Club Sportivo Cienciano is a professional football club based in Cusco, Peru that currently plays in the Peruvian Primera División.

Cienciano
Cienciano 2016.png
Full nameClub Sportivo Cienciano
(Cienciano Sport Club)
Nickname(s)Los Rojos
Los Imperiales
La Furia Roja
Los Cuzqueños
El Papá
Founded8 July 1901; 120 years ago (1901-07-08)
GroundInca Garcilaso de la Vega
Cusco, Peru
Capacity42,056
ManagerGerardo Ameli
LeagueLiga 1
2021Liga 1, 6th of 18
WebsiteClub website

The club was founded in 1901 by a group of students of the Colegio Nacional Ciencias del Cusco (National Science School of Cusco). They decided to give the club its name based on the word Ciencias, which means "Science".

It gained worldwide recognition after defeating River Plate in the finals of the 2003 Copa Sudamericana and Boca Juniors in the 2004 Recopa Sudamericana.[1] To this day, Cienciano is the only Peruvian club to win an international competition.[2]

HistoryEdit

BeginningsEdit

Cienciano was founded on 8 July 1901 by a group of students from the National School of Science of Cusco (Colegio Nacional Ciencias del Cusco). It participated in several leagues and tournaments of the region.

In 1966 Hector Ladrón de Guevara was the inaugural Cienciano player to be named captain of the Peru national team. In 1972, it began to play in the Peruvian First Division; however, the club was relegated four years later.

In 1988, the FPF invited the club to play in a tournament of the southern region. In 1991, Cienciano won the tournament and in 1992 it once again played in the First Division.

The Golden age (2000–2007)Edit

First League titleEdit

In 2001, Cienciano won its first title with the 2001 Torneo Clausura, although it lost the superfinal (played between the winners of the Apertura and Clausura tournaments) to Alianza Lima.

Copa Sudamericana winEdit

In 2003, Cienciano, led by Peruvian coach Freddy Ternero, qualified to the Copa Sudamericana for the first time in its history, after beating Sporting Cristal in an internal qualifying tournament. The team went through every later knockout round as the clear underdog defeating Peru's Alianza Lima, Chile's Universidad Católica, Colombia's Atlético Nacional (once Copa Libertadores champion) and Brazil's Santos (twice Copa Libertadores champion), to get to the finals. Once at the finals itthe team faced one of the biggest teams in South American football, River Plate of Argentina (twice Copa Libertadores champion). After a 3–3 draw in Buenos Aires, Cienciano went on to win 1–0 in Peru with a free-kick goal by Paraguayan defender Carlos Lugo, which put the aggregate score at 4–3 in its favor to win the final.[3] The game was played at Estadio de la UNSA in Arequipa (home of Cienciano's rivals Melgar, some of whose fans actually attended the match to root for River Plate) because of the insufficient capacity for a CONMEBOL final of the Estadio Garcilaso (which has been expanded since then).[4]

This was the first international championship for a Peruvian team in history; only two other Peruvian teams had advanced to the finals of an international tournament, which was in the Copa Libertadores (Universitario in 1972 and Sporting Cristal in 1997). Both teams were defeated in the finals. The win was considered a severe upset because Cienciano had never been the Peru national champion (the team did win one half-year tournament in 2001 but lost the national championship title through a penalty shootout to the winner of the second tournament, Alianza Lima, in the year in which both celebrated their centenary. The situation was repeated in 2006, but reversed: Cienciano won the second tournament but lost the final to Alianza Lima on aggregate.

Recopa Sudamericana winEdit

After winning the Copa Sudamericana, Cienciano went on to play against Boca Juniors of Argentina, another South American giant, for the 2004 Recopa Sudamericana, this being just one match, much like the UEFA Super Cup, which was disputed between the winners of both South American Cups of the previous season: the Copa Sudamericana and the Copa Libertadores. After a 1–1 draw, Cienciano went on to win the title 4–2 on penalties. The match was played at Lockhart Stadium in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.[2][5]

More league titles and superfinal runner-upsEdit

In 2005, the Cusco-based club won the Torneo Apertura, but lost the superfinal to Sporting Cristal. The following year, it won the 2006 Clausura, but lost the superfinal again to Alianza Lima, the same team that had beaten them in the 2001 national championship final.

