarch of the Chakri dynasty, he is also styled as Rama X. Aged 64 at that time, Vajiralongkorn became the oldest Thai monarch to ascend to the throne.[10]

In 2019, his net worth was estimated around US$20 billion.[11]

Early life and educationEdit

 
Prince Vajiralongkorn in 1957
 
The Royal Family, 1966. Vajiralongkorn stands at far right.

Maha Wachiralongkon was born on 28 July 1952 at 17:45[12] in the Amphorn Sathan Residential Hall of the Dusit Palace in Bangkok. When the crown prince was one year old, Somdet Phra Sangkharat Chao Kromma Luang Wachirayanawong, the 13th Supreme Patriarch of Thailand of the Rattanakosin Era, gave the child his first name at birth,[13] "Wachiralongkon Borommachakkrayadisonsantatiwong Thewetthamrongsuboriban Aphikhunuprakanmahittaladunladet Phumiphonnaretwarangkun Kittisirisombunsawangkhawat Borommakhattiyaratchakuman" (Thai: วชิราลงกรณ บรมจักรยาดิศรสันตติวงศ เทเวศรธำรงสุบริบาล อภิคุณูประการมหิตลาดุลเดช ภูมิพลนเรศวรางกูร กิตติสิริสมบูรณ์สวางควัฒน์ บรมขัตติยราชกุมาร).[citation needed] He is the only son, the second of the four children of King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit.[citation needed]

Vajiralongkorn began his education in 1956, when he entered kindergarten at the Chitralada School in Dusit Palace. After completing Mathayom 1 (grade seven), he was sent to be educated at independent schools in the United Kingdom, first at a prep school, King's Mead, Seaford, Sussex, and then at Millfield School, in Somerset,[14] where he completed his secondary education in July 1970.[15] In August 1970, he attended a five-week military training course at The King's School, in Sydney, Australia.[15]

In 1972, the prince enrolled at the Royal Military College, Duntroon in Canberra, Australia. His education at Duntroon was divided into two parts, military training by the Australian Army and a bachelor's degree course under the auspices of the University of New South Wales. He graduated in 1976 as a newly commissioned lieutenant with a liberal arts degree.[15]

In 1982, he completed a second bachelor's degree in law with second-class honours at Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University.

Heir apparent and social interestEdit

 
Prince Vajiralongkorn and King Bhumibol Adulyadej in 1961

Vajiralongkorn was proclaimed crown prince on 28 December 1972 at 12:23 in the Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall, making him the third crown prince of the Chakri dynasty.[13] An excerpt from the royal command to establish the title of His Royal Highness Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn reads:[16]

As stated in the bliss or the royal statutes of the country, when a Royal Prince who is destined to be heir to the throne is mature, the King shall graciously bestow the rank upon him of Somdet Phra Yupharat Mongkutratchakuman. At this present time, all people including citizens of nations all over the world shall accept and acclaim that His Royal Highness Prince Vajiralongkorn shall to succeed to the throne of the Kingdom. When His Royal Highness Prince is mature, at the time that he shall be established as heir to the throne, tradition and a royal tradition Kattii ceremony should be observed, consistent with the citizens and all leaders of the country of all sides. Therefore, His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej hereby decrees for His Royal Highness Prince Vajiralongkorn to be His Royal Highness Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn in accordance with the name written in the Supannabhat as: Somdet Phra Boromma-orasathirat Chao Fa Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun Sirikittayasombunsawangwat Worakhuttiyarajsantiwong Mahitalaphong Adulayadet Chakkrinaresyuppharajvisut Sayammakutratchakuman....

He had taken up his duties while serving in the Royal Thai Armed Forces, including frequent provincial tours and representing King Bhumibol at a wide variety of official functions and ceremonies before he ascended the throne.[citation needed]

Short-term monastic lifeEdit

On 6 November 1978, the prince was ordained as a monk at Wat Phra Sri Rattana Satsadaram (Temple of the Emerald Buddha), at age 26. As is traditional for royals, he stayed at Wat Bowonniwet Vihara for 15 days and under the monastic name "Vajiralongkornno".[17]

Military training and careerEdit

 
Vajiralongkorn of Thailand climbs out of the cockpit of an F-5E Tiger II aircraft
 
US Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz (right) escorts Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn through an honor cordon and into the Pentagon on 12 June 2003.

After completing his studies, Vajiralongkorn served as a career officer in the Royal Thai Army. He served as a staff officer in the Directorate of Army Intelligence and attended the Command and General Staff College in 1977.[citation needed] Vajiralongkorn trained for periods with the US, British, and Australian armed services, studying unconventional warfare and advanced navigation.[citation needed] He is a qualified fixed-wing and helicopter pilot. In 1978 he became head of the King's Own Bodyguard Battalion.[citation needed] Later that year he interrupted his military career to be ordained for a season as a Buddhist monk, as is customary for all Thai Buddhist men.[3]

Vajiralongkorn holds the ranks of Field Marshal (Chom Phon) in the Royal Thai Army, Admiral of the Fleet (Chom Phon Ruea) in the Royal Thai Navy, and Marshal of the Royal Thai Air Force (Chom Phon Akat) in the Royal Thai Air Force. He is qualified to pilot the Northrop F-5 and many other aircraft,[18] F-16,[19] and the Boeing 737-400.[15] His military role in recent years has become increasingly ceremonial. As his father grew older, Vajiralongkorn took a more prominent part in royal ceremonial and public appearances. He officially opened the 2007 Southeast Asian Games, held in Nakhon Ratchasima.[20] The event occurred one day after the 80th birthday of his father.[21]

Medical and health careEdit

Vajiralongkorn established "Crown Prince Hospitals" through funds donated by the public to serve as medical and health care centers for people living in remote areas. Crown Prince Hospitals had been set up in 21 locations in 1977. These hospitals had become major community hospitals providing services of international standard to the general public in 2011.[22]

Agricultural developmentEdit

 
Vajiralongkorn (right) with his mother, Queen Sirikit

Also interested in agricultural development, Vajiralongkorn has accepted the "Mobile Agricultural Clinic Project" under his patronage. The project provides prompt services to farmers in order to enhance efficiency in farm production and solve farmers' problems. It provides experts in various agricultural fields who can advise farmers on plants, livestock, fisheries, and land development. He also offers suggestions on the tackling of agricultural problems, in addition to the application of agricultural technology to increase productivity and the improvement in the quality of agricultural production.[22]

Mobile Agricultural Clinic teams can move quickly to various spots in need of help. It has worked steadily and is ready to provide technical services and transfer technology. With this project, farmers have been urged to be aware of agricultural development and the application of new technology.[22]

In recent years Vajiralongkorn had represented the late King, Bhumibol Adulyadej, in presiding over the annual Royal Ploughing Ceremony, which is meaningful to Thai farmers. Aware of the importance of efficient agriculture for better productivity, Vajiralongkorn emphasized full-cycle agricultural activities, believing they will help improve the quality of life of farmers, who are traditionally considered the backbone of the nation.[22]

Focus on educationEdit

Vajiralongkorn has initiated education projects with the aim of improving children's access to quality learning and instilling the concept of lifelong learning.[23] He has special ties to the Rajabhat University system of 40 institutions of higher learning. The chairman of the Council of Rajabhat University Presidents of Thailand said that Vajiralongkorn has presided over commencement ceremonies at all Rajabhat Universities nationwide and personally handed out degrees to all Rajabhat university graduates every year since 1978. It is estimated that over the past 35 years at least 2,100,000 degrees have been handed out by the crown prince to Rajabhat graduates. In addition, every year he donates 42 million baht to a scholarship fund benefiting Rajabhat students.[23]

Sport interestEdit

Mass bicycling eventsEdit

Vajiralongkorn was once known as the "Football Prince", but is now renowned for his involvement in cycling.[citation needed] He has also had shown keen interest in other sports since he was young. He learned horseback riding when he was about 11 years old and soon became a capable rider.[citation needed] While studying in Thailand and abroad, he played several sports with friends including football, rugby and rowing.[citation needed]

Vajiralongkorn also competed in sailing with King Bhumibol and sister Princess Ubolratana when they were staying at Klai Kangwon Palace in Hua Hin. A fine footballer, Vajiralongkorn first played as a forward and later became a centre-back at Chitralada School, Milfield School in England and the Royal Military College, Duntroon in Australia. He shares his love of the sport with his father.[24]

ReignEdit

Accession to the throneEdit

According to the 2007 Constitution, the cabinet instructed the president of the National Assembly to invite Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn to the throne. He became the first monarch to be born in Thailand since his grand-stepfather Prajadhipok.[25] After his father, Bhumibol Adulyadej, died on 13 October 2016, Vajiralongkorn was expected to succeed to the throne of Thailand but asked for time to mourn before taking the throne.[4] On the night of 1 December 2016, the fiftieth day after the death of Bhumibol, Regent Prem Tinsulanonda led the heads of the country's three branches of government to an audience with Vajiralongkorn to invite him to ascend to the throne as the tenth king of the Chakri dynasty.[26] Vajiralongkorn accepted the invitation, saying in a televised statement: "I would like to accept in order to fulfill his majesty's wishes and for the benefit of all Thais."[27][28] The government retroactively declared his reign to have begun upon his father's death, but it would not crown him formally until after the cremation of his father.[27] Currently, his main residence is Amphorn Sathan Residential Hall, the king having moved from Nonthaburi Palace in 2011.[29]

 
Portrait of King Vajiralongkorn, EmQuartier, 2017

CoronationEdit

 
King Vajiralongkorn at Dusit Palace in 2018

Vajiralongkorn's three-day coronation ceremonies took place on 4–6 May 2019.[30] The one billion baht coronation was anticipated to attract 150,000 persons to Sanam Luang.[31][32][8]

For the first time in nearly 100 years, Vajiralongkorn was given the reigning title of Phrabat Somdet Phra Vajira Klao Chao Yu Hua. The last time such title was given during the reign of King Prajadhipok (Rama VII) who was given the reigning title of Phrabat Somdet Phra Pok Klao Chao Yu Hua during his coronation in 1926.

The appointment of members of the privy councilEdit

Following the resignation of the councillors to Bhumibol Adulyadej, Vajiralongkorn appointed 10 members of the Privy Council. The command was issued under Section 2 of the 2014 interim constitution, completed with Sections 12, 13 and 16 of the 2007 constitution on the king which were retained and remain in effect. The remaining seven members are Surayud Chulanont, Kasem Wattanachai, Palakorn Suwanrath, Atthaniti Disatha-amnarj, Supachai Poo-ngam, Chanchai Likhitjitta and Chalit Pukbhasuk, with three new members, Paiboon Koomchaya, Dapong Ratanasuwan, and Teerachai Nakwanich. Prem Tinsulanonda was re-appointed Privy Council president by royal command.[33] On 13 December 2016, the King appointed two new members, Wirach Chinvinitkul and Charunthada Karnasuta.[34] On 25 December 2016, the King appointed one more new member, Kampanart Rooddit.[35] On 19 January 2017, Privy Councillor Chanchai Likhitjitta died at the age of 71.[36] On 2 Oct 2018, Mr. Ampon Kittiampon, General Chalermchai Sitthisad and ACM Johm Rungswang were appointed privy councilors.[citation needed]

Direct political interferenceEdit

 
The Coronation of King Rama X B.E. 2562 (A.D. 2019)

Thailand's military-backed parliament voted overwhelmingly in January 2017 to make amendments to the interim constitution so as to allow amendments to the draft constitution as suggested by the new king's office. Critics said the new constitution would give the military a powerful political say for years or decades.[6] The 2017 Constitution of Thailand was approved in a referendum in 2016, and was endorsed by King Maha Vajiralongkorn on 6 April 2017, Chakri day, in a ceremony at the Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall.[37][6] Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha said the office of King Vajiralongkorn had asked for several changes to clauses related to royal power in the draft constitution, a rare intervention by a reigning Thai monarch.[38] After the death of King Bhumibol, political activity was paused during a period of mourning that ended in 2017.[6]

In February 2019, in a move called "unprecedented", the King's elder sister, Ubol Ratana, announced her candidacy for the Thai prime ministership in the 2019 general election, running as a candidate of the Thaksin-allied Thai Raksa Chart Party.[39][40] Later that same day, Vajiralongkorn issued an emergency royal decree stating that her candidacy for prime minister is "inappropriate...and unconstitutional".[41] Thailand's election commission then disqualified her from running for prime minister, formally putting an end to her candidacy.[42]

Vajiralongkorn has direct control over the royal household and palace security agencies.[43]

Personal lifeEdit

Monarchs of
the Chakri dynasty
 Phra Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke
(Rama I)
 Phra Buddha Loetla Nabhalai
(Rama II)
 Nangklao
(Rama III)
 Mongkut
(Rama IV)
 Chulalongkorn
(Rama V)
 Vajiravudh
(Rama VI)
 Prajadhipok
(Rama VII)
 Ananda Mahidol
(Rama VIII)
 Bhumibol Adulyadej
(Rama IX)
 Vajiralongkorn
(Rama X)

Public image, the media, and the lawEdit

 
King Vajiralongkorn's portrait on Ratchadamnoen Avenue

There is a strict, and strictly enforced, lèse majesté law in Thailand. Criticism of the king, queen, crown prince, and more recently, former kings, members of the royal family, and even their pets[44] has long been strictly prohibited, with large fines and prison sentences of up to 35 years being imposed. However, Vajiralongkorn's private life continues to be a controversial subject of discussion in Thailand, although not publicly. In the 10 January 2002 edition of the Far Eastern Economic Review (FEER), an article appeared suggesting that Vajiralongkorn had business ties with then-Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra. An immediate ban was placed on distribution of the magazine, and the Thai government, citing a threat to national security, suspended the visas of FEER's two Thailand correspondents, Shawn Crispin and Rodney Tasker.[45]

In 2002, The Economist wrote that "Vajiralongkorn is held in much less esteem (than the then-king Bhumibol). Bangkok gossips like to swap tales of his lurid personal life… Besides, no successor, however worthy, can hope to equal the stature King Bhumibol has attained after 64 years on the throne." This issue of The Economist was banned in Thailand. In 2010, another issue of The Economist, also not distributed in Thailand, said that Vajiralongkorn was "widely loathed and feared" and "unpredictable to the point of eccentricity",[46] while the online journal Asia Sentinel said that he was "regarded as erratic and virtually incapable of ruling";[47] the journal was blocked shortly thereafter.[48] In a diplomatic cable leaked by WikiLeaks, senior Singaporean foreign ministry official Bilahari Kausikan said that Vajiralongkorn had a gambling habit partly funded by exiled former prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra.[49]

On 12 November 2009, a home video was released to WikiLeaks, showing Vajiralongkorn casually dressed and Princess Srirasmi Suwadee wearing only a G-string, all the while being attended to by several formally dressed servants, celebrating the birthday of the prince's poodle, Air Chief Marshal Fufu.[50][51][52] Part of this video was broadcast on the "Foreign Correspondent" programme on the Australian government's ABC TV channel on 13 April 2010, as part of a half-hour documentary critical of the royal family of Thailand.[53][54]

On 19 January 2009, Harry Nicolaides, an Australian national, was sentenced to three years in prison for self-publishing a fictional book deemed to have violated lèse majesté. The offending passage alluded to rumours that "if the prince fell in love with one of his minor wives and she betrayed him, she and her family would disappear with their name, familial lineage and all vestiges of their existence expunged forever".[55][56] Nicolaides was later pardoned by the king.[57] Nicolaides later stated that "it's entirely fiction from cover to cover".[58]

In August 2011, the German judicial authorities in Munich impounded an aircraft, a Boeing 737, one of two belonging to Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn.[59] Administrators seized the aircraft because of a 20-year-old Thai government debt owed to a now-defunct German construction corporation for the Don Mueang Tollway, that had risen to some €30 million. German authorities, representing the corporation's interests in bankruptcy, stated the measure was a "last resort" in seeking repayment. The Thai government, which had not responded to German demands, called the move "highly inappropriate".[60][61] On 1 August, Vajiralongkorn's office announced he would pay the deposit amounting to €20 million himself.[62] One day later the Thai foreign minister Kasit Piromya confirmed that the Thai government would pay the deposit.[63]

In November 2016, Manager Magazin published a report stating that the new king could be issued with an inheritance tax bill in excess of €3.5 billion. According to the report, the new King is domiciled in Bavaria where he owns two villas and spends most of his time, which makes him subject to local inheritance tax.[64] On 16 May 2017, Thai officials warned Facebook after an online video was posted of the king wearing a crop top and with full view of his half sleeve tattoo.[65]

Marriages and issueEdit

Marriage and divorce of Soamsawali KitiyakaraEdit

On 3 January 1977, Vajiralongkorn married Princess Soamsawali Kitiyakara (born 1957), a first cousin on his mother's side. They had one daughter, Princess Bajrakitiyabha, born in 1978. Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn started living with actress Yuvadhida Polpraserth in the late 1970s and had five children with her. Although Princess Soamsawali had refused divorce for many years, Vajiralongkorn was finally able to sue for divorce in the Family Court in January 1993. In the court proceedings, Vajiralongkorn accused Princess Soamsawali of being completely at fault for the failed relationship. She was not able to refute the charges due to the prohibition against lèse majesté. The divorce was finalized in July 1993.[66] Princess Soamsawali and her daughter continue to play a significant role in royal ceremonies.[citation needed]

Marriage and divorce of Sujarinee Vivacharawongse (Yuvadhida Polpraserth)Edit

When Vajiralongkorn was introduced to Yuvadhida Polpraserth, she was an aspiring actress. She became his steady companion and gave birth to his first son, Prince Juthavachara Mahidol, on 29 August 1979. He later had three more sons and a daughter by her. They were married at a palace ceremony in February 1994, where they were blessed by the King and the Princess Mother, but not by the Queen. After the marriage, she was allowed to change her name to Mom Sujarinee Mahidol na Ayudhaya, signifying she was a commoner married to royalty. She was also commissioned as a major in the Royal Thai Army and took part in royal ceremonies with Vajiralongkorn. In 1996, two years after the wedding, Mom Sujarinee (as she was now known) decamped to Britain with all her children, while Vajiralongkorn caused posters to be placed all around his palace accusing her of committing adultery with Anand Rotsamkhan, a 60-year-old air marshal.[67] Later, the prince abducted the daughter and brought her back to Thailand to live with him. She was later elevated to the rank of princess, whilst Sujarinee and her sons were stripped of their diplomatic passports and royal titles. Sujarinee and her sons moved to the United States, and as of 2007, she was known as Sujarinee Vivacharawongse.[68]

Marriage and divorce of Srirasmi SuwadeeEdit

Vajiralongkorn married for a third time on 10 February 2001, to Srirasmi Suwadee (royal name: Akharaphongpreecha), a commoner of modest background who had been in his service since 1992. The marriage was not disclosed to the public until early 2005. She gave birth to a son, Prince Dipangkorn Rasmijoti, on 29 April 2005 and was then elevated to the rank of princess. Her son was immediately elevated to the rank of prince. In a magazine interview shortly after that, Vajiralongkorn stated his intention to settle down.[69]

In November 2014, however, Vajiralongkorn sent a letter to the interior ministry asking for Princess Srirasmi's family to be stripped of the royal name Akharaphongpreecha awarded to her, following allegations of corruption against seven of her relatives.[70] The following month, Srirasmi relinquished her royal titles and the royal name and was officially divorced from Vajiralongkorn. She received 200 million baht (US$5.5 million) as a settlement. They had been married for 13 years.[citation needed]

Marriage of Suthida TidjaiEdit

On 1 May 2019, three days before his coronation, Vajiralongkorn married Suthida Tidjai, former acting commander of Royal Thai Aide-de-Camp Department.[71] Suthida was therefore made the queen consort of King Vajiralongkorn[71][72] whose coronation took place in Bangkok on 4–6 May 2019.[73] The marriage registration took place at the Amphorn Sathan Residential Hall in Bangkok, with her sister-in-law Princess Sirindhorn and President of Privy Council Prem Tinsulanonda as witnesses.[74]

Concubinage and separation of Sineenat Wongvajirapakdi (Niramon Ounprom)Edit

On 28 July 2019, Vajiralongkorn bestowed the title of “Chao Khun Phra,” or Royal Noble Consort, to Major General Sineenat Wongvajirapakdi (formerly Niramon Ounprom); the occasion marked the first official naming of a secondary consort for nearly a century.[75] Three months later, on 21 October 2019, a palace order stripped Sineenat of her title and ranks, stating that she had been disrespectful to Queen Suthida and disloyal to the king.[76]

IssueEdit

Children of King Maha Vajiralongkorn Phra Vajira Klao Chao Yu Hua[68]
Name Birth Notes
By Soamsawali Kitiyakara (married 1977, divorced 1991)
Bajrakitiyabha (1978-12-07) 7 December 1978 (age 40)
By Yuvadhida Polpraserth (married 1994, divorced 1996)
Juthavachara Vivacharawongse (1979-08-29) 29 August 1979 (age 40) born as Juthavachara Mahidol
Vacharaesorn Vivacharawongse (1981-05-27) 27 May 1981 (age 38) born as Vacharaesorn Mahidol
Chakriwat Vivacharawongse (1983-02-26) 26 February 1983 (age 36) born as Chakriwat Mahidol
Vatchrawee Vivacharawongse (1985-06-14) 14 June 1985 (age 34) born as Vatchrawee Mahidol
Sirivannavari Nariratana (1987-01-08) 8 January 1987 (age 32) born as Busyanambejra Mahidol
By Srirasmi Suwadee (married 2001, divorced 2014)
Dipangkorn Rasmijoti (2005-04-29) 29 April 2005 (age 14)

