Open main menu

Lamphun (Thai: ลำพูน, pronounced [lām.pʰūːn]) is one of the northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Chiang Mai, Lampang, and Tak.

Lamphun

ลำพูน
Flag of Lamphun
Flag
Official seal of Lamphun
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Lamphun Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Lamphun Province
CountryThailand
CapitalLamphun town
Government
 • GovernorWirachai Phuphiangchai (since October 2016)
Area
 • Total4,506 km2 (1,740 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 48th
Population
 (2017)
 • Total405,918[1]
 • RankRanked 63rd
 • Density rankRanked 52nd
Human Achievement Index[2]
 • HAI (2014)0.6497 "somewhat high"
ranking 16th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Area code(s)053
ISO 3166 codeTH-51
Vehicle registrationลำพูน

Contents

GeographyEdit

Lamphun is in the Ping River valley. It is surrounded by mountain chains, with the Thanon Thong Chai Range in the west and the Khun Tan Range in the east of the province. It is some 670 kilometres from Bangkok and 26 kilometres from Chiang Mai.

HistoryEdit

Under its old name of Haripunchai, Lamphun was the northernmost city of the Mon kingdom of the Dvaravati period,[3] and also the last to fall to the Thai. In the late-12th century it came under siege from the Khmer, but did not fall. However, in 1281 King Mengrai of Lan Na finally seized the city, and made it part of his kingdom. After Burmese expansion in the 16th century, Lamphun was under Burmese rule for two centuries. In the 18th century, with the rise of Thonburi and Bangkok against Burmese rule, local leaders from Lampang agreed to be their allies. Lamphun was finally freed from the Burmese and ruled by relatives of Lampang's leader, gaining vassal status from Bangkok. Eventually, after the administrative reform of Bangkok government in the late-19th century, Lamphun became part, as a province, of Siam.[4]

SymbolsEdit

 
The viharn and golden chedi of Wat Phra That Hariphunchai

The provincial seal shows the temple Wat Phra That Haripunchai, which was already the main temple of the city Lamphun during Mon times. The gold-covered chedi is said to contain a relic of Buddha.

The provincial flower is the Flame of the Forest (Butea monosperma), and the provincial tree is the Rain Tree (Samanea saman).

Administrative divisionsEdit

The province is divided into eight districts (amphoes). These are further subdivided into 51 sub-districts (tambons) and 551 villages (mubans).

Municipal (thesaban) areas in the province are the town (thesaban mueang) Lamphun and 12 townships (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal area is administered by 45 tambon administrative organizations (TAO) and two tambon councils.

For national elections the province is divided into three constituencies. Constituency 1 covers the Mueang District except Tambon Makhuea Chae; Constituency 2 the districts Pa Sang, Mae Tha, and Tambon Makhuea Chae of Mueang District; and Constituency 3 the districts Ban Hong, Thung Hua Chang, and Li.

 
The Dvaravati-style chedi of Wat Phra That Hariphunchai

Human Achievement Index 2014Edit

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human Achievement Index (HAI), a composite index assessing eight measures of human development.[2]
Lamphun Province, with an HAI value of 0.6497 takes 16th place in the ranking. This is ranked as "somewhat high".

Lamphun Province HAI[2]
HAI indices Indicators Rank list
Health 7 67th
Education 4 11th
Employment 4 8th
Income 4 45th
Housing and living environment 5 38th
Family and community life 6 64th
Transport and communication 6 31st
Participation 4 2nd

TransportEdit

FoodsEdit

  • Kaeng khae, a spicy curry consisting mainly of vegetables with chicken, frog, fish or snails.[5]
  • Kuaitiao lamyai, stewed pork noodles soup with dried longan, originated in Lamphun.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population in Thailand as of 31 December 2017" (PDF). Government Gazette. Ratchakitcha Society. 135: 22–25. 2018-02-28. Retrieved 2018-09-30.
  2. ^ a b c Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community (Report). United Nations Development Programme. pp. 93–166. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  3. ^ "Historic Lamphun: Capital of the Mon Kingdom of Haripunchai", in: Forbes, Andrew, and Henley, David, Ancient Chiang Mai Volume 4. Chiang Mai, Cognoscenti Books, 2012. ASIN: B006J541LE
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-01-29. Retrieved 2008-07-20.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ Lamphun food : Kaeng Khae Kai
  6. ^ "ก๋วยเตี๋ยวหมูตุ๋นลำไย (เวียงยอง) หลังวัดพระธาตุหริภุญไชย ลำพูน". mu-ku-ra.com (in Thai). 2018-10-25.

External linksEdit