Relegation and comebackEdit

In 2015, the club was relegated after finishing in the bottom three of the aggregate table. The club was very close to reaching promotion many times, especially in 2018, where the team lost the final game of its 4 team group. In 2019, it was finally promoted back to the first division after winning the 2019 Liga 2.

RivalriesEdit

Cienciano has had a long-standing rivalry with Melgar, Real Garcilaso and Deportivo Garcilaso.

StadiumEdit

Cienciano plays its home games in Estadio Garcilaso de la Vega which is in Cusco. It was named after the Peruvian Inca Garcilaso de la Vega. When first inaugurated in 1950, it had a spectator capacity of 22,000 and had a running track. In 2004, the stadium's capacity was expanded to 42,000, losing its running track, because of Cienciano's success in international tournaments and it would be a venue in the 2004 Copa América. Cienciano shares the stadium with city rivals Deportivo Garcilaso and Cusco FC.

 
Estadio Inca Garcilaso de la Vega.

Current squadEdit

As of 11 February, 2022.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   PER Juniors Barbieri
2 DF   PER Alexis Cossio
3 DF   PER Koichi Aparicio
4 MF   PER Ángel Romero
5 DF   PER José Racchumick
6 DF   PER Paolo Fuentes
7 DF   PER Josué Estrada
8 MF   ARG Emanuel Ibáñez
9 FW   ARG Danilo Carando
10 MF   ARG Nicolás Rinaldi
11 FW   PER Adrián Ugarriza
12 GK   PER Patrick Zubczuk
13 DF   ARG Carlos Beltrán
No. Pos. Nation Player
14 FW   ARG Facundo Curuchet
16 DF   PER Axel Chávez
19 DF   ARG Luciano Recalde
20 MF   PER Kevin Sandoval
21 MF   PER Erick Perleche
22 MF   PER Sharif Ramírez
23 FW   ECU Fernando Guerrero
25 GK   CHI Miguel Vargas
28 MF   PER Jack Durán
29 MF   PER Paulo Rodríguez
31 DF   PER Ayrthon Quintana
32 MF   PER Lenin Checco
37 GK   PER Pedro Trujillo

HonoursEdit

NationalEdit

LeagueEdit

Runner-up (3): 2001, 2005, 2006
Winners (1): 2005
Runner-up (2): 2004, 2007
Winners (2): 2001, 2006
Winners (1) : 2019
Runner-up (1): 1973

RegionalEdit

Winners (28): 1903, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1924, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1931, 1936, 1944, 1945, 1948, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1959, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1972, 1981, 1983

InternationalEdit

Winners (1): 2003
Winners (1): 2004

Friendly NationalEdit

Winners (2): 2004, 2005
Runner-up (1): 2007

Performance in CONMEBOL competitionsEdit

2002: Round of 16
2004: First Round
2005: Preliminary Round
2006: Second Round
2007: Second Round
2008: Second Round
2003: Winner
2004: Preliminary Round
2009: Round of 16
2022:
2004: Winner

Notable playersEdit

ManagersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Los once de los Andes". elperuano.pe (in Spanish). 13 December 2015. Archived from the original on 13 September 2021. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Cienciano conmemoró 15 años del título de la Recopa Sudamericana 2004". americadeportes (in Spanish). 8 September 2019. Archived from the original on 13 September 2021. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
  3. ^ "Cienciano y la vez que silenció a River Plate en Argentina por la Sudamericana". larepublica.pe (in Spanish). 10 December 2020. Archived from the original on 10 December 2020. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
  4. ^ "17 aniversario de Cienciano campeón de la Sudamericana". AS Perú (in Spanish). 19 December 2020. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
  5. ^ "Cienciano campeón de la Recopa 2004". Conmebol.com (in Spanish). 9 September 2015. Archived from the original on 14 March 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2021.

External linksEdit