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Sri Bajarindra (Thai: ศรีพัชรินทรา; RTGS: Si Phatcharinthra; 1 January 1864 – 20 October 1919), also known as Saovabha Phongsri (Thai: เสาวภาผ่องศรี; RTGS: Saowapha Phongsi (Pronunciation)), was an agnatic half-sister and consort of King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) of Thailand, and mother of both King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) and King Prajadhipok (Rama VII). As in accordance with Thai royal tradition, King Vajiravudh later bestowed on his mother the title of "Queen Mother Sri Bajrindra".
|Queen consort of Siam|
|Tenure||1878 – 23 October 1910|
|Born||1 January 1864|
Grand Palace, Bangkok, Siam
|Died||20 October 1919 (aged 55)|
Grand Palace, Bangkok, Siam
|Spouse||Chulalongkorn (Rama V)|
Vajiravudh (Rama VI)
Prajadhipok (Rama VII)
|Father||Mongkut (Rama IV)|
Saovabha was born as a Princess of Siam to Mongkut (or Rama IV) and Piyamavadi. She was the youngest sister of the future Queen Sunandha Kumariratana and Queen Savang Vadhana. Saovabha became the consort of her half brother King Chulalongkorn sometime in 1878. She gave him 9 children, 5 would survive to adulthood (one died in infancy), two would eventually become King of Siam.
In 1897, Queen Saovabha became the first female Regent of Siam, when her husband went on a tour of Europe. When he returned he bestowed upon her the title of "Somdet Phra Nang Chao Saowapha Phongsi Praborommarachininat" (RTGS) (Thai: สมเด็จพระนางเจ้าเสาวภาผ่องศรี พระบรมราชินีนาถ) (roughly equivalent to H.M. the Queen Regent). During her time as queen she took many interests especially in the issues concerning women. In 1904 she established one of the first schools for girls in Siam; the Rajini School or Queen's School in Bangkok.
When she died in 1919 at the age of 57, she was given a grand royal funeral, attended by all members of the Siamese Royal Family, and the ceremony was presided over by her son King Vajiravudh. She played a prominent posthumous role in the 1924 Palace Law of Succession, in which her son King Vajiravudh stipulated that her children would take precedence among all others over the line of succession. This guaranteed the accession of her youngest son Prince Prajadhipok to the throne in 1925, despite there being more senior and learned sons of Chulalongkorn.
The Queen Saovabha Memorial Institute was named after her.
She had 9 children with King Chulalongkorn:
|Bahurada Manimaya, Princess Debanariratana||19 December 1878||27 August 1887|
|Vajiravudh, King Rama VI||1 January 1880||25 November 1925||Prueng Sucharitakul||None|
|Princess Vannabimol Varavan||None|
|Khrueakaeo Abhayavongsa||Princess Bejaratana Rajasuda|
|Tribejrutama Dhamrong||8 February 1881||22 November 1887|
|Chakrabongse Bhuvanath, Prince of Phitsanulok||3 March 1883||13 June 1920||Ekaterina Ivanovna Desnitskaya||Prince Chula Chakrabongse|
|Princess Javalit Obhas Rabibadhana||None|
|Siriraj Kakudhabhand||27 November 1885||3 May 1887|
|unnamed princess||13 December 1884|
|Asdang Dejavudh, Prince of Nakhon Rajasima||12 May 1889||9 February 1924||Paew Suddhiburana||None|
|Chudadhuj Dharadilok, Prince of Bejraburana||5 July 1892||8 July 1923||La-o Sirisambandh||Princess Sudasiri Sobha|
|Ravi Kayananda||Prince Varananda Dhavaj|
|Princess Bunchiradhorn Jumbala||None|
|Prajadhipok, King Rama VII||8 November 1893||30 May 1941||Princess Rambhai Barni Svastivatana||None|
In addition, the queen also adopted one of Savang Vadhana's daughters, Princess Valaya Alongkorn and raised as her own daughter.
|Ancestors of Saovabha Phongsri|
- The Most Illustrious Order of the Royal House of Chakri
- The Ancient and Auspicious of Order of the Nine Gems
- Dame Grand Cross (First Class) of The Most Illustrious Order of Chula Chom Klao
- Dame Grand Cordon (Special Class) of The Most Noble Order of the Crown of Thailand
- King Rama IV Royal Cypher Medal (Second Class)
- King Rama V Royal Cypher Medal (First Class)
- King Rama VI Royal Cypher Medal (First Class)
- Dame of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa (Kingdom of Spain)
- "150th Anniversary Queen Sri Bajarindra of Siam". www.soravij.com. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
Saovabha PhongsriBorn: 1 January 1864 Died: 20 October 1919
| Queen consort of Siam