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Amarindra (Thai: อมรินทรา; RTGSAmarinthra; 15 March 1737 – 25 May 1826) was the Queen Consort of King Phutthayotfa Chulalok (Rama I), the founder of the Chakri Dynasty. Her birth name was Nak (นาค). She was a daughter of a wealthy Mon[1] from Bang Chang, in Samut Songkhram Province.

Amarindra
อมรินทรา
Queen consort of Siam
Tenure6 April 1782 – 7 September 1809
Coronation21 June 1782
Born(1737-03-15)15 March 1737
Samut Songkhram, Kingdom of Ayutthaya
Died25 May 1826(1826-05-25) (aged 89)
Bangkok, Siam
SpousePhutthayotfa Chulalok (Rama I)
IssuePhutthaloetla Naphalai (Rama II)
& 9 other sons and daughters
HouseChakri Dynasty
FatherTong
MotherPrincess Rupsirisophak Mahanaknari
ReligionBuddhism

BiographyEdit

Nak was born in 1737 to a local patron of Bang Chang named Thong and his wife San. She was then married to Thong Duang the Luang Yokkrabat of Ratchaburi (future Rama I) around 1760 to avoid being taken as a court lady to King Ekathat. She having child three sons and seven daughters to Thong Duang. Her sister, Nuan, was married to Bunnag – the progenitor of Bunnag family.

Thong Duang was granted the title Somdet Chao Phraya by King Taksin in 1776. In 1779, the Somdet Chao Phraya went on his campaigns against Vientiane and took a daughter of King Suriyavong of Vientiane as his concubine – Kamwaen. Kam Waen became Somdet Chao Phraya’s favorite much to the dismay of Nak. One day, she beat Kam Waen with a wooden stick and Kam Waen ran for the Somdet Chao Phraya. The Somdet Chao Phraya was enraged with the incident and threatened to murder Nak with a sword,[2] only with the help of her son Chim (the future Rama II) was Nak able to flee to the Thonburi Palace to live with her daughter Chimyai (concubine to King Taksin).

After the incident, Nak and the king had never came into reconciliation. Lady Nak stayed in the Thonburi Palace with her daughter and after her death in 1779 took care of her children including Prince Kasatranuchit. The Somdet Chao Phraya became a monarch in 1782 and most of Taksin's sons were executed except for Prince Kasatranuchit who was his own grandson. Lady Nak and her grandsons moved to her former resident and had never received any royal titles. She occasionally went to the Grand Palace to visit her daughters. In 1809, King Rama I died and was succeeded by his son Rama II who raised his mother Nak to the rank of queen – Krom Somdet Phra Amarindramat (Thai: กรมสมเด็จพระอมรินทรามาตย์) the Queen Mother and moved to the Grand Palace. However, Prince Kasatranuchit was found to be in a rebellion and was executed along with his siblings and sons. She lived to see her grandson crowned as Rama III and outlived all her children. Queen Amarindra died in 1826.

Queen Amarindra was later raised to Somdet Phra Amarindra Boromma Rajini (Thai: สมเด็จพระอมรินทราบรมราชินี) by King Vajiravudh.

Queen Amarindra bore total ten children to King Rama I; three sons and seven daughters

  1. A princess (died in Ayutthaya period)
  2. A prince (died in Ayutthaya period)
  3. Princess Chimyai (?–1779) royal concubine to King Taksin
  4. Prince Chim (1767–1824) The Prince Isarasundhorn, The Viceroy of His Majesty King Rama I
  5. Princess Chaem (1770–1808) The Princess Sisunthornthep
  6. A princess (died in Thonburi period)
  7. Prince Chui (1773–1817) The Prince Senanurak The Viceroy of His Majesty King Rama II
  8. A princess (died in Thonburi period)
  9. A princess (died in Thonburi period)
  10. Princess Prapaiwadi (1777–1823) The Princess Thepayawadi

Titles and stylesEdit

  • 1737 – ? Miss Nak
  •  ? – 1782 Thanphuying Nak (comparable to her husband peer title Somdej Chao Phraya)
  • 1782 – 1809 The Princess Consort of Siam (in her husband reign she doesn't receive formal status of The Queen Consort by her husband, but people know her as Royal mother of many Princes and Princesses)
  • 1809 – 1824 Her Majesty Queen Amarindra, The Queen Mother of Siam
  • 1824 – 1826 Her Majesty Queen Amarindra, The Queen Grandmother of Siam
  • Her Majesty Queen Amarindra (Posthumous Name by His Majesty King Rama VI)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (in Thai) เหตุที่มอญอพยพ; Mon wives and mothers of kings Archived 25 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ คึกฤทธิ์ ปราโมช, ม.ร.ว.. โครงกระดูกในตู้. กรุงเทพฯ : สำนักพิมพ์สยามรัฐ, พิมพ์ครั้งที่ 8 พ.ศ. 2547.

External linksEdit

Amarindra
Born: 15 March 1737 Died: 25 May 1826
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Batboricha
(of Thonburi)
Queen consort of Siam
1782–1809
Succeeded by
Princess Bunrot