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Trat (Thai: ตราด, pronounced [tràːt]) is the easternmost province (changwat) along the Thai coast. It has borders with Chanthaburi Province to the northwest, Cambodia to the east, and the Gulf of Thailand to the south. Trat is 315 km from Bangkok.[4]

Trat

ตราด
Kohmak.jpg
Flag of Trat
Flag
Official seal of Trat
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Trat Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Trat Province
Coordinates: 12°24′N 102°31′E / 12.400°N 102.517°E / 12.400; 102.517Coordinates: 12°24′N 102°31′E / 12.400°N 102.517°E / 12.400; 102.517center of province
CountryThailand
CapitalTrat town
Government
 • GovernorPrasert Ruchathananon (since September 2017)
Area
 • Total2,819 km2 (1,088 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 62nd
Population
 (2018)[2]
 • Total229,914
 • RankRanked 74th
 • Density81.6/km2 (211/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 60th
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017)0.6049 "somewhat high"
Ranked 27th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
23xxx
Calling code039
ISO 3166 codeTH-23

Trat is known for gemstone mining and trading.

HistoryEdit

The history of Trat can be traced back to the early 17th century during the reign of King Prasat Thong of the Ayutthaya Kingdom. Formerly known as Mueang Thung Yai, Trat has played an important role in the development of the country's stability and economy due to its strategic location. The town of Trat later become a community of Chinese merchants.

After the fall of Ayutthaya to the Burmese in 1767, Trat served as a checkpoint and buffer city and was responsible for providing provisions to King Taksin the Great before he moved his forces from Chanthaburi to Ayutthaya. King Taksin then succeeded in driving out the Burmese invaders and liberated the kingdom from foreign rule.

 
French troops, Trat (1904)

In the Rattanakosin era, during the 1893 Paknam crisis, French troops landed and occupied the western part of Chantaburi Province. In 1904, Siam was forced to surrender Trat to French Indochina in order to regain Chantaburi. Three years later, however, finding that Trat with its almost entirely Thai population was hard to rule, the French returned Trat to Thailand on 23 March 1907, in exchange for larger areas along the Mekong river, which included Battambang, Siam Nakhon, and Sisophon, which all have a Khmer majority population.

During the French-Thai War of 1940-1941, the Vichy French navy sailed from Saigon to seize Trat. The unprepared Thai warships were caught by surprise. By the end of the 17 January 1941 Battle of Ko Chang, three Thai ships had been left sinking: the HTMS Chonburi, HTMS Songkhla, and HTMS Thonburi. French casualties were light with no ships lost. The Japanese government negotiated a truce, which ended the conflict without further fighting.

When the Vietnamese pushed the Khmer Rouge out of Cambodia in 1985, Pol Pot fled to Thailand and made his headquarters in a plantation villa near Trat. It was built for him by the Thai Army and nicknamed "Office 87".[5]

GeographyEdit

The province covers a land area of 2,917 square kilometers or 1,71,000 rai.[6]

The Cardamom mountain range forms the boundary to Cambodia in the east of the province, where Trat has borders with three Cambodian provinces: Battambang, Pursat, and Koh Kong.

The third biggest island of Thailand is the province's Ko Chang (after Phuket and Ko Samui). The island and more than 40 surrounding smaller islands form the Mu Ko Chang Marine National Park.

Other islands of the province include Ko Kham, Ko Mak, and Ko Phi.

ClimateEdit

Most of Thailand receives from 1,200 to 1,600 mm of precipitation per year. Two provinces, Trat and Ranong, receive more than 4,500 mm a year making them the wettest places in the country.[7]

SymbolsEdit

The provincial seal shows the sea with the Khao Banthat mountain range in the background.

The provincial tree is the tropical almond (Terminalia catappa).

AdministrationEdit

The province is divided into seven districts (amphoes). These are further subdivided into 38 sub-districts (tambons) and 254 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Trat /məʊŋtrɑt/
  2. Khlong Yai /klɔŋyɑɪ/
  3. Khao Saming /kăo-sà-mĭŋ/
  4. Bo Rai bɔː rɑɪ/
  1. Laem Ngop /læmŋɔːb/
  2. Ko Kut gɔguːd/
  3. Ko Chang /gɔtʃɑːŋ/

TransportEdit

AirEdit

Trat is served by Trat Airport, built and operated by Bangkok Airways.

Human achievement index 2017Edit

Index for the province Trat[3]
HAI indices Map Index Rank list
Health 2 0.7385 6th
Education 3 0.5049 26th
Employment 4 0.6862 16th
Income 5 0.5434 38th
Housing and environment 6 0.5350 77th
Family and community life 7 0.5269 64th
Transport and communication 8 0.6639 12th
Participation 9 0.6408 18th
HAI 2017 1 0.6049 27th


Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[3]
Province Trat, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6049, takes the 27th place in the rankings. This is "somewhat high" between the values of 0.5949 and 0.6246.

NotesEdit

Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.[failed verification]
  2. ^ "ร่ยงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Archived from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  3. ^ a b c ดัชนีความก้าวหน้าของคน ปี2560 [Human Achievement Index - HAI year 2017] (PDF). social.nesdb.go.th (Report) (in Thai). National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). 2017. pp. 65–66. ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1. Retrieved 14 September 2019, Maps 1-9[dead link]
  4. ^ "About Trat". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Archived from the original on 14 January 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  5. ^ Shenon, Philip (6 February 1994). "Pol Pot, the Mass Murderer Who Is Still Alive and Well". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  6. ^ "General Information". Trat Province. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  7. ^ "The Climate of Thailand" (PDF). Thai Meteorological Department (TMD). p. 4. Retrieved 21 June 2019.

Further readingEdit

  • "เตร็ดเตร่ตราด [Wandering about Trat]". Osotho Magazine (in Thai). Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). 59 (10). May 2019. ISSN 0125-7226.

External linksEdit