|Full name||Club Sportivo Cienciano|
(Cienciano Sport Club)
La Furia Roja
|Founded||8 July 1901|
|Ground||Inca Garcilaso de la Vega|
|2021||Liga 1, 6th of 18|
The club was founded in 1901 by a group of students of the Colegio Nacional Ciencias del Cusco (National Science School of Cusco). They decided to give the club its name based on the word Ciencias, which means "Science".
It gained worldwide recognition after defeating River Plate in the finals of the 2003 Copa Sudamericana and Boca Juniors in the 2004 Recopa Sudamericana. To this day, Cienciano is the only Peruvian club to win an international competition.
Cienciano was founded on 8 July 1901 by a group of students from the National School of Science of Cusco (Colegio Nacional Ciencias del Cusco). It participated in several leagues and tournaments of the region.
In 1966 Hector Ladrón de Guevara was the inaugural Cienciano player to be named captain of the Peru national team. In 1972, it began to play in the Peruvian First Division; however, the club was relegated four years later.
In 1988, the FPF invited the club to play in a tournament of the southern region. In 1991, Cienciano won the tournament and in 1992 it once again played in the First Division.
The Golden age (2000–2007)Edit
First League titleEdit
Copa Sudamericana winEdit
In 2003, Cienciano, led by Peruvian coach Freddy Ternero, qualified to the Copa Sudamericana for the first time in its history, after beating Sporting Cristal in an internal qualifying tournament. The team went through every later knockout round as the clear underdog defeating Peru's Alianza Lima, Chile's Universidad Católica, Colombia's Atlético Nacional (once Copa Libertadores champion) and Brazil's Santos (twice Copa Libertadores champion), to get to the finals. Once at the finals itthe team faced one of the biggest teams in South American football, River Plate of Argentina (twice Copa Libertadores champion). After a 3–3 draw in Buenos Aires, Cienciano went on to win 1–0 in Peru with a free-kick goal by Paraguayan defender Carlos Lugo, which put the aggregate score at 4–3 in its favor to win the final. The game was played at Estadio de la UNSA in Arequipa (home of Cienciano's rivals Melgar, some of whose fans actually attended the match to root for River Plate) because of the insufficient capacity for a CONMEBOL final of the Estadio Garcilaso (which has been expanded since then).
This was the first international championship for a Peruvian team in history; only two other Peruvian teams had advanced to the finals of an international tournament, which was in the Copa Libertadores (Universitario in 1972 and Sporting Cristal in 1997). Both teams were defeated in the finals. The win was considered a severe upset because Cienciano had never been the Peru national champion (the team did win one half-year tournament in 2001 but lost the national championship title through a penalty shootout to the winner of the second tournament, Alianza Lima, in the year in which both celebrated their centenary. The situation was repeated in 2006, but reversed: Cienciano won the second tournament but lost the final to Alianza Lima on aggregate.
Recopa Sudamericana winEdit
After winning the Copa Sudamericana, Cienciano went on to play against Boca Juniors of Argentina, another South American giant, for the 2004 Recopa Sudamericana, this being just one match, much like the UEFA Super Cup, which was disputed between the winners of both South American Cups of the previous season: the Copa Sudamericana and the Copa Libertadores. After a 1–1 draw, Cienciano went on to win the title 4–2 on penalties. The match was played at Lockhart Stadium in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.
More league titles and superfinal runner-upsEdit
In 2005, the Cusco-based club won the Torneo Apertura, but lost the superfinal to Sporting Cristal. The following year, it won the 2006 Clausura, but lost the superfinal again to Alianza Lima, the same team that had beaten them in the 2001 national championship final.
Relegation and comebackEdit
In 2015, the club was relegated after finishing in the bottom three of the aggregate table. The club was very close to reaching promotion many times, especially in 2018, where the team lost the final game of its 4 team group. In 2019, it was finally promoted back to the first division after winning the 2019 Liga 2.
Cienciano plays its home games in Estadio Garcilaso de la Vega which is in Cusco. It was named after the Peruvian Inca Garcilaso de la Vega. When first inaugurated in 1950, it had a spectator capacity of 22,000 and had a running track. In 2004, the stadium's capacity was expanded to 42,000, losing its running track, because of Cienciano's success in international tournaments and it would be a venue in the 2004 Copa América. Cienciano shares the stadium with city rivals Deportivo Garcilaso and Cusco FC.
- As of 11 February, 2022.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
- Winners (1) : 2019
- Runner-up (1): 1973
- Winners (28): 1903, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1915, 1924, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1931, 1936, 1944, 1945, 1948, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1959, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1972, 1981, 1983
- Winners (1): 2003
- Winners (1): 2004
- Runner-up (1): 2007
Performance in CONMEBOL competitionsEdit
- Copa Libertadores: 6 appearances
- 2002: Round of 16
- 2004: First Round
- 2005: Preliminary Round
- 2006: Second Round
- 2007: Second Round
- 2008: Second Round
- Copa Sudamericana: 3 appearances
- 2003: Winner
- 2004: Preliminary Round
- 2009: Round of 16
- Recopa Sudamericana: 1 appearance
- 2004: Winner
This section needs to be updated.(September 2021)
- Eloy Campos (1977)
- Diego Agurto (1986–87)
- Gualberto Martínez Sarabia (1991)
- Ramón Quiroga (1992)
- Hector Berrío Vega (1993)
- Luis Roth (1993)
- Freddy Ternero (1994)
- César Cubilla (1994)
- Victor Bustamante (1995–96)
- Francisco Bertocchi (1995)
- Ramón Quiroga (1996–98)
- Antonio Alzamendi (1998)
- Freddy Ternero (2000–01)
- Carlos Jurado (1999-2000 / 2001)
- Teddy Cardama (2002)
- Freddy Ternero (2003–04)
- Carlos Sevilla (2005)
- Wilmar Valencia (Jan 1, 2005–March 26, 2006)
- Julio César Uribe (Jan 1, 2007–March 8, 2007)
- José Basualdo (March 19, 2007–Sept 27, 2007)
- Franco Navarro (2007–08)
- Julio César Uribe (July 20, 2008 – April 15, 2009)
- Marcelo Trobbiani (April 18, 2009–Oct 2, 2009)
- José Torres (Sept 2, 2009–Dec 31, 2009)
- Edgar Ospina (Jan 1, 2010–May 3, 2010)
- Sergio Ibarra (interim) (May 6, 2010 – June 30, 2010)
- Marcelo Trobbiani (Jan 18, 2011–Feb 22, 2012)
- Carlos Jurado (Aug 30, 2011–April 17, 2012)
- Raúl Arias (April 19, 2012–Nov 20, 2012)
- Mario Viera (Nov 29, 2012–May 13, 2014)
- Paul Cominges (2015–)
- "Los once de los Andes". elperuano.pe (in Spanish). 13 December 2015. Archived from the original on 13 September 2021. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
- "Cienciano conmemoró 15 años del título de la Recopa Sudamericana 2004". americadeportes (in Spanish). 8 September 2019. Archived from the original on 13 September 2021. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
- "Cienciano y la vez que silenció a River Plate en Argentina por la Sudamericana". larepublica.pe (in Spanish). 10 December 2020. Archived from the original on 10 December 2020. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
- "17 aniversario de Cienciano campeón de la Sudamericana". AS Perú (in Spanish). 19 December 2020. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
- "Cienciano campeón de la Recopa 2004". Conmebol.com (in Spanish). 9 September 2015. Archived from the original on 14 March 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cienciano.|