The Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1 (French: Championnat de la Ligue Professionnelle 1; Arabic: الرابطة المحترفة الأولى لكرة القدم) was previously called the Tunisian National Championship between 1956 and 1994. is the top division football tournament in Tunisia under the organization of the Tunisian Football Federation. The first edition was held during the French protectorate of Tunisia, the 1907 season, under the auspices of the Federation of Union des Sociétés Françaises de Sports Athlétiques, and it was played in a knockout system, and the first official match in the history of the tournament was played on 9 June 1907.
|Founded||June 9, 1907|
1994 (current format)
|Number of teams||16|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||Ligue Professionnelle 2|
|Domestic cup(s)||Tunisian Cup|
Tunisian Super Cup
|League cup(s)||Tunisian League Cup|
|International cup(s)||CAF Champions League|
CAF Confederation Cup
|Current champions||Espérance de Tunis|
|Most championships||Espérance de Tunis|
|Most appearances||Tarak Dhiab (353)|
|Top goalscorer||Ezzedine Chakroun (116)|
|TV partners||El Watania 1|
El Watania 2
|Current: 2021–22 Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1|
At that time, Tunisian teams with a French character and management participated in it, including Racing Club de Tunis, Sporting Club de Tunis, Club Italia de Tunis, Savoy La Goulette, Union sportive tunisienne, Stade gaulois and many other teams. In 1921, the Tunisian Football Association League was established, which is the Tunisian branch of the French Football Federation, which was relied upon until the declaration of independence in 1956.
On 29 March 1957, the Tunisian Football Federation, the official federation organizing football tournaments in Tunisia, was established. The Tunisian championship has been professional since 1994 after the founding of the Ligue Nationale du Football Professionnel, becoming the first professional championship in Africa and the Arab world. Espérance Sportive de Tunis is the most crowned Tunisian with 31 titles, the last of which was the 2020–21 season.
The first and second places in the standings automatically qualify for the CAF Champions League, and the third place automatically qualifies for the CAF Confederation Cup, along with the Tunisian Cup winner, while the Tunisian Football Federation chooses those who qualifies for the Arab Club Champions Cup. The Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1 occupies the first place in the Arab and African countries and 15th in the world, according to the ranking of the International Federation of Football History & Statistics of the FIFA for the year 2019.
Union des Sociétés Françaises de Sports AthlétiquesEdit
Football was born in Tunisia in 1904 with the unofficial creation of the Racing Club de Tunis, formalized in 1905 but which had to wait for the creation of other clubs in Tunis and Bizerte to participate in an official competition. Then the government is obliged, in front of the considerable development of outdoor sport, to take an active interest in it. It distributes a few grants, though very small. A committee of the Union des Sociétés Françaises de Sports Athlétiques, responsible for the management of all sports in Tunisia, was then created.
In 1910, a first series championship was organized with the participation of the Racing Club, Sporting Club de Tunis, Lycée Carnot de Tunis, the Colonial School of Agriculture, the Football Club of Tunis and the Red Star Club de l'Ariana, and a second series made up of the second teams of Racing Club de Tunis, Sporting and Gallia Club. The national title is awarded after a final between Racing and Stade maritime de Bizerte (champion of the Mediterranean squadrons) with a score of 2–0.
But many teams, often ephemeral, play friendly matches, like Radès Club, Amical Club, Tunis Sport, Ariana Club, Stade tunisien, Etoile Sportive de Tunis, Sadiki College, etc. There are then very few Tunisian players including Hamadi Ben Dhif (Racing Club goalkeeper), while the second team Lycée Carnot includes players with Tunisian names: Bouzid, Abdelwahab, Zaouchi, Djilani Romdhan, Fredj, H. Zaouch, Ahmed Sakka and Mustapha Romdhan.
But, surprisingly, La Dépêche tunisienne published on 12 June 1910 the list of players of the Khereddine Club team, called to play against the Ariana Club and who are all Tunisians: Abderrahman (captain), Babbou, Aichi, Jaouez, Ben Smaïl, Djaziri, Hammouda, Mohamed, Bechak, Tebourbi and Aguiri. It is the first fully Tunisian team but which we have not heard from later and which precedes the Comète Club team, created in 1914 but which did not survive the First World War. The Racing Club won the championship in 1910, 1911 and 1914, then in 1920 and 1921, while Sporting de Ferryville was crowned in 1912 and 1913.
