Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, The Princess Debaratana Rajasuda, The Princess Royal (Thai: มหาจักรีสิรินธร, Thai pronunciation: [mā.hǎː t͡ɕàk.krīː sì.rīn.tʰɔ̄ːn]; RTGS: Maha Chakkri Sirinthon; born April 2, 1955), formerly Princess Sirindhorn Debaratanasuda Kitivadhanadulsobhak (Thai: สมเด็จพระเจ้าลูกเธอ เจ้าฟ้าสิรินธรเทพรัตนสุดา กิติวัฒนาดุลโสภาคย์; RTGS: Sirinthontheppharattanasuda Kitiwatthanadunlasophak), is the second daughter of King Bhumibol Adulyadej and younger sister of King Vajiralongkorn.[a]Thais commonly refer to her as "Phra Thep" (Thai: พระเทพ), meaning "princess angel". Her title in Thai is the female equivalent of the title once held by her brother, King Maha Vajiralongkorn. The Thai constitution was altered in 1974 to allow for female succession, thus making her eligible for the throne. Having been the eldest female child of the royal family (excluding Princess Ubolratana Rajakanya, who married a foreign commoner), her position is comparable to a princess royal.
|Princess Royal of Thailand |
Princess Debaratana Rajasuda
|Born||April 2, 1955|
Amphorn Sathan Residential Hall
Dusit Palace, Bangkok, Thailand
|House||Mahidol (Chakri dynasty)|
|Father||Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX)|
Sirindhorn was born on April 2, 1955, at Amphorn Sathan Residential Hall, Dusit Palace. The third child of King Bhumibol and Queen Sirikit. As the royal couple has only one son, the Thai constitution was altered in 1974 to allow for female succession. This made Sirindhorn second-in-line to the throne (after Vajiralongkorn) until the birth of Princess Bajrakitiyabha in 1978.
In December 2012, Sirindhorn was briefly hospitalised to remove calcium deposits.
She ranked first in the National School Examinations in primary level (grade 7) in 1967, in upper secondary level (grade 12) in 1972, and fourth in the National University Entrance Examination in 1975.
From 1976 she continued her studies in two graduate programs concurrently, obtaining a Master of Arts in Oriental epigraphy (Sanskrit and Cambodian) in 1980 and also archaeology from Silpakorn University in 1980. From October 1977, she studied Sanskrit in Bangkok for two years under the tutelage of renowned Sanskrit scholar Satya Vrat Shastri. In 1978, she obtained a Master of Arts in Pali and Sanskrit from Chulalongkorn University.
Works and interestsEdit
Aside from her passion for technology, she holds degrees in history and a doctorate in educational development. She teaches at the history department of the Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy, where she is the nominal head of the department. In addition to Thai, she speaks fluent English, French and Mandarin Chinese, and is currently studying German and Latin. She translates Chinese literature into Thai.
She is also a skilled performer and avid promoter of Thai traditional music.
The University of Liverpool introduced a prestigious new scholarship in honour of Sirindhorn. One full scholarship will be awarded annually to enable a Thai student to study at Liverpool to complete a one-year taught Masters programme. The scholarship is open to all subjects in which a one-year taught Masters programme is offered; however, priority will be given to those students who wish to study in a subject area associated with Princess Sirindhorn such as science, information technology, medicine, the arts, geography, history, and languages. To be eligible for the scholarship, applicants must be a Thai national and already hold an offer to study a one-year taught Masters programme at the University of Liverpool.
