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Map of Thailand highlighting Lamphun Province
|• Governor||Wirachai Phuphiangchai (since October 2016)|
|• Total||4,506 km2 (1,740 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 48th|
|• Rank||Ranked 63rd|
|• Density rank||Ranked 52nd|
|Human Achievement Index|
|• HAI (2014)||0.6497 "somewhat high"|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-51|
Lamphun is in the Ping River valley. It is surrounded by mountain chains, with the Thanon Thong Chai Range in the west and the Khun Tan Range in the east of the province. It is some 670 kilometres from Bangkok and 26 kilometres from Chiang Mai.
Under its old name of Haripunchai, Lamphun was the northernmost city of the Mon kingdom of the Dvaravati period, and also the last to fall to the Thai. In the late-12th century it came under siege from the Khmer, but did not fall. However, in 1281 King Mengrai of Lan Na finally seized the city, and made it part of his kingdom. After Burmese expansion in the 16th century, Lamphun was under Burmese rule for two centuries. In the 18th century, with the rise of Thonburi and Bangkok against Burmese rule, local leaders from Lampang agreed to be their allies. Lamphun was finally freed from the Burmese and ruled by relatives of Lampang's leader, gaining vassal status from Bangkok. Eventually, after the administrative reform of Bangkok government in the late-19th century, Lamphun became part, as a province, of Siam.
Municipal (thesaban) areas in the province are the town (thesaban mueang) Lamphun and 12 townships (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal area is administered by 45 tambon administrative organizations (TAO) and two tambon councils.
For national elections the province is divided into three constituencies. Constituency 1 covers the Mueang District except Tambon Makhuea Chae; Constituency 2 the districts Pa Sang, Mae Tha, and Tambon Makhuea Chae of Mueang District; and Constituency 3 the districts Ban Hong, Thung Hua Chang, and Li.
Human Achievement Index 2014Edit
Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human Achievement Index (HAI), a composite index assessing eight measures of human development.
Lamphun Province, with an HAI value of 0.6497 takes 16th place in the ranking. This is ranked as "somewhat high".
|HAI indices||Indicators||Rank list|
|Housing and living environment||5||38th|
|Family and community life||6||64th|
|Transport and communication||6||31st|
- "Population in Thailand as of 31 December 2017" (PDF). Government Gazette. Ratchakitcha Society. 135: 22–25. 2018-02-28. Retrieved 2018-09-30.
- Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community (Report). United Nations Development Programme. pp. 93–166. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "Historic Lamphun: Capital of the Mon Kingdom of Haripunchai", in: Forbes, Andrew, and Henley, David, Ancient Chiang Mai Volume 4. Chiang Mai, Cognoscenti Books, 2012. ASIN: B006J541LE
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-01-29. Retrieved 2008-07-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Lamphun food : Kaeng Khae Kai
- "ก๋วยเตี๋ยวหมูตุ๋นลำไย (เวียงยอง) หลังวัดพระธาตุหริภุญไชย ลำพูน". mu-ku-ra.com (in Thai). 2018-10-25.