Chonburi (Thai: ชลบุรี, RTGS: Chon Buri, [tɕ͡ʰōn bū.rīː] (listen)) is an eastern province (changwat) of Thailand. Its capital is Chonburi. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Chachoengsao, Chanthaburi, and Rayong. To the west is the Gulf of Thailand. Chonburi is home to Thailand's largest tourist-oriented city, Pattaya, as well as Thailand's largest and primary seaport, Laem Chabang. The province's population has grown rapidly, with some 1.7 million residents (albeit with a large floating or unregistered population). The registered population as of 31 December 2018 was 1,535 million.
Location within Thailand
|Settled||c. 7th century, as Phrarot city|
|Founded as city||1897–1932|
|Founded as province||1933|
|Governing body||Chonburi Provincial Office|
|• Governor||Phakkhrathon Thianchai|
(since October 2016)
|• Province||4,363 km2 (1,685 sq mi)|
|Elevation||50 m (160 ft)|
|• Density||350/km2 (910/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||10th|
|Time zone||UTC+07:00 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-20|
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Symbols
- 4 Geography
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Administrative divisions
- 7 Transport
- 8 Health
- 9 Educational facilities
- 10 Tourism
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The word chon originates from the Sanskrit word जल; jala meaning 'water', and the word buri from Sanskrit पुरि; puri meaning 'town' or 'city'. Hence the name of the province literally means 'city of water'.
Chonburi is the territory that is known since Dvaravati, Khmer Empire and Sukhothai Kingdom. Chonburi was initially only a small agricultural town and a small fishing community scattered around. In Ayutthayan period, Chonburi was classified to commodore class city. According to the Triphum map, it appeared the important towns from north to south such as Bangsai (บางทราย; today is a sub-district of Chonburi), Bangplasoi (บางปลาสร้อย; today is a downtown of Chonburi), Bangphrarua (บางพระเรือ; Today is a sub-district of Si Racha) and Banglamung (บางละมุง, today is a district of Chonburi Province) Although it is a small town, it enriches natural resources both on land and at sea. There were agriculture and fishing from past. Moreover, they contacted with the Chinese sailing who came to trade with Siam.
Chonburi is the territory that has been settled since prehistoric period. Important Neolithic town, Khok Phanom Di that located in Phanthong river lowland (บริเวณที่ลุ่มริมฝั่งแม่น้ำพานทอง; Today is Phanthong and Phanat Nikhom) was found by archeologist in 1979. An archaeologist found beads, bracelets, the pottery which made pattern by taking a rope into the wet soil and also polished stone axes to harvest, to hunting, to chasing. It can be supposed that Chonburi area had been located by prosperous ancient town such as Phra Rot, Sri Phalo and Phaya Rae.
- Rattanakosin Period
In the reign of Rama III, Indha-asa of Vientiane has taken a number of immigrants to Siam. The Siamese King allowed them to establish habitat between Chonburi and Chachoengsao (about Phanat Nikhom area in present).
The provincial motto is "Beautiful beaches, delicious khao lam, sweet sugar cane, delicate basketry products, and buffalo racing."
The province is on the Bay of Bangkok, the northern end of the Gulf of Thailand. The Khao Khiao mountain range stretches from the northwest to the southeast of the province. The plains of the north were long used for farming. Laem Chabang, between Chonburi and Pattaya, is one of the few deep-water harbours of Thailand.
The provincial permanent legal population rose at nearly four percent annually from 1,040,865 in 2000 to 1,554,365 in 2010. There is a large floating population of long-term residents (non-Thai) without permanent status, on perpetual tourist visa and/or migrant workers (legal or not), as well as heavy, short term tourist influxes.
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Chonburi Province consists of 11 districts (amphoe). These are further subdivided into 92 subdistricts (tambon) and 710 villages (muban). As of 31 December 2018 there are: 1 Chonburi Provincial Administrative Organisation - CPOA (ongkan borihan suan changwat chonburi), 1 Pattaya City Special Local Government, 2 City municipalities (thesaban nakhon) and 10 Town municipalities (thesaban mueang). Further there are: 35 Subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon) and 50 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).
|— Districts —|
|1||Mueang Chonburi||เมืองชลบุรี||335,063||18 tambon — 107 muban|
|2||Ban Bueng||บ้านบึง||103,377||8 tambon — 52 muban|
|3||Nong Yai||หนองใหญ่||23,625||5 tambon — 24 muban|
|4||Bang Lamung||บางละมุง||315,437||8 tambon — 72 muban|
|5||Phan Thong||พานทอง||69,429||11 tambon — 76 muban|
|6||Phanat Nikhom||พนัสนิคม||124,637||20 tambon — 185 muban|
|7||Si Racha||ศรีราชา||301,799||8 tambon — 73 muban|
|8||Ko Sichang||เกาะสีชัง||4,560||1 tambon — 7 muban|
|9||Sattahip||สัตหีบ||165,492||5 tambon — 40 muban|
|10||Bo Thong||บ่อทอง||50,318||6 tambon — 47 muban|
|11||Ko Chan||เกาะจันทร์||37,670||2 tambon — 27 muban|
- Via the Bangkok-Chonburi-Pattaya Motorway (Hwy 7) The motorway is linked with Bangkok's Outer Ring Road., (Hwy 9) and there is also another entrance at Si Nakharin and Rama IX Junction.
- Via Bang Na-Trat Highway (Hwy 34) From Bang Na, Bang Phli, across the Bang Pakong River to Chonburi there is a Chonburi bypass that meets Sukhumvit Road, (Hwy 3, passing Bang Saen Beach, Bang Phra, Pattaya and Sattahip.
Chonburi is about 120 kilometres (75 mi) by road from Suvarnabhumi Airport (BKK), the country's largest international airport. By road, it is accessed from Sukhumvit Road and Motorway 7 from Bangkok. Chonburi is also served by scheduled flights via U-Tapao International Airport (UTP) which is 45 minute drive south of the city.
The main road through Chonburi is Thailand Route 3, also known as Sukhumvit Road. To the northeast it connects to Bangkok and to south it connects to Rayong Province, Chanthaburi Province and Trat Province. Route 344 leads east to Klaeng (which is also on Route 3). Route 7 runs parallel to Route 3 but bypasses the densely populated coastal area, connecting to the beach resort city of Pattaya.
Many hospitals exist in Chonburi, both public and private. Chonburi has one university hospital, Burapha University Hospital. Its main hospital operated by the Ministry of Public Health is Chonburi Hospital. Hospitals operated by other organisations such as the Thai Red Cross Society (Queen Savang Vadhana Memorial Hospital), and the Royal Thai Navy (Queen Sirikit Naval Hospital) are also found in the province.
- Burapha University (BUU)
- Kasetsart University Si Racha Campus (KU SRC)
- Rajamangala University of Technology Tawan-ok (RMUTTO)
- Sripatum University Chonburi Campus (SPU)
- Thailand National Sports University (TNSU)
- Thammasat University Pattaya Campus (TU)
- Graduate School of Public Administration, National Institute of Development Administration (GSPA)
- Interior College (IC)
- Panyapiwat Institute of Management (PIM)
Some nine million visitors to the province were recorded in 2012, of which 6.1 million were from abroad, most of these being Russian, 2.2 million visitors.
Chonburi Buffalo Race (งานประเพณีวิ่งควาย) In Ban Bueng and Nong Yai Districts. The animals are dressed outrageously or with creatively by owners. Assembled in the courtyard in front of the town hall, the buffaloes partake in racing, or take part in physical fitness and fashion contests. The Chonburi Buffalo Race festival started more than 100 years ago. Usually, the races will be complemented with booths selling locally made items, stage performances, games and beauty contests. The annual Buffalo Race, held around the 11th lunar month, normally in October. It takes seven days and takes place on the field in front of the city and provincial government offices. The highlight of the festival is the buffalo race which is on the last two days. This race is 100 meters–long. The prize for the first nose past the finish line is a trophy and some money.
- "Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018". Registration Office Department of the Interior. 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
- "About Chon Buri". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- "Chonburi". THAILEX Travel Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2015-11-27. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- "History". สำนักงานการท่องเที่ยวและกีฬาจังหวัดชลบุรี. Retrieved 2019-05-23.
- http://cbi.onab.go.th/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=327&Itemid=206 Religion in Chonburi
- https://www.chonburilocal.go.th/public/history/data/index/menu/22 Basic information of the local government in the Chonburi province
- https://www.dla.go.th/work/abt/index.jsp Thesaban - 14 June 2562 (2019)
- "Chon Buri sees 9mn visitors in 2012". The Nation. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
- สำนักงานคณะกรรมการวัฒนธรรมแห่งชาติ, ประเพณีวิ่งควาย (1994). ชีวิตไทยชุดบรรพบุรุษของเรา.กรุงเทพฯ: คุรุสภาลาดพร้าว, 2013
- "Chonburi buffalos race Oct. 14-20". Pattaya Mail. 2013-09-06. Archived from the original on 10 June 2015. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- "Chonburi Buffalo Racing". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 19 April 2019.