Naver (Hangul: 네이버) is a South Korean online platform operated by Naver Corporation. It debuted in 1999 as the first web portal in South Korea to develop and use its own search engine. It was also the world's first operator to introduce the comprehensive search feature, which compiles search results from various categories and presents them in a single page. Naver has since added a multitude of new services ranging from basic features such as e-mail and news to the world's first online Q&A platform Knowledge iN.

Naver
Naver Logotype.svg
Type of site
Search Engine
OwnerNaver Corporation
URLwww.naver.com
CommercialYes
RegistrationOptional
Launched1999; 21 years ago (1999)[1]

As of September 2017, the search engine handled 74.7% of all web searches in South Korea and had 42 million enrolled users. More than 25 million Koreans have Naver as the start page on their default browser and the mobile application has 28 million daily visitors. Naver is also frequently referred to as 'the Google of South Korea'.[2]

HistoryEdit

Naver was created in June 1999 as the first South Korean portal website with a self-developed search engine. In August 2000, Naver began the 'comprehensive search' service, which allows users to get a variety of results from a search query on a single page, organized by type, including blogs, websites, images, cafes, etc. This was five years before Google launched a similar offer with its 'universal search' function.

In the early days of Naver's operation, there was a relative dearth of webpages available in the Korean language. To fill this void, Naver became an early pioneer in user-generated content through the creation of the 'Knowledge iN (Hangul: 네이버 지식인)' service in 2002. In Knowledge iN, users can pose questions on any subject and select among answers provided by other users, awarding points to the users who gives the best answers. Knowledge iN was launched three years before Yahoo! launched its similar 'Yahoo! Answers' service,[3] and now possesses a database of over 200 million answers.

Over the years, Naver has continued to expand its services. It launched its Web comic service 'Webtoon' in 2004 and its personal Blog service in 2005. From 2005 to 2007, Naver expanded its multimedia search services, including music and video search as well as mobile search.

Naver replaced the comment box with facial emojis in March, 2020 after criticisms of mental health implications for celebrities.

Junior NaverEdit

Junior Naver (Hangul: 쥬니어 네이버), also known as Juniver (Hangul:쥬니버), is a portal website for children considered similar to Yahooligans. Junior Naver offers services such as avatars, educational content, quizzes, videos, Q&A, and a homework helper. Junior Naver utilizes a panel of experts and educators to filter out harmful content in order to ensure a safe internet environment for children. Ever since its competitors Daum Kids and Yahoo Kids have closed down, Junior Naver is the only children's portal site operating in Korea.

Naver WebtoonEdit

Naver Webtoon (Hangul: 네이버 웹툰), later simply WEBTOON, is a webcomic platform where users have free access to a variety of webtoons created by professional artists. Users can also pay publishers to view comic books and genre fiction contents online. Naver has incorporated a 'Challenge' section which allows amateurs to post and promote their own works. These days, there are a number of k-dramas that are motivated by these webtoons.

Naver CafeEdit

Naver Cafe (Hangul: 네이버 카페) is a service that allows Naver users to create their own internet communities. There were 10.5 million cafes running as of May 2017.

Naver BlogEdit

Naver Blog (Hangul: 네이버 블로그) started with the name 'paper' in June 2003, and evolved to 'blog' in October 2003.[4] It had 23 million users as of April 2016. 'Bloggers' appeared as a newly introduced career with the creation of the Naver blog. They are working as an influencers by writing their own reviews about the products or places.

Naver TVEdit

Naver TV (formerly Naver TV Cast) is a web broadcast network which mainly provides web dramas distributed by Naver.

