Koh Kong Province

Koh Kong (Khmer: ខេត្តកោះកុង; IPA: [kɑh koŋ], "Kong Island") is a province (khaet) of Cambodia. The name means 'Kŏng Island Province'. Its capital is Khemarak Phoumin (Koh Kong). The province was called Patchan Khiri Khet Province (Thai: ปัจจันตคิรีเขตร; Thai pronunciation: [pàt.tɕan.tàʔ kʰi.riː.kʰèːt]) from 1795 to 1904.[3]

Koh Kong Province

ខេត្តកោះកុង
2015 0319 174425 KohKongIsland Strandidylle.jpg
Cambodia (24207512922).jpg
ឈរពីលើប៉មមើលទៅព្រៃកោងកាង - panoramio.jpg
Top: Beaches of Koh Kong
Bottom: Aerial view of Kong Kang Forest
Official seal of Koh Kong Province
Seal
Map of Cambodia highlighting Koh Kong
Map of Cambodia highlighting Koh Kong
Coordinates: 11°23′57″N 103°29′41″E / 11.39917°N 103.49472°E / 11.39917; 103.49472Coordinates: 11°23′57″N 103°29′41″E / 11.39917°N 103.49472°E / 11.39917; 103.49472
Country Cambodia
Provincial status13 January 1958
CapitalKhemarak Phoumin Municipality
Government
 • GovernorMithona Phouthorng (CPP)
Area
 • Total10,090 km2 (3,900 sq mi)
Area rank6th
Population
 (2019 census)[1]
 • TotalIncrease 123,618
 • Rank22nd
 • Density12/km2 (30/sq mi)
 • Density rank24th
Demographics
 • Languages
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Dialing code+855
ISO 3166 codeKH-9
Districts8
Communes33
Villages133
HDI (2017)0.608[2]
medium
Websitekohkong.gov.kh

GeographyEdit

The most southwestern province of Cambodia, Koh Kong has a long undeveloped coastline and a mountainous, forested, and largely inaccessible interior which includes part of the Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia's largest national park (Botum Sakor National Park), and a section of Kirirom National Park.

HistoryEdit

From 1795 to 1904 the area was under Siamese administration with the local name of "Koh Kong". During the reign of King Mongkut the name Patchan Khiri Khet was given to the city as the area falls at the same latitude as another city of Prachuap Khiri Khan which also had its name changed during the same year. In 1904, the region and the city of Trat was ceded to French Indochina in exchange of French troop evacuation from Chanthaburi. In 1907 Trat was returned to Siam in exchange for the Siamese province of Inner Cambodia while Koh Kong remained part of French Cambodia.

After Cambodia's liberation from the Khmer Rouge in 1979, Koh Kong Province was quite under-populated. After the national government encouraged people to live in Koh Kong, there has been a net influx of people. It is estimated that the average annual growth rate in Koh Kong is 16%, which has put pressure on the mangrove resources in the province. Koh Kong's towns have developed rapidly partially in response to market pressures from Thailand and because of immigration from other parts of Cambodia.[4]

EconomyEdit

The province has been the site of a Sino-Cambodian port development project in Dara Sakor. The project is planned to spread over 45,000 hectares, to include casinos, golf courses, and resorts. A 20 kilometre stretch of coastline is be turned into a deep-water port to accommodate cruise ships as well as freight. Near the port, an airfield with a runway 3,400 metres is longer than needed for commercial flights, while its turning bays are too small for civilian aircraft.[5] Therefore, analysts suspect that the port project is a Cambodian-Chinese civil-military collaboration that will permit the Chinese navy to use the facilities as a forward operating base. Responding to US concerns, Prime Minister Hun Sen has denied the charge, pointing out that the Cambodian constitution "...has no provision for accommodating foreign military bases on its soil."[6]

DistrictsEdit

The province is divided into six districts and one municipality:

ISO Code District Khmer
09-01 Botum Sakor ស្រុកបទុមសាគរ
09-02 Kiri Sakor ស្រុកគិរីសាគរ
09-03 Koh Kong ស្រុកកោះកុង
09-04 Khemarak Phoumin Municipality (formerly Smach Mean Chey) ក្រុងខេមរភូមិន្ទ (អតីត ស្រុកស្មាច់មានជ័យ)
09-05 Mondol Seima ស្រុកមណ្ឌលសីមា
09-06 Srae Ambel ស្រុកស្រែអំបិល
09-07 Thma Bang ស្រុកថ្មបាំង

Border crossingEdit

 
Koh Kong Bridge is the second longest bridge in Cambodia, and was the longest until the completion of Neak Loeung Bridge in April 2015.

The province is an increasingly popular gateway to Cambodia from Hat Lek in eastern Thailand, in part due to the reasonably direct access to the port and beach resort town of Sihanoukville. The border is at Cham Yeam, about 14 km from Koh Kong.

Traveling to Koh Kong has been made easier, as bridges have been built, the first in 2002. The landmark Koh Kong Bridge was built by L.Y.P. Group. It is the second longest bridge in Cambodia (Neak Loeung Bridge took the number one spot in 2015). The 1,900-meter crossing can be seen connecting provincial town of Koh Kong to Koh Kong Resort and the Thai border. In 2007 a new sealed road (National Route 48) was completed from the town to Sre Ambel on the Phnom Penh to Sihanoukville highway, including four new bridges donated by the Thai government. They opened in May 2008.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "General Population Census of the Kingdom of Cambodia 2019". National Institute of Statistics. Ministry of Planning. June 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ Mekloy, Pongpet (1 August 2019). "Not What It Seems". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  4. ^ Peam Krasop Wildlife Sanctuary: Insights into Life in the Mangroves Archived 2011-10-02 at the Wayback Machine, International Symposium on Protection and Management of Coastal Marine Ecosystem.
  5. ^ https://www.news.com.au/technology/innovation/military/scary-reality-chinas-secret-cambodian-military-base/news-story/59908e35b8865375e6ca7a55c20fea0c
  6. ^ Sakhuja, Vijay (13 June 2019). "There is more to Koh Kong". Khmer Times. Retrieved 17 June 2019.

External linksEdit