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The Copa Perú is a football tournament in Peru. Despite its name, it is not entirely an elimination-cup competition involving all Peruvian clubs, but rather a series of league tournaments leading to an elimination tournament, with regional league clubs as participants. It guarantees its winner promotion to the professional First Division and its runner-up promotion to the promotional Second Division.

Copa Perú
CopaPeruLogo.png
Founded1967; 52 years ago (1967)
First season1967
CountryPerú
Number of teams50 (National Stage)
Level on pyramid3
Promotion toGreen Arrow Up.svg Primera División
Green Arrow Up.svg Segunda División
Current championsPirata (1st title)
(2018)
Most championshipsAtlético Torino (5 titles)
TV partnersGol Peru
2019 Copa Perú

HistoryEdit

 
The Copa Perú Trophy

In 1966, the First Division was named Descentralizado; teams from outside the capital of Lima were allowed to participate in the professional first division. The following year, the Copa Perú began, in which all non-professional teams in Peru were allowed to compete, with the winner to gain promotion to the First Division. After playing many elimination rounds, once six teams were left in the competition, they played in a final round-robin tournament in Lima.

In 1984, the First Division grew from 16 to 44 teams: after the first stage of the season, a Regional Championship qualified the teams for the Decentralizado, with 16 to 18 teams. The Copa Perú qualified teams for the Regional competition. Following this the tournament declined; 1987 was the last year in which a final was contested. The competitions was suspended as a result of the lack of interest and general economic crisis going on during President Alan García's first term. In 1992 the First Division returned to its normal format (16 teams). In 1993 the Copa Perú was returned as a competition for the Second Division, but only for teams outside of Lima. Since 1993 there has also been a Second Division for teams competing that are based in Lima.

In 1998, a major change took place: eight teams from the regional stage qualified for the Finals stage. This was played as a traditional cup tournament with home and away legs being played. The winner gains promotion to the First Division. In 2004, the tournament widened to 16 teams, so that teams from Lima could also compete. The winner and runner-up of the Second Division played in the Round of 16 of the Copa Peru. However, in 2006 this format was abolished as now the winner of the Second Division is promoted to the First Division. In 2008, the National Stage was modified. The four teams that qualified for the semi-finals played in a final group stage; the top two were promoted to the First Division.

In 2009, the Peruvian Football Federation officialized the creation of the Ligas Superiores del Peru. The Ligas Superiores will group to a select group of clubs of each department, that will be faced only among itself and will throw a champion and a runner-up that will agree directly, for now, to play a home run against the clubs that remain first and second in the Departmental Stage. For 2009, nine Departmental Confederacies had adopted them: Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Huánuco, Lambayeque, Pasco, Piura, Puno and Tumbes.

FormatEdit

 
Districts with a district league in the tournament.

The tournament has 5 stages. The first stage of the tournament is the District Stage (Spanish: Etapa Distrital), played from February to May. Districts hold a small league tournament to determine its winners which will qualify for the next stage. The second stage is the Provincial Stage (Spanish: Etapa Provincial), played in June and July. The District winners play in groups and the winners qualify for the next stage. The third stage is the Departmental Stage (Spanish: Etapa Departamental), consisting of another league tournament, between July and September.

Starting in 2015 under the leadership of the new Peruvian Football Federation president Edwin Oviedo, all the Regions of Peru are represented in the National Stage, which is played under Regional using the POT System, intellectual property of MatchVision company. The new National Stage starts in the first week of September.

This new phase features the 50 teams that qualified from the Departmental Stage. Each team plays 3 games at home and 3 games away, for a total of 6 games against 3 different geographical rivals. The departmental stage winners only play against departmental runners-up, and vice versa. All the teams are positioned in one general table. After 6 matches, the team in places 1 to 8 are qualified directly to the Round of 16, while the teams in places 9 to 24 will play the Repechage phase. The teams in places 25 to 50 are eliminated.

The teams play a bracket tournament up to the Semi-finals. All four teams qualified to the semi-finals play a final group stage known as La Finalísima in Lima. The winner of the final group stage is promoted to the Liga 1 and the runner-up of the final group stage will be promoted to the Liga 2.

ChampionsEdit

Season Champion Runner-up Third Place
1967 Alfonso Ugarte de Chiclín Octavio Espinosa Juan Aurich
1968 Carlos A. Mannucci Sport Chorrillos CNI
1969 Carlos A. Mannucci Melgar San Lorenzo
1970 Atlético Torino Melgar Unión Ocopilla
CNI
1971 Melgar Unión Tumán José Gálvez
1972 Atlético Grau León de Huánuco Deportivo Junín
1973 Sportivo Huracán Cienciano Deportivo Pucalá
1974
No Tournament
1975 Atlético Torino Sportivo Huracán Compañía Peruana de Teléfonos
1976 Coronel Bolognesi Pesca Perú Sport Ancash
1977 Atlético Torino Juventud La Palma Pesca Perú
1978 Juventud La Palma Pesca Perú UTC
1979 ADT Comercial Aguas Verdes Defensor Lima
Deportivo Garcilaso
1980 León de Huánuco Unión Gonzáles Prada Los Aguerridos
1981 UTC Juventud La Palma Atlético Grau
1982 Atlético Torino Atlético Grau Cantolao
1983 Sport Pilsen Deportivo Cañaña Barcelona
1984 Los Espartanos Alianza Atlético Universitario
1985 Hungaritos Agustinos Tejidos La Unión Sport Bolívar
1986 Deportivo Cañaña Félix Donayre Deportivo Camaná
1987 Libertad Capitán Clavero Bancos Unidos
1988–1992
No Tournament
1993 Aurich–Cañaña Aurora Mariano Santos
1994 Atlético Torino Aurora José Gálvez
1995 La Loretana Sportivo Huracán Marsa
1996 José Gálvez UTC Coronel Bolognesi
1997 Juan Aurich UPAO Cultural Hidro
1998 I.M.I. Coronel Bolognesi Alfonso Ugarte
Telefunken 20
1999 UPAO Alfonso Ugarte Deportivo Educación
Estudiantes de Medicina
2000 Estudiantes de Medicina Coronel Bolognesi Atlético Grau
León de Huánuco
2001 Coronel Bolognesi Universidad Cesar Vallejo León de Huánuco
UNU
2002 Atlético Universidad Atlético Grau León de Huánuco
CNI
2003 Universidad Cesar Vallejo Deportivo Educación Abraham Valdelomar
Enersur
2004 Sport Áncash Deportivo Municipal Senati
Sport Alfonso Ugarte
2005 José Gálvez Senati Atlético Minero
Tambillo Grande
2006 Total Clean Hijos de Acosvinchos Juan Aurich
Deportivo Ingeniería
2007 Juan Aurich Sport Águila IDUNSA
Deportivo Hospital
2008 Sport Huancayo CNI Atlético Torino
2009 León de Huánuco Tecnólogico Defensor San José
Diablos Rojos
2010 Unión Comercio Alianza Unicachi ADT
Deportivo Hospital
2011 Real Garcilaso Pacífico Alianza Universidad
Los Caimanes
2012 UTC Alfonso Ugarte Alianza Cristiana
Sport Victoria
2013 San Simón Unión Huaral Alipio Ponce
Willy Serrato
2014 Sport Loreto Fuerza Minera La Bocana
Sport Águila
2015 La Bocana Cantolao Alfredo Salinas
Cristal Tumbes
2016 Sport Rosario Hualgayoc Binacional
2017 Binacional Atlético Grau Estudiantil CNI
2018 Pirata Alianza Universidad Santos

Titles by clubEdit

Titles by regionEdit

External linksEdit