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A songthaew (Thai: สองแถว, lit. 'two rows', RTGS: songthaeo, pronounced [sɔ̌ːŋ.tʰɛ̌w]; Lao: ສອງແຖວ, pronounced [sɔ̌ːŋ.tʰɛ́w]; Malay: dua baris) is a passenger vehicle in Thailand, Laos, Vietnam and Myanmar adapted from a pick-up or a larger truck and used as a share taxi or bus.
The songthaew takes its name from the two bench seats fixed along either side of the back of the truck; in some vehicles a third bench is put down the middle of the seating area. Additionally a roof is fitted over the rear of the vehicle, to which curtains and plastic sheeting to keep out rain may be attached. Some vehicles have roofs high enough to accommodate standing passengers within the vehicle. More typically, standing passengers occupy a platform attached to the rear.
In addition, some models of songthaews, such as Daihatsu Hijet or Subaru R1, familiarly known as rot ka-poh (Thai: รถกะป๊อ), literally translates to "toad cars". The word ka-poh comes from Teochew (pronounced kub-poh), which means "toad" – reference to their shape. Some are also called rot kra-pong (รถกระป๋อง, literally "tincan cars") or rot-Subaru (รถซูบารุ, literally "Subaru cars") – a reference to their brand..
Songthaew introduced in Thailand in 1950s. Early songthaews using Austin A30 sedans.
Songthaews are used both within towns and cities and for longer routes between towns and villages. Those within towns are converted from pick-up trucks and usually travel fixed routes for a set fare, but in some cases (as in Chiang Mai) they are used as shared taxis for passengers traveling in roughly the same direction.
Vehicles on longer routes may be converted from larger trucks for about forty passengers.
In Phuket Province, there are several Songthaew (blue wooden buses) services which connect the beach resorts with Phuket Town. The routes operate around every 30 minutes from Ranong Road in Phuket starting at around 06:00 and finishing at around 17:00 (from each end of the route). The price is typically around 50 baht single fare. The bus will stop anywhere along the route and is hailed down by waving. These include the following routes:
- Phuket Town – Choengtalay (for Bangtao Beach & Laguna Resort) – Surin Beach – Kamala [this bus stops along road 4025]. In Choengtalay, the bus passes by the local police station.
- Phuket – Patong
- Phuket – Kata
Future replacements edit
In 1990s, Thai government attempted to replace songthaews with modern minibuses. Thai Motor Corporation (THAMCO), BMW, and Italdesign cooperated for designing Italdesign Columbus as songthaew replacement. Italdesign Columbus had bodywork variations, including minibus, pick-up truck, and delivery van.
See also edit
- Slayden, Glenn. "thai-language.com – รถสองแถว". thai-language.com.
- "Chiang Mai Transport". 15 March 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
- "RED-BUS – รถแดง" (in Thai). NAKORNLANNA CO., LTD. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
- "ประวัติศาสตร์ รถกระป๊อมาจากไหน". Channel 9 MCO HD (in Thai). 2 February 2023. Retrieved 27 November 2023.
- Wagner, Stephan (6 December 2018). "Vergessene Studien: Italdesign Columbus (1992)" (in German). Motor1.com Deutschland. Retrieved 7 November 2021.