Ligue de Tunisie de Football AssociationEdit
The championship became official with the creation of the Tunisian Football Association League in 1921 was established, which is the Tunisian branch of the French Football Federation. Until 1939, the title of champion was awarded following play-offs between regional champions. The major current clubs were created during this period: Espérance sportive de Tunis (1919), Club Africain and Sfax Railways Sports (1920), Étoile Sportive du Sahel (1925), Club Athletic Bizertin and Club Sportif Sfaxien (1928).
From 1946 to 1947, a championship of "excellence" (national division) is created and is contested at the national level. In 1944–1945, 1945–1946 and 1952–1953, the championship was not contested and replaced by a criterium (a sort of group tournament where participation was not compulsory). These years saw the creation of the Stade Tunisien (1948).
On 31 July 2015, the Tunisian Football Federation announced the sale of the TV rights of the championship to the company B4 Production for three seasons, starting from the 2015–16 season. The latter obtains the exclusivity of these rights concerning the Gulf and Maghreb countries, while maintaining the rights of the Al-Kass Sports Channel for the 2015–16 season and without questioning the rights of the El Watania 1, El Watania 2 and Hannibal TV channels. to also broadcast the matches of the Championship and the Tunisian Cup. The federation does not indicate in its press release the amount of the transaction, specifying that the company B4 Production had presented the best financial offer.
The federation and national television seal on 6 October 2016 an agreement on television rights for three seasons. Under the agreement, worth 13 million dinars, or 4.5 million per season, national television will be able to broadcast live four matches of each day of the championship. This agreement concerns the 2016–17, 2017–18 and 2018–19 seasons and makes national television the exclusive broadcaster in Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1matches and the only television authorized to film all the matches of the week.
|Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1 Media Coverage|
|Tunisia||El Watania 1
El Watania 2
|From 2 to 5 Matches per round|
|Qatar||Al-Kass Sports Channel||Main Matches|
Qualification for African competitionsEdit
Association ranking for 2020–21 CAF competitionsEdit
- CL: CAF Champions League
- CC: CAF Confederation Cup
- Associations ranked 1–12 and eligible to enter two teams in each CAF tournament (Champions League and Confederation Cup)
2021–22 season articipating ClubsEdit
|AS Rejiche||Rejiche||Stade municipal de Rejiche||3,000|
|AS Soliman||Soliman||Stade municipal de Soliman||3,000|
|Club Africain||Tunis||Stade Hammadi Agrebi||65,000|
|CA Bizertin||Bizerte||Stade 15 Octobre||20,000|
|CS Chebba||Chebba||Stade de Chebba||3,000|
|CS Hammam-Lif||Hammam-Lif||Stade Bou Kornine||15,000|
|CS Sfaxien||Sfax||Stade Taïeb Mhiri||22,000|
|ES Hammam-Sousse||Hammam Sousse||Stade Municipal Bou Ali-Lahouar||6,500|
|ES Métlaoui||Métlaoui||Stade Municipal de Métlaoui||6,000|
|Étoile Sportive du Sahel||Sousse||Stade Olympique de Sousse||28,000|
|Espérance Sportive de Tunis||Tunis||Stade Hammadi Agrebi||65,000|
|ES Zarzis||Zarzis||Stade Jlidi||7,000|
|Olympique Béja||Béja||Boujemaa Kmiti Stadium||10,000|
|US Ben Guerdane||Ben Guerdane||Stade du 7 Mars||10,000|
|US Monastir||Monastir||Stade Mustapha Ben Jannet||25,000|
|US Tataouine||Tataouine||Stade Nejib Khattab||5,000|
|1||Espérance Sportive de Tunis||31||1941–42, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1969–70, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1981–82, 1984–85, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1990–91, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–00, 2000–01, 2001–02, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2005–06, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2013–14, 2016–17, 2017–18, 2018–19, 2019–20, 2020–21|
