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The NOFV-Oberliga Nord is the fifth tier of the German football league system in the northern states of the former East Germany and West Berlin. It covers the German states of Berlin, Brandenburg and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. It is one of fourteen Oberligas in German football. Until the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008 it was the fourth tier of the league system, until the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 the third tier.
|Number of teams||16|
|Level on pyramid||Level 5|
|Promotion to||Regionalliga Nordost|
|Current champions||FSV Optik Rathenow |
The NOFV-Oberliga Nord was formed in 1991 when, along with the political reunification of Germany, the former East German football league system was integrated into the unified German one.
The abbreviation NOFV stands for Nordostdeutscher Fußballverband, meaning North East German Football Association.
The league was formed from clubs from five different leagues: Three clubs from the Oberliga Nordost, the former DDR-Oberliga, eight clubs from the NOFV-Liga, the former East German second division, one club from the Bezirksliga Schwerin, one of the regional leagues of the old East German third league level, one from the Verbandsliga Brandenburg, a new league, and six clubs from the Amateur-Oberliga Berlin, the West-German third division for the city of Berlin. The league accommodated therefore a wide mix of clubs from the east and west of Germany. With the FC Berlin, the former BFC Dynamo, and Vorwärts Frankfurt, it held two former East German champions as well. It was also the first time since 1950 that clubs from East- and West-Berlin played in the same league.
The league became one of the then ten Oberligas in the united Germany, the third tier of league football. Its champion was however not directly promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga but had to take part in a promotion play-off. In 1993 the league champion was successful in this competition, in 1992 and 1994 they failed.
For the duration of the league and onwards, the leagues below it are:
- Verbandsliga Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
- Verbandsliga Sachsen-Anhalt (northern clubs only, since 1994)
In 1994, the German football league system saw some major changes. The four Regionalligen were introduced as an intermediate level between 2nd Bundesliga and Oberligen, relegating the Oberligen to fourth tier from now on. In the east of Germany, the Regionalliga Nordost was formed, a league covering the area of former East Germany and West-Berlin. Six clubs from the NOFV-Oberliga Nord were admitted to the new league:
- BSV Brandenburg, now FC Stahl Brandenburg
- Eisenhüttenstädter FC Stahl
- Reinickendorfer Füchse
- Berliner FC Dynamo
- Spandauer SV
- FSV Optik Rathenow
The NOFV-Oberliga Mitte was disbanded and its clubs spread between the two remaining Oberligas in the east. Five clubs from the former league were added to the NOFV-Oberliga Nord, three of them from Berlin and two from the northern part of Saxony-Anhalt. The league now became the only Oberliga with clubs from Berlin.
From 1995 to 1999, the champions of the league were directly promoted to the Regionalliga Nordost. In 1997 and 1999, the runners-up were eligible for promotion too.
With the reduction of the number of Regionalligen to two, the league came under the Regionalliga Nord. Five clubs were relegated that season from the now disbanded Regionalliga Nordost. The regulations about promotion kept on changing and until 2006, the league champion had to play-off with the champion of the southern league for one promotion spot. Only in 2004 did the northern champion come out as a winner of this contest. From the 2006 season onwards, direct promotion was awarded again.
The league changes in 2008 with the introduction of the 3rd Liga meant the Oberligen was now the fifth tier of league football in Germany. The top three teams of the league in 2007–08 gained entry to the Regionalliga, the fourth placed team had to play-off against the fourth placed team from the south for one more spot, these clubs being:
Otherwise, the setup of the league did not change and its champion was directly promoted from the 2008-09 season onwards.
Another league reform, decided upon in 2010, saw the reestablishment of the Regionalliga Nordost from 2012 onwards, with the two NOFV-Oberligas feeding into this league again. With the league champions, F.C. Hansa Rostock II being ineligible for promotion TSG Neustrelitz, FSV Optik Rathenow and 1. FC Union Berlin II were directly promoted to the new Regionalliga while Torgelower SV Greif achieved promotion through a play-off round.
