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Chanthaburi (Thai: จันทบุรี, pronounced [t͡ɕān.tʰáʔ.bū.rīː]; Chong: จันกะบูย, chankabui,[2] lit: 'Lady Chan, Who wears a pan on her head'[3]) is a province (changwat) of Thailand. It is in the east of Thailand, on the border with Battambang and Pailin of Cambodia, on the shore of the Gulf of Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are Trat in the east and Rayong, Chonburi, Chachoengsao, and Sa Kaeo to the west and north.

Chanthaburi

จันทบุรี
011-เมืองจันทบุรี(เก่า).jpg
จุลศิรจุมพฏเจดีย์ น้ำตกพลิ้ว จ.จันทบุรี (3).jpg
ศาลพระเจ้าตากสินมหาราช จันทบุรี.jpg
01-อาสนวิหารพระนางมารีอาปฏิสนธินิรมล.jpg
วัดไผ่ล้อม พระอารามหลวง.jpg
Flag of Chanthaburi
Flag
Official seal of Chanthaburi
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Chanthaburi Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Chanthaburi Province
CountryThailand
CapitalChanthaburi
Government
 • GovernorWiturat Srinam (since 2016)
Area
 • Total6,338 km2 (2,447 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 34th
Population
 (2014)
 • Total527,350[1]
 • RankRanked 52nd
 • Density rankRanked 56th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
ISO 3166 codeTH-22

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Tuek Dang Fort, built by French troops during the Paknam crisis

The indigenous people of the Chantaburi region are the Chong. The Chong have lived in the area since the Ayutthaya Kingdom, and are thought to have been early inhabitants of Cambodia, possibly pre-dating the Khmer. In Chantaburi Province, the Chong predominantly inhabit the districts of Khao Khitchakut, Pong Nam Ron, and Makham.[4]

After the Paknam crisis in 1893, French colonial troops occupied Chanthaburi, returning it in 1905 when Thailand gave up ownership of the western part of Cambodia. A significant minority of Chanthaburi citizens are native Vietnamese, who came there in three waves: first in the 19th century during anti-Catholic persecutions in Cochin China; a second wave in the 1920s to 1940s fleeing French Indochina; and a third wave after the communist victory in Vietnam in 1975.[citation needed] The town of Chanthaburi has been the seat of a Bishop of Chanthaburi since 1944.

GeographyEdit

 
Quiet street, Laem Sing District

While the southern part of the province is on the shore of the Gulf of Thailand and thus is mostly coastal alluvial plains, the interior of the province is mountainous. The Chanthaburi mountain range in the north has the highest elevation in the province, the 1,556 m high Soi Dao Nua Peak. The main river of the province is the Chanthaburi River.

Together with the neighboring province, Trat, Chanthaburi is a center of gemstone mining, especially rubies and sapphires.[citation needed] Tropical fruits are also among the main products of the province. In 2000, it produced nearly 380,000 tonnes of durian, which was 45.57 percent of Thailand's durian production, approximately 27 percent of the entire world's production.[5][6]

Within provincial boundaries lie three national parks: Namtok Phlio National Park,[7] Khao Khitchakut National Park,[8] and Khao Sip Ha Chan National Park.[9]

SymbolsEdit

The provincial seal shows the moon surrounded by an aura. Inside the moon disc is a rabbit, as in Thai folklore the dark areas on the moon (maria) form the shape of a rabbit. The seal symbolizes the peace and tranquility of the province. The moon also refers to the meaning of the province, "City of Moon", from Chantha- (Thai: จันท-, lit. 'moon') and buri (Thai: บุรี, lit. 'city').

The flag of the province also shows the seal in the middle, a white rabbit on a yellow moon disc, on a blue disc. The background of the flag is red, with the name of province in yellow written below the seal.[citation needed]

The provincial tree is Diospyros decandra. The provincial flower is an orchid.[citation needed]

The provincial slogan is "Magnificent waterfalls, fruit city, good breeding peppercorns, loads of gems, Chanthabun mat, fertile nature, gathering place of King Taksin the Great's Liberation Army".

Administrative divisionsEdit

 
Map of districts

The province is divided into 10 districts (amphoes). These are further subdivided into 76 sub-districts (tambons) and 690 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Chanthaburi
  2. Khlung
  3. Tha Mai
  4. Pong Nam Ron
  5. Makham
  1. Laem Sing
  2. Soi Dao
  3. Kaeng Hang Maeo
  4. Na Yai Am
  5. Khao Khitchakut

TransportationEdit

RoadsEdit

Route 3 (Sukhumvit Road) passes near Chanthaburi and connects to Rayong, Pattaya, Chonburi, and Bangkok to the northwest and Trat to the southeast. Route 317 connects Chanthaburi to Sa Kaeo.[citation needed]

AirEdit

There is no airport in Chantaburi. The nearest airport is Trat Airport, 66 km from the center of Chanthaburi.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of the Kingdom" (PDF). Department of Provincial Affairs (DOPA) Thailand (in Thai). 2014-12-31. Retrieved 19 Mar 2015.
  2. ^ องค์ บรรจุน. สยามหลากเผ่าหลายพันธุ์. กรุงเทพฯ: มติชน, 2553, หน้า 128 (in Thai)
  3. ^ ชอง จันทะบูย ฤาลมหายใจเฮือกสุดท้าย. OK Nation (in Thai). 19 October 2012. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  4. ^ Pholdhampalit, Khetsirin (22 June 2019). "Chantaburi on the table". The Nation. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-03-16. Retrieved 2008-08-18.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-03-16. Retrieved 2008-08-18.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Namtok Phlio National Park". Department of National Parks (Thailand). Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
  8. ^ "Khao Khitchakut National Park". Department of National Parks (Thailand). Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
  9. ^ "Khao Sip Ha Chan National Park". Department of National Parks (Thailand). Archived from the original on 26 September 2015. Retrieved 25 September 2015.

External linksEdit