Kra Isthmus

The Kra Isthmus in Thailand is the narrowest part of the Malay Peninsula.[2] The western part of the isthmus belongs to Ranong Province and the eastern part to Chumphon Province, both in Southern Thailand. The isthmus is bordered to the west by the Andaman Sea and to the east by the Gulf of Thailand.[citation needed]

Kra Isthmus
Thai: คอคอดกระ, pronounced /kʰɔ̄ː kʰɔ̂ːt kràʔ/, Malay: Segenting Kra/Segenting Kera
Map showing the location of Kra Isthmus
Map showing the location of Kra Isthmus
Kra Isthmus
Coordinates12°00′N 99°48′E / 12°N 99.8°E / 12; 99.8Coordinates: 12°00′N 99°48′E / 12°N 99.8°E / 12; 99.8[1]
Part ofMalay peninsula

The Kra Isthmus marks the boundary between two sections of the mountain chain which runs from Tibet through the Malay peninsula. The southern part is the Phuket Range, which is a continuation of the Tenasserim Hills, extending further northwards for over 400 km (250 mi) beyond the Three Pagodas Pass.[3]

The Kra Isthmus is in the Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests ecoregion. Dipterocarps are the dominant trees in the ecoregion.[4]

Pacific WarEdit

On 8 December 1941 local time, the Imperial Japanese army landed in Songkhla invading Thailand. Because of the International Date Line, this actually occurred hours before the 7 December (Hawaii time) attack on Pearl Harbor, making it the first major action of the Pacific War. The Japanese forces then moved south towards Perlis and Penang as part of the Malayan campaign which culminated in the capture of Singapore.[5]

Kra CanalEdit

The Thai Canal is a proposal to join the Gulf of Thailand with the Andaman Sea. It was originally envisioned as crossing the isthmus.[6][7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hughes, A.C.; Satasook, C.; Bates, P.J.; Bumrungsri, S. & Jones, G. (2011). "Explaining the causes of the zoogeographic transition around the Isthmus of Kra: using bats as a case study". Journal of Biogeography. 38 (12): 2362–2372. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02568.x.
  2. ^ "Kra, Isthmus of". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
  3. ^ Gupta, A. The Physical Geography of Southeast Asia
  4. ^ Wikramanayake, Eric; Eric Dinerstein; Colby J. Loucks; et al. (2002). Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: a Conservation Assessment. Washington, DC: Island Press.
  5. ^ Parfitt, Allen. "Bicycle Blitzkreig [sic] The Japanese Conquest of Malaya and Singapore 1941-1942". MilitaryHistoryOnline.com. Retrieved 9 Aug 2012.
  6. ^ Griffith University (23 March 2010). "Thai Canal Project: Over 300 years of conceptualising and still counting". Asian Correspondent. Hybrid News. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
  7. ^ Loftus, Alfred John (1883). Notes of a journey across the Isthmus of Krà.