Founding members of the leagueEdit
The founding members of the league in 1991 were:
From the Oberliga Nordost:
From the Verbandsliga Brandenburg:
From the Bezirksliga Schwerin:
From the Amateur-Oberliga Berlin:
From the NOFV-Liga Staffel A:
Champions of the NOFV-Oberliga NordEdit
Placings in the leagueEdit
|1. FC Union Berlin||M||M||M||R||R||R||R||R||R||R||2B||2B||2B||R||1||R||R||3L||2B||2B||2B||2B||2B||2B||2B||2B||2B||2B|
|1. FC Magdeburg||M||M||M||12||9||S||R||R||R||S||R||S||S||S||S||R||R||R||R||R||R||R||R||R||3L||3L||3L||2B|
|SV Babelsberg 03||1||R||R||R||R||2B||R||2||3||3||1||R||R||R||3L||3L||3L||R||R||R||R||R||R|
|Hertha BSC II||M||M||M||R||R||10||2||1||R||2||1||2||1||R||R||R||1||R||R||R||R||R||R||R||R||R||R||R|
|Berliner AK 074||4||15||12||15||13||8||10||4||15||10||10||3||R||R||R||R||R||R||R||R|
|FC Viktoria 1889 Berlin6||7||1||R||R||R||R||R||R|
|Berliner FC Dynamo||1||4||4||R||R||R||R||R||R||1||17||6||6||10||5||2||2||7||13||3||1||R||R||R||R||R|
|FSV Union Fürstenwalde||8||2||12||8||1||R||R||R|
|FSV Optik Rathenow||11||7||R||R||7||12||13||8||10||14||14||12||14||7||3||7||6||3||R||R||1||R||2||1||R|
|FSV 63 Luckenwalde||4||S||S||5||8||3||R||R||R||x|
|Tennis Borussia Berlin||4||1||2B||R||R||R||R||2B||2B||R||2||4||5||4||5||3||6||1||R||14||4||6||2||x|
|SV Lichtenberg 47||M||5||9||15||17||7||3||4||5||3||3||x|
|Brandenburger SC Süd 05||9||6||7||8||17||8||3||8||14||13||2||13||13||S||6||x|
|FC Anker Wismar||16||9||12||16||11||16||7||5||8||x|
|Hansa Rostock II||9||15||2||R||3||1||4||4||3||3||1||4||2||2||R||R||2||1||6||4||7||2||10||10||x|
|Torgelower SV Greif||9||12||9||14||8||1||5||R||16||11||x|
|Malchower SV 90||5||10||10||10||13||5||6||7||12||x|
|CFC Hertha 06||9||12||13||x|
|1. FC Lok Stendal||M||M||M||R||R||R||R||R||R||5||15||16||S||x|
|SpVg Blau-Weiß 90 Berlin||x|
|FC Mecklenburg Schwerin||11||14|
|SV Victoria Seelow||8||8||15|
|1. FC Frankfurt 10||15||16||16|
|SV Grün-Weiß Brieselang||14||17|
|FC Schönberg 953||8||3||3||3||1||6||16||7||11||2||R||R|
|SV Germania Schöneiche8||11||11||13||9||11||6||12||10||15|
|FC Energie Cottbus II||S||S||S||S||S||7||S||S||R||R||1||R||R||R||S||S||S|
|1. FC Neubrandenburg 04||7||6||8||14||9||11||14||10||12|
|SV Waren 09 9||15||11|
|FC Pommern Greifswald 9||8||9||15|
|1. FC Union Berlin II9||5||2||R||R||R|
|Füchse Berlin Reinickendorf||10||12||3||R||R||R||R||7||2||7||8||11||9||15||6||13||15|
|SV Yeşilyurt Berlin4||4||5||8||14||16|
|Eisenhüttenstädter FC Stahl||6||3||2||R||R||R||R||R||R||9||10||5||11||18|
|FC Anhalt Dessau||M||M||M||6||12||13||S||S||S||S||S|
|Frankfurter FC Viktoria 10||11||17||5||5||11||19|
|FC Eintracht Schwerin||10||3||8||9||4||4||13||13||17|
|Oranienburger FC Eintracht||19|
|Tennis Borussia Berlin II2||2||R||11|
|SV SW Neustadt/Dosse||11||13||14||17|
|SD Croatia Berlin||14||1||R||10||18|
|SV Tasmania Berlin||6||16|
|1. FC Schwedt||8||5||5||8||11||16|
|1. FC Wilmersdorf||9||15|
|FC Stahl Brandenburg||2B||2||1||R||16|
|SV Türkspor 65 Berlin||M||M||M||15|
|Wacker 04 Berlin||15|
|SV Hafen Rostock||17|
|2B||2. Bundesliga (1974–present)|
|3L||3. Liga (2008–present)|
|R||Regionalliga Nordost (1994–2000) |
Regionalliga Nord (2000–2008)
Regionalliga Nordost (2008–Present)
|S||Club played in the NOFV-Oberliga Süd|
|M||Club played in the NOFV-Oberliga Mitte|
|Blank||Played at a league level below this league|
- 1 In 1999 Spandauer SV withdrew from the Regionalliga to the Verbandsliga.
- 2 In 2001 Tennis Borussia Berlin II had to withdraw from the league because of the first teams relegation.
- 3 In 2007 FC Schönberg 95 withdrew from the league.
- 4 During the 2007–08 season SV Yeşilyurt withdrew its team and merged with Berliner AK.
- 5 During the 1997–98 season FSV Velten declared insolvency and folded.
- 6 FC Viktoria 1889 Berlin was formed in 2013 from a merger of BFC Viktoria 1889 and Lichterfelder FC.
- 7 At the end of the 2013–14 season VSG Altglienicke withdrew from the league.
- 8 At the end of the 2011–12 and 2016–17 seasons SV Germania Schöneiche withdrew from the league.
- 9 At the end of the 2014–15 season SV Waren 09 and FC Pommern Greifswald both withdrew from the Oberliga while 1. FC Union Berlin II was withdrawn from competitive league football altogether.
- 10 1. FC Frankfurt was formed in 2012 from a merger of Frankfurter FC Viktoria and MSV Eintracht Frankfurt.
- 11 Greifswalder FC was formed in 2015 from a merger of Greifswalder SV 04 and FC Pommern Greifswald.
- "Regulations for the NOFV-Oberligas 2007–08". Nordostdeutscher Fußballverband (in German). Retrieved 6 March 2008.
- DFB-Bundestag beschließt Reform der Spielklassen ‹See Tfd›(in German) DFB website, published: 22 October 2010, accessed: 16 July 2011
- Historical German league tables ‹See Tfd›(in German) Das Deutsche Fussball Archiv, accessed: 8 February 2015
- NOFV-Oberliga Nord tables and results 1994–present ‹See Tfd›(in German) Fussballdaten.de, accessed: 8 February 2014
- NOFV-Oberliga Nord 2010-11 ‹See Tfd›(in German) kicker.de, accessed: 13 June 2011