Korean FA Cup
The Korean FA Cup is a national cup knockout competition involving K League 1, K League 2, National League, K3 League Advanced, K3 League Basic, and various amateur and university-level clubs, which is held annually by the Korea Football Association (KFA). Its previous format began in 1921, as the All Joseon Football Tournament (1921–1940) and became the National Football Championship (1946–2000), but the FA Cup in it present format began in 1996. The KFA merged its cup competition with the FA Cup in 2000. The winner gains entry to the Asian Champions League.
(1921 as All Korea Football Tournament)
|Number of teams||86 (2018)|
|International cup(s)||AFC Champions League|
|Current champions||Daegu FC (2018) (1st title)|
|Most successful club(s)||Pohang Steelers|
Suwon Samsung Bluewings
|2019 Korean FA Cup|
The All Korea Football Tournament was founded by the Korea Sports Council in 1921, during Japanese rule in Korea. Youth, student and adult football clubs from various provinces participated. After 1934, it became a part of the Korean National Sports Festival, which was the championship for various sports games and matched Koreans against other sports championships operated by Japanese who lived in Korea. The Korea Sports Council was disbanded in 1937, due to the Japanese government's oppression. The KFA succeeded it after 1938, but was cancelled after 1940 for the same reason during World War II.
After the liberation of Korea, the KFA founded the National Football Championship in 1946. Many clubs from all over Korea participated. It opened in late autumn, like its predecessor, the All Korea Football Tournament.
It declined after the founding of the Korean Professional Football League (K-League) in 1983, because professional clubs and famous players didn’t take part in it. There were several efforts to make professional clubs join the tournament, and it became so successful that many top-rank clubs joined in and the KFA renamed it FA Cup for the 1988 and 1989 seasons. However, it soon returned to an amateur tournament, because of discord between the KFA and professional football clubs. KFA's FA Cup separated from the National Football Championship in 1996. The two competitions merged again in 2000.
The Korean FA Cup took place after the end of the regular K-League season, and was usually completed over a short period. Games were played in a single-elimination format, with extra time and penalties if required. K-League sides were seeded in the 1st round of the tournament proper, but all matches were played at neutral venues, such as Gimcheon and Namhae.
To elevate the status of the tournament, matches were spread throughout the year. The 2006 edition, for example, started in early March, with rounds also held in April, July, August and November. The final was played in December.
As in previous years, the competition was contested in a straight knockout format.
Pohang Steelers and Suwon Samsung Bluewings are the most successful clubs in the Korean FA Cup with four titles each. Five clubs, including Pohang Steelers, Jeonnam Dragons, Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors, Suwon Samsung Bluewings and Seongnam FC, have won the Korean FA Cup more than twice.
Titles by seasonEdit
Titles by clubEdit
- K League official policy is that current clubs succeed to predecessor clubs' history & records.
|Club||Winners||Runners-up||Winning Seasons||Runners-up Seasons|
|Pohang Steelers||4||3||1996, 2008, 2012, 2013||2001, 2002, 2007|
|Suwon Samsung Bluewings||4||3||2002, 2009, 2010, 2016||1996, 2006, 2011|
|Seongnam FC||3||3||1999, 2011, 2014||1997, 2000, 2009|
|Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors||3||2||2000, 2003, 2005||1999, 2013|
|Jeonnam Dragons||3||1||1997, 2006, 2007||2003|
|FC Seoul||2||2||1998, 2015||2014, 2016|
|Busan IPark||1||2||2004||2010, 2017|
|Ulsan Hyundai||1||2||2017||1998, 2018|
|Gyeongnam FC||0||2||2008, 2012|
|Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Dolphin||0||1||2005|
Titles by city / areaEdit
|City / Area||Titles||Clubs|
|Pohang||4||Pohang Steelers (1996, 2008, 2012, 2013)|
|Suwon||4||Suwon Samsung Bluewings (2002, 2009, 2010, 2016)|
|Jeonnam||3||Jeonnam Dragons (1997, 2006, 2007)|
|Jeonbuk||3||Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors (2000, 2003, 2005)|
|Seongnam||2||Seongnam FC (2011, 2014)|
|Anyang||1||Anyang LG Cheetahs (1998)|
|Cheonan||1||Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma (1999)|
|Daejeon||1||Daejeon Citizen (2001)|
|Busan||1||Busan I'Cons (2004)|
|Seoul||1||FC Seoul (2015)|
|Ulsan||1||Ulsan Hyundai (2017)|
Top Scorer AwardEdit
Goals from Round of 32 are counted.
If three or more players finished with the same number of goals as the top scorer, the award was not presented.
|1996||Denis Laktionov||Suwon Samsung Bluewings||4|
|1997||Roh Sang-rae||Jeonnam Dragons||6|
|1998||Kim Jong-kun||Ulsan Hyundai||5|
|1999||Choi Yong-soo||Anyang LG Cheetahs||5|
|2001||Kim Eun-jung||Daejeon Citizen||4|
|Choi Sung-kuk||Korea University|
|2004||Wang Jung-hyun||FC Seoul||5|
|Jung Jo-gook||FC Seoul|
|2005||Milton Rodríguez||Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors||6|
|2006||Jang Nam-seok||Daegu FC||3|
|2008||Kim Dong-chan||Gyeongnam FC||6|
|2009||Stevica Ristić||Pohang Steelers||5|
|2010||Ji Dong-won||Jeonnam Dragons||5|
|2011||Go Seul-ki||Ulsan Hyundai||4|
|2014||Kaio||Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors||4|
- 大韓蹴球協會 편 『韓國蹴球百年史』라사라, p.163-166, p.220-226.
- English translation of 전조선축구대회 is “All Korea Football Tournament” as described in official KFA homepage. KFA: Archives: History Archived 2012-09-15 at the Wayback Machine
- 내년부터 축구의 "王中王(왕중왕)" 「FA컵대회」신설 The Kyunghyang Shinmun, 1981-11-15.
- FA컵축구 15일개막 프로•실업등42팀참가 The Kyunghyang Shinmun, 1988-11-10.
- 89축구「王中王(왕중왕)」뽑는다 The Kyunghyang Shinmun, 1989-11-01.
- "The Official K-League Almanac" (in Korean). K-League editorial division.
- Then known as Pohang Atoms
- Then known as Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma