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Chonburi (Thai: ชลบุรี, RTGS: Chon Buri, [tɕ͡ʰōn bū.rīː] (listen)) is an eastern province (changwat) of Thailand. Its capital is Chonburi. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Chachoengsao, Chanthaburi, and Rayong. To the west is the Gulf of Thailand. Chonburi is home to Thailand's largest tourist-oriented city, Pattaya (also spelled Phatthaya). It is home to Thailand's largest and primary seaport. Due to these factors, the province's population is growing rapidly, with currently some 1.7 million residents (albeit with a large floating or unregistered population). The registered population as of 31 December 2012 was 1.36 million.
Location within Thailand
|Settled||c. 7th century, as Phrarot city|
|Founded as city||1897–1932|
|Founded as province||1933|
|Governing body||Chonburi Provincial Office|
|• Governor||Phakkhrathon Thianchai|
(since October 2016)
|• Province||4,363 km2 (1,685 sq mi)|
|Elevation||50 m (160 ft)|
|• Density||350/km2 (900/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||10th|
|Time zone||UTC+07:00 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-20|
Chonburi Province displayed in the history since Dvaravati period, Khmer period and Sukhothai period. The origin of Chonburi is small fishing towns and farming communities scattered in distant cities. The Ayutthaya Kingdom defined Chonburi to be the Commodore class city. The Triphum map appeared the names of Chonburi’s district. From north to south is Bangsai District, Bangplasoi District and Bangphrarua District (Present’s name is Bangphra District) and Banglamung District. Although it is a small town, it enriches natural resources both on land and at sea. There were agriculture and fishing from the past. Moreover, They contacted with the Chinese sailing who came to trade with Siam. In Chonburi Province area had people who have been inhabited since prehistoric times namely the Stone Age. Around the lowland areas along Panthong river had the Neolithic man. They used polished stone axes to harvest, to hunting, to chase. Including, they used beads, bracelets, the pottery which made a pattern by taking a rope into the wet soil. An archaeologist also found remnants of seafood, oysters, crabs, and fish. In 1979, from drilling at the Phanomdee district, Phanatnikhom, the archaeologist found prehistoric man’s clue. The assuming is 4,363 square kilometers of Chonburi Province used to be the three glory ancient cities namely Phrarot city, Triphala city, and Phayarae City. The three cities merged to be Chonburi province in present.
In the Dvaravati period and Lop Buri period, approximately 1400-700 years ago, there are traces of the city known as "Muang Phrarot" at Na Phrathat district Phanasnikhom district in present. Phrarot city located at the lowland where has many rivers to converge and becoming Phanthong river. The Phrarot city’s inhabitants could use the river to transport, to contact with Sri Mahosot City in Prachinburi (In present this area is Ban Sra Ma Khua, Ban Khok Wat and Ban Nho Sa Kae) until Aranyapratate Tai. Moreover, It also had a pedestrian path connecting to Rayong Province and Chanthaburi Province. The route passes Paya Rae, the other ancient city of Chonburi. Phrarot City became a transportation hub of Chonburi in that time. Archaeologists had found that Phrarot City was an ancient city in the same period with Sriphalo City because it appeared an ancient pathway connecting the two cities at a distance of approximately 20 kilometers.
The word "chon" originates from the Sanskrit word "jala" meaning water, and the word "buri" from Sanskrit "puri" meaning "town" or "city". Hence the name of the province literally means "city of water".
The province is on the Bay of Bangkok, the northern end of the Gulf of Thailand. The Khao Khiao mountain range stretches from the northwest to the southeast of the province, while the fertile plains of the north were long used for farming. In Laem Chabang, in the south of the province, is one of the few deep-water harbours of Thailand.
The provincial permanent legal population has risen at nearly 4% annually from 1,040,865 in 2000 to 1,554,365 in 2010. There is a large floating population of long term residents (non-Thai) without permanent status, on perpetual tourist visa and/or migrant workers (legal or not), as well as heavy, short term tourist influxes.
The provincial seal shows the hill Khao Sam Muk, on which there is a sala with a statue of the goddess Chao Mae Sahm Muk of whom it is believed that she protects seafaring fishermen and the local population.
The provincial motto is 'Beautiful beaches, delicious khao lam, sweet sugar cane, delicate basketry products, and buffalo racing.'
Listed below is each entity's name in English, and Thai.
|— District —|
|1||Mueang Chonburi||เมืองชลบุรี||322,057||13 tambons — 107 mubans|
|2||Ban Bueng||บ้านบึง||103,904||8 tambons — 52 mubans|
|3||Nong Yai||หนองใหญ่||23,609||5 tambons — 24 mubans|
|4||Bang Lamung||บางละมุง||293,070||5 tambons — 61 mubans|
|5||Phan Thong||พานทอง||62,593||11 tambons — 76 mubans|
|6||Phanat Nikhom||พนัสนิคม||62,593||20 tambons — 128 mubans|
|7||Si Racha||ศรีราชา||293,229||8 tambons — 72 mubans|
|8||Ko Sichang||เกาะสีชัง||5,038||1 tambon — 7 mubans|
|9||Sattahip||สัตหีบ||159,395||5 tambons — 41 mubans|
|10||Bo Thong||บ่อทอง||49,623||6 tambons — 47 mubans|
|11||Ko Chan||เกาะจันทร์||37,113||2 tambons — 27 mubans|
|#||Name||Thai||District (Amphoe)||Tambon(s)||Population (2015/18)|
|— Special Governed City —|
|1||Pattaya||พัทยา||Bang Lamung||Na Kluea, Nong Prue, Nong Pla Lai and Huai Yai||320,262|
|— City Municipality —|
|2||Chaophraya Surasak||เจ้าพระยาสุรศักดิ์||Si Racha||Surasak, Bueng, Nong Kham, Khao Khansong and Bo Win||133,000|
|3||Laem Chabang||แหลมฉบัง||Bang Lamung and Si Racha||Thung Sukhla, Bueng, Surasak, Nong Kham and Bang Lamung||78,341|
|— Town Municipality —|
|4||Nong Prue||หนองปรือ||Bang Lamung||Nong Prue||73,024|
|5||Ban Suan||บ้านสวน||Mueang Chonburi||Ban Suan, Nong Ri and Nong Khang Khok||67,566|
|6||Saen Suk||แสนสุข||Mueang Chonburi||Saen Suk, Mueang and Huai Kapi||46,217|
|7||Ang Sila||อ่างศิลา||Mueang Chonburi||Ang Sila, Ban Puek, Samet and Huai Kapi||30,538|
|8||Chonburi*||ชลบุรี||Mueang Chonburi||Ban Khot, Bang Pla Soi and Makham Yong||27,815|
|10||Si Racha*||ศรีราชา||Si Racha||Si Racha||21,848|
|11||Ban Bueng*||บ้านบึง||Ban Bueng||Ban Bueng||20,723|
|12||Prok Fa||ปรกฟ้า||Ko Chan||Ko Chan||14,254|
|13||Phanat Nikhom*||พนัสนิคม||Phanat Nikhom||Phanat Nikhom||10,567|
|— Subdistrict Municipality —|
|Huai Yai||ห้วยใหญ่||Bang Lamung||Huai Yai||22,208|
|Huai Kapi||ห้วยกะปิ||Mueang Chonburi||Huai Kapi||14,881|
|That Thong||ธาตุทอง||Bo Thong||That Thong||13,253|
|Bang Sai||บางทราย||Mueang Chonburi||Bang Sai||12,269|
|Don Hua Lo||ดอนหัวฬ่อ||Mueang Chonburi||Don Hua Lo||11,779|
|Nong Mai Daeng||หนองไม้แดง||Mueang Chonburi||Nong Mai Daeng||10,689|
|Tha Bun Mi||เกาะจันทร์||Ko Chan||Tha Bun Mi||6,612|
|Ko Sichang*||เกาะสีชัง||Ko Sichang||Tha Thewawong||4,838|
|Ko Chan*||เกาะจันทร์||Ko Chan||Ko Chan||4,752|
Chonburi is about 120 kilometres (75 mi) by road from Suvarnabhumi Airport (BKK), the country's largest International airport. By road, it is accessed from Sukhumvit Road and Motorway 7 from Bangkok. Chonburi is also served by scheduled flights via U-Tapao International Airport (UTP) which is 45 minute drive south of the city.
The main road through Chonburi is Thailand Route 3, also known as Sukhumvit Road. To the north-east it connects to Bangkok and to south it connects to Rayong Province, Chanthaburi Province and Trat Province. Route 344 leads east to Klaeng (which is also on Route 3). Route 7 runs parallel to Route 3 but bypasses the densely populated coastal area, connecting to the beach resort city of Pattaya.
Many hospitals exist in Chonburi, both public and private. Chonburi has one university hospital, Burapha University Hospital. Its main hospital operated by the Ministry of Public Health is Chonburi Hospital. Hospitals operated by other organisations such as the Thai Red Cross Society (Queen Savang Vadhana Memorial Hospital), and the Royal Thai Navy (Queen Sirikit Naval Hospital) are also located in the province.
Some nine million visitors to the province were recorded in 2012, of which 6.1 million were from abroad, most of these being Russian, 2.2 million visitors.
Chonburi Annual Festival (งานนมัสการพระพุทธสิหิงค์และงานกาชาดประจำปีจังหวัดชลบุรี) fair held mid-April during the Songkran Festival. Phra Phutthaishing, Chonburi's principal Buddha image, is carried in a procession around the city.
Wan Lai Festival (ประเพณีวันไหล) is a Chonburi merit-making day of the seamen on the Thai New Year during the Songkran Festival, running from 13–20 April every year. There is almsgiving to the monks, the ritual pouring of water onto the Buddha's image, sand pagoda making, splashing water and local games and sports in Chonburi. The areas where the Wan Lai Festival is organized are as follows:
- Pattaya–Na Kluea Wan Lai Festival and Na Kluea Kong Khao Fair (งานประเพณีวันไหล พัทยา- นาเกลือ และงานกองข้าวนาเกลือ) are organized on 18–20 April every year at Lan Pho Public Park, Na Kluea and Wat Chai Mongkhon in south Pattaya.
- Songkran Si Maha Racha Festival and Kong Khao Tradition (งานประเพณีสงกรานต์ศรีมหาราชาและงานประเพณีกองข้าว) an ancient festival of the locals. Si Racha District preserves this tradition and organizes it every year, during 19–21 April, to worship the gods who have been protecting them throughout the year. Activities include the procession led by the elderly and organizations in traditional Thai costume, a worship ceremony, spirit offering ceremony, Kong Khao tradition demonstration, local games, demonstrations, and sales of traditional desserts and local food.
- Ko Phra Sai Wan Lai Festival, Bang Saen (งานประเพณีก่อพระทรายวันไหล บางแสน) Originally, it was called "Ngan Thambun Wan Lai", a gathering of people from villages to do the merit making in the Songkran Festival or the Thai New Year's Day, taking place on 16–17 April, every year. Monks from every temple in Saen Suk sub-district are invited to perform the religious ceremony. There is merit-making, food offering and bahting ceremony. Later, there are activities of sand pagoda making, water splashing, local games and sports.
Ngan Bun Klang Ban and Phanat Nikhom Basketwork (งานบุญกลางบ้าน และเครื่องจักสานพนัสนิคม) On Friday, Saturday, and Sunday in the first week of May or the Thai 6th lunar month. The locals bring food, offer it to the monks, and dedicate the merit to the guardian spirits, enemies from a former life, deceased relatives, as well as, to drive out bad things, to ask for rain during the season and to wish for abundant food and plants. After the religious ceremony, there is lunch, local games, and a demonstration of Phanat Nikhom basketry making.
Chonburi Buffalo Race (งานประเพณีวิ่งควาย) In Ban Bueng and Nong Yai districts. The animals are dressed outrageously or with creatively by owners. Assembled in the courtyard in front of the town hall, the buffaloes partake in racing, or take part in physical fitness and fashion contests. The Chonburi Buffalo Race festival started more than 100 years ago. Usually, the races will be complemented with booths selling locally made items, stage performances, games and beauty contests. The annual Buffalo Race, held around the 11th lunar month, normally in October. It takes seven days and takes place on the field in front of the city and provincial government offices. The highlight of the festival is the buffalo race which is on the last two days. This race is 100 meters– long. The prize for the first nose past the finish line is a trophy and some money.
List of current professional sports based in Chonburi:
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- สำนักงานคณะกรรมการวัฒนธรรมแห่งชาติ, ประเพณีวิ่งควาย (1994). ชีวิตไทยชุดบรรพบุรุษของเรา.กรุงเทพฯ : คุรุสภาลาดพร้าว, 2013
- "Chonburi buffalos race Oct. 14-20". Pattaya Mail. 2013-09-06. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- "Buffalo Racing". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Archived from the original on 2015-06-10. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chonburi Province.|
- 13. Pattaya Area Guide. [online] Available at: http://www.pattaya.net/area_bangsaenbeach.html [Accessed 1 April. 2018].
- 14. Wang Saen Suk Hell Garden: A Glimpse of the Buddhist Underworld. [online] Available at: http://www.thebohemianblog.com/2013/06/wang-saen-suk-hell-garden-thailand.html [Accessed 1 April. 2018].
- 15. Destination: Wat Saen Suk – one of the best hell temples yet (NSFW). [online] Available at: http://www.oneweirdglobe.com/destination-wat-saen-suk-one-best-hell-temples-yet-nsfw/ [Accessed 1 April. 2018].