Saovabha Phongsri

Sri Bajarindra (Thai: ศรีพัชรินทรา; RTGSSi Phatcharinthra; 1 January 1864 – 20 October 1919), also known as Saovabha Phongsri (Thai: เสาวภาผ่องศรี; RTGSSaowapha Phongsi (Pronunciation)), was an agnatic half-sister and consort of King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) of Thailand, and mother of both King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) and King Prajadhipok (Rama VII). As in accordance with Thai royal tradition, King Vajiravudh later bestowed on his mother the title of "Queen Mother Sri Bajrindra".

Sri Bajarindra
Queen Saovabha Phongsri.jpg
Queen consort of Siam
Tenure1878 – 23 October 1910
Born(1864-01-01)1 January 1864
Grand Palace, Bangkok, Siam
Died20 October 1919(1919-10-20) (aged 55)
Grand Palace, Bangkok, Siam
SpouseChulalongkorn (Rama V)
IssueBahurada Manimaya
Vajiravudh (Rama VI)
Tribejrutama Dhamrong
Chakrabongse Bhuvanath
Siriraj Kakudhabhand
Asdang Dejavudh
Chudadhuj Dharadilok
Prajadhipok (Rama VII)
HouseChakri Dynasty
FatherMongkut (Rama IV)
MotherPiam Sucharitakul

LifeEdit

Saovabha was born as a Princess of Siam to Mongkut (or Rama IV) and Piyamavadi.[1] She was the youngest sister of the future Queen Sunandha Kumariratana and Queen Savang Vadhana. Saovabha became the consort of her half brother King Chulalongkorn sometime in 1878. She gave him 9 children, 5 would survive to adulthood (one died in infancy), two would eventually become King of Siam.

In 1897, Queen Saovabha became the first female Regent of Siam, when her husband went on a tour of Europe. When he returned he bestowed upon her the title of "Somdet Phra Nang Chao Saowapha Phongsi Praborommarachininat" (RTGS) (Thai: สมเด็จพระนางเจ้าเสาวภาผ่องศรี พระบรมราชินีนาถ) (roughly equivalent to H.M. the Queen Regent). During her time as queen she took many interests especially in the issues concerning women. In 1904 she established one of the first schools for girls in Siam; the Rajini School or Queen's School in Bangkok.

When she died in 1919 at the age of 57, she was given a grand royal funeral, attended by all members of the Siamese Royal Family, and the ceremony was presided over by her son King Vajiravudh. She played a prominent posthumous role in the 1924 Palace Law of Succession, in which her son King Vajiravudh stipulated that her children would take precedence among all others over the line of succession. This guaranteed the accession of her youngest son Prince Prajadhipok to the throne in 1925, despite there being more senior and learned sons of Chulalongkorn.

The Queen Saovabha Memorial Institute was named after her.

ChildrenEdit

She had 9 children with King Chulalongkorn:

Name Birth Death Spouse Children
Bahurada Manimaya, Princess Debanariratana 19 December 1878 27 August 1887
Vajiravudh, King Rama VI 1 January 1880 25 November 1925 Prueng Sucharitakul None
Princess Vannabimol Varavan None
Prabai Sucharitakul None
Khrueakaeo Abhayavongsa Princess Bejaratana Rajasuda
Tribejrutama Dhamrong 8 February 1881 22 November 1887
Chakrabongse Bhuvanath, Prince of Phitsanulok 3 March 1883 13 June 1920 Ekaterina Ivanovna Desnitskaya Prince Chula Chakrabongse
Princess Javalit Obhas Rabibadhana None
Siriraj Kakudhabhand 27 November 1885 3 May 1887
unnamed princess 13 December 1884
Asdang Dejavudh, Prince of Nakhon Rajasima 12 May 1889 9 February 1924 Paew Suddhiburana None
Chudadhuj Dharadilok, Prince of Bejraburana 5 July 1892 8 July 1923 La-o Sirisambandh Princess Sudasiri Sobha
Ravi Kayananda Prince Varananda Dhavaj
Princess Bunchiradhorn Jumbala None
Prajadhipok, King Rama VII 8 November 1893 30 May 1941 Princess Rambhai Barni Svastivatana None

In addition, the queen also adopted one of Savang Vadhana's daughters, Princess Valaya Alongkorn and raised as her own daughter.

AncestorsEdit

HonorsEdit

 
Royal Monogram of Queen Saovabha
National
Foreign

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "150th Anniversary Queen Sri Bajarindra of Siam". www.soravij.com. Retrieved 24 May 2019.

External linksEdit

Saovabha Phongsri
Born: 1 January 1864 Died: 20 October 1919
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Rambery Siriwongse
Queen consort of Siam
1878–1910
Succeeded by
Prabai Sucharitakul