The Copa Perú is a football tournament in Peru. Despite its name, it is not entirely an elimination-cup competition involving all Peruvian clubs, but rather a series of league tournaments leading to an elimination tournament, with regional league clubs as participants. It guarantees its winner promotion to the professional Liga 2.

Copa Perú
Founded1967; 57 years ago (1967)
First season1967
Number of teams50 (National Stage)
Level on pyramid3
Promotion toLiga 2 (2 Spots)
Relegation toLigas Departamentales
Current championsADA (1st title)
Most championshipsAtlético Torino (5 titles)
TV partnersDirecTV
Current: 2024 Copa Perú

History edit

The Copa Perú Trophy

In 1966, the First Division was named Descentralizado; teams from outside the capital of Lima were allowed to participate in the professional first division. The following year, the Copa Perú began, in which all non-professional teams in Peru were allowed to compete, with the winner to gain promotion to the First Division. After playing many elimination rounds, once six teams were left in the competition, they played in a final round-robin tournament in Lima.[1]

In 1974, the tournament ended at the Regional Stage and no Final took place. The departamental champions qualified for the 1974 Reclasificatorio Regional with the last teams from the 1973 Torneo Descentralizado that had to revalidate the category. At the end of the 1974 Reclasificatorio Regional, the teams Alfonso Ugarte, Barrio Frigorífico, Carlos A. Mannucci, Deportivo Junín, Piérola, Unión Huaral, Unión Pesquero and Walter Ormeño were promoted to the 1974 Torneo Descentralizado.

In 1984, the First Division grew from 16 to 44 teams: after the first stage of the season, a Regional Championship qualified the teams for the Decentralizado, with 16 to 18 teams. The Copa Perú qualified teams for the Regional competition. Following this the tournament declined; 1987 was the last year in which a final was contested. The competitions was suspended as a result of the lack of interest and general economic crisis going on during President Alan García's first term. In 1992 the First Division returned to its normal format (16 teams). In 1993 the Copa Perú was returned as a competition for the Second Division, but only for teams outside of Lima. Since 1993, there has also been a Second Division for teams competing that are based in Lima.

In 1998, a major change took place: eight teams from the regional stage qualified for the Finals stage. This was played as a traditional cup tournament with home and away legs being played. The winner gains promotion to the First Division. In 2004, the tournament widened to 16 teams, so that teams from Lima could also compete. The winner and runner-up of the Second Division played in the Round of 16 of the Copa Peru. However, in 2006 this format was abolished as now the winner of the Second Division is promoted to the First Division. In 2008, the National Stage was modified. The four teams that qualified for the semi-finals played in a final group stage; the top two were promoted to the First Division.

In 2009, the Peruvian Football Federation officialized the creation of the Ligas Superiores del Peru. The Ligas Superiores will group to a select group of clubs of each department, that will be faced only among itself and will throw a champion and a runner-up that will agree directly, for now, to play a home run against the clubs that remain first and second in the Departmental Stage. For 2009, nine Departmental Confederacies had adopted them: Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Huánuco, Lambayeque, Pasco, Piura, Puno and Tumbes.

On August 23, 2022, it was announced that from 2023, the Copa Perú would only give promotion to Liga 2 due to the reforms of Peruvian football by the FPF.[2]

Format edit

Districts with a district league in the tournament.

The tournament has 5 stages. The first stage of the tournament is the District Stage (Spanish: Etapa Distrital), played from February to May. Districts hold a small league tournament to determine its winners which will qualify for the next stage. The second stage is the Provincial Stage (Spanish: Etapa Provincial), played in June and July. The District winners play in groups and the winners qualify for the next stage. The third stage is the Departmental Stage (Spanish: Etapa Departamental), consisting of another league tournament, between July and September.

Starting in 2015 under the leadership of the new Peruvian Football Federation president Edwin Oviedo, all the Regions of Peru are represented in the National Stage, which is played under Regional using the POT System, intellectual property of MatchVision company. The new National Stage starts in the first week of September.

This new phase features the 50 teams that qualified from the Departmental Stage. Each team plays 3 games at home and 3 games away, for a total of 6 games against 3 different geographical rivals. The departmental stage winners only play against departmental runners-up, and vice versa. All the teams are positioned in one general table. After 6 matches, the team in places 1 to 8 are qualified directly to the Round of 16, while the teams in places 9 to 24 will play the Repechage phase. The teams in places 25 to 50 are eliminated.

The teams play a bracket tournament up to the Semi-finals. All four teams qualified to the semi-finals play a final group stage known as La Finalísima in Lima. The winner of the final group stage and the runner-up of the final group stage will be promoted to the Liga 2.

Division levels edit

Year Level Promotion to Relegation to
Primera División
Segunda División
Ligas Departamentales
Liga 2 Ligas Departamentales
Liga 3 Ligas Departamentales