Knowledge INEdit

Knowledge iN (Korean:지식iN), formerly Knowledge Search (Korean:지식검색), is an online Q&A platform launched in October 2002.[5] The tool allows users to ask any question and to receive answers from other users. Knowledge iN was an early example of harnessing user-generated content to expand the amount of information available on the web, particularly in the Korean language. Bradley Horowitz, former Vice President of Product Strategy at Yahoo!, has cited Knowledge iN as the inspiration for Yahoo! Answers, which was launched three years after Naver introduced the original service.[6][7]

Naver EncyclopediaEdit

Naver Encyclopedia consists of a professional database with over 3 million entries from many different encyclopedias.[8] More than 1000 experts in physics, food, film, and other fields are producing 45 kinds of specialized content in the encyclopedia of Naver knowledge, and 50,000 headwords are accumulated.[8] The Naver Knowledge Encyclopedia also deals with more than 100 public institutions and has received over 900 kinds of DBs.[8]

PRISM Live StudioEdit

PRISM Live Studio (In Korean: 프리즘 라이브 스튜디오) is a live streaming application for both mobile and PC. Streamers can simultaneously broadcast to multiple platforms, also known as simulcasting, while using up to 1080p HD all without increasing the network usage. Platforms supported includes YouTube, Facebook, Twitch, Periscope, V Live, Naver TV, afreecaTV, kakaoTV and RTMP channels. The application can also be used for video editing purposes.[9]

CriticismEdit

Naver's closed platform is frequently mentioned. Their knowledge and blogs are not to be searched on other search sites, which is to operate the site to maximize. In April 2011, the second and third portal sites in Korea, Daum and Nate, signed a memorandum of understanding to open their search for services such as cafe and blogs. Naver did not choose to participate in this MOU. [10]

There is also a criticism that blogs in Naver are limited from being searched by other search engines, and that Naver helps with unauthorized publishing in order to attract users to the KnowledgeIN service. In other words, the quality of the KnowledgeIN service is a poor factor, as previous answers to a question are left unaltered, or a previous question is only allowed to be slightly altered by other netizens. Criticism is also growing as Naver unilaterally controls comments or edits information that may be against its political positions.[11]

Naver introduced new restrictions on comments to protect celebrities from malicious comments by the anonymous online audiences in March, 2020. This was following a 2019 incident where a famous K-pop star Sulli committed suicide due to depression after facing a huge amount of malicious comments.[12]

ControversyEdit

In October 2020, Naver was fined 26.7 billion won ($22.9 million) by South Korea's Fair Trade Commission (FTC) for manipulating its algorithm between 2012 and 2015 in favor of its own services such as Smart Store and Naver TV over services provided by rivals.[13][14] Naver's share in the open market sector increased from 4.97% in 2015 to 21.08% in 2018, while competitors market shares went down.[15][16]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Naver.com WHOIS, DNS, & Domain Info - DomainTools". WHOIS. Retrieved 2016-08-17.
  2. ^ "Naver's new format hits newspapers". Koreatimes.co.kr. 2012-05-24. Archived from the original on 2014-03-28. Retrieved 2013-04-11.
  3. ^ "Yahoo! Answers has app babby and calls it Answers Now". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2017-12-13.
  4. ^ Naver service history in Naver public website
  5. ^ "네이버 지식iN". kin.naver.com.
  6. ^ Horowitz, Bradley (27 June 2006). "Searching for what doesn't exist…". blog.elatable.com. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  7. ^ Pastreich, Emanuel (18 July 2011). "Take Naver Global Today!". Korea IT Times. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  8. ^ a b c "[2017] Naver knowledge Encyclopedia settlement". blog.naver.com (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-04-18.
  9. ^ "PRISM Live Studio. Official". Medium. Retrieved 2019-11-14.
  10. ^ "'닫힌' 네이버, '열린' 反네이버 동맹에 흔들?". news.naver.com (in Korean). Retrieved 2019-03-15.
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ CNN, Jack Guy and Sophie Jeong. "Sulli, 25-year-old K-pop star, found dead at home in Seongnam, South Korea". CNN. Retrieved 2020-09-02.
  13. ^ Mu-Hyun, Cho. "Naver fined for search manipulation". ZDNet. Retrieved 2020-10-07.
  14. ^ Herald, The Korea (2020-10-06). "Naver faces 26.7b-won fine, accused of manipulating algorithms". www.koreaherald.com. Retrieved 2020-10-07.
  15. ^ "Naver fined for manipulating search algorithms". www.theinvestor.co.kr. Retrieved 2020-10-07.
  16. ^ "Naver fined W26.7 bil. for manipulating search algorithm". koreatimes. 2020-10-06. Retrieved 2020-10-07.

External linksEdit