Honours and awardsEdit
Volunteer Defense Corps of Thailand rankEdit
- Professor of Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy
- Professor of Srinakharinwirot University
Honors and decorationsEdit
- Dame of The Most Illustrious Order of the Royal House of Chakri
- Dame of The Ancient and Auspicious Order of the Nine Gems
- Dame Grand Cross (First Class) of The Most Illustrious Order of Chula Chom Klao
- Dame Grand Cordon (Special Class) of The Most Exalted Order of the White Elephant
- Dame Grand Cordon (Special Class) of The Most Noble Order of the Crown of Thailand
- Dame Grand Cross (First Class) of the Most Admirable Order of the Direkgunabhorn
- Member of the Order of Symbolic Propitiousness Ramkeerati
- Recipient of the Freeman Safeguarding Medal (First Class)
- Recipient of the Civil Dushdi Mala Medal
- Recipient of the Border Service Medal
- Recipient of the Chakra Mala Medal
- Recipient of the Boy Scout Citation Medal of Vajira (First Class)
- Recipient of the King Rama IX Royal Cypher Medal (First Class)
- Recipient of the King Rama X Royal Cypher Medal (First Class)
- Recipient of the King Rama IX Court Medal (Gold Class)
- Recipient of the Red Cross Medal of Appreciation (First Class)
- Austria: Grand Cross of the Order of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria
- China: Recipient of the Order of Friendship
- India: Padma Bhushan
- South Korea: Grand Gwanghwa Medal of the Order of Diplomatic Service Merit, 1st Class
- Malaysia: Honorary Grand Commander of the Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia
- Mongolia: Grand Cross of the Order of the Polar Star
- Pakistan: Grand Cross of the Order of the Crescent of Pakistan
- Spain: Dame Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic
- Austria: International Union of Nutritional Sciences Award
- China: Chinese Language and Culture Friendship Award
- Chinese Literature Foundation of Chinese Writers Association: Understanding and Friendship International Literature Award
- India: Indira Gandhi Prize
- India: World Sanskrit Award
- Philippines: Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service
- University of Pennsylvania: International Education Leadership Award
- Chulalongkorn University: Veterinary Medicine
- Mahidol University: Biomedical Engineering
- Mahidol University: Cultural Studies
- Mahidol University: Dentistry
- Mahidol University: Technology of Environmental Management
- Mahidol University: Medical Technology
- Mahidol University: Medicine
- Mahidol University: Nursing Science
- Mahidol University: Nutrition
- Mahidol University: Pharmaceutical Science
- Mahidol University: Public Health
- Navamindradhiraj University: Nursing Science
- Srinakharinwirot University: Pharmacy
- Thammasat University: Chinese Studies of Humane Letters
- Thammasat University: Environmental Science
- Thammasat University: Technology
- Chiang Mai University: Geography
- Chiang Mai University: Thai language
- Chiang Mai University: Botany
- Asian Institute of Technology: Technology
- Burapha University: Public Health
- Burapha University: Information Technology
- Burapha University: Chinese language
- Suranaree University of Technology: Physics
- Khon Kaen University: Agriculture
- Prince of Songkla University: Agriculture
- Ubon Ratchathani University: Geography
- Japan – Tokai University: Engineering
- Philippines – University of the Philippines Los Baños: Law
- United States:
- California – Pomona College: Doctor of Humane Letters
- Indiana – Indiana University Bloomington: Doctor of Humane Letters
- Illinois – Northern Illinois University: Doctor of Humane Letters
- Maryland – Johns Hopkins University: Doctor of Humane Letters
- Massachusetts – Bay Path University: Doctor of Humane Letters
A number of academic and research institutions in Thailand are named after her:
- Princess Sirindhorn's College, Mueang Nakhon Pathom, Nakhon Pathom Province.
- Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
- Mahachakri Sirindhorn and Boromrajkumari Building, Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok.
- Somdech Phra Debaratana Medical Center, Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok.
- Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Music Library, Mahidol University, Bangkok
- Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology (SIIT), Thammasat University, Bangkok.
- Sirindhorn International Thai-German Graduate School of Engineering (TGGS), King Mongkut's Institute of Technology North Bangkok.
- Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Natural History Museum, natural history museum, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai Campus, Hat Yai, Songkhla Province.
- Sirindhorn Observatory, Chiang Mai University, Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai Province.
- Princess Sirindhorn Neutron Monitor, a Galactic cosmic ray detector at Thailand's highest mountain, Doi Inthanon, Chiang Mai Province.
- Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Medical Center, Srinakharinwirot University, Onkarak Campus, Nakhon Nayok Province
- Princess Maha Chakri Award Foundation
- Sirindhorn Technology and Culture Exchange Center, Peking University, Haidian District, Beijing, China.
- Mianyang Xianfenglu Sirindhorn Primary School, Mianyang, Sichuan, China.
