Samut Sakhon Province
Samut Sakhon (Thai: สมุทรสาคร, pronounced [sā.mùt sǎː.kʰɔ̄ːn]) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand, established by the Act Establishing Changwat Samut Prakan, Changwat Nonthaburi, Changwat Samut Sakhon, and Changwat Nakhon Nayok, Buddhist Era 2489 (1946), which came into force on 9 March 1946.
Map of Thailand highlighting Samut Sakhon Province
|• Governor||Maenrat Rattanasukhon (since October 2015)|
|• Total||872.3 km2 (336.8 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 72nd|
|• Rank||Ranked 53rd|
|• Density||650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||Ranked 4th|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-74|
The word samut originates from the Sanskrit word samudra meaning 'ocean', and the word sakhon from Sanskrit sagara meaning 'lake'.
The oldest name of the area is Tha Chin ('Chinese pier'), probably referring to the fact that it was a trading port where Chinese junks arrived. In 1548 the city Sakhon Buri was established, and was renamed Mahachai in 1704 after the khlong Mahachai which was dug then and connected with the Tha Chin River near the town. King Mongkut gave it its current name, but the old name Mahachai is still sometimes used by the locals.
The most polluted air in Thailand in 2018 was in Samut Sakhon Province.
The provincial tree is the devil tree (Alstonia scholaris). The provincial slogan is "Fishing city, factory town, agricultural ground, historic site".
Altogether there are seven municipal (thesaban) areas within the province. Samut Sakhon is the only city (thesaban nakhon). Krathum Baen and Om Noi are the two towns (thesaban mueangs), and there are a further four townships (thesaban tambons). The non-municipal areas are administered by 30 tambon administrative organizations (TAO).
- Samut Sakhon travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Official website (Thai only)[dead link]
- Samut Sakhon provincial map, coat of arms and postal stamp