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Northern Khmer people

The Northern Khmer people, also known in Thai as Thai-Khmer people (Thai: ไทยเชื้อสายเขมร lit. "Thais of Khmer descent"),[1] is the designation used to refer to ethnic Khmers native to the Isan region of Northeast Thailand.

Ethnic Khmer in Thailand
Regions with significant populations
Isan Buriram, Surin, Sisaket
Eastern Trat, Chanthaburi
Languages
Thai, Isan, Northern Khmer
Religion
Dharma Wheel.svg Theravada Buddhism
Related ethnic groups
Mon, Wa, and other Mon–Khmer groups

HistoryEdit

Khmers have had a presence in this area since at least the time of the Khmer Empire.[2] With the fall of the Angkor, the Khmers of the Isan region were subject to increasing Thai influence. In the 18th century, the Thai kingdom officially annexed the former Cambodian province of Surin. The Khmer residents became de facto subjects of the Thai monarchy and a long process of gradual cultural assimilation began.

DemographicsEdit

Khmer percentage of the total population in various provinces of Thailand
Province Khmer % in 1990 Khmer % in 2000
Surin[3] 63.4% 47.2%
Buriram[4] 0.3% 27.6%
Sisaket[5] 30.2% 26.2%
Trat[6] 0.4% 2.1%
Sa Kaew[7] N/A 1.9%
Chanthaburi[8] 0.6% 1.6%
Roi Et[9] 0.4% 0.5%
Ubon Ratchathani[10] 0.8% 0.3%
Maha Sarakham[11] 0.2% 0.3%

CultureEdit

Although now a minority, the Northern Khmer have maintained some of their Khmer identity, practicing the Khmer form of Theravada Buddhism and speaking a dialect known as Khmer Surin in Khmer and Northern Khmer in English. Few Northern Khmers are able to read or write their native language,[12] since teaching in public schools is exclusively in Thai.

This Thai language instruction has resulted in many of the younger generation being more comfortable using Thai as a medium of communication. However, renewed interest in Khmer language and culture has resulted in a two-fold increase in the use of Northern Khmer since 1958.[13]

ConflictEdit

Although it is not anywhere near the scale of the protests of the Khmer Krom in the Mekong Delta Vietnam, some Northern Khmers living in the Isan region have demanded more rights and oppose Thaification of the Khmer Surin. Also, the occasional hostilities between Thailand and Cambodia have made their relations sometimes difficult.

Notable Thai-KhmersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Cuam and the Beliefs of the Thai-Khmer". Khmerling.blogspot.com. 25 October 2005. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Thailand's World : Khmer People". Thailandsworld.com. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-02-15. Retrieved 2017-03-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-03-08. Retrieved 2017-03-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2017-03-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-03-08. Retrieved 2017-03-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-03-08. Retrieved 2017-03-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-03-08. Retrieved 2017-03-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-03-08. Retrieved 2017-03-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-03-08. Retrieved 2017-03-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-03-08. Retrieved 2017-03-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "VOA Khmer News, Radio, TV". Voanews.com. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  13. ^ Smalley, William A. (1988). "Multilingualism in the Northern Khmer Population of Thailand". Language Sciences. 10 (2): 395–408. doi:10.1016/0388-0001(88)90023-X.

External linksEdit