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Veikkausliiga (Swedish: Tipsligan) is the premier division of Finnish football, comprising the top 12 clubs of the country. Its main sponsor is the Finnish national betting agency Veikkaus, hence the league's name. Veikkausliiga was founded in 1990; before that the top division was called Mestaruussarja (championship series) since 1930 which was an amateur or semi-professional league. Between 1908 and 1930 the championship was decided in a cup competition.

Veikkausliiga
Veikkausliigan logo.svg
Founded1990
CountryFinland
ConfederationUEFA
Number of teams12
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toYkkönen
Domestic cup(s)Finnish Cup
League cup(s)Finnish League Cup
International cup(s)Champions League
UEFA Europa League
Current championsHJK Helsinki
(2018)
Most championshipsHJK Helsinki (29)
TV partnersIS Extra, Ruutu+, Nelonen, Jim
WebsiteVeikkausliiga
2019 Veikkausliiga
Finnish football league structure

Veikkausliiga (Tier 1)
Ykkönen (Tier 2)
Kakkonen (Tier 3)
Kolmonen (Tier 4)
Nelonen (Tier 5)
Vitonen (Tier 6)
Kutonen (Tier 7)
Seiska (Tier 8)

Ykkönen (division one) has been the second highest level of Finnish football since 1973.

During the 1990 and 1991 seasons the Veikkausliiga was played under the name "Futisliiga" (Swedish: Fotbollsligan).[1]

As with certain other cold-climate European countries, league matches in Finland are played in summer, with a schedule usually from April to October. The format and number of teams has changed frequently, and as of 2016 there are 12 teams, with each team playing the others three times, for 33 rounds during the season. The best six teams from the previous season play 17 home matches, while the other six teams play 16 home matches. At the end of the season, the lowest-placed team is relegated to Ykkönen, whose winner is promoted to Veikkausliiga, and the second-worst team plays a two-leg play-off versus the Ykkönen runner-up.

In 2010 the average annual salary with fringe benefits for a league player was 24,400 euro.[2] Veikkausliiga is a founding member of the European Professional Football Leagues association.[3]

Contents

ClubsEdit

The Veikkausliiga clubs in the 2019 season are presented in the table below. Number of seasons includes seasons played in preceding Mestaruussarja and seasons of predecessor teams after season 2018. In the case of mergers, the seasons of the predecessor with the most seasons are counted.

Club
City Stadium Capacity 2018 position Number of
seasons*
FC Honka Espoo Tapiolan Urheilupuisto 6,000 4th 10
FC Inter Turku Veritas Stadion 9,372 7th 22
FC Lahti Lahti Lahden kisapuisto 4,000 8th 46
HIFK Helsinki Telia 5G -areena 10,300 1st in Ykkönen 32
HJK Helsinki Telia 5G -areena 10,300 1st 80
IFK Mariehamn Mariehamn Wiklöf Holding Arena 4,000 10th 14
Ilves Tampere Tammela Stadion 5,040 5th 37
KPV Kokkola Kokkolan keskuskenttä 3,000 2nd in Ykkönen 19
KuPS Kuopio Savon Sanomat Areena 5,000 3rd 62
RoPS Rovaniemi Rovaniemen Keskuskenttä 4,000 2nd 31
SJK Seinäjoki OmaSP Stadion 6,000 9th 8
VPS Vaasa Hietalahti 4,600 6th 55

Former clubsEdit

Club Home town Seasons
AC Allianssi Vantaa 2002–2005
AC Oulu Oulu 2007, 2010
Atlantis FC Helsinki 2001
FC Haka Valkeakoski 1990–1996, 1998–2012
FC Hämeenlinna Hämeenlinna 2002–2004
FC Jazz1 Pori 1991–2004
FC Jokerit Helsinki 1999–2001, 2003
FC KooTeePee Kotka 2003–2008
FC Kuusysi2 Lahti 1990–1995
FC Oulu Oulu 1992, 1994
FC Viikingit Helsinki 2007
FinnPa Helsinki 1993–1998
HIFK Helsinki 2015-2017
JJK Jyväskylä 2009–2013, 2017
KPV Kokkola 1990
Kumu Kuusankoski 1990
MP Mikkeli 1990–1996
MyPa Kouvola 1992–2014
OTP Oulu 1990–1991
PK-35 Helsinki 1998
Ponnistus Helsinki 1995
Reipas2 Lahti 1990–1991
TPV Tampere 1993–1995, 1999
Tampere United3 Tampere 2000–2010
TPS Turku 1990–2000, 2003–2014, 2018
TP-Seinäjoki Seinäjoki 1997
TP-47 Tornio 2004–2005

1) FC Jazz was formerly known as PPT (Porin Pallotoverit).
2) Kuusysi and Reipas merged their professional teams in 1996 to form FC Lahti. Kuusysi returned to Kakkonen in 2011 under the name Lahti Akatemia, while Reipas returned to Kolmonen one year later.
3) Tampere United was formed in 1998 after it inherited the place of FC Ilves. Tampere United was dissolved in 2011 and Ilves, which in the meantime had bought the place of KooVee in second division, got promoted back to the highest league in 2015.

Veikkausliiga 1990–presentEdit

PerformanceEdit

Performance by clubEdit

The following clubs have won:

Finnish Championship Cup Competition (1908–1929)
Mestaruussarja (1930–1989)
Veikkausliiga (1990–present)

29 clubs have been Champions.

Club Titles Runners-up Winning Years
HJK
29
14
1911, 1912, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1923, 1925, 1936, 1938, 1964, 1973, 1978, 1981, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1992, 1997, 2002, 2003, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2017, 2018
FC Haka
9
7
1960, 1962, 1965, 1977, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2004
HPS
9
6
1921, 1922, 1926, 1927, 1929, 1932, 1934, 1935, 1957
TPS
8
12
1928, 1939, 1941, 1949, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1975
HIFK
7
7
1930, 1931, 1933, 1937, 1947, 1959, 1961
KuPS
5
10
1956, 1958, 1966, 1974, 1976
FC Kuusysi
5
4
1982, 1984, 1986, 1989, 1991
Kiffen
4
1913, 1915, 1916, 1955
ÅIFK
3
5
1910, 1920, 1924
Reipas Lahti
3
3
1963, 1967, 1970
VIFK
3
2
1944, 1946, 1953
Tampere United
3
2001, 2006, 2007
VPS
2
5
1945, 1948
KTP
2
1951, 1952
OPS
2
1979, 1980
FC Jazz
2
1993, 1996
MyPa
1
5
2005
FC Inter Turku
1
2
2008
SJK
1
1
2015
PUS
1
1
1909
Sudet Vyborg
1
1
1940
KPV
1
1
1969
FC Ilves
1
1
1983
Unitas
1
1908
HT
1
1942
Ilves-Kissat
1
1950
Pyrkivä Turku
1
1954
TPV
1
1994
IFK Mariehamn
1
2016

Top scorersEdit

Individual all-time recordsEdit

  Still active players are highlighted

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Antti Koivukangas (31 March 2016). "Fotbollsligan 1990: Kuusela ledde HJK till guld" (in Swedish). Yle. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  2. ^ Palkkatutkimus 2010 Archived July 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "The Finnish Football League Association Veikkausliiga - EPFL". epfl-europeanleagues.com. Retrieved 16 March 2018.

External linksEdit