|2||Club Africain||13||1946–47, 1947–48, 1963–64, 1966–67, 1972–73, 1973–74, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1989–90, 1991–92, 1995–96, 2007–08, 2014–15|
|3||Étoile Sportive du Sahel||10||1949–50, 1957–58, 1962–63, 1965–66, 1971–72, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1996–97, 2006–07, 2015–16|
|5||Racing Club de Tunis||9||1907, 1908–09, 1909–10, 1910–11, 1913–14, 1919–20, 1920–21, 1921–22, 1924–25|
|4||Club Sportif Sfaxien||8||1968–69, 1970–71, 1977–78, 1980–81, 1982–83, 1994–95, 2004–05, 2012–13|
|6||Club Sportif de Hammam-Lif||4||1950–51, 1953–54, 1954–55, 1955–56|
|—||Stade Tunisien||4||1956–57, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1964–65|
|—||CA Bizertin||4||1944–45, 1945–46, 1948–49, 1983–84|
|—||Italia de Tunis||4||1931–32, 1934–35, 1935–36, 1936–37|
|10||Sfax Railways Sports||3||1933–34, 1952–53, 1967–68|
|—||US Tunisienne||3||1929–30, 1930–31, 1932–33|
|—||Stade Gaulois de Tunis||3||1922–23, 1923–24, 1926–27|
|13||Sporting de Ferryville||2||1911–12, 1912–13|
|—||Sporting Club de Tunis||2||1925–26, 1927–28|
|—||Savoia de la Goulette||1||1937–38|
|—||Avant Garde de Tunis||1||1928–29|
- Teams in Bold compete in 2021–22 Ligue 1.
- Teams in Italique are Defunct.
Number of Titles by RegionEdit
|Tunis||70||Espérance Sportive de Tunis (31), Club Africain (13), Racing Club de Tunis (9), Stade Tunisien (4), Italia de Tunis (4), US Tunisienne (3), Stade Gaulois de Tunis (3), Sporting de Tunis (2), Savoia de la Goulette (1), Avant Garde de Tunis (1).|
|Sfax||11||Club Sportif Sfaxien (8), Sfax Railways Sports (3)|
|Sousse||10||Étoile Sportive du Sahel (10)|
|Bizerte||6||CA Bizertin (4) Sporting de Ferryville (2)|
|Ben Arous||4||CS Hammam-Lif (4)|
|Kairouan||1||JS Kairouan (1)|
|Gabès||1||CS Gabésien (1)|
- Teams in Italique are Defunct.
Performance comparison since 2010Edit
Performance comparison of top teams since 2010.
|Espérance de Tunis||1||1||1||2||1||3||2||1||1||1||1||1|
|Étoile du Sahel||3||2||4||3||3||2||1||2||3||2||4||2|
|Club Sportif Sfaxien||6||3||3||1||2||4||3||4||4||3||2||5|
| League champions|
Records and statisticsEdit
Most titled playersEdit
Most titled ManagersEdit
|Faouzi Benzarti||9||ES Tunis, ES Sahel, Club Africain||1986–87, 1989–90, 1993–94, 2002–03, 2006–07, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2015–16, 2016–17|
|Youssef Zouaoui||5||CA Bizertin, ES Tunis||1983–84, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–00, 2000–01|
|Habib Draoua||3||Stade Tunisien, ES Tunis||1956–57, 1959–60, 1960–61|
|Ahmed Dhib||ES Tunis, ES Sahel||1974–75, 1975–76, 1981–82|
|Moïne Chaâbani||ES Tunis||2018–19, 2019–20, 2020–21|
|Michel Decastel||2||ES Tunis, CS Sfaxien||2001–02, 2004–05|
|Ruud Krol||CS Sfaxien, ES Tunis||2012–13, 2013–14|
|Khaled Ben Yahia||ES Tunis||2005–06, 2017–18|
|Nabil Maâloul||ES Tunis||2010–11, 2011–12|
- 65 seasons: CS Sfaxien, Club Africain
- 64 seasons: Espérance Sportive de Tunis, Stade Tunisien
- 63 seasons: Étoile Sportive du Sahel, CA Bizertin
- 57 seasons: CS Hammam Lif
- 53 seasons: AS Marsa
- 45 seasons: US Monastir
- 34 seasons: JS Kairouan, Sfax railway sport
- 29 seasons: Olympique Béja
- 22 seasons: ES Zarzis
- 15 seasons: Stade Gabèsien
- 13 seasons: Océano Club de Kerkennah, Olympique du Kef
- 12 seasons: EGS Gafsa, Stade Soussien
- 10 seasons: US Tunis
- 09 seasons: El Makarem de Mahdia, AS Gabès, CS Cheminots
- 07 seasons: AS Kasserine, US Maghrébine, Stade Sportif Sfaxien
- 05 seasons: ES Métlaoui, US Ben Guerdane, ES Hammam-Sousse
- 04 seasons: JS Metouia, Stade populaire, CO Médenine, US Tataouine, El Ahly Mateur
- 03 seasons: EO La Goulette et Kram, Jendouba Sport, Patrie Football Club bizertin, AS Djerba,
- 02 seasons: EO Sidi Bouzid, AS Oued Ellil, AS Megrine, Grombalia Sports, CS Chebba, AS Soliman, Patriote de Sousse
- 01 season: LPS Tozeur, CS Menzel Bouzelfa, STIA Sousse, AS Ariana, CS Korba, FC Jerissa
The day after Tunisia's independence in 1956, the newspaper Le Petit Matin took charge of establishing the classification of the top scorer in the Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1.
