Veikkausliiga (Finnish: [ˈʋei̯kːɑusˌliːɡɑ]; Swedish: Tipsligan) is the premier division of Finnish football, the highest tier of the Finnish football league structure, comprising the top 12 clubs of the country. Its main sponsor is the Finnish national betting agency Veikkaus, hence the league's name. Veikkausliiga was founded in 1990; before that the top division was called Mestaruussarja (championship series) since 1930 which was an amateur or semi-professional league. Between 1908 and 1930 the championship was decided as a knock-out cup competition.
|Number of teams||12|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||Ykkönen 1–2 (depending on qualification playoffs)|
|Domestic cup(s)||Finnish Cup|
|International cup(s)||UEFA Champions League|
UEFA Europa Conference League
|Current champions||HJK |
|Most championships||HJK Helsinki (33)|
|TV partners||IS Extra, Ruutu+, Nelonen, Jim|
|Current: 2023 Veikkausliiga|
As with certain other cold-climate European countries, league matches in Finland are played in summer, with a schedule usually from April to October. The format and number of teams has changed frequently. As of 2020 there are 12 teams, which first face the other teams two times. After the two rounds, the league is divided into championship group (6 teams) and challenger group (6 teams), and both groups play a single series of five further matches. At the end of the season, the last team is relegated to Ykkönen, whose winner is promoted to Veikkausliiga, and the second last team plays a two-leg play-off versus the Ykkönen runner-up.
The Veikkausliiga clubs in the 2023 season are presented in the table below. Number of seasons includes seasons played in Veikkausliiga and preceding Mestaruussarja and seasons of predecessor teams after season 2022. In the case of mergers, the seasons of the predecessor with the most seasons are counted.
||City||Stadium||Capacity||2022 position||Number of |
|AC Oulu||Oulu||Raatti Stadium||4,392||7th||4|
|FC Haka||Valkeakoski||Tehtaan kenttä||3,516||4th||65|
|FC Honka||Espoo||Tapiolan Urheilupuisto||4,100||3rd||14|
|FC Inter||Turku||Veritas Stadion||9,372||5th||26|
|FC Lahti||Lahti||Lahden kisapuisto||4,000||11th||50|
|HJK||Helsinki||Bolt Arena||10,770||1st, Champions||84|
|IFK Mariehamn||Mariehamn||Wiklöf Holding Arena||1,650||9th||18|
|KuPS||Kuopio||Savon Sanomat Areena||5,000||2nd||66|
|KTP||Kotka||Arto Tolsa Areena||4,780||Promoted from Ykkönen||27|
Former clubs edit
|FC Jokerit||Helsinki||1999–2001, 2003|
|FC Oulu||Oulu||1992, 1994|
|RoPS||Rovaniemi||1990-2001, 2004-2005, 2008-2009, 2011, 2013-2020|
|TPS||Turku||1990-2000, 2003-2014, 2018, 2020|
1) FC Jazz was formerly known as PPT (Porin Pallotoverit).
2) Kuusysi and Reipas merged their professional teams in 1996 to form FC Lahti. Kuusysi returned to Kakkonen in 2011 under the name Lahti Akatemia, while Reipas returned to Kolmonen one year later.
3) Tampere United was formed in 1998 after it inherited the place of FC Ilves. Tampere United was dissolved in 2011 and Ilves, which in the meantime had bought the place of KooVee in second division, got promoted back to the highest league in 2015.
Veikkausliiga 1990–present edit
|2000||FC Haka||FC Jokerit||MyPa|
|2004||FC Haka||AC Allianssi||TamU|
|2008||FC Inter||FC Honka||FC Lahti|
|2019||KuPS||FC Inter||FC Honka|
Performance by club edit
The following clubs have won:
Finnish Championship Cup Competition (1908–1929)
30 clubs have been Champions.
Top scorers edit
Individual all-time records edit
Most matches played edit
Last updated: 1 November 2022.
Most goals scored edit
Last updated: 1 November 2022.
See also edit
- Antti Koivukangas (31 March 2016). "Fotbollsligan 1990: Kuusela ledde HJK till guld" (in Swedish). Yle. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
- Palkkatutkimus 2010 Archived July 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- "The Finnish Football League Association Veikkausliiga - EPFL". epfl-europeanleagues.com. Retrieved 16 March 2018.