Prachinburi province (Thai: ปราจีนบุรี, RTGSPrachin Buri, pronounced [prāː.t͡ɕīːn bū.rīː], lit.'City of the East') is one of Thailand's seventy-seven provinces (changwat), it lies in eastern Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Nakhon Ratchasima, Sa Kaeo, Chachoengsao, and Nakhon Nayok.

Thai Traditional Medicine Museum Building, Chaophraya Abhaibhubejhr Hospital
Thai Traditional Medicine Museum Building, Chaophraya Abhaibhubejhr Hospital
Flag of Prachinburi
Official seal of Prachinburi
ศรีมหาโพธิ์คู่บ้าน ไผ่ตงหวานคู่เมือง ผลไม้ลือเลื่อง เขตเมืองทวารวดี
("Home of the Great Bodhi Tree. Sweet Tong Bamboo Shoots. Renowned fruit. The Dvaravati city.")
Map highlighting Prachinburi province
Map highlighting Prachinburi province
 • GovernorWoraphan Suwannus
 • Total4,762 km2 (1,839 sq mi)
 • RankRanked 44th
 • Total491,640[2]
 • RankRanked 55th
 • Density103/km2 (270/sq mi)
  • RankRanked 48th
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2022)0.6428 "average"
Ranked 37th
 • Totalbaht 297 billion
(US$10.3 billion) (2019)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
Calling code037
ISO 3166 codeTH-25



Located in Si Mahosot district, their existed an ancient Buddhist site at the Sra Morakot Archeological Site. The site contains an Arogyasala dating to the reign of Jayavarman VII of the Khmer Empire in the late 1100s, although the Arogyasala was possibly constructed on an older Dvaravati shrine. Not much of the Arogyasala survives, but it most likely was designed in the standard layout.[5] In the temple of Wat Morakot at the site contains the largest and oldest carvings of The Buddha's footprints in Thailand. Created between the 600s and 800s, the footprints were made from natural laterite and hold significance to Buddhists.[6] The site also contains two ancient reserviors, with Sra Boa being one of them.[7]



The province is divided into two major parts, the low river valley of the Bang Pakong River, and the higher lands with plateaus and mountains of the Sankamphaeng Range, the southern prolongation of the Dong Phaya Yen mountains. The total forest area is 1,436 km2 (554 sq mi) or 28.6 percent of provincial area.[8]

National parks


There area two national parks, along with two other national parks, make up region 1 (Prachinburi) of Thailand's protected areas.



The provincial seal shows the Bodhi tree. It symbolizes the first Bodhi tree planted about 2,000 years ago at Wat Si Maha Phot. The provincial colors are red and yellow. Red symbolises the land and yellow, Buddhism.

The provincial tree is the Bodhi tree (Ficus religiosa). The provincial flower is the cork tree (Millingtonia hortensis).

Administrative divisions


Provincial government


The province is divided into seven districts (amphoes). These are further divided into 65 subdistricts (tambons) and 658 villages (mubans).

1. Mueang Prachinburi
2. Kabin Buri
3. Na Di
4. Ban Sang
5. Prachantakham
6. Si Maha Phot
7. Si Mahosot


The missing numbers 4 and 5 as well as 10 to 12 are districts split off to form Sa Kaeo province.

Local government


As of 26 November 2019 there are:[10] one Prachinburi Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 13 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Prachinburi has town (thesaban mueang) status. Further 12 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 56 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).[2]





The main road through Prachinburi is Route 319. While Route 319 does not lead directly to other major centers, along with Route 33 it leads to Nakhon Nayok, and along with Routes 314 and 304 it leads to Bangkok.



Prachinburi is served by the State Railway of Thailand's Eastern Line. Prachin Buri Railway Station, is the main railway station located 122 kilometres (76 mi) from Bangkok. Five trains go to Bangkok and five come to Prachinburi each day, with a commute time of around two and a half hours. A one-way ticket costs only 24 bahts.



Tambon Hua Wa in Si Maha Phot District is the site of Rojana Industrial Park.[11] Among other tenants of the park, Honda Automobile (Thailand) has established a 17.2 billion baht plant there to manufacture sub-compact vehicles. The plant, opened in March 2016, has an initial production capacity of 60,000 vehicles per year. The plant is designed to build up to 120,000 vehicles per year.[12] Honda produces hybrid electric vehicles and batteries for electric vehicles, at its factories in Prachinburi and Ayutthaya. Honda's Prachinburi factory has an annual capacity of 120,000 units.[13]



The main hospital of Prachinburi province is Chaophraya Abhaibhubejhr Hospital.

Human achievement index 2022

Health Education Employment Income
16 19 20 37
Housing Family Transport Participation
54 69 62 39
Province Prachinburi, with an HAI 2022 value of 0.6428 is "average", occupies place 37 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[3]

Rank Classification
  1 - 13 "high"
14 - 29 "somewhat high"
30 - 45 "average"
46 - 61 "somewhat low"
62 - 77 "low"


  1. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.{{cite report}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)[dead link]
  2. ^ a b "ร่ยงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Archived from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  3. ^ a b "ข้อมูลสถิติดัชนีความก้าวหน้าของคน ปี 2565 (PDF)" [Human Achievement Index Databook year 2022 (PDF)]. Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council (NESDC) (in Thai). Retrieved 12 March 2024, page 44{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  4. ^ "Gross Regional and Provincial Product, 2019 Edition". <>. Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council (NESDC). July 2019. ISSN 1686-0799. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  5. ^ "Prasat Sra Morakot - Beyond Angkor". Retrieved 2024-02-04.
  6. ^ "Sa Morakot Archaeological Site". Retrieved 2024-02-04.
  7. ^ "Sra Boa - Beyond Angkor". Retrieved 2024-02-04.
  8. ^ "ตารางที่ 2 พี้นที่ป่าไม้ แยกรายจังหวัด พ.ศ.2562" [Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019]. Royal Forest Department (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 6 April 2021, information, Forest statistics Year 2019{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  9. ^ a b "ข้อมูลพื้นที่อุทยานแห่งชาติ ที่ประกาศในราชกิจจานุบกษา 133 แห่ง" [National Park Area Information published in the 133 Government Gazettes]. Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation (in Thai). December 2020. Retrieved 1 November 2022.
  10. ^ "Number of local government organizations by province". Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019. 30 Prachinburi: 1 PAO, 1 Town mun., 12 Subdistrict mun., 56 SAO.
  11. ^ "Our Location". Rojana Industrial Park Public Co, Ltd. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  12. ^ Maikaew, Piyachart (2016-03-12). "Prachin Buri plant to kick off". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  13. ^ Theparat, Chatrudee; Maikaew, Piyachart (26 July 2018). "BoI gives blessing to B30bn in plans". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 26 July 2018.

14°2′52″N 101°22′21″E / 14.04778°N 101.37250°E / 14.04778; 101.37250