The newspaper Al Amal took over in 1961 then it was L'Action Tunisienne which formalized the classification and endowed it with a price from 1967, in parallel with the weekly Le Sport. Then, with the development of the media and the coverage of Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1 matches, this ranking becomes more known.
All-time top scorersEdit
Top scorers by seasonEdit
This is the list of top scorers by season.
All-time table (1956–2020)Edit
The classification of the Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1 table all seasons combined is a classification which aims to determine which team in the history of the Tunisian football championship has had the most success, not by the number of titles but by the number of points.
This ranking combines all the points and goals of each team that has played in the Tunisian championship since independence in 1956 until the end of the 2019–20 season.
|1||Espérance Sportive de Tunis||64||1630||926||449||255||3227|
|2||Étoile Sportive du Sahel||63||1590||831||454||305||2947|
|7||CS Hammam Lif||57||1462||437||445||590||1756|
|11||Sfax railway sport||34||854||257||287||310||1058|
|17||Océano Club de Kerkennah||13||338||73||113||152||332|
|18||Olympique du Kef||13||327||72||91||164||307|
|21||El Makarem de Mahdia||9||222||48||75||99||219|
|26||US Ben Guerdane||5||130||39||39||54||156|
|28||Stade Sportif Sfaxien||7||182||33||48||101||147|
|30||Stade Africain Menzel Bourguiba||5||124||35||22||67||127|
|36||EO La Goulette et Kram||3||78||17||28||33||79|
|37||El Ahly Mateur||4||88||19||15||54||72|
|39||Patrie Football Club bizertin||3||72||14||14||44||56|
|41||EO Sidi Bouzid||2||58||14||6||38||48|
|42||AS Oued Ellil||2||52||12||11||29||47|
|48||Patriote de Sousse||2||48||4||11||33||23|
|49||CS Menzel Bouzelfa||1||26||3||13||10||22|
|Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1|
|Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 2|
|Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 3|
|Tunisian Ligue Amateur 4|
African and international competitionsEdit
Best finish in African and international competitions by clubEdit
Tunisian teams are among the best African teams with a total of 24 titles. 12 Tunisian team in total played in African competitions. Étoile Sportive du Sahel is the Tunisian club that has won the most African Cups with 9 titles, followed by Espérance Sportive de Tunis with 8 titles.
Tunisian clubs also have a share in the FIFA Club World Cup with four participations, three for Espérance in 2011, 2018 and 2019 thanks to the African Champions League title in 2011, 2018 and 2018–19 and the only participation of Etoile du Sahel in 2007, which was then ranked fourth as the best result for Tunisian teams in the FIFA Club World Cup.
In the CAF Champions League, Tunisian clubs occupy a huge position in the competition. Espérance Sportive de Tunis has the most Tunisian clubs participating in the competition with 25 times. It reached the final 8 times and was crowned four times in 1994, 2011, 2018 and 2018–19. As for the Étoile Sportive du Sahel, he participated 13 times and reached the final 3 times and was crowned once in 2007, and finally Club Africain participated 10 times and crowned it in its first final in 1991, and CS Sfaxien was satisfied with second place in 2006 with four participations.
