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Ratchaburi Province

Ratchaburi Province (Thai: จังหวัดราชบุรี, pronounced [t͡ɕāŋ.wàt râːt.t͡ɕʰā.bū.rīː]) or Rat Buri (pronounced [râːt bū.rīː]) is one of the western provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are (from north clockwise) Kanchanaburi, Nakhon Pathom, Samut Sakhon, Samut Songkhram and Phetchaburi. In the west it borders the Tanintharyi Region of Myanmar.


Ratchaburi National Museum
Ratchaburi National Museum
Flag of Ratchaburi
Official seal of Ratchaburi
Map of Thailand highlighting Ratchaburi Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Ratchaburi Province
 • GovernorChaiwat Chuenkosum (since April 2017)
 • Total5,196.5 km2 (2,006.4 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 43rd
 • Total871,714
 • Density170/km2 (430/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 22nd
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
ISO 3166 codeTH-70
Damoen Saduak Floating Market

Ratchaburi is 80 kilometres (50 mi) west of Bangkok and borders Myanmar to the west with the Tenasserim Hills as a natural border.[1] The Mae Klong flows through the centre of Ratchaburi town.

As of 2017 the population of the province was 871,714.[2]


Khao Bin cave

Ratchaburi Province is a medium-sized province with an area of about 5,196 square kilometres (2,006 sq mi). The eastern part of the province contains the flat river plains of the Mae Klong, crisscrossed by many khlongs. The most famous tourist spot in this area is the Damnoen Saduak Floating Market. The west of the province is more mountainous, and includes the Tenasserim Hills. As the mountains are made mostly of limestone, there are several caves containing stalactites. Some caves are inhabited by large colonies of bats, and it is an impressive sight when they swarm out in the evening to feed. Other caves like the Khao Bin are accessible for visitors.

The main river of the western part is the Phachi River. On the left bank of the Phachi is the Chaloem Phrakiat Thai Prachan National Park.

The area of Ratchaburi Province is divided into three parts. First, the border in the west which is shared with Myanmar and is about 60 kilometres (37 mi) long. The second contains the Tenasserim mountains and forests with an elevation of about 200–300 meters. The central area of the province is rich in wetlands due to river flow. Ratchaburi has important natural resources are forest which it have area about 38 percent of the province. Moreover, it has minerals such as tin, tantalum, feldspar, quartz, limestone, and marlstone.[3]


Wat Khlong, the largest ruin of Khu Bua

The history of the city of Ratchaburi dates back to the Dvaravati period, when it was an important city of the Mon Kingdom. Of the city of Khu Bua nearby only ruins remains. According to legend it dates back to the mythical Suvannabhumi Kingdom predating Dvaravati.

"Ratchaburi" means 'the land of the king'.[4] Ratchaburi dates back to ancient times and was important during the Dvaravati period. The city of Ratchburi is on the banks of the Mae Klong River and was a town of the Suvarnabhumi Kingdom.


Hill tribes, mostly Karen living near the Myanmar border, make up about one percent of the population. Some Mon, Lawa, Lao, Chinese and Khmer minorities live in the province.[5]

Ratchaburi is 98.3 percent Buddhist.[6]:Table 4


The provincial seal shows the royal sword above the royal sandals on a phan (tray), as the name Ratchaburi means 'city of the king'. The name derives from the fact that King Rama I was born here. The provincial slogan is "Beautiful women of Photharam, beautiful women of Baan Pong, the city of earthenware jars, shadow plays at Wat Khanon, magnificent caves, floating market at Damnoen, bats, delicious Yii Sok fish". The provincial flower is the Pink Shower Tree (Cassia bakeriana), and the provincial tree is Wrightia pubescens.[7]

Administrative divisionsEdit

The province is divided into 10 districts (amphoes).[8] The districts are further subdivided into 104 sub-districts (tambons) and 935 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Ratchaburi
  2. Chom Bueng
  3. Suan Phueng
  4. Damnoen Saduak
  5. Ban Pong
  1. Bang Phae
  2. Photharam
  3. Pak Tho
  4. Wat Phleng
  5. Ban Kha

There are three towns (thesaban mueang), Ratchaburi, Ban Pong, and Photharam, and 11 townships (thesaban tambons).



The main railway station in Ratchaburi is Ratchaburi Railway Station.


Ratchaburi Hospital is the main hospital of the province.


  1. ^ "Ratchaburi". Tourist Authority of Thailand (TAT). Archived from the original on 2015-05-20. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  2. ^ "Population and house statistics for 2017". Department of Provincial Administration (DOPA). Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Ratchaburi has important "natural resources"". Retrieved 4 Nov 2013.
  4. ^ Choomjit, Y. (1994). History of Ratchaburi. Bangkok: Odienstore.
  5. ^ Svasti, Pichaya (14 September 2017). "Time-travelling along the Mae Klong River". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 16 September 2017.
  6. ^ "Population by religion, region and area, 2015" (PDF). National Statistical Office (NSO). Retrieved 2017-10-12.
  7. ^ "Welcome to Ratchaburi Province, Thailand". Welcome to Ratchaburi Province, Thailand. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  8. ^ Ratchaburi is divided into "10 districts", Retrieved 4 Nov 2013, from Archived 2012-12-15 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit