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Sa Kaeo (Thai: สระแก้ว, pronounced [sàʔ kɛ̂ːw]) is a province (changwat) of Thailand. It is in the east of Thailand about 200 km from Bangkok. Neighboring provinces are (from south clockwise) Chanthaburi, Chachoengsao, Prachinburi, Nakhon Ratchasima, and Buriram. To the east it borders Banteay Meanchey and Battambang of Cambodia.

Sa Kaeo

Countryside, Sa Kaeo Province
Countryside, Sa Kaeo Province
Flag of Sa Kaeo
Official seal of Sa Kaeo
Map of Thailand highlighting Sa Kaeo Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Sa Kaeo Province
CapitalSa Kaeo town
 • GovernorKlanarong Phongcharoen (since October 2016)
 • Total7,195 km2 (2,778 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 28th
 • Total552,187[1]
 • RankRanked 50th
 • Density rankRanked 65th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
ISO 3166 codeTH-27


Sa Kaeo became a province in 1993, when the six districts Sa Kaeo, Khlong Hat, Wang Nam Yen, Aranyaprathet, Ta Phraya, and Watthana Nakhon of Prachinburi were elevated to provincial status.[2] It is thus one of the four newest provinces of Thailand, together with Amnat Charoen, Nong Bua Lam Phu, and most recently, Bueng Kan.

The province is overwhelmingly Theravada Buddhist (99.4 percent).[3]

In 1979 Sa Kaeo Refugee Camp was established northwest of Sa Kaeo town. It closed in 1989, but the legacy of the border clashes of the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s is ever present. The largest land mine field in the world was planted along the Thai-Cambodia border according to some experts. Almost 4,000 people have been injured or killed by landmines in Thailand since the border battles—19 persons in 2017 alone. According to a survey conducted in 2001, 27 of Thailand's 76 provinces were plagued with land mines, impacting more than 530 communities and some 500,000 people. Thailand still has approximately 409 km2 of mined area to clear scattered around the country. With an annual clearance rate of about one km2 between 2011 and 2015 the problem will not soon disappear.[4]


The north of the province is covered with the forested mountains of the Sankamphaeng Range and the Dangrek Mountains. To the south are the foothills of the Cardamom Mountains, which are mostly deforested.

Two national parks are found in the province: Pang Sida National Park was established in 1982, Ta Phraya National Park in 1996.


The provincial seal shows the sun rising over archaeological ruins, Prasart Kao Noi Si Chom Poo, an important Khmer temple. The rising sun symbolizes the location of the province in the east. In the front is a Buddha image in a pond with lotus flowers.

Provincial tree is Phyllanthus emblica. The provincial flower is the Orange Jessamine (Murraya paniculata).

The provincial slogan is The frontier of the east, beautiful forests and splendid waterfalls, plenty of ancient civilisations, and the commercial venue between Thailand and Cambodia.

Administrative divisionsEdit

Sa Kaeo is divided into nine districts (amphoe). The districts are further subdivided into 59 sub-districts (tambons) and 619 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Sa Kaeo
  2. Khlong Hat
  3. Ta Phraya
  4. Wang Nam Yen
  5. Watthana Nakhon
  1. Aranyaprathet
  2. Khao Chakan
  3. Khok Sung
  4. Wang Sombun


  1. ^ "Population of the Kingdom" (PDF). Department of Provincial Affairs (DOPA) Thailand (in Thai). 2014-12-31. Retrieved 19 Mar 2015.
  2. ^ "ABOUT SA KAEO". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  3. ^ "Population by religion, region and area, 2015" (PDF). NSO. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
  4. ^ Taylor, Caitlin (7 January 2018). "Long fight against a hidden killer". Bangkok Post (Spectrum). Retrieved 7 January 2018.

External linksEdit