- Sirindhorn MRT station of the Bangkok MRT Blue Line
- Amphoe Sirindhorn of Ubon Ratchathani Province
- Sirindhorn Dam stops the Dom Noi River in Sirindhorn, Ubon Ratchathani Province.
- Sirindhorn Museum (Phu Kum Khao Dinosaur Museum), Phu Kum Khao Dinosaur Research Center, Sahatsakhan, Kalasin Province.
- Sirindhorn Observatory, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University
- Princess Sirindhorn Stadium, is a sports stadium in Si Racha, Chonburi Province.
Several fauna species are named after her, including:
- Eurochelidon sirintarae (Princess Sirindhorn bird or white-eyed river martin), a critically endangered swallow first described in 1968.
- Phricotelphusa sirindhorn (panda crab). It was described in Crustaceana in 1989.
- Phuwiangosaurus sirindhornae, a sauropod herbivore dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous period. It was described in 1994.
- Sirindhorna khoratensis, a hadrosauroid dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous. It was described in 2015.
- Acanthosquilla sirindhorn (panda mantis shrimp). It was described in Crustaceana in 1995.
- Tarsius sirindhornae, an ancient primate.
- Streptocephalus sirindhornae, a freshwater fairy shrimp. It was described in the Journal of Crustacean Biology in 2000.
- Macrobrachium sirindhorn, a freshwater prawn. It was described in Crustaceana in 2001.
- Trigona sirindhornae, a bee.
- Sirindhorn thailandiensis (princess moth).
- Loxosomatoides sirindhornae, a freshwater kamptozoan. It was described in Hydrobiologia in 2005.
Numerous plant species have been named after her:
- Sirindhornia spp., orchids:
- Sirindhornia pulchella can only be seen in Doi Chiang Dao National Park, blooming from April to June.
- Sirindhornia mirabilis can only be seen in Doi Hua Mot in Tak Province, blooming during May and June.
- Sirindhornia monophyla can be seen in Doi Hua Mot in Tak Province from March to June, as well in Myanmar and China.
- Other plant species include:
- Bauhinia sirindhorniae (sam sip song pra dong), a vine of the pea family. It was described in the Nordic Journal of Botany in 1997.
- Magnolia sirindhorniae (Princess Sirindhorn's magnolia)
- Thepparatia scandens Phuph. or Khruea thepparat malvaceae. Thepparat is a part of her royal title. It was described in the Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) in 2006.
- Impatiens sirindhorniae Triboun & Suksathan, 2009. It was described in Gardens' Bulletin Singapore.
- *From December 5, 1977, to May 5, 2019, her full ceremonial title was Somdech Phra Debaratanarajasuda Chao Fa Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Rathasimagunakornpiyajat Sayamboromrajakumari (Thai: สมเด็จพระเทพรัตนราชสุดา เจ้าฟ้ามหาจักรีสิรินธร รัฐสีมาคุณากรปิยชาติ สยามบรมราชกุมารี; RTGS: Somdet Phra Theppharat Rat Suda Chao Fa Maha Chakkri Sirinthon Ratthasima Khunakon Piyachat Sayam Borommaratchakumari).After Vajiralongkorn's coronation, Sirindhorn was invested of the title Somdech Phra Kanishthadhiraj Chao Krom Somdech Phra Debaratnarajsuda Chao Fa Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Maha Vajiralongkorn Vorarajbhakti Sirikitchakarinibirayabadhana Rathasimagunakornpiyajat Sayamboromrajakumari (Thai: สมเด็จพระกนิษฐาธิราชเจ้า กรมสมเด็จพระเทพรัตนราชสุดา เจ้าฟ้ามหาจักรีสิรินธร มหาวชิราลงกรณวรราชภักดี สิริกิจการิณีพีรยพัฒน รัฐสีมาคุณากรปิยชาติ สยามบรมราชกุมารี; RTGS: Somdet Phra Kanitthathirat Chao Krom Somdet Phra Theppharat Rat Suda Chao Fa Maha Chakkri Sirinthon Maha Wachiralongkon Woraratchaphakdi Siri Kitcha Karini Phirayaphat Ratthasima Khunakon Piyachat Sayam Borommaratchakumari).
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