In the CAF Confederation Cup, Tunisian clubs are the most crowned champions in the history of this competition with 5 championships. CS Sfaxien is the most crowned team with three titles in 2007, 2008 and 2013, followed by Étoile Sportive du Sahel with two titles crowned in 2006 and 2015.
But misfortune always follows the Tunisian teams in the CAF Super Cup, as they participated 13 times and were crowned only 3 times. Etoile du Sahel won it in 1998 and 2008 and was satisfied with the runner-up in 2004, 2007 and 2016. As for Espérance Sportive de Tunis, it participated 5 times and won it once in 1995, and was satisfied with the runner-up in 1999, 2012, 2019 and 2020. As for CS Sfaxien, it participated three times in 2007, 2008 and 2014, one of which was against Etoile du Sahel du Sahel in 2008.
|Club||CAF Champions League||CAF Confederation Cup||CAF Super Cup||CAF Cup||African Cup Winners' Cup||Afro-Asian Club Championship||FIFA Club World Cup|
|ES Tunis||Winner (4)
1994, 2011, 2018, 2018–19
2007, 2008, 2013
2007, 2008, 2014
|Olympique Béja||—||First Round
|AS Marsa||—||Group stage
|Stade Tunisien||—||Round 32
|JS Kairouan||—||Round 32
|Stade Gabèsien||—||Third Round
|ES Zarzis||—||First Round
|US Ben Guerdane||—||First Round
|US Monastir||—||Third Round
Best finish in Arab competitions by clubEdit
Tunisian clubs are the second most titled Arab clubs with 11 championships (after Saudi clubs who won 12 championships). Espérance Sportive de Tunis is the most titled Tunisian club in the Arab championships with 4 championships, followed by Club Sportif Sfaxien and Stade Tunisien with two championships each.
Tunisian teams won the most prestigious Arab championships, Arab Club Champions Cup 7 times, 3 of which were for the Tunisian Espérance Sportive de Tunis, which has the record for the number of trophies in 1993, 2008–09 and 2017, two championships for the CS Sfaxien in the 2000 and 2003–04 editions, and one championship for Étoile Sportive du Sahel in 2018–19 and the same for Club Africain in 1997. As for the runners-up, the Tunisian teams took second place five times, twice for Espérance Sportive de Tunis in 1986 and 1995, twice also for Club Africain in 1988 and 2002, and Club Sportif Sfaxien in 2004–05.
Tunisian clubs have won the Arab Cup Winners' Cup three times. Stade Tunisien is the most titled Tunisian club in the championship with 2 titles in 1989 and 2001, followed by Club Africain, which won the championship only once in 1995. As for Étoile Sportive du Sahel, it was satisfied with the runner-up position in 1995 in the match that brought it together with Club Africain.
|Club||Arab Club Champions Cup||Arab Cup Winners' Cup||Arab Super Cup|
|ES Tunis||Winner (3)
1993, 2008–09, 2017
|CS Sfaxien||Winner (2)
|Stade Tunisien||Fourh place
|AS Marsa||—||Semi-finalist (2)
|Olympique Béja||Group stage
- "Tunisia 1907". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
- "Tunisia – List of Champions". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- "Tunisia – List of Topscorers". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
- "Tunisia – List of Topscorers". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- "Tunisia – All-Time Table". rsssf.com. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- "Tunisia 2004/2005 Table". rsssf.com. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
- "Tunisia 2005/2006 Table". rsssf.com. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
- "Tunisia 2006/2007 Table". rsssf.com. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
- "Tunisia 2007/2008 Table". rsssf.com. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
- "Tunisia 2008/2009 Table". rsssf.com. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
- "Tunisia 2009/2010 Table". rsssf.com. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
- "Tunisia 2010/2011 Table". rsssf.com. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
- "Tunisia 2011/2012 Table". rsssf.com. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
- "Tunisia 2012/2013 Table". rsssf.com. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
- "Tunisia 2013/2014 Table". rsssf.com. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
- "Tunisia 2014/2015 Table". rsssf.com. Retrieved 14 October 2015.