Titles, styles and honoursEdit

TitlesEdit

Styles of
King Vajiralongkorn, Rama X of Thailand
 
Reference styleHis Majesty
Spoken styleYour Majesty
Alternative styleSir
 
Royal Monogram of King Vajiralongkorn
 
Personal flag of Vajiralongkorn as Crown Prince
 
Personal flag of Vajiralongkorn as King
  • 28 July 1952 – 28 December 1972: Somdet Phra Chao Luk Ya Ther Chao Fa Vajiralongkorn
    (Thai: สมเด็จพระเจ้าลูกยาเธอ เจ้าฟ้าวชิราลงกรณ)
  • 28 December 1972 – 1 December 2016: Somdet Phra Boromma Orasathirat Chao Fa Maha Vajiralongkorn Sayam Makut Ratcha Kuman
    (Thai: สมเด็จพระบรมโอรสาธิราช เจ้าฟ้ามหาวชิราลงกรณ สยามมกุฎราชกุมาร)
  • 1 December 2016 – 4 May 2019: Somdet Phra Chao Yu Hua Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun
    (Thai: สมเด็จพระเจ้าอยู่หัวมหาวชิราลงกรณ บดินทรเทพยวรางกูร)
  • 4 May 2019 – present: Phrabat Somdet Phra Paramendra Ramadhibodi Srisinra Maha Vajiralongkorn Mahisara Bhumibol Rajavarangkura Kitisirisumburna Adulyadej Sayamindradhipeshra Rajavarodom Borommanat Pobitra Phra Vajira Klao Chao Yu Hua
    (Thai: พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรเมนทรรามาธิบดีศรีสินทรมหาวชิราลงกรณ มหิศรภูมิพลราชวรางกูร กิติสิริสมบูรณ์อดุลยเดช สยามินทราธิเบศรราชวโรดม บรมนาถบพิตร พระวชิรเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว)

Military RankEdit

  • General, Admiral and Air Chief Marshal[77]

Volunteer Defense Corps of Thailand RankEdit

HonoursEdit

National honoursEdit

Foreign decorationsEdit

AncestryEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b On 1 December 2016, Vajiralongkorn accepted the formal invitation to become king. He was declared king retroactively to the day of his predecessor and father's death on 13 October 2016. Prem Tinsulanonda had acted as regent from that date.[1][2]
  2. ^ Full Thai title Phrabat Somdet Phraporamenthra Ramathibodhi Sisin Maha Vajiralongkorn Mahison Bhumibol Rajavarangkun Kitisirisumbun Adulyadej Sayaminthrathibet Ratwarodom Borommanat Bophit Phra Vajira Klao Chao Yu Hua

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Vajiralongkorn ascends the throne as King Rama X". Khaosod English. 2 December 2016. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  2. ^ Paddock, Richard (1 December 2016). "New King for Thailand as Crown Prince, Vajiralongkorn, Ascends to Throne". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b "King Rama X Maha Vajiralongkorn". globalsecurity.org.
  4. ^ a b "Thai Prime Minister Prayuth says Crown Prince seeks delay in proclaiming him King". Coconut.co. Bangkok: Coconuts BKK. AFP. 13 October 2016. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
  5. ^ Holmes, Oliver (26 October 2017). "Thailand grieves over former king at lavish cremation ceremony". The Guardian.
  6. ^ a b c d "Thai king's coronation likely by the end of 2017: deputy PM". Reuters. 21 April 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  7. ^ Shawn W. Crispin, How stable is post-cremation Thailand?, Asia Times (December 6, 2017).
  8. ^ a b "Coronation of HM King Maha Vajiralongkorn to be held May 4-6: palace". The Nation. Agence France-Presse. 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
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Further readingEdit

Vajiralongkorn
Born: 28 July 1952
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Bhumibol Adulyadej
King of Thailand
2016–present
Incumbent
Heir presumptive:
Dipangkorn Rasmijoti
Thai royalty
Preceded by
Vajiravudh
Crown Prince of Thailand
1972–2016
Vacant