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Buriram (Thai: บุรีรัมย์, RTGSBuri Ram, pronounced [bū.rīː rām]; Northern Khmer: มืฺงแปะ, pronounced [mɤːŋ.pɛʔ]) is one of the northeastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from south clockwise) Sa Kaeo, Nakhon Ratchasima, Khon Kaen, Maha Sarakham, and Surin. To the southeast it borders Oddar Meancheay of Cambodia. The name "Buriram" means 'city of happiness'.

Buriram
บุรีรัมย์
Province
Phanom Rung Historical Park
Flag of Buriram
Flag
Official seal of Buriram
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Buriram Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Buriram Province
Country Thailand
Capital Buriram
Government
 • Governor Anuson Kaeokangwan (since October 2016)
Area
 • Total 10,322.9 km2 (3,985.7 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 17th
Population (2014)
 • Total 1,591,905[1]
 • Rank Ranked 5th
 • Density rank Ranked 27th
HDI
 • HDI (2009) 0.729 (medium) (45th)
Time zone UTC+7 (ICT)
Area code(s) 044
ISO 3166 code TH-31
Vehicle registration บุรีรัมย์

Contents

GeographyEdit

 
Romburi Park (Thai: สวนรมย์บุรี), Buriram

Buriram is at the south end of the Khorat Plateau, with several extinct volcanoes around the province. The southern limit of the province is a mountainous area at the limit between the Sankamphaeng Range and the Dângrêk Mountains.

HistoryEdit

 
Buriram City Pillar is similar to Prasat Phnom Rung.

About a thousand years ago, the area that makes up today's Buriram Province was under the Khmer Empire and many ruins remain from that time. The largest, standing on an extinct volcano, is in the Phanom Rung Historical Park. According to an inscription found there, its local ruler recognised the authority of the Khmer king. However, the area was remote and sparsely populated, and little is recorded about it until the Rattanakosin Kingdom. In the early-19th century, Muang Pae, the largest town, acknowledged Thai sovereignty and was renamed Buriram. Following administrative reforms in the late-19th century, Buriram was formally incorporated into Thailand as a province with its own governor.

CultureEdit

FestivalsEdit

Aside from important religious days, Songkran Day and New Year's Day, Buriram also has other local festivals such as the festival of the 5th lunar month[2] when the locals make merit, bathe Buddha images and the aged, play traditional sports such as Saba and tug of war. In some areas like Amphoe Phutthaisong, there is the Bang Fai traditional rocket dance, Khao Phansa, at the beginning of Buddhist Lent and Loi Krathong.

 
Mun River, Buriram Long Boat Race site

DemographicsEdit

 
A commune near Buriram General Hospital

Buriram is one of the northeastern provinces with a sizable northern Khmer population. Isaan language is spoken by most, but according to the most recent census 27.6 percent of the population also speak northern Khmer in everyday life.





SymbolsEdit

 
The provincial seal

The provincial seal depicts Phanom Rung temple, a Khmer-style Hindu shrine dedicated to Shiva. It was in use from the 9th through the 12th centuries, when the Khmer Empire's control of the region was ended by the Thais of Ayutthaya Kingdom. The ruins are now preserved in a historical park.

The provincial flower is the yellow cotton tree (Cochlospermum regium). The provincial tree is the pink shower (Cassia grandis).

The province's motto is "the city of sandstone sanctuaries, land of volcanoes, beautiful silk, rich culture and the best city of sport".

Administrative divisionsEdit

TransportEdit

AirportsEdit

Buriram Airport is the only airport in Buriram Province. Two airlines, Nok Air and Thai AirAsia, serve Buriram from Don Mueang International Airport (DMK).

 
Buriram Railway Station, the main railway station in Buriram Province.

HighwaysEdit

Intercity transitEdit

 
The BSS songthaew system serves Buriram

State Railway of Thailand, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Buriram at the Buriram Railway Station. SRT provides many services such as limited express trains to Bangkok and Ubon Ratchathani, commuter trains to Nakhon Ratchasima and beyond.

The Transport Co., Ltd. operates a bus depot at Buriram Bus Station, and Nakhonchai Air has a stop adjacent to the bus station.

Public transitEdit

The Buriram Songthaew System (BSS) provides public transportation for the city. BSS was established many years ago. There are two lines: Line 1 (Buriram Municipality Market-Khao Kradong Forest Park Line), and Line 2 (Ban Bua Line). Both lines are colored pink.

SportsEdit

Buriram is well known for being a city of sport[3]. Buriram United is currently the most successful football team in Thailand after sweeping all before them by winning the league, the FA Cup, the League Cup and reaching the last eight AFC Champions League competitions.[citation needed] Buriram United play home games at Chang Arena, the largest club-owned football stadium in Thailand.[4]

A FIA Grade 1 and FIM Grade A racing circuit, Chang International Circuit, is near the Chang Arena.

PoliticsEdit

SenatorsEdit

  • Karoon Sai-ngam (Thai:การุณ ใสงาม)
  • Porn Penpas (Thai:พร เพ็ญพาส)
  • Permpoon Thongsri (Thai:เพิ่มพูน ทองศรี)
  • Surapong Painual (Thai:สุรพงศ์ ไผ่นวล)
  • Oudsanee Chidchob (Thai:อุษณีย์ ชิดชอบ)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ กรมการปกครอง. กระทรวงมหาดไทย. "รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้าน ประจำปี พ.ศ. 2560" [ออนไลน์]. เข้าถึงได้จาก: [1] 2559. สืบค้น 5 มกราคม 2561.
  2. ^ "Gregorian-Lunar Calendar Conversion Table". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  3. ^ "บุรีรัมย์โมเดล ต้นแบบการสร้างเมืองใหม่".
  4. ^ "'บุรีรัมย์'กร้าวป้อง5แชมป์-ยึดท็อป5เอเชีย".

External linksEdit