Prachuap Khiri Khan Province

Prachuap Khiri Khan (Thai: ประจวบคีรีขันธ์, pronounced [prā.t͡ɕùa̯p.kʰīː.rīː.kʰǎn]) is one of the western provinces (changwat) of Thailand. It is in the northern part of the Malay Peninsula, some 240 km (150 mi) south of Bangkok. Neighboring provinces include Phetchaburi to the north and Chumphon to the south. To the west, it borders Tanintharyi Region of Myanmar.

Prachuap Khiri Khan

ประจวบคีรีขันธ์
Khao Sam Roi Yot
Khao Sam Roi Yot
Flag of Prachuap Khiri Khan
Flag
Official seal of Prachuap Khiri Khan
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Prachuap
Mueang Sam Ao
(city of three bays)
Map of Thailand highlighting Prachuap Khiri Khan Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Prachuap Khiri Khan Province
CountryThailand
RegionWestern Thailand
CapitalPrachuap Khiri Khan
Largest CityHua Hin
Government
 • GovernorPhanlop Singhaseni
(since October 2017)
Area
 • Total6,368 km2 (2,459 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 32nd
Population
 (2018)[2]
 • Total548,815
 • Rank Ranked 46th
 • Density86/km2 (220/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 55th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
77xxx
Calling code032
ISO 3166 codeTH-77
Websitewww.prachuapkhirikhan.go.th

GeographyEdit

Prachuap Khiri Khan covers an area totaling 6,367 square kilometers (2,458 sq mi).[4] The province is on the Kra Isthmus, the narrow land bridge connecting the Malay Peninsula with mainland Asia. The province has the narrowest part of Thailand, just 12.38 km (7.69 mi) from the Gulf of Thailand to the border with Myanmar in the Tenasserim Hills.[5] Geographically, Prachuap Khiri Khan is a moderate plain with elevations varying from sea level to 1,200 m (3,900 ft). The maximum elevations are found in the northeastern and central west regions, which make up approximately 30 percent of the province.

 
Kuha Karuhas Pavilion, inside Phraya Nakhon Cave, Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park

The long coast of the Gulf of Thailand has many sandy beaches. One of the best known, Hua Hin, has been a popular resort since King Prajadhipok (Rama VII) built a summer palace there. From the coast the land quickly rises into the Tenasserim Hills, the mountain chain that forms the border with Myanmar. Due to its narrow watershed, the rivers in the province are all small. The only one of significance is the Pranburi River in the north. Among the smaller rivers is the Khlong Kui.[6]

Prachuap Khiri Khan has a dubbed as "Mueang Sam Ao", which meaning "city of three bays", refers to Ao Noi, Ao Prachup, and Ao Manao all three bights are lined up. All are located in the area of Mueang Prachuap Khiri Khan District.[7]

Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park was established in 1966 to protect Thailand's largest freshwater marshes. The park contains some mangrove forests and mudflats. Most of the marshes were converted into shrimp farms, despite being in a national park.

HistoryEdit

 
Prachuap Khiri Khan Lak Mueang

The city of Muang Na Rang was reconstructed in 1845, after it had been abandoned during the fall of the Ayutthaya Kingdom in 1767. The town was rebuilt at the mouth of the Ron River and renamed "Prachuap Khiri Khan", which means 'city in the mountains'.

King Mongkut gathered the people of three towns—Bang Nangrom, Kui Buri, and Khlong Wan—and resettled them in the rebuilt city. At the same time, he renamed a portion of what is now Trat Province and Koh Kong Province in Cambodia "Patchan Khiri Khet". The name was chosen to rhyme with "Prachuap Khiri Khan" on the opposite side of the Gulf of Thailand at the same latitude.[8]

In 1868, King Mongkut invited foreign guests to the province to watch a solar eclipse he had predicted for 18 August. The dignitaries viewed it from an observation point in the marshes near Sam Roi Yot. He contracted malaria, of which he died on 1 October.

In the reign of King Rama II, a new city was established at the mouth of the I Rom Canal known as Muang Bang Nang Rom. Prachuap became a seaside resort during the reign of King Rama V. Besides tourism, the province is heavily agricultural. Coconuts are a major crop. As much as 40 percent of farmers in Prachuap Khiri Khan solely cultivate coconuts.[9]

At the beginning of World War II, Japanese troops invaded Thailand. On 8 December 1941, they struck first near the city of Prachuap Khiri Khan. After resisting the Japanese in the Battle of Prachuap Khiri Khan, after several hours the defenders were ordered to cease fire by the government in Bangkok.

ArchaeologyEdit

The discovery of 3,000 years old cave paintings was announced by archaeologists from the Fine Arts Office in a cave at the Khao Sam Roi Yod National Park in May in 2020. Some of the depicted pictures are still visible and clear, while some paintings were damaged by limestone etching. According to archeologist Kannika Premjai, paintings describe humanlike figures with accessories on their bodies, hunting scenes with bow and arrow. Moreover, there is also an animal figure seems to be serow (a goat-like mammal found regionally) found among the drawings.[10]

SymbolsEdit

The provincial seal shows the Kuha Karuhas Pavilion, which was built when King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) visited the Praya Nakorn Cave (Sam Roi Yot District). Depicted behind the pavilion is the island of Ko Lak in Prachuap Bay, the historic center of administration.

The provincial tree as well as the provincial flower is the rayan or manilkara (Manilkara hexandra). Milkfish (Chanos chanos) is a provincial fish.[11]

The provincial slogan is 'City of pure gold, delectable coconuts and pineapples, delightful beaches, mountain and caves, land of spiritual beauty'.

Administrative divisionsEdit

 
Map of eight districts

Provincial governmentEdit

The province is divided into eight districts (amphoes). The districts are further divided into 48 subdistricts (tambons) and 388 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Prachuap Khiri Khan
  2. Kui Buri
  3. Thap Sakae
  4. Bang Saphan
  1. Bang Saphan Noi
  2. Pran Buri
  3. Hua Hin
  4. Sam Roi Yot

Local governmentEdit

As of 26 November 2019 there are[12]: one Prachuap Khiri Khan Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 16 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Prachuap Khiri khan and Hua Hin have town (thesaban mueang) status. Further 14 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 44 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).[2]

TransportEdit

 
Hua Hin Railway Station
Air

Hua Hin Airport is in Hua Hin District. AirAsia serves the airport with a direct flight to Kuala Lumpur that commenced on 18 May 2018.[13]

Rail

The railway in Prachuap Khiri Khan is on the southern route from Bangkok. There are five major stations in Prachuap Khiri Khan: Hua Hin Railway Station, Pran Buri Railway Station, Prachuap Khiri Khan Railway Station, Bang Saphan Yai Railway Station, and Bang Saphan Noi Railway Station.

Road

Prachuap is on Thailand Route 4 (Phetkasem Road), which links the central region with the south.

Human achievement index 2017Edit

Health Education Employment Income
       
45 75 9 74
Housing Family Transport Participation
     
76 69 77 19
Province Mae Hong Son, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.4637 is "low", occupies place 77 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[3]

Rank Classification
  1 - 15 "high"
16 - 30 "somewhat high"
31 - 45 "average"
45 - 60 "somewhat low"
61 - 77 "low"

TourismEdit

Thailand's royal family and especially former kings were the first to set this location on the map as the original seashore destination in Thailand. The long white sandy beaches themselves are clean and pretty. Besides sunbathing snorkeling and swimming, visitors can also enjoy golf, spas, caves, peaks, waterfalls, shops, and nearby national parks.

GalleryEdit

NotesEdit

Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.[dead link]
  2. ^ a b "รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  3. ^ a b Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), pages 1-40, maps 1-9, retrieved 14 September 2019, ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1
  4. ^ Svasti, Pichaya (11 October 2018). "A place of gold". Bangkok Post (Life, Travel). Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  5. ^ "ABOUT PRACHUAP KHIRI KHAN". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  6. ^ Geography of Thailand Archived 2009-11-15 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Kungtalon (2016-07-30). "เมืองสามอ่าว ชมวิวเขาล้อมหมวก" [City of three bights sightseeing at Khao Lom Muang]. theTripPacker (in Thai). Retrieved 2020-03-03.
  8. ^ Mekloy, Pongpet (1 August 2019). "Not What It Seems". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  9. ^ Theparat, Chatrudee (2019-02-15). "Farms to get B12bn for upgrade". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 2019-02-18.
  10. ^ "Ancient cave paintings discovered in western Thailand". www.msn.com. Retrieved 2020-05-31.
  11. ^ Suraset Meesin (story) and Editorial Team (photos), ปลาเด็ด 77 จังหวัด #6 (Cool fish in 77 provinces #6), Aquarium Biz, Vol. 4 Issue 43 (January 2014) Thai: ภาษาไทย
  12. ^ "Number of local government organizations by province". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019. 29 Prachuap Khiri Khan: 1 PAO, 2 Town mun., 14 Subdistrict mun., 44 SAO.
  13. ^ "Regular flights begin at Hua Hin airport". Bangkok Post. 18 May 2018. Retrieved 18 May 2018.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 11°48′N 99°47′E / 11.800°N 99.783°E / 11.800; 99.783





NotesEdit

Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.