Champions edit

Ed. Season Champion Runner-up
1967 Alfonso Ugarte de Chiclín Octavio Espinosa
1968 Carlos A. Mannucci Sport Chorrillos
1969 Carlos A. Mannucci Melgar
1970 Atlético Torino Melgar
1971 Melgar Unión Tumán
1972 Atlético Grau León de Huánuco
1973 Sportivo Huracán Cienciano
1974 No champion crowned. It was only played until the Regional Stage.[A]
(See: 1974 Reclasificatorio Regional)
1975 Atlético Torino Sportivo Huracán
1976 Coronel Bolognesi Pesca Perú
1977 Atlético Torino Juventud La Palma
1978 Juventud La Palma Pesca Perú
1979 ADT Comercial Aguas Verdes
1980 León de Huánuco Unión Gonzáles Prada
1981 UTC Juventud La Palma
1982 Atlético Torino Atlético Grau
1983 Sport Pilsen Deportivo Cañaña
1984 Los Espartanos Alianza Atlético
1985 Hungaritos Agustinos Tejidos La Unión
1986 Deportivo Cañaña Félix Donayre
1987 Libertad Capitán Clavero
1988–1992 No champions crowned. It was only played until the Regional Stage.[B]
1993 Aurich–Cañaña Aurora
1994 Atlético Torino Aurora
1995 La Loretana Sportivo Huracán
1996 José Gálvez UTC
1997 Juan Aurich Deportivo UPAO
1998 I.M.I. Coronel Bolognesi
1999 Deportivo UPAO Alfonso Ugarte
2000 Estudiantes de Medicina Coronel Bolognesi
2001 Coronel Bolognesi Universidad Cesar Vallejo
2002 Atlético Universidad Atlético Grau
2003 Universidad Cesar Vallejo Deportivo Educación
2004 Sport Áncash Deportivo Municipal
2005 José Gálvez Senati
2006 Total Clean Hijos de Acosvinchos
2007 Juan Aurich Sport Águila
2008 Sport Huancayo CNI
2009 León de Huánuco Tecnólogico
2010 Unión Comercio Alianza Unicachi
2011 Real Garcilaso Pacífico
2012 UTC Alfonso Ugarte
2013 San Simón Unión Huaral
2014 Sport Loreto Unión Fuerza Minera
2015 Defensor La Bocana Academia Cantolao
2016 Sport Rosario Deportivo Hualgayoc
2017 Binacional Atlético Grau
2018 Pirata Alianza Universidad
2019 Carlos Stein Deportivo Llacuabamba
No completed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
2021 ADT Alfonso Ugarte
2022 Deportivo Garcilaso Comerciantes
2023 ADA San Marcos

Footnotes edit

A. ^ In this year the tournament ended at the Regional Stage and no Final took place. The departamental champions qualified for the 1974 Reclasificatorio Regional with the last teams from the 1973 Torneo Descentralizado that had to revalidate the category. At the end of the 1974 Reclasificatorio Regional, the teams Alfonso Ugarte, Barrio Frigorífico, Carlos A. Mannucci, Deportivo Junín, Piérola, Unión Huaral, Unión Pesquero and Walter Ormeño were promoted to the 1974 Torneo Descentralizado.
B. ^ From 1988 to 1992, no Final tournaments were held. Regional champions entered the Peruvian Primera División’s Regional tournaments.

Titles by club edit

Club Titles Runners-up Seasons won Seasons runner-up
Atlético Torino 5 1970, 1975, 1977, 1982, 1994
Coronel Bolognesi 2 2 1976, 2001 1998, 2000
León de Huánuco 2 1 1980, 2009 1972
UTC 2 1 1981, 2012 1996
ADT 2 1979, 2021
Carlos A. Mannucci 2 1968, 1969
José Gálvez 2 1996, 2005
Juan Aurich 2 1997, 2007
Atlético Grau 1 3 1972 1982, 2002, 2017
Juventud La Palma 1 2 1978 1977, 1981
Melgar 1 2 1971 1969, 1970
Sportivo Huracán 1 2 1973 1975, 1995
Deportivo Cañaña 1 1 1986 1983
Universidad César Vallejo 1 1 2003 2001
Deportivo UPAO 1 1 1999 1997
ADA 1 2023
Alfonso Ugarte de Chiclín 1 1967
Atlético Universidad 1 2002
Aurich–Cañaña 1 1993
Binacional 1 2017
Carlos Stein 1 2019
Defensor La Bocana 1 2015
Deportivo Garcilaso 1 2022
Estudiantes de Medicina 1 2000
Hungaritos Agustinos 1 1985
I.M.I. 1 1998
La Loretana 1 1995
Libertad 1 1987
Los Espartanos 1 1984
Pirata 1 2018
Real Garcilaso 1 2011
San Simón 1 2013
Sport Ancash 1 2004
Sport Huancayo 1 2008
Sport Loreto 1 2014
Sport Pilsen 1 1983
Sport Rosario 1 2016
Total Clean 1 2006
Unión Comercio 1 2010

Titles by region edit

Region Nº of titles Clubs
  La Libertad 8 Carlos A. Mannucci (2), Alfonso Ugarte de Chiclín (1), Los Espartanos (1), Libertad (1), Sport Pilsen (1), Deportivo UPAO (1), Universidad César Vallejo (1)
  Piura 8 Atlético Torino (5), Atlético Grau (1), I.M.I. (1), Defensor La Bocana (1)
  Lambayeque 6 Juan Aurich (2), Deportivo Cañaña (1), Aurich–Cañaña (1), Carlos Stein (1), Pirata (1)
  Arequipa 5 Melgar (1), Sportivo Huracán (1), Atlético Universidad (1), Total Clean (1), Binacional (1)
  Ancash 4 José Gálvez (2), Sport Áncash (1), Sport Rosario (1)
  Junin 3 ADT (2), Sport Huancayo (1)
  Cajamarca 3 UTC (2), ADA (1)
  Cusco 2 Real Garcilaso (1), Deportivo Garcilaso (1)
  Huánuco 2 León de Huánuco (2)
  Tacna 2 Coronel Bolognesi (2)
  Ucayali 2 La Loretana (1), Sport Loreto (1)
  Ica 1 Estudiantes de Medicina (1)
  Lima 1 Juventud La Palma (1)
  Loreto 1 Hungaritos Agustinos (1)
  Moquegua 1 San Simón (1)
  San Martín 1 Unión Comercio (1